Natives and Newcomers: Canada's "Heroic Age" Reconsidered

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McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 1986 - Social Science - 430 pages
According to conventional nineteenth-century wisdom, societies of European origin were naturally progressive; native societies were static. One consequence of this attitude was the almost universal separation of history and anthropology. Today, despite a growing interest in changes in Amerindian societies, this dichotomy continues to distort the investigation of Canadian history and to assign native peoples only a marginal place in it. Natives and Newcomers discredits that myth. In a spirited and critical re-examination of relations between the French and the Iroquoian-speaking inhabitants of the St Lawrence lowlands, from the incursions of Jacques Cartier through the explorations of Samuel de Champlain and the Jesuit missions into the early years of the royal regime, Natives and Newcomers argues that native people have played a significant role in shaping the development of Canada. Trigger also shows that the largely ignored French traders and their employees established relations with native people that were indispensable for founding a viable European colony on the St Lawrence. The brisk narrative of this period is complemented by a detailed survey of the stereotypes about native people that have influenced the development of Canadian history and anthropology and by candid discussions of how historical, ethnographical, and archaeological approaches can and cannot be combined to produce a more rounded and accurate understanding of the past. Bruce G. Trigger is Professor of Anthropology, McGill University
 

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Contents

The Indian Image in Canadian
3
Parkman and American
9
Before History
50
The Approach of the Europeans
111
Traders and Colonizers
164
Trade and Warfare 16001615
172
The Nature of Indian Trade
183
European Traders
194
Missionaries
200
The Historical Petuns and Neutrals
221
Who Founded New France?
298
Notes on Sources
345
References
357
Index
399
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