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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK.

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1

Art, Sec.

Art See. Academies support of,

9 1 Attorney-General-commissioner of Actions or suits-not to be affected, 1 18 the canal fund, .....

5 by or against corporations, 8 3 member of the canal board, . 5 5 Adjournment of legislature,.. 3 11 Attorney, district,

10 1 Adjutant-general,

11 3 Ayes and noes-on final passage of Agricultural land certain grants

bills,

3 15 void, ... 1 14 on bills returned by governor,. 4

9 Alienation of lands—restraints upon, 1 15 on removal of judicial officers,. 6 11 Amendments to bills,

3 13 on certain bills to create debt,. 7 12 to the constitution,

13 1 on tax and appropriation bills,. 7 14 Appeals, court of, ..

6 2 on amendments to the constiAppropriation laws,

7 8
tution,

13 1 how to be passed,

7 14 Assembly-number of members, 2 Bail-excessive, not to be required, 1 5 how apportioned,

3 5 Ballot-election to be by, districts re-organized,

3 5 Banking—no special charter for,... 8 compensation of members,. 3 6 suspension of specie payments,. 8 5 members not to receive appoint

stockholders to be liable,

8 7 ments, 3 7 bill holders preferred,

8 accepting U. S. office, vacates

Bank bills, to be registered,

8 seat, 3 8 to be first paid,

8 8 election to be held in Novem

Black River canal-to be completed, 7 3 ber, 3 9 not to be sold or leased,

7 6 to judge of qualifications, elec

Betting on elections,..

2 2 tions, &c., 3 10 Bills-laws to be passed by,

3 to choose its own officers, 3 10 private and local, title of,. 3 14 to keep a journal, 3 11 enacting clause of,..

3 15 to sit with open doors, except,

question on final passage, 3 15 &c.,

3 11 returned from governor with not to adjourn without consent

objections,

4 9 of the senate, 3 11 to create debt,

7 12 members not to be questioned

for, tax and appropriations, 7 14 elsewhere for words in debate, 3 12 Bribery—persons guilty of, .

2 2 majority of, necessary to pass

Borrowing money-state may borbills,

3 15
row for sinking fund,

7 5 has the power of impeachment, 6 1 not exceeding $1,000,000, 7 10 Attorney-general election and ten

to repel invasion,..

7 11 ure of office,

5 1 with assent of the people, 7 12 compensation,

5 1 cities and villages to be restricted commissioner of land office,... 5 5

in,

8 9

14

Art Bee.

5
5

5
6

5
6

7
17

24
3

4
8

7
14
23
3

1
1
14

Art. Sec.
Buffalo city courts,

6 14 Comptroller-commissioner of the
Canals-revenues,

7 1
canal fund,

5
to be completed,

7 3 member of the canal board, .. 5
not to be sold, leased or dis-

Commissioners of the canal fund,
posed of,

7 6
who shall be,

5
Canal commissioners-election and

powers and duties,

5
tenure of office, ..

5 3 Commissioners of the land office,
members of canal board,

5 5

who shall be, .
Canal fund commissioners, .

5 powers and duties,
Canal board-of whom it shall con-

may sell land contiguous to the
sist,
5 5 salt springs,

7
its powers and duties,

5 6 Commissioners to form code,. 1
Chancellor-office of, abolished, 14 8 to simplify pleadings and prac-
to hear causes till July, 1848, 14 6

tice,

6
Chancery (see court of chancery.]

Commissary General,

11
Census of the state—when to be

Compensation-of members of the
taken,
3 4 legislature,

3
Clerk of the court of appeals, 6 19 of the governor,

4
Clerk of the supreme court-county

of the lieutenant-governor, .
clerks to be,..

6 19 of judges of court of appeals
Clerks of counties,

10 1

and justices of supreme court, 6
Clerk and register of N. Y. city,... 10 1 of county judge,

6
vacancy, how filled,
10 5 Conciliation-tribunals of,..

6
Credit of the state-not to be loaned, 7 9 Conscience—liberty of,.

1
of cities and villages to be.

persons exempt from military
restricted,
8 9 duty,

11
Citizens not to be disfranchised, un-

Constitution-how amended, 13
less by law,
1 1 when to take effect,

14
not to answer for crimes, ex-

Convention to revise the constitu-
cept on indictments, &c., . 1 6

tion,

13
not to be twice put in jeopardy, 1 6 majority of electors necessary, 13
Cities—may be created by special

delegates to be elected, .. 13
act,

8 1 Congress—members of, ineligible to
to be restricted in their powers, 8 9

the legislature,..

