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Here folioweth a true Copie of a Letter written by the Governour of the Massachusets, in answer to the men of Providence, of their Letter written unto him, in way of mediation for peace, which is here set downe verbatim, the Letter being extant under his owne hand.

Neighbours of Providence,

T Have received a Letter subscribed by four of you, whom I -■-hear are not of the confederate with Gorton, Holden, and the rest of that company, wherin as Mediators you intercede between them & us, in the differences now between us; the return of the Messenger is so hasty, that I cannot make a full answer-to every thing you have mentioned in your Letter; only you may rest satisfied with this, that the Commission, and instructions given to the Commissioners now at Providence, was not rashly and inconsiderately drawn up; but by the mature advise of the wisest and godliest amongst us, assembled in a generall Court, which I .have not power to reverse or alter; and for the justnesse of the Courts proceedings therein, you may doe well to take further notice, that besides the Title of Land, between the Indians, and the English there, there are twelve of the English, that have subscribed their names, to horrible and detestable blasphemies, against God, and all Magistracie, who are rather to be judged as Blasphemers, (especially if they persist therein) rather then that they should delude us, by winning time, under the pretence of Arbitration; I doubt not, but you well know, that we have often sent to them, to plead their title to the Land, and to make answer for their Blasphemies, and that we lately sent them safe only words" Conducts for their comnnng, and returning, [r] for *, expressed in all which we have received from them, nothing but their paper scorns, contempt, and revilings in the worst exuntTus.8ent pressions they could cast them into; so that the promise of protection made by us, to Pumham, fyc. the vindication of Gods honour, and many reasons concerning our safety, have necessarily put us upon this course with them; notwithstanding which, if any of them will in peaceable manner, repaire unto us, under the conduct of our Commissioners, no violence shall be offered to them, by our souldiers there, and our justice here; but if they refuse, and offer violence, let the hurt they receive be upon their owne heads; further (which I had forgotten; where you say their offer of arbitration is faire, you may doe well to be better informed, and to know that the

botome botome of it is easily sounded, which is to win time, » Fearing lest to discourage the Indians, [*] under our subjection,tne true and

1 . • .1 .• j .•»..• naturall Prince

and to give them time, and opportunity, to sur up of tnese t|lcir (as much as in them lieth) the other Indians against Indian sub['] us; for to whom would they referre their mat-Ject8 snould ters? to your selves whom we know not, but have JiJcir foMv'in just cause to feare, in respect of your vicinitie unto this their eut,them, and your now mediation for them; and to jection, and to those of Road-Wand, divers of whom we know too gainunto h!mwell, to referre any matters unto; [u] the best office aelfc, and you can perfonne unto them, is to perswade them thereby lea/8 to attend their owne safety, by yeelding to the {hf"^,' lawfull demand of our Commissioners, from which and pretence as I said before I cannot vary. So I rest to w°fke out

Your loving Neighbour, J-°u:nend" Boston 8. 3, 1643. lo: ffinthrope. t Behold here

their guilt, in I thai they had unjustly drain1 by insinuation the Indians from their lawfull Prince, as also tli.it subtill wrong they did to as, suggesting secretly unto the people, as though there were feare of some combination between the Indiana and us, to stir up souldiers by that means to come out against us. u Behold how these men can evade all faire Propositions to prosecute, and bring forth their own spirit j yea, even to the death of their countrey men, if it be but by casting aspersions upon those that hold not just length and breadth in religion with them.

Now after the enterchange of these Letters, between the men of Providence, and the Governour of the Massachusets, which we at the present were ignorant of, when certaine dayes were expired, the Messengers sent by the Commissioners unto the Massachusets to acquaint them with our Propositions, returned, which we perceived by their shooting off of Guns at his comming: And the first thing we discerned in them, they sent out and gathered all our Cattle together, and tooke them into their owne custody, sending two souldiers unto us to give us notice, that the time of truce was expired, and that our Propositions could in no cause be accepted or imbraced by the Massachusets; we then desiring to speake with the Captain and the officers, they utterly denyed to have any speech with us; but immediacy intrenched themselves, and the same day gave fire upon us; whereupon to shew our allegeance to the State of old England, we hung out the English colours, which they perceiving shot the more violently against us, shooting the colours many times, through and through: Now when the Messenger from the Massachusets returned, comming through the Towne

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of Providence, two of the men of Providence came along to Shaw-omet, to see how things were carried, and what the newes was at his returne; and however the Commissioners would not speake with us; yet the men of Providence went unto them, & had speech with them, whom they warned to come no more unto us, upon their perill, for they were resolved of their course; therefore who ever came neer unto us, they would take them for their enemies: For when the Governour and Assistants of the Massachusets perceived that the Commissioners had declared their errand unto us in plainer termes then, then they intended, it should have beene; they thought to make the house we were in our grave, was the best way to vindicate the moderation of their equall Justice towards us, as plainly appeared by their practise, and course held concerning us.

