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(The information referred to follows:) The total cost of all of the Government installations at Pickstown, including the permanent facilities required for operation and maintenance of the project, the temporary housing facilities provided for the construction period, and the temporary construction facilities such as offices, shops, and warehouses, is approximately $9 million.

Senator CASE. I have been told it was about $8 million.
General POTTER. That sounds about right.
Senator Case. Do you recall how many acres there were there?
General POTTER. Offhand, I do not.

PROPOSED AIR ACADEMY SITE

Senator Case. Might I suggest that the people in that area have been rather interested in the possibility of proposing it as a possible site for the proposed Air Academy? I suppose there will be a couple of hundred sites proposed throughout the country; yet, since the Government already owns this town with all the facilities there, it might at least be worth proposing, and it might receive some consideration.

I was going to ask you, if the buildings were used by the Government, would there be a recoupment to the Treasurer or simply a realestate transfer

General POTTER. Possibly just a real-estate transfer between agencies if legally authorized, sir.

Senator Case. Do you recall how many acres of land were acquired at Pickstown for this townsite?

General POTTER. I will furnish that for the record.
(The information referred to follows:)
The area of the townsite is about 250 acres.

FLOOD PROBLEM AT SIOUX FALLS, S. DAK.

Senator Case. In you division you have engaged in the study of the flood problem in the vicinity of Sioux Falls, S. Dak. Would you advise the committee as to the status of that report?

General POTTER. The study has cleared the office of the division engineer and is in the Office of the Chief of Engineers and has been received by the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors.

Senator CASE. In your study and in your report to the Chief of Engineers, did you find a feasible project at Sioux Falls? General POTTER. Yes, sir.

Senator CASE. What have you been able to do in your study program regarding the problem on the James River in the vicinity of Aberdeen, S. Dak. ?

General POTTER. That study involves some very serious problems, sir. It has not been funded in the last year. It requires in the neighborhood of about $40,000 to complete. I do not know whether moneys will be received for that study this year or not.

Senator Case. This morning I received a letter from a citizen of Aberdeen which says:

Here is how I feel about it. The city of Aberdeen should transfer to the United States all property rights in and around Willow Creek if and when the United States will rebuild the dam and raise it several feet for flood-control purposes and agree that it should be planned and operated solely for flood control if that will expedite the building of it.

I will write you a letter transmitting that suggestion, but I would like to ask if it would be possible in your study to consider that kind of a proposal when you get funds.

General POTTER. It will be considered, sir. Senator CASE. That completes the hearing on the Missouri River division, and we certainly thank you for the help you have given the committee and the testimony you have presented.

The committee will adjourn until 10 o'clock tomorrow morning.

(Whereupon, at 11:45 a. m., Tuesday, February 2, 1954, the committee recessed, to reconvene at 10 a. m., Wednesday, February 3, 1954.)

CIVIL FUNCTIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

APPROPRIATIONS, 1955

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1954

UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS,

Washington, D. C. The subcommittee met at 10 a. m., pursuant to recess, in room F-39, the Capitol, Hon. William F. Knowland (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding

Present: Senators Knowland, Young, Dworshak, Ellender, and McClellan.

CIVIL FUNCTIONS

NAVIGATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS

STATEMENTS OF BRIG. GEN. C. H. CHORPENING, ASSISTANT CHIEF

OF ENGINEERS FOR CIVIL WORKS; LT. COL. GEORGE F. DIXON, JR., ASSISTANT CHIEF OF CIVIL WORKS FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS; B. J. TOFANI, CHIEF, PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT BRANCH; AND A. J. SMET, CHIEF, RIVER AND HARBOR SECTION

SUGGESTED PROCEDURE

Senator KNOWLAND. The hour of 10 o'clock having arrived, the committee will be in order.

I would like to request the witnesses on each project that they will give to the committee the amounts unexpended on June 30, 1953; unobligated on June 30, 1953; the appropriation for fiscal year 1954; the unobligated balances on December 37, 1953; the unexpended funds on December 31, 1953; the estimated unobligated funds on June 30, 1954; and the estimated unexpended funds on June 30, 1954.

Also, if there have been any loans or borrowings to or from the project, that they include that information also.

BUDGET REQUEST

General CHORPENING. Prior to getting into the first project, Mr. Chairman, in connection with navigation construction projects, I would like to make a brief statement. There are 22 projects included in the budget for navigation which call for an appropriation of $36,710,000. Of this number of projects, 10 are classified as new starts, although 3 are resumptions of projects on which some work has been done in the past.

All of the projects being presented have relatively high benefit cost ratios. These new starts are generally small projects, the exception being the Warrior lock and dam in Alabama, which is a replacement of existing locks and dams, and the Green River locks and dams 1 and 2, also a replacement proposition.

Senator KNOWLAND. Will you also indicate in both the new starts and the continuing projects the benefit-cost ratio?

Colonel Dixon. Yes, sir.

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GENERAL CHORPENING. The first project is the Demopolis lock and dam in Alabama authorized by the 1945 act. It is a replacement project to replace obsolete locks and dams 4, 5, 6, and 7 on the Tombigbee River. The present estimated cost is $20,397,000, of which $16,565,800 has been appropriated to date. Of that amount, $4,655,000 was appropriated in fiscal year 1954. We are requesting this morning $3,500,000 for fiscal year 1955, which will in essence complete the project. There will remain $331,200 for minor items.

Senator KNOWLAND. What type of items would be left for later years?

Colonel Dixon. The $331,200 will involve houses, grading and landscaping, and certain utilities.

Senator KNOWLAND. It will not affect the operations of the project itself?

Colonel DIXON. That is correct.
The benefit-cost ratio of the project is 1.36 to 1.0.

As of June 30, 1953, we had an unexpended balance of $3,006,915. As of December 31, the unexpended balance was $3,155,356, and our estimate for June of 1954 is $190,500.

Senator KNOWLAND. I notice on the item of grading and landscaping the estimate last year was $8,500. It has increased to $183,000. What type of supergrading are you doing there?

Colonel Dixon. I think, Mr. Chairman, that is an unfortunate choice of language. As you are aware, at one time there was consideration of putting our shops and yards at the project. Instead, a recent study has indicated we can leave them at Tuscaloosa. That made a reduction in the total cost of the project, but there was a certain amount of work which was under contract which had to be completed. The increase you mentioned represents that work, in addition to the minor landscaping and grading proposed. It is not our intention to go to a major landscaping project.

Senator KNOWLAND. Proceed.

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