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One of Sir Edmund's council and creatures, petitioned for an island belonging to the town of Plymouth, and because the agents of the said town obtained a voluntary subscription from the persons concerned to bear the charge of the suit; they were treated as criminals, and against all law, illegally compelled to answer in another county, and not that where the pretended misdemeanours were committed. And Mr. Wiswall the minister of Duxbury having at the desire of some concerned transcribed a writing which tended to clear the right they had to the island in controversy, and also concerning the abovesaid voluntary subscription, both transcribed in the winter 1687. A messenger was sent, to bring him to Boston on the 21st June, 1698; he was then lame in both feet with the gout, fitter for a bed than a journey, therefore wrote to the governor, praying that he might be excused until he should be able to travel, and engaged that then he would attend any court, but the next week the cruel officer by an express order from Sir Edmund Androsse, forced him to ride in that condition, being shod with clouts instead of shoes; and when he came belore the council he was there made to stand till the anguish of his feet and shoulders had almost overcome him; after he was dismissed from the council, the messenger came and told him, he must go to goal, or enter into bonds for his appearance at the next superior court held in Boston, and pay down 41. 2 s. in silver. His sickness forced him to decline a prison, and to pay the money. At the next superior court he appeared in the same lame and sick condition, and the extremity of the weather cast him into such a violent fit of sickness, that he was in the judgment of others nigh unto death, and he himself thought that he should soon be out of their bonds, and at liberty to lay his information against his oppressors before the righteous Judge of the whole world. After all this having been forced a third time out of his own county and colony, near forty miles, he was delivered from the hands and humours of his tyrannical oppressors, who had exposed him to great difficulties, charges, and to 228 miles travel in journeying to and from Boston, directly opposite to the place where he ought to have been tried, had he been guilty of any of the pretended misdemeanors, none of which his worst enemies ever bad the face to read in open court, or openly to charge him with to this day. Now shall such men as these talk of barbarous usage who have themselves been so inhumane?
Quis tulerit Gracchos de seditione querentes!
7. As for Sir Edmund Androsse his supplying the Indians with amunition in the time of actual war with them, the following testimonies confirmed the people of New-England in the belief of it.
'Lenox Beverley aged about twenty-five years being sworn, 'saith, that he being soldier at Pemyquid the winter time 1688, 'where was Captain general Sir Edmund Androsse, knight,
* there came to the fort where Sir Edmund Androsse then was, 'two squaws, the one Aladocowandos's sister, and the other 'Moxis's wife (as was said) and two other Indian women that 'went along with them; they were in the fort with Sir Ed
• mund two days, and when they came forth they seemed to be 'half drunk, this deponent and Peter Ripley was commanded 'to guard these squaws from Pemyquid to New-Harbour, 'being in distance about two miles, and as we passed on the 'way Aladocowandos's sister laid down her burden in the snow 'and commanded the deponant to take it up, whereupon the 'deponant looked into the basket, and saw a small bag which 'he opener), and found it to be gunpowder, which he judged 'five pounds weight, and a bag of bullets of a greater weight, 'and the weight of the basket I took up, was as much as the 'deponent could well carry along, and the other three squaws 'had each one of them their baskets, which appeared rather to 'be of greater than lesser burden, than that the deponant carried,
* which were all of them loaden, and brought out of the fort, 'and Aladocowandos's sister said she bad that powder of Sir 'Edmund, and added, that she was to come again to him within 'four days.
Boston, Aug. 17, 1689. Lenox X Beverley
Sworn in council, his mark.
'Attest. Isr. Addington, Sec'ry.'
'Gabriel Wood of Beverly, aged about twenty-four years, 'testifies, That being one of the soldiers that was out the last 'winter past, Anno I6S8, in the eastward parts, and under the 'command of Sir Edmund Androsse, and being then at Pcmy'quid with him, was commanded by him the said Sir Edmund, 'together with so many more of the soldiers as made up two
• files to guard and safely conduct three Indian women from 'Pemyquid aforesaid to New Harbour, which said Indian 'women were all laden, and to my certain knowledge one of the 'said women had with her in her said journey a considerable 'quantity of bullets, which she brought with her from Pemy'quid aforesaid, and to my best apprehension, she had also a 'considerable quantity of powder in a bag in her basket, but I 'did not see that opened, as I did see the bullets, neither dared 'I be very inquisitive, the rest of the soldiers in company with 'me seeing the Indians so supplied with amunition (as we all 'apprehended they were by our governor and captain-general 'Sir Edmund Androsse aforesaid) we did very much question 'amongst ourselves, whether the said Sir Edmund did not 'intend the destruction of our army, and brought us thither 'to be a sacrifice to our heathen adversaries.
'The mark of Gabriel [ A ] Wood.
'Gabriel Wood of Beverly in the county of Essex, personally appeared before me at Salem in New-England, January 29, 1689-90, and made oath to the truth of the abovesaid evidence-.
• John Hathorne, Assistant.'