3
officers of, to be elected or ap-

Corporations—to be formed under
pointed
10 2 general laws,..

8
City courts (see courts in cities).

by special act in certain cases, . 8
Crime-no one to answer, except on

general laws may be altered,.. 8
presentment, &c.,

1 6 dues from, how secured, ... 8
Criminal cases-no one to be wit-

defined-to sue and be sued,.. 8
ness against himself,
1 6 for banking,

8
Circuit courts—any justice of su-

stockholders individually liable, 8
preme court may hold,.. 6 6 restrictions on municipal,. 8
terms of,...

6 9 Corporate rights or charters not af-
Circuit judge-office abolished,.

8
fected,

1
Chief judge of the court of appeals, 6 2 Coroners-election and tenure of of-
Chief justice of the supreme court, 6 6

fice,

10
Code-commissioners to reduce laws

governor may remove,.

10
into,
1 17 time of election,

10
Colonial acts--the law of this state,. 1 17 County-not to be divided in form-
Colored person—what, entitled to

ing senate districts, .... 3
vote,

2 1 each to have member of Assem-
certain, not to be taxed,. 2 1

bly, ....

3
Common law--part of the laws of

not to be liable for acts of sheriff, 10

1 17 officers to be elected or appoint-
Common school fund, .

9 1

ed, according to law,. 12
Common pleas courts business

County courts, by whom held, 6
transferred,

14 5 County clerks—to be clerk of su-
abolished,

14 8
preme court,

6
Comptroller-election of, and tenure

election, tenure of office, and
of office, ......

5 1
how removed,

10
compensation, not to receive

time of election,

10
fees,
5 1 vacancies, how filled,..

10
commissioner of the land office, 5 5 County judge-election and tenure,.

2
2

8

1
1
1
2
3
4
7
9

14

18

1
1
4

4

5
1

this state,

2
14

19

1
4

14

Art. Sec.

17 Engineer,

Art, Sec.
County judge jurisdiction,

6 14 District-attorney -governors may
to receive a salary,....

6 14
reinove,

10 1
two officers may be created,.. 6 15 time of election,

10 4
how removed, ...

6 11 Divorce not to be granted without
Counsel-party accused entitled to, 1 6 judicial proceedings, ... 1 10
Court for the trial of impeachments, 6 1 Duration of office, when not fixed by
Court of appeals, ...
6 2 law,

10 3
writs of error and appeals to,.. 6 25 Elections—to be by ballot,.. 2 5
Court, supreme-of law and equity, 6 3

of members of the legislature, 3 9
state to be divided into eight

of governor and lieutenant-
districts, ..

6 4
governor,

4 3
chief justice to be designated,. 6 6

secretary of state and other
general terms, held by three,.. 6. 6

state officers,

5 1
special terms, held by one,. 6 6

10
of sheriffs, &c.

1
time and place of holding terms, 6

4
who may practise in, .

judges, justices sup. court, &c., 14
6 8
Electors--qualifications of

2 1
Court-supreme, old,..
6 25

2 3
to hear causes till July, 1848,.. 14

guilty of bribery,..
16

what constitutes residence of,. 2 3
Court of oyer and terminer-how
constituted,...

6 6

persons in military service-

amendment
terms of,...

6 9
Courts of sessions-by whom held, .

Enumeration of inhabitants—when

6 14
Courts in cities-civil and criminal, 6 14

taken,

3

5 2
6
judges to be elected,..

Erie canal-enlargement,

7
decisions may be removed to

3
court of appeals,...

6

not to be sold, leased, &c.,. 7
Escheat to the people,

1
iudges how removed, if of re-

11
cord,

6 11 Executive power vested in govern'r 4 1
not of record,

6 17 Fees-state officers not to receive, 5 1
Court for the correction of errors-

no judicial officer to receive,.. 6

20
business pending to be trans-

may be received by justice of
ferred, ..
6 25

6 20
Court of chancery, appeal to court

Feudal tenures-abolished,

1 12
of appeals,

6 25 Freedom of speech and press se-
to decide causes till July, 1848, 14 6

cured,

1 8
Courts of general sessions-business

debate in legislature secured,.. 3 12
transferred,..
14 5 religion,

1
Culling-officers for, abolished, 5 8 Fines—excessive, not to be imposed, i

and quarter sales to be void, 1
Debate legislative, freedom of,.... 3 12 Fund-sinking (see Sinking Fund).
Debts-obligation of, not to be im-

(see Common School, Litera-
paired, ...

