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JA VING a favourable Wind, we left Dover, and
again set Sail. An universal Joy appeared amongst H
the Saltzburgers, who praised God that he had heard their Prayers.
Jan. 9. We discovered at Noon the Isle of Wight.
Jan. 10, 11. Ar Eleven in the Morning, having happily passed through the Channel, we left the Land's End.
Thus God was pleased to rejoice us, and give us Hopes, that, through the Continuance of his Mercy, the rest of our Voyage would be no less prosperous. May the LORD be pleased always to assist us; we are in his Hands, and to him we entirely trust our Souls and Bodies. Towards Night, the Wind increased so much, that it broke the Stay which held the Main-top-Mast; and we had been exposed to great Danger, if Divine Providence had not averted it.
Jan. 24. TUE Weather was fine and pleasant. According to our Reckoning, we passed the Latitude of the Canary Islands, and through the adorable Mercy of the Almighty
approached the Trade-Winds, which are reckoned to blow all the Year from the Eastward.
Jan. 25. We sung Te Deum, and praised the Almighty with our Lips and Hearts.
Jan. 26. God was pleased to give us very fair Weather, with the Continuation of the Trade-Wind,
Jan. 28. AN Alarm of Fire caused a great Consternation in the whole Ship, but no ill Accident ensued. For my part, I think that God designed by this Alarm, to call us to Repentance; and to put us in mind of the Uncertainty of this Life, and the Eternity of the next. In reality, almost all became serious; and if they were not thoroughly converted, yet they could not help thinking with terror, how miserable must have been their Condition, had they by so sudden an Accident, been brought before the Tribunal of an offended and just God. Being recovered from our Fright, we [Saltzburgers) joined in our Praises unto the LORD, singing Hymns and Psalms, promising before bim, never to offend his holy Majesty by any known Sin whatsoever.
Jan. 30. This Day we felt a great deal of Heat; and, for Refreshment, washed between the Decks, where the People lay, with Vinegar.
Jan. 31. A GREAT Shower of Rain fell, and the Wind changed to West. Thus God consounds the Opinions of Men, and convinces them, that He is Almighty and Master of the Winds; for the Sailors, who had persuaded us, that the TradeWind blew constantly from the same Quarter, found now the contrary.
February 6. At Night, a tempestuous Wind arose, but God in his Goodness, held his Almighty Hand over us, and was pleased the next Day to give us a good Wind, which advanced us five or six Miles an Hour.
Feb. 16. At Two in the Afternoon, the Wind turned contrary N. by W. but being very gentle, the Sea was calm all that Night. It is remarkable, that hitherto, the contrary Winds have always been gentle, and immediately followed by a Calm, so that we never went back.
Feb. 17. We bad this Evening at Prayers Psal. 1. 14. Offer unto Gon Thanksgiving, and pay thy Vows unto the most flighest; Which we heartily did, for all his loving Mercies vouchsafed unto us; and at the same time, we vowed a Vow, as Jacob did in Gen. xxviii. and the 201b Verse.
Feb. 18. AT Two in the Afternoon, the Wind was strong at S. and soon after, it proved contrary, and extremely violent.
I was very much surprized to see the Sea rise so bigh; a Tempest darkned the Sky; the Waves swelled and foamed; and every thing threatned to overwhelm us in the Deep. All the Sails were surled; the Violence of the Wind was so great, that it tore the Main Sail in pieces. Besides which, the Mate cried out, that the Water rose fast in the Hold: but though he spoke Truth, the Ship received no Damage. We sighed, we cried unto God, and prayed him to help us. He heard, and comforted us by some Passages of the Holy Scripture, as Isa. li. 15. Psal. xxxix. 7, 8. Job. chap. xiv. and xvii.
Feb. 20. We saw a Scotch Ship, bound for Charles-town, and
soon lost Sight of her again.
