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mand. I shall always have a due honour and respect for his excellency, but I must buy his favour at three or four hundred pounds a year loss.' And in another to the same, June 21, 1688, he hath these words. 'I went to one Shurte town-clerk of Pemyquid, to know what leases were made lately, and by whom, and for what quit rent, he told me that above a year ago Captain Palmer, and Mr. West produced to them a commission from Colonel Dungan, to dispose of all their lands to whoever would take leases at five shillings the hundred acres quit ient. They let there and at a place called Dartmouth twelve or sixteen miles distant from Pemyquid about one hundred and forty leases, some had eight hundred or ten hundred acres, few less than a hundred, some but three or four acres and all paid 21. 10s. for passing their grants of 100 acres of woodland, with twenty acres of marsh where-ever it could be found, but this bred a great mischief among the people; few or none have their lands measured or marked, they were in haste, and got what they could, they had their emissaries among the poor people, and frighted them to take grants, some come and complained to the governor, and prayed him to confirm their rights which he refused to do, the commission and whole proceeding being illegal, having notice they were to be under his government, they resented it, but served their turn. The poor have been very much oppressed here, the fort run all to ruin, and wants a great deal to repair it. Captain Palmer and Mr. West laid out for themselves such large lots, and Mr. Graham though not there, had a child's portion, I think some have eight thousand or ten thousand acres. I hear not of one penny rent comming in to the king, from them who have their grants confirmed at York, and the five shillings an hundred acres was only a sham upon the people: at our return we saw very good land at Winter Harbour, enough to make large settlements for many people. The governor will have it first measured, and then surveyed, and then-will dispose of it for settlements. Mr. Graham and his family are settled at Boston, he is made Attorney general, and now the governor is safe in his New-York Confidents, all others being strangers, to his council. 'Twas not well done of Palmer and West to tear all in peices that was settled and granted at Pemyquid by Sir Edmund, that was the scene where they placed and displaced at pleasure and were as arbitrary as the great Turk. Some of the first settlers of that eastern country were denied grants oj their own lands, whilst these men have given
'the 'the improved lands amongst themselves, of which I suppose 'Mr. Hutchinson hath complained.' In another, May the 16th '1689, he says; ' 1 must confess there have been ill men from 'New-York, who have too much studied the disease of this 'people, and both in courts and councils, they have not been 'treated well.' Thus does Edward Randolph, a bird of the same feather with themselves confess the truth, as to this matter, concerning his brother Palmer and West.
And that oppressive fees have been extorted by indigent and exacting officers is declared by Mr. Hinckley the present governor of New-Plymouth in his narrative of the grievances and oppressions of their majesties good subjects in the colony of NewPlymouth in New-England, by the illegal and arbitrary actings in the late Government under Sir Edmund Audrosse, which narrative is too large to be here inserted, but it is possible it may be published by itself, whereby it will appear that every corner in the country did ring with complaints of the oppressions, and (to speak in Mr. Palmer's phrase) horrible usages of these ill men. Some passages out of Mr. Hinckley's narrative respecting this matter, we shall here transcribe, whose words are these which follow.
'The bill of cost taxed by judge Palmer seems also to be 'the greatest extortion ever heard of before, as thrice twenty 'shillings for three motions for judgment at the same term, '(and was it not their courtesy they did not move ten times 'one after another at the same rate) and taxed also.^ce pound 'for the king's attorney, and one and twenty shillings for the 'judges, and ten shillings for the sheriff, and other particulars 'as by the said bill appeareth, and that which makes it the 'greater extortion is, that the whole bill of cost was exacted of 'every one of them, which each of them must pay down, or be 'kept prisoners till they did, though all seven of them were 'jointly informed against in one information.' Thus Mr. Hinckley.
The cry of poor widows and fatherless is gone up to heaven against them on this account; for the probate of a will and letter of administration above fifty shillings hath been extorted out of the hands of the poor, nay they have been sometimes forced to pay more than four pounds, when not much above a crown had been due. Let Andrew Sergeant and Joseph Quilter among many others speak if this be not true, who were compelled to travel two hundred miles for the probate of a will, and to pay the unreasonable and oppressive fees complained of.
Besides these things, under Sir Edmund's government they had wicked ways to extort money when they pleased. Mr. William Coleman complains (and hath given his oath accordingly) that upon the supposed hired evidence of one man he sustained forty pounds damage in his estate. And there were complaints all over the country that Sir Edmund's excise men would pretend sickness on the road, and get a cup of drink of the hospitable people, but privately drop a piece of money, and afterwards make oath that they bought drink at those houses, for which the innocent persons were fined most unreasonably, and which was extorted from them, though these villanies were declared and made known to those then in power. William Goodhue, and Mary Dennis might be produced as witness here of, with many more. Some of Sir Edmund's creatures have said, that such things as these made his government to stink. Also John Hovey and others complain of sustaining ten pounds damages by the extortion of officers, though never any thing (they could hear of) was charged upon them to this day, John and Christopher Osgood complain of their being sent to prison nine or ten days, without a mittimus, or any thing laid to their charge, and that afterwards they were forced to pay excessive charges—It would fill a volume, if we should produce and insert all the affidavits which do confirm the truth of these complaints.
