Natives and Newcomers: Canada's "Heroic Age" Reconsidered

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McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 1986 - History - 430 pages
Natives and Newcomers discredits that myth. In a spirited and critical re-examination of relations between the French and the Iroquoian-speaking inhabitants of the St Lawrence lowlands, from the incursions of Jacques Cartier through the explorations of Samuel de Champlain and the Jesuit missions into the early years of the royal regime, Natives and Newcomers argues that native people have played a significant role in shaping the development of Canada. Trigger also shows that the largely ignored French traders and their employees established relations with native people that were indispensable for founding a viable European colony on the St Lawrence. The brisk narrative of this period is complemented by a detailed survey of the stereotypes about native people that have influenced the development of Canadian history and anthropology and by candid discussions of how historical, ethnographical, and archaeological approaches can and cannot be combined to produce a more rounded and accurate understanding of the past.
 

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Contents

Jacques Cartier
5
Parkman and American
9
Nationalist Histories
29
Recent Trends
45
Chronological Archaeology
64
Transition to Food Production
83
Prehistoric Florescence
108
European Activities 154016oo
111
The Killing Years
229
The Impact of Epidemics
242
Conversions and Factionalism 25 I
251
The Destruction of the Hurons
259
Iroquois Supremacy
273
The Saviour of New France
281
The Iroquois Missions
289
Heroes and Victims
297

The Disappearance of the St Lawrence
145
Crisis and Transition
161
Early European Contact I 18
164
Trade and Warfare 16001615
172
The Nature of Indian Trade
183
French Administrators
198
The Historical Petuns and Neutrals
221
The Northern El Dorado
303
Colonizers against Traders
315
The Jesuit Mission Colony
325
Final Observations
341
References
357
Index
399
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