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prosperity of this body; and that as the highest respect we can show for his memory, we will endeavor to follow his example and imitate his 1 any virtues.

Resolved, That we tender our warmest sympathies, to the family of the deceased, to the students and officers of the institution over which he presided, and to the circle of personal friends upon whom this sudden blow must fall with crushing weight, and trust that the consolations of Heaven will be afforded them in this hour of trial and bereavement.

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be made out and duly signed by the President and Secretary, and forwarded to the family of the deceased.

The preamble and resolutions were adopted.

The President laid before the Association a paper containing a solution of the Emersonian problem, by the Hon. Finley Rigger, Register of the United States Treasury, which, on motion of Mr. Bulkley, was referred to the editor of the Mathematical Monthly, for publication.

The President now introduced Elbridge Smith, Esq., Principal of the Free Academy of Norwich, Conn., as the lecturer for the evening. The subject of the lecture was “The place Christianity should occupy in American Education.”

This was a carefully elaborated and powerful address. In it the lecturer clearly showed the place that Christianity should occupy, and its influence upon man during the processes of his education.

On motion of Mr. Cruikshank, it was resolved that the thanks of the Association be presented to Mr. Smith, for his able, scholarly, and practical address, and that a copy be requested for publication.

This was followed by remarks on the address and the general subject, by Messrs. Starke of Missouri, Rev. Dr. Samson of the District of Columbia, Rev.

Dr. Turner of Florida, Mr. Taylor of Delaware, and Mr. Wilson of Washington.

The hour of 23 o'clock having arrived, the further consideration of the subject was suspended until to-morrow morning.

The Association then adjourned till 9 o'clock to-morrow a. m.


THURSDAY A. M., 9) O'CLOCK. The Association met according to adjournment, the President in the chair. The subject of the address of Mr. Smith, which was laid over yesterday, was now taken from the table and further discussed by several of the members.

The resolution was then adopted.

The President read a letter from D. B. Hagar, Esq., one of the Vice Presidents of the Association, who was prevented from attending the meeting by severe sickness. Mr. Hagar expressed warm sympathy for the Association, and confidence in its success.

The Secretary announced that he had received letters of a similar character from the following gentlemen : Messrs. John Kingsbury, State Commissioner of Schools, Rhode Island; J. D. Philbrick, Superintendent of Schools, Boston, Massachusetts; G. B. Emerson, Esq., Bos. ton; Hon. George Boatwell, Secretary of the Board of Education, Massachusetts; Rev. Dr. Fisher, President of Hamilton College, New York; Rev. G' B. Northop, General Agent of the Board of Education of Massachusetts; Hon. Mark H. Drumell, Superintendent of Schools in Maine; Professor A. Crosby, Principal of the Salem Normal School, Massachusetts; Professor M. Canaut, Principal of the Bridgewater Normal School, Massachusetts; and G. W. Farnham, Esq., Superintendent of Schools, Syracuse, New York.

On motion it was Resolved, That the committee on nominations have further time to complete their report.

On motion of Mr. Cruikshank, it was Resolved, That the committee on educational statistics be discharged from the further consideration of the subject, and that a committee, consisting of one member from each State represented in the Association, or who may be appointed in their stead, be appointed; and that the chairman be authorized to make such arrangements as he may be able for the publication of such statistics, provided the Association shall not be liable for any expense of publication. The committee on this resolution is the Board of Counsellors for the ensuing year.

On motion of Mr. Stone, of Illinois, a committee of three were appointed to report on the subject of School Registers and School Records. Messrs. Pennell, Stone, McJilton, and Rickoff.

On motion of Mr. Starke, the following resolution was introduced :

Resolved, that the inculcation of the Christian religion is necessary to the happiness of the people and the perpetuity of our institutions, and we shouid be pleased to see every teacher in our broad land imbued with its spirit; yet we would not shut the doors of our school-houses upon well qualified and apt teachers not professing such religion.

On motion of Rev. Dr. Samson, this resolution was made the special order for eight o'clock this evening.

