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Lawes, and customs established in that so renowned Realme and Kingdome of Old-England; we doe therefore by these Presents confesse, and most willingly, and submissively acknowledge ourselves to,J)e the humble, loving, and obedient servants, and subjects of His Majesty to be ruled, ordered, and disposed of, in our selves and ours, according to his Princely wisdom, counsel, and lawes of that honourable State of OldEngland, Upon Condition Of His M A I E STies Royall Protection, and righting of us in what wrong is, or may be done unto us, according to his honourable Lawes and customs, exercised amongst his subjects, in their preservation and safety, and in the defeating, and overthrow of his, and their enemies; not that we find our selves necessitated hereunto, in respect of our relation, or occasion we have or may have with any of the natives in these parts, knowing our selves sufficient defence, and able to judge in any matter or cause in that respect, but have just cause of jealousie and suspicion, of some of His Majesties pretended subjects: Therefore our desire is to have our matters and causes heard, and tried according to his just and equal Laws in that way, and order His Highnesse shal please to appoint; Nor Can We Yeeld Over Our Selves Unto Any, That Are Subiects Themselves In Any Case, having ourselvs bin the chiefe Sachims, or Princes successively, of the countrey, time out of mind, and for our present, & lawful enacting hereof, being so farre remote from His Majestie, we have by joynt consent made choyse of four of his loyall and loving Subjects, our trusty and well beloved friends, Samuel Gorton, Iohn Wickes, Randall Houlden, and Iohn Warner, whom we have deputed, and made our lawfull Atturnies, or Commissioners, not only for the acting and performing of this our Deed, in the behalfe of His Highnesse: but also for the safe custody, carefull conveyance, and declaration hereof unto his grace, being done upon the Lands of the JSanhyganset, at a Court or Generall Assembly called and assembled together of purpose, for the publick enacting, and manifestation hereof: And for the further confirmation, and establishing of this our Act and Deed, we the above-said Sachims, or Princes, have according to that commendable custome of English-men, subscribed our names, and set our Seales hereunto, as so many Testimonies of our faith and truth, our love and loyaltie to that our dread Soveraigne, and that according to

the Vol. IV.—No. 6. 24

the English mens account. Dated the nineteenth day of Aprill, One thousand six hundred and forty foure.

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Witnessed by two of the chiefe Counsellors to Sachim

Auwashoosse his Mark

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Sealed and delivered in the presence of these persons
C Christopher Helme.
English < Robert Potter.

( Richard Carder.


Here followeth a Copie of a Letter sent to the Massachusets, by the Sachims of the Nanhygansets (shortly after their subjection to the State and Government of Old-England) they being sent unto by the Massachusets, to make their appearance at their Generall Court, then approaching.

We understand your desire is, that we should come downe into the Massachusets, at the time of your Court now approaching; our occasions at this time are very great, and the more, because of the losse (in that manner) of our late deceased brother, upon which occasion, if we should not stirre our selves, to give Testimony of our faithfuloesse unto the cause, of that our so unjust deprivation of such an instrument, as he was amongst us, for our common good, we should feare his blood would lie upon our selves; so that we desire of you, being wee take you for a wise people, to let us know your reasons why you seeme to advise us as you doe, not to goe out against our so inhumane, and cruell adversary, who tooke so great a ransome to release him, and his life also, when that was done. Our Brother was willing to stirre much abroad to converse with men; and wee see a sad event at the last thereupon: Take it not ill therefore, though we resolve to keepe at home (unlesse some gfeat necessitie call us out) and so at this time doe not repaire unto you, according to your request: And the rather because we have subjected our selves, our Lands and Possessions, with all the right and inheritances of us and our people, either by conquest ;• voluntary subjection, or otherwise, unto that famous and honourable goverrftnent, of that Royall King Charles, and that State of Old-England, to be ordered and governed according to the Laws and Customs thereof; not doubting of the continuance of that former love that hath been betwixt you and us, but rather to have it increased hereby, being subjects now, (and that tvith joynt and voluntary consent) unto the same King and State your selves are: So that if any small thing of difference should fall out betwixt us, only the sending of a Messenger may bring it to right againe; but if any great matter should fall (which we hope and desire will not, ner may not) then neither your selves nor we are to be Judges, but both of us are to have recourse, and repaire unto that honourable and just Government; and for the passage of us or our men, to and againe amongst your about ours or their own occasions, to have comerse with you, we desire and hope they shall have no worse dealing or entertainment tainment then formerly we have had amongst you, and do resolve accordingly to give no worse respect to you or yours, then formerly you have found amongst us, according to the condition and manner of our countrey.