8. That the Indians declared they were encouraged by Sir Edmund Androsse to make war upon the English, is most certainly true, although the lying author of that scandalous pamphlet, called New-England's faction discovered, has the impudence to say, that it is certainly false. Two Indians, Waterman and David, testify that the Maquas Indians sent a messenger to Pennicock, to inform that Sir Edmund Androsse had been tampering to engage them to fight against the English. Another Indian called Solomon Thomas, affirmed, that Sir Edmund gave him a book, and that he said that book was better than the Bible, that it had in it the picture of the virgin Mary, and that when they should fight at the eastward, Sir Edmund would sit in his Wigwam, and say, O brave Indians! Another Indian named Joseph (who was in hostility against the English) bragged that the governor had more love for them than for the English. Another-Indian named John James, did of his own voluntary mind declare to several in Sudbury, that Sir Edmund Androsse had hired the Indians to kill the English: The men to whom he thus expressed himself, reproved him, and told him that they believed he' belied Sir Edmund Androsse and therefore they secured him, and complained to a justice of peace, by which means he was brought to Boston, but Sir Edmund instead of punishing was kind to the Indian, when as both the justice and the Sudbury man had (to use Mr. Palmer's phrase)
horrible horrible usage, by means whereof an alarm and terror run through the country, fearing some mischievous design against them. That this relation is not a feigned story, the ensuing testimonies make to appear
'The testimony of Waterman, and David, Indians, saith, 'that the Maquas sent a messenger to Pennicok to inform that 'the governor Edmund Androsse hired the Maquas to 6ght 'the English, and paid down to them one bushel of white 'wompon, and one bushel of black wompon, and three cart 'loads of merchants good, trucking cloath and cotton cloath, 'and shirt cloath, and other goods. The Maquas said, that the 'English were their good friends, and said, they would not fight 'them, for the English never wronged them, but the Maquas 'took the pay on the account of the Maquas helping the En'glish to fight their enemies the last war.
David's X mark.
The two Indians above-mentioned Waierman and David, appeared the 4th day of May 1689, and to the council then sitting owned the above-written to be truth;
Isa. Addington, secretary.
Rochester in the king's province, Sept. 16, 1688. 'Samuel 'Eldred, junior of Rochester came before Arthur Fenner and
* John tones, esquires; two of his majesty's justices of the 'peace, and did declare upon oath, that on the evening before 'an Indian whom he had seized, by name of Joseph, did in an 'insulting and vaunting manner say, there was 500 at Martin's 'Vineyard, 700 at Nantucket, and 400 at Chappaquessot, all 'very well armed, in a better manner than him the said Samuel 'Eldred, and that our governor did not dare to disarm them for
* that the governor had more love for them, the said Indians, 'than for his majesty's subjects the English. The said Indian 'being brought before us, and examined, did confess the greatest 'part of what was sworn against him, and owned that he was 'one of them that were in hostility against the English in the
late wars, upon which the said Indian was committed to goal.
'Per Arthur Fenner, John Fones.'
'The testimony of Joseph Graves aged 46 years or there 'about, and Mary Graves about 30 years, of John Rutter aged 'about 40 years, witness that on the 2d day of January 1688, 'Solomon Thomas, Indian, being at the house of Joseph Graves, 'in the town of Sudbury, said, that when the fight at the east'ward should be, if the Indians had the better of it, as the En'glish did retreat, the friend Indians were to shoot them down, 'but if the English get the day, we say nothing, and that in the 'spring French and Irish would come to Boston, as many, and 'all won Indians, for that was the first place that was to be de'stroyed,and after that the country towns would be all won 'nothing. And further, the said Solomon said, that the gover'nor had given him a book, which said governor said was better 'than the Bible, and all that would not turn to the governor's 'religion, and own that book, should be destroyed. In which 'book be the said Thomas said was the picture of our Saviour,
• and of the virgin Mary and of the twelve apostles; and the 'governor said, when we pray, we pray to the virgin Mary; and 'when the fight should be at the eastward, the governor Would 'sit in his wigwam, and say, O brave Indians! Whereupon 'John Rutter told the Indian, that he deserved to be hanged 'for speaking such things, but the Indian replied, it was all
• true. Upon the hearing this discourse, we resolved to come 'to Boston, and acquaint authority with it, but by reason of the 'sickness of Joseph Graves, we could not presently, but as 'soon as conveniently we could, we accordingly appeared at
• Boston with our information, which the said Joseph Graves 'carried to Mr. Bullivant a justice of the peace.
John X Rutter, signum.
Mart Y Graves, mark.
'Boston, January'tis, 1689, Joseph and Mary Graves came 'and made oath to the above-written,
'Before me, William Johnson, Assistant.'
That when the English secured some of the Indians mentioned, and brought them before Sir Edmund Androsse's justices, they were basely and barbarously used for their pains, the following affidavits shew.
'Sudbury in New-England, March 22, 1688-9, ' Thomas 'Browne, aged about forty-four years, and John Goodenow,