Mr. Sheldon, from the Committee on Nominations, reported the following list of officers for the ensuing year, which report was accepted :

J. W. BULKLEY, Brooklyn, N. Y.

T. W. VALENTINE, New York,

D. B. HAGAR, Massachusetts, WM. ROBERTS, Pennsylvania,

T. C. Taylor, Delaware, ELBRIDGE Smith, Connecticut,

DANIEL READ, Wisconsin, ISAAC STONE, Illinois,

A. J. RICKOFF, Ohio, C. S. PENNELL, Missouri,

J. N. McJilton, Maryland, SYLVESTER Scott, Virginia,


Z. RICHARDS, District of Columbia.

0. C. Wight, District of Columbla.

JAMES CRUIKSHANK, New York, J. W. Allen, Connecticut,
H. C. HICKOK, Pennsylvania,

WM. McCATHRAN, Dist. of Col.
John G. Eliot, North Carolina, S. J. C. SWEEZEY, Alabama,
Wm. E. Sheldon, Massachusetts, J. L. YEATES, Maryland,
F. M. EDWARDS, Virginia,

D. McNeil TURNER, Florida, A. DRURY, Kentucky,

WM. B. STARKE, Missouri, Asahe. ELMER, Illinois,

L. C. DRAPER, Wisconsin,
B. W. Smitu, Indiana,

S. E. WRIGHT, South Carolina.

Before going into the election it was moved that action on the report be suspended, and that a report from the committee on periodicals be first submitted.

The motion was adopted.

Mr. Valentine then presented the report of the committee, which, on motion of Mr. Sheldon, was accepted. The report is as follows :

“The committee to whom was referred the subject of a periodical to be established under the patronage and control of the National Teachers' Association, havo had the subject under consideration, and respectfully report that they have unanimously come to the conclusion that it is expedient and proper that such a periodical should be published as the official organ of this body; and they recommend the following plan :

“1st. That its publication commence in this city on the 1st of October next.

“2d. That the form of said periodical be that of a quarto; that it be issued once a month at the subscription price of 50 cents per annum, in advance.

“ 3d. That one column of said paper be devoted to each State in the Union, to be headed with the name of that State, under which shall be properly arranged the items of educational news from that State, with such other articles as the Corresponding Editor of that State may furnish.

“4th. That one corresponding editor be appointed in each State, wbose duty it shall be to furnish all items and general matter from his own State; that such editor be appointed by the Executive officers or Directory of this body, and that said editor be appointed annually.

“5th. That the immediate publication and control of the journal be committed to the charge of three persons, who shall be residents of the city where the same shall be published.

“ 6th. That no compensation shall be allowed to any editor or corresponding editor, except to those who prepare the matter and supervise its publication ; and that such compensation be allowed to those as the Board of Directors shall

• 7th. That all profits accruing from the publication be paid over at the end of each year to the Treasurer of this Association, and that all deficits of the same be paid from its funds.

• 8th. That the name of said Journal be The National Teacher." On motion of Mr. Stone, the report was adopted.

On motion of Mr. Cruikshank the report was reconsidered, and so amended, that the "Teacher" should be published monthly, and consist of sixteen pages, quarto, or eight pages semi-monthly, at $1 per annum. Subsequently, on motion of Mr. Rickoff, (Mr. Sheldon being in the chair,) the subject was again reconsidered and referred to the Board of Directors, with power.

The report of the committee on nominations was then called up.

On motion, a recess of ten minutes was taken before going into the election.

The Association was now called to order, and, on motion of Mr. Taylor, of Delaware, proceeded to the election.

The Chair appointed Messrs. Turner, Samson, and Duncan tellers.

After the ballot, the tellers reported that the entire ticket as reported by the nominating committee was elected.

Rev. Dr. McJilton was now introduced by the President, as the lecturer for the morning. The gentleman addressed the Association on “ The Errors in the Agencies through which mankind pass in the pursuit of Knowledge.”

The address was carefully written and well delivered. In it, the

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lecturer made some good points on the educational fallacies of the day, exposed some of the bad methods of instruction prevalent, and hit off fairly some of the text books in use. The address was well received, and, on motion of Mr. Sheldon, the thanks of the Association were tendered to the speaker, and a copy asked for publication.

Mr. H. L. Stuart, of New York, was next introduced to the Association, and read a paper which contained suggestions, topics, and questions concerning the general course of instruction in the country.