1 18 ture, United States Deposit.]
due the state from corporations, 7 4 Funds—no money paid from, with-
Debt-revenues of canal, to pay,..;
7 1 out appropriation,

7 8
to supply deficit in sinking fund, 7 5
not to exceed $1,000,000,... 7 10 Genesee Valley canal-to be com-
money borrowed, how to be used, 7 10

pleted,

3
to repel invasion, repress insur-

not to be sold or leased,.

7 6
rection, &c.,

7 11 Government expenses—from canal
not to create without providing

revenues,

7 3
for payment,

7 12 Governor-executive power vested
nor without being approved by

in, and term of office, . 4 1
the people,
7 12 who eligible,...

4 2
law for, how to be passed, .
7 12 when and how elected, .

4 3
cities and villages to be re-

commander-in-chief, &c.,. 4 4
stricted,..

8
to communicate by message,..

4
Decisions-judicial, to be published, 6 22 to convene legislature or senate
Districts senate, ..

3 3

only,...
how and when altered,

3 4 to execute laws, compensation, 4 4
Distr.cts, assembly-how and when

to grant reprieves, pardons, &c., 4 5
altered,

3 5 to suspend execution in cases
judicial,

6 16
of treason,

4 5
District-attorney-election and ten-

to report pardons and reprieves
ure of office,

10 1
yearly,

4 5

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Art Sec,

Art. Ses
Governor-when out of state, at

Judges of the court of appeals-
head of military force,

4 6

members of the court of im-
not to appoint members of le-

peachments,

6 1
gislature to office,
3 7 votes given for, void,

6 8
to sign bills, if he approve,.
9 not to appoint to office,

6 8
9 may be removed by joint reso-
to determine by lot the terms

lution,

6 11
of inspectors of state prison, 5 4

vacancy in office,

6 13
to fill vacancy in office,

5 4 election for residue of term,. 6
may suspend treasurer, &c.,... 5 7 not to receive fees,

6 20
to remove judicial officers, 6 11 Judge of county court -election
to fill vacancy in office of judge

and tenure of office, .. 6 14
of court of appeals,...

6 13 to hold county court and act as
to fill vacancy in office of jus-

surrogate,

6
tice of supreme court,
6 13 jurisdiction,

6 14
may remove sheriff,county clerk,

with two justices to hold court
district-attorney, and coroner, 10 1

of sessions,

6 14
may appoint major-generals, and

compensation,

6 14
commissary-general,
11 3 equity jurisdiction,

6 14
Grants-certain, with rents reserved,

two officers may be created, 6 15
void,
1 -14 how removed,

6 11
from king of Great Britain,.. 1 18 Judgments of courts in cities, may
Gauging-office for, abolished, 5 8 appeal from,..

6 21

Judicial officers, first election of,... 14 4
Habeas corpus—not to be suspend-

when impeached, not to act, 6 1
ed, except, &c.,

1 4 certain, may be removed, ..... 6 11
Hamilton county-to elect mem-

in cities and villages, to be elec-
bers with Fulton,

3 5
ted,

6 18
not to receive fees,

6 20
Impeachment-assembly has the Judicial districts of supreme court. 6

4
power of,
6 1 when re-organized, ...

6 16
court of, .

6 1 may be increased or diminished, 6 16
Indictment no criminal trial with-

each to have four justices, 6 18
out,

1 6 decreased, not to effect rentoval
of persons convicted on im-

of justices,

6 16
peachmenty.

6 1 Jurisdiction of courts, when to be
Indians-purchases of lands from,

transferred,

14 5
void,

1 16 of the court for the correction
Infamous crime-not to answer for,

6 25
unless on presentment, &c.,. 1 6 of law and equity, may be
persons guilty, may be deprived

altered, .

6 5
of right to vote,

2 2 Jury-right of trial by, secured;
Inspectors of state prison-election

when waived,

1 2
and tenure of office,

5 4 to assess value of property, 1 7
to have charge of state prison. 5 4

1 8
to appoint all officers therein,.. 5 4 Justices of the supreme court-num-
vacancies to be filled by gover-

ber and tenure of office, .. 6 4
nor,
5 4 how elected,

6 12
Inspections - offices for,

5 8 ore or more chief justices, .. 6 6
Invasions, &c. debt may be crea-

compensation,

6 7
ted for, .

