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ART. I. · The Present State of Turkey; or a Description

of the Political, Civil, and Religious Confti.

tution, Government and Laws of the Ottoman

Empire ; the Finances, Military and Naval

Establishments; the State of Learning, and

of the Liberal and Mechanical Arts; the

Manners and Domestic Economy of the Turks

and other Subjects of the Grand Signior, &c.

&c. By Thomas Thornton Esq. - -. p. 249

II. A Tour through Holland, along the Right and

- Left Banks of the Rhine, to the South of

Germany, in the Summer and Autumn of

1806. By Sir John Carr - - -

III. An Effay on the Theory of Money, and the

Principles of Commerce. By John Wheatley 284

IV. Historical Apology for the Irish Catholics. By

William Parnell Esq. - - - -

Caroli à Linné Species Plantarum ; exhibentes

Plantas rite cognitas, ad Genera relatas, cum

differentibus Specificis, Nominibus trivialibus,

Synonymis selectis, Locis natalibus, fecundum

Systema Sexuale digestas. . Editio quarta, post

Reichardiamam quinta; adjectis Vegetabili.

bus hucusque cognitis. Curante Carolo Lu-

dovico Willdenow - ' - - - 306

VI. The Travels of Bertrandon de la Brocquière,

First Esquire-Carver to Philip le Bon, Duke

of Burgundy, during the Years 1432 and

1433. By T. Johnes Esq. - - - 329

II. Considerations upon the Trade with India, and

the Policy of continuing the Company's Mo-

nopoly - - - - - -

VIII. Analysis of the Character and Conduct of Bo-

naparte, addressed to the French Soldiery,

and the People of Europe. By General Du-

mourier. Translated from the French by Mr

Elder - - - - - - 368

IX. Cobbett's Political Register - - : 386

Qüestiones Criticas sobre varios Puntos de His-

toria Economica, Politica y Militar. Su Au-

tor D. Antonio de Capmany

422

ART,

THE

EDINBURGH REVIEW,

APRIL 1807.

No. XIX.

Art. I. The Dangers of the Country. By the Author of War

in Disguise, &c. 8vo. pp. 227. Hatchard, London, 18076

W e agree with the greater part of this boding volume ; and

we think the author has discharged a great public duty, in endeavouring to impress the country with a sense of its dangers, and to train us to that sort of fortitude which consists, not in shutting our eyes to the hazard, but in providing steadily against it.

After passing rather too slightly over the extent of our danger from the military power of France, and the risk of an actual subjugation, he proceeds to detail, under ten several heads, the consequences which would follow from such a calamitous occur. rence. To the few who have allowed themselves to reflect on the subject, such an enumeration must be useless; but it may startle the thoughtless, and rouse the multitude from their dream of apathy, thus to see these menaced evils embodied and spread out before them, which they have hitherto apprehended only as a remote and indistinct possibility. If great sacrifices, too, and great exertion should become necessary, as we greatly fear they may, in the prosecution of the contest, it is of use to keep before us the amount of the miseries from which we are purchasing rea demption.

The author does not dwell at all upon the horrors of the conquest itself, nor on the proscriptions and confiscations with which it would infallibly be attended. He supposes this great work to be finally consummated; and merely sets himself to estimate the changes which would be produced in the condition of the surviving population

The first would be, the transference of our sceptre to the hands of some creature of the conqueror, or the total suppresor VOL. X. NO. 19."

sion

sion of our independence, by our conversion into a province or department of his empire. The author thinks the last most probable ; as our insular situation, maritime habits and untractable character, might otherwise give us a chance for recovering our freedom, and converting a nominal into a real independence. In either event, he rightly concludes, that our free constitution would be annihilated. It is this freedomr,“ more than our commercial prosperity or our national influence, which excites the alarm and jealousy of our enemy: it exhales a vapour unhealthful to the constitution of despotism ; and while England is free, the master of France must be uneasy. We might still have Parliaments, however, and mock elections ; but we may guess at the measure of power which would be left to those assemblies, from that which we have seen entrusted to the senates of France or of Holland.

The consequences of conquest, liowever, would first come home to individuals, in the destruction of our laws and personal privileges. No one can be extravagant enough to imagine that a French governmerit would allow á habeas corpus, a jury, or a gaol-delivery to its English subjects. We cannot hope for more than it indulges to its own people. The liberty of the press in France, too, may safely be taken as the measure of what it would be in England ; and in comparison with the tyranny now exercised there, in this respect, the policy of the Inquisition, the Sorbonne; and the Bourbons, was perfect freedom. Their interference was restrictive or prohibitory merely ; but the present governor of France compels its journalists to publish, as well as to suppress, whatever he pleases. He has personal quarrels, too, with the English press; which we are afraid could not be settled by mere prospective regulations. There are more than Peltier who might meet with the fate of Palm.

The next thing we should lose, would be the security of pera': sonal liberty. This consequence of conquest we shall give in the words of our author. "It is a favourable specimen of his most popular manner.

. We must lay afide also that proud fenfe of personal inviolability, which we now cherish so fondly; and, what is justly prized ftill more, the civil fan&tity of our homes. The Englishman's house must be his castle no more.

Instead of our humble watchmen to wish us respectfully good night, when returning to our abodes in the evening, we shall be challenged at every turning by military patroles, and shall be fortunate, if we meet no pert boy in commission, or ill-natured trooper, to rebuke us with the back of his sword, or with a lodging in the guard-house, for a heedlefs or tardy reply. Perhaps, after all, when we arrive at our homes, instead of that quiet fire-lide at which we expected to fit in

i domestic

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