Feb. 27. Last Night we had the Wind contrary W. S.W. but God granted us a sweet Repose, and renewed our Strength, the better to undergo a Tempest, which a Wind at W. by S. brought upon us by Break of Day. This Storm was more dreadful than the other. One sees always Death present in a Storm, and is more sensibly convinced of this Truth, that there may be but a moment between Life and Death. Wherefore those who are not throughly converted to God, and assured of the Happiness of the Lise to come, are the most miserable at Sea : for if they chance to perish, they perish in their Sins. We made the Holy Scriptures our Refuge, some Passages whereof did mightily comfort us, as Isa. liv. 7, 8. and the following verses, Luk. xviii. 7,8. Heb. v. 7. Mic. vii. 18. Divine Mercy preserved us through our Saviour, and at Night the Wind abated.
March 1. As Samuel erected a Pillar which he called Ebenezer; so did we also erect in our Hearts an eternal Memorial of the divine Favours. I speak it in Truth, that I look upon it as the greater Mercy to my poor Soul, that God has vouchsafed to send me with the two Reverend Ministers, and the Saltzburgers.
Mar. 3. We were comforted, and our Hopes were revived by Psal. Ixv. Ixii. 12. xci. 93. Isa. xli. 13, 14. xliii. 12. xxxi. 5. and Psal. Ixi.
Mar. 4. We sounded this Morning at six, and drew up some Sand and Soil of Carolina; neither did the Water appear so black as before, but look'd yellowish. The Captaio lay by to make an Observation, and was hindred by the Cloudiness of the Weather: but a Snow, bound from Carolina to Pensilvania, passed by us, and gave us an Account how the Land lay. The Captain told me, we were tep Leagues distant from the Shore. Mar. 5. A S. S. W. arose, which carried us, through the
Mercy of Jesus Christ, within sight of Carolina. We sung Te Deum, and the 66th Psalm, which was the Psalm for the Day, and seemed adapted to our Condition and Circumstances : and we trust it will be a Psalın of Rernembrance to us upon the Day, which is to be celebrated every Year, as a Thanksgiving unto the Lord, for all his Mercies vouchsafed unto us. At Eleven in the Forenoon, we discovered the Coast of Carolina, all covered over with large Pine Trees. The Wind being N. W. by W. contrary, we could not reach the Point of Charlestown, so that we were forced, as we had been in our Voyage from Rotterdam to Dover, to stand off and on several times, in order to get more Wind. God acts with us, as he did with the Israelites : Joshua was to circumcise all those who were willing to enter into Canaan: so God is willing to circumcise, amend, and convert our Hearts, before be let us disembark. Towards Evening, we met an English Ship, which came from Charlestown this Afternoon, and was bound for London. He told us the agreeable News of Mr. Oglethorpe's being safely arrived the Night before at Charles-town, in his Way to England, which mightily rejoiced and comforted us.
Mar. 6. T six in the Morning, the Wind blowing hard at West, we lost Sight of Land; though at Noon, the Wind coming to the South, we saw Land again : but Night approaching, we lay off and on.
Mar. 7. AT Nine, there came from Charles-town, a Pilot on Board our Ship, we immediately.cast Anchor; and at Ten, the Captain, the Reverend Divines, and I went into the Pilot's Boat. .At one in the Afternoon, we came to Charles-town, where I immediately waited on his Excellency Robert Johnson Esq; and Mr. Oglethorpe. They were glad to hear that the Saltzburgers were come within six Leagues, all safe and in good Health, without the Loss of any one Person. Mr. Oglethorpe shewed me a Plan of Georgia, and gave me the Liberty to choose a Settlement for the Saltzburgers, either near the Sea, or further in the Continent. I accordingly accepted his Favour, and chose a Place 21 Miles from the Town of Savannah, and 30 Miles from the Sea, where there are Rivers, little Hills, clear Brooks, cool Springs, a fertile Soil, and plenty of Grass.
Charles-town is a fine Town, and a Sea-Port, and enjoys an extensive Trade. It is built on a Flat, and has large Streets ; the Houses good, mostly built of Wood, some of Brick. Wheat Bread is very dear here, there being no Wheat Flour but what Gentlemen raise upon their Plantations for their own Use, and