Nanhyganset this present, May the 24. 1644.

PESSICVS rS^Cr" hisMarke.

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Now before the assembling of the next generall Court, in regard the Indians had expressed themselves as above we heard, there were feares and jealousies raised up in the minds of the people, of the Massachusets, and other of their united Colonies, as though there was some danger of the Nanhygansets comming against them to doe some hurt unto them: So that when we heard their Court was assembled, we writ unto them, as follows.

A true Copie of a Letter sent to the Massachusets, at a generall Court held shortly after the submission of the people of the Nanhygansets, unto the State of Old-England, by the Commissioners put in trust, for the further publication of their solemne Act.

rpHese are to let you understand, that since you expelled us .*. out of your Coasts, the Sachims of the Nanhyganset have sent for certaine men of the Kings Majesties subjects, and upon advised Counsell amongst themselves (a generall Assembly being called of purpose for that end) they have joyntly voluntarily, and with unanimous consent, submitted and subjected themselves, with their Lands and Possessions inherited by lineall discent, voluntary subjection, right of Conquest, purchase or otherwise, what ever lands or priviledges appertain and belong long unto them, unto that honourable and famous Prince Charles, King of Great Britain, and Ireland, in that renowned State and Government of Old-England, to be ruled and ordered, according to those honourable Laws and Customs, in themselves and their Successors for ever, which is performed and done, in that solemn, durable, and commendable custome of Record, under divers and severall hands and seals, witnessed sufficiently, both by the Natives and English, solemnly delivered and received on His Majesties behalfe, holding correspondence with the Laws and Customs of that honourable State of Old-England in all points: We thought good therefore to give notice hereof, at your generall Court now assembled, that it may serve to informe your selves, and all your united Colonies, of the performance of this Act done, without any further pains or trouble, that so not our selves only, that are eye and ear witnesses hereof (but you also) may follow our occasions and imployments, without any extraordinary care, or feare of the people above-said, to offer to make any in-road, or give any assault upon us: But with that indignity offered and done unto their Soveraign, which cannot be borne, nor put up, without a sharpe and Princely revenge; nor may we upon the like penalty, offer to disturbe them in their bounds and territories, in their ordinary and accustomed imployments among themselves, or with any of their neighbouring Natives, whose grounds of proceed causes and occasions are better known unto themselves, then we can be able to judge of. But if either you or we find any thing amongst them too grievous to be borne: they not making any violent assault upon us, we know whither, and to whom we are to repaire, and have recourse for redresse, as we tender our allegeance and subjection unto our King and State, unto which they are become fellow subjects with our selves; and therefore of necessity his Majesties Princely care must reach unto them. Furthermore, that it may appeare, that our dealings towards you, and all men, have been, and shall prove just, and true, whatever your dealings may, or have manifested themselves to be towards us: Know therefore, that being abroad of late about our occasions, we fell to be where one of the Sachims of that great people of the Maukquogges was, with some of his men, whom we perceive are the most fierce and warlike people in the countrey, or continent where we are, furnished with 3700. guns, men expert in the use of them, plenty of powder and shot, with furniture for their bodies in time of warre, for their safety, which other Natives have not; we understand that of late they have

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