In the time of that unhappy government, if the officers wanted money, it was but seizing and imprisoning the best men in the country for no fault in the world, and the greedy officers would hereby have grist to their mill. Thus was Major Appleton dealt with. Thus Captain Bradstrcct. Thus that worthy and worshipful gentleman Nathaniel Salstoristal, Esquire, was served by them and barbarously prosecuted, without any information or crime laid to his charge; for he had done nothing worthy of bonds, but it was the pleasure of Sir Edmund and some others, thus to abuse a gentleman far more honourably descended than himself, and one concerned in the government of New-England before him, but (to his eternal renown) one who refused to accept of an illegal and arbitrary commission, when in the'reign of the late king James it was offered to him.
We have now seen a whole jury of complaints which concur in their verdict against Sir Edmund Androsse and his confederates. Were these things to be heard upon the place, where the witnesses who gave in their affidavits are resident, they would amount to legal proof, as to every particular which was
by by the agents oj the Massachusetts colony in New-England objected against Sir Edmund Androsse, and others seized and secured by the people there.
Moreover there are other matters referring to Sir Edmund Androsse which caused great, and almost universal jealousy of him. For first, His commission was such as would make any one believe that a courtier in the time of the late king James spoke true, who said Sir Edmund Androsse was sent to NewEngland on purpose to be a plague to the people there. For he with three or four more, none of them chosen by the people, but rather by that implacable enemy who prosecuted the quo warranto's against their charters, had power given them to make laws, and raise what monies they should think meet for the support of their own government, and he had power himself alone to send the best and most useful men a thousand miles, (and further if he would) out of the country, and to build cities and castles (in the air if he could) and demolish them again, and make the purses of the poor people pay for it all. Such a commission was an unsufferable grievance, and no honest Englishman would ever have accepted of it, or acted by it.
Secondly, Jealousies were augmented by his involving the country in a war with the Indians, by means whereof he hath occasioned the ruin of many families and plantations; yea the death or captivity of we know not how many souls. For he went (with the Rose frigate, and violently seized, and took and carried away, in a time of peace all the houshold goods and merchandises of monsieur Cakeen a Frenchman at fenobscot who was allied to the Indians having married the daughter of one of their princes whom they call Sagamores or Sachems; and when this was done, it was easy to foresee, and was generally concluded that the French and Indians would soon be upon the English, as it quickly came to pass. After the flame was kindled, and barbarous outrages commited by the Indians, Sir Edmund's managery was such as filled the country with greater fears of an horrid design. For bloody Indians whom the English had secured, were not only dismissed, but rather courted than punished by him.
Thirdly, It cannot be exprest what just and amazing fears surprised the people of New-England when they had notice of the late king James being in France, lest Sir Edmund Androsse whose governor and confident he was, should betray them into the power of the French king, other circumstances concurring to strengthen these fears. The Mohawks and other Indians
were were in hostility against the French and it was very advantagious to the English interest to have it so, but Sir Edmund caused them to make a peace with the French, whereby the French interest in those parts was strengthened, and the English weakened. Mr. Peter Reverdy (a French protestant) in his memoirs concerning Sir Edmund Androsse complains of this.
After that Sir Edmund Androsse and his accomplices were secured, such reports and informations came to hand, as made New-England admire the divine providence in accomplishing what was done against the late oppressors. They then saw the persons from whom they suspected the greatest danger, were now incapable of betraying them.
If an unaccountable instinct and resolution had not animated the inhabitants in and about Boston, to seize on those few men, the people there believe New-England would have been in the hands not of king William but king Lewis e'er this day: For in Sept. 1689, several vessels belonging to New-England were taken near Cansoe in America by some French men of war. The prisoners since at liberty, inform, that the French told them, that there was a fleet of ships bound from France directly for Boston in New-England, but some of them were taken by the English ships of war, and three or four of them lost at Newfoundland, and that Sir Edmund Androsse had sent to the French king for them to come over, and the country should be delivered up. And the Lieutenant of a French man of war professed, that if Sir Edmund Androsse had not been imprisoned, they would then have gone to Boston. This shews what a good opinion the French had of him, and such reports so testified made a strange impression on the spirits of the people throughout the country: And that the world may see we do not write fictions of our own, the subsequent Affidavits are produced and here inserted.
'John Eangford of Salem testifieth, That he being in the 'Ketch Margaret of Salem, Daniel Gygles commander, they * were taken by the French ships off Tarbay in America, near 'Cansoe on Tuesday the 17th day of September last past, and 'being put on board the Admiral, viz. The Lumbuscado, and 'in the said ship carried a prisoner to Port-Royal, and then 1 did hear several of the company on board the said ship say, 'that they came directly from France, and that there was ten 'or twelve sail of them ships of war that came in company toge'ther, but some of them were taken upon the coast of France 'and some were lost since, and that they were all bound directly