Here followeth a true Copy of the testimony of the two men of Providence who came to Shaw-omet at the return of the Messenger out bf the Massachus E T s verbatim, extant under their own hands.

-l^E testifie that upon the return of the Answer, from the '' Bay, the Captain refused the former offer of appeale to England, or Arbitration in the Country, with the said Samuel Gorton and his company, but immediately dissolved the truce, and the same day proceeded to give fire upon them.

Richard Scot
William Harrisse.

And so continued for divers days together in their fierce assalt, the Sabbath approaching, we imagining they would not have continued their assalt upon that day, and were very confident that they would go about no such work upon the night before the Sabbath; being we knew, well that they held the Sabbath begins in the evening going before, and that they had ) no lesse ground for it then Master Cottons judgment; as also that it was one of their laws that the breach of the Sabbath is to be punished with death. Now what they may judge the killing of their Countrymen causlesly upon that day is, whether to keep or break the Sabbath, we leave to all men to judge./

But contrary to our expectation, early in the morning, having prepared their fire-works, they attempted to burn the house wherein we were, seconding their fire with the discharge of above four hundred shot against us, according to the Souldiers account, who afterwards told us how many shots they had made that morning, according to the emptying of their bandaleers; all which time they told us Captain Cook stood behind such a great white oak tree, whom we heard incouraging his souldiers to come on with courage, thinking himself in safety, and so he was, for we discharged not a Gun that morning, nor of al the time of their siege, but only two in the nighttime at random, to scar them from working their trenches neer unto us; for we had concluded to take away the lives of none of our Countrymen, unlesse they offered to enter violently upon us, which we only fitted our selves to prevent such assalt, or else that we were forced out upon them by the firing of our house; only we perceived our words to be shot good enough to keep them aloof. For we called cheerfully upon the Captain to come on and bring up his men; for he should find vs very cheerfull spirits to deal with, and that we would make him as good a Sabbath days breakfast as ever he had in his life; our care was only to quench the fire which they had laid to the wall before we were aware; But we saw the wind took the flame so from the wal that it kindled not upon the house; when the day began to break Captain Cook called to the souldiers to go on with a fresh assalt; but we heard some of his Souldiers deny to come on again, being the fire took not; and the day beginning to be light they thought we might shoot from the house at some certainty; we called on the Captain to animate his soldiers, for we understood (we told him) his charret wheels began to drive very heavy, and were in danger to fall off, and that was all the violence we offered to our Countrymen in this their so eager an assalt, though we heard the Captain in the beginning of it, give strict charge to the souldiers that they should not let one escape alive, but to put all to the sword, thinking the fire would have taken, and so we have been a prey for them: But however we discharged not a peece against them, being loth to spill the blood of our Countrymen, though^' to the hazard of our own lives, yet were we well provided and could easily have done them much hurt; only stood upon our defence so, as they durst not make entry upon us; after which assalt they sent back into the Massackusets for more ayd: But in the mean time another parley was procured wherein we consented to go down into the Massachusets upon Composition to prevent the spilling of blood, which we could no longer refrain in the defence of our selves, they having approached so neer

unto Vol. IV.—No. 6. 22

unto us; The condition whereof was tliis, that we should goe along with them, as free men, nnd neighbours, as though such passages had never been betwixt us, which the Captain and his Company consenting unto, beat up the Drum, and gathered his souldiers together, seeming joyfull that things were so concluded; whereupon the Captaine desired to see our house, which request we lovingly imbraced, thinking he intended to refresh himselfe and his souldiers with such provisions as we had, before we set upon our journey towards the Massachuscts; but no \sooner was he come into the house, but contrary to the Articles of our agreement, he seized upon our Armes, using us as captives, and presently carried us away, not suffering us to dispose of any of our goods, that were in or about our houses, having not so much as a servant left behind, and so left them all as pillage to the Indians, [*] the Captain giving had promised7 charge unto the souldiers, that if any of us spake a to do as they word in our journey, to give any of them disconcame on the tent, that they should presently knock us downe,

uulolnwur- anil "- they saw an>' °^ us step aside, out of the ago tho In- place designed unto us, that they should run us di'ins to Coim through, and he would beare them out, in that Tgahis't8^, in their action: A"d wit hall they drove away our the h»:irin2 of cattle into the Massachusets, dividing and disposing pome of our of them amongst themselves; only some of them friends. they had disposed of to such of their subjects, as

lived near unto us, who had been instruments and assistants unto « them, to bring about and effect this worke. The number of < 0 cattle which they took from us was foure-score head, or there-" abouts, besides Swine and Goats, which they, and the Indians, lived upon during the time of their siege, also breaking violently into our houses, taking away our come with other provisions provided for our Families to live upon.

Here

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