7 11 to hold no other office or trust, 6 8
money raised, how used, 7 11 votes given for, void,

6 8
not to appoint for office,

6 8
Jeopardy - not twice for same of-

classification,

6 9
fence,

1 6 removal by concurrent resolu-
Journals — of each house,

3 11
tion,

6 11
yeas and nays to be entered in, 3 15 vacancy to be filled by governor, 6 13
objections of governor to be

election for residue of term, 6 13
4 9 not to receive fees,

6 20
Judges of the court of appeals

first election of

14 4
who to be,

6 2 Justices of the old supreme court
compensation,

6 7
office of, abolished,

14 8
election of,
12 to act till July, 1848,

14 6
to hold no other office or trust, 6 8 eligible at first election, 14 9

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in libel cases,

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Art. Sec.

tain cases,

1

Art. Sec. Justices of the peace-members of Legislature-to elect governor and court of sessions, ....

6 14

lieutenant-governor, in cerelection and tenure of office, 6 17

4 3 election to fill vacancy,

6 17 extra session of, how called,.. 4 4 number and classification regu

may alter jurisdiction and prolated, ...

6 17 ceedings in law and equity,. 6 5 how removed,

6 17 to provide for publication of
laws and decisions,...

6 22 Land-ultimate property in,

1 11

to organize court of appeals, .. 6 25 all to be allodial,

1 13 to create corporations by genecertain leases over 12 years, void, 1 14

ral laws, ..

8 1 purchases from Indians void,.. 1 16 to provide for organization of Land office commissioners of, 5 5

cities and villages, ..

8 9 Laws to be enacted by bill only,. 3 14 to restrict the powers of cities to be enforced by governor,

4 4
and villages, .

8 9 certain, to be submitted to the

to provide for filling vacancies
people,
7 12 in office,

10 5 mode of enacting-(see Bills.]

legislative term, when to comLaw and equity-supreme court of, 6 5

mence,..

10 6 jurisdiction, may be altered,... 6 5 when to assemble,..

10 6 Lawyers—who may be,....

6 8 to provide for removal of officers, 10 7 Life and liberty—not to be deprived

to declare what constitutes va-
of, without, &c.,

1 6
cancy,

10 8 Liberty of conscience-not to justify

to fix time for electing militia acts of licentiousness, &c.,.. 1 3

officers,

11 4 Libel-truth to be given in evidence, 1 8 may change mode of choosing law and fact to be determined

officers,

11 6 by the jury,

1 8 to provide for delegates to conLiterature fund inviolate, and rev

vention, ..

13 2 enues, how applied,

9 1 Local bills, to embrace but one subject, 3 16 Liability of corporators and stock

subject to be expressed in title, 3 16 holders,

8 2 legislation, may be conferred on in banking business,

8 7
supervisors,

3 17 Lieutenant-governor-election and

Lotteries prohibited,.

1 10 tenure of office,..

4 1 qualifications and eligibility, 4 7 Majority of each house necessary to president of the senate, and

form a quorum,

3 10 casting vote, 4 7 to pass bills,

3

15 compensation of,

8 Message-governor to communicate commissioner of the land office, 5 5 by,..

4 4 commissioner of the canal fund, 5 5 objections to bill,

4 9 member of the canal board, . 5 5 Measures and weights standard member of the court for the

supplied, .

5 8 trial of impeachments, 6 1 Measuring-office for, abolished,... 5 8

not to sit on trial of governor,. 6 1 Militia - governor commander-inLegislature—what constitutes, 3 1

chief of,...

4 5 compensation of members of,. 3 6 to be armed and disciplined,.. 11 1 members not to receive appoint

exemptions on religious scruples 11 1 ments,...

3 7 officers of, how chosen, . 11 2 wben elected,

3 9 staff and general of, how apmajority constitutes a quorum,. 3 10 pointed,

11 3 each house to determine its

time of choosing militia officers, 11 4 own rules, .....

3 10 officers, how commissioned,... 11 5 each house to choose its own

officers, how removed,.

11 5 officers,

3 10 legislature may change mode of each house to judge of elec

choosing officers, .

11 6 tions, &c.,

3 10 Municipal corporations — may be each house to keep a journal,&c., 3 11 created by special acts, 8 1 each house to keep open doors, 3 11 legislature—to provide for oreach house not to adjourn with

ganization of

8 9 out consent, ..

3 11 to restrict powers of taxation, freedom of debate in, secured, 3 12 debt, &c.,

8 9 may confer power of local legislation,

3 17 New York city-senate districts in, 3 3

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