On motion, the thanks of the Association were given to Mr. Stuart, and a copy of his paper asked for publication.

Rev. Dr. Wines moved that the Association finally adjourn to-morrow (Friday) p. m. at two o'clock.

On motion of Mr. Partridge, the resolution was laid on the table until evening

The hour having arrived that had been named by the President of the United States in which he would receive the members of the Association in the Executive Mansion, the Association adjourned, in order to make the call, until 73 o'clock in the evening.

The Association, then, in a body, repaired to the White House, and were ushered into the East Room. On the entrance of his Excellency, Mr. Rickoff, the President of the Association, and his lady advanced to meet him, and, on being introduced, addressed him on behalf of the Association, expressing the great pleasure all feel in paying their respects to the Chief Magistrate of the Republic, and expressed the hope of his sympathy in the educational reforms of the day.

His Excellency, in reply, expressed the great pleasure he felt in receiving this visit from the Association. To the teacher, he accorded all honor. The only safeguard for the country, he remarked, is education founded upon the principles of pure christianity and true religion. Without religion there can be no prosperity, no liberty, no advancement in real knowledge. After wishing the Association great success and prosperity, his Excellency was introduced to the several members of the Association present.

Evening Session. The Association met according to adjournment, the President in the chair. On calling the Association to order, the President announced that he had received a note from Mr. S. L. Loomis, of Washington, in which he proposes to present to the members present copies of his “ Normal Arithmetic.” On motion, the proposition was accepted, and the thanks of the Association returned.

On motion, it was resolved that when we adjourn, we do so to meet at nine o'clock a. m. to-morrow, and that the final adjournment take place at two o'clock p. m. Friday, according to the motion of Rev. Dr. Wines, made in the morning and laid over till this evening.

The resolution of Mr. Starke, which had been laid on the table, was now called up for discussion. The Rev. Dr. Turner moved to amend, by adding, “provided they do not reject the Bible as a rule of faith and practice. Mr. Pennell moved to strike out "possessing or." Mr. Wight moved that the whole subject be laid on the table, which motion was adopted.

On motion, the several subjects suggested in the lecture of Rev. Dr. McJilton were called up for discussion, and were discussed by Messrs. Stone, Z. Richards, Sheldon, Greenleaf, Wight, Craig, Pennell, Harding, Loomis, Partridge, and others.

On motion of Mr. Sheldon, the further discussion of the subject was suspended.

An invitation was received from the Superintendent of the National Observatory, inviting the Association to visit the Institution. The invitation was accepted and thanks returned.

On motion, adjourned until nine o'clock a. m. to-morrow, (Friday.)


FRIDAY, August 12, 1859. The Association met according to adjournment, the President in the chair.

The Secretary read the previous minutes of the session, which were approved.

On motion of Mr. Sheldon, the call for educational reports from the several States was made the order for eleven o'clock a. m.

Mr. McJilton offered the following resolutions:

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed for the purpose of arranging the various subjects contemplated by the Association, and upon which it is necessary to act, in order to carry out the purposes of its organization.

Resolved, That the said committee be authorized to select gentlemen in different parts of the country to prepare papers upon the several subjects so arranged, to be read at the next annual meeting of the Association.

On motion of Mr. Cruikshank, these resolutions were referred to the Board of Directors.

On motion of Mr. Stone, a committee of three was appointed to prepare the usual resolutions for the close of the session.

The committee announced by the Chair on those resolutions, was Messrs. Stone, E. Smith, and Turner.

Mr. Stone moved that in the education of children it is the duty of the educator to draw from them all the information they have received from the study of their lessons, and to encourage the expansion of the faculties upon the subjects of their study.

On motion of Mr. E. Smith, the resolution was laid on the table.

Mr. Jacobs, of Pennsylvania, moved that it be the duty of the teacher to exercise a government over his pupils on their way to and from school. The resolution was lost.

Mr. Craig: moved that all resolutions to be presented shall pass through the hands of the committee just appointed. The resolution

was lost.

Mr. AtLee moved that there be appointed a standing committee, to which all questions and resolutions for the action of the Association

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