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storm immediately ceased, and they miraculously saved.
Now for satisfaction, I present to the Reader these following particulars.
First, the Petition of the greater part of the Inhabitants of Hingham and the proceedings therein.
Secondly, a Petition of Doctor Child and others delivered to the generall Court at Boston with some passages thereupon.
Thirdly, the Capital Laws of the Massachusets Bay, with the Free-mans Oath as they are printed there by themselves.
Fourthly, a Relation of that story of Jonas verbatim, as it was delivered to me in writing by a Gentleman that was then a passenger in the Ship.
To the Honoured, the Generall Court, consisting of the Magistrates and Deputies of the Country now assembled in Court at Boston: The humble Petition of the greater part of the Inhabitants of the Township of Hingham.
^^fHereas there hath fallen out some agitations amongst us "concerning the choice of our chief Military Officers, which by Order of the Court we have power to choose (as wo conceive) So it is that we did elect, and present to the Generall Court for their confirmation, Mr. Bozoune Allin for our Chieftain: but the Court not having time to finish that busines at that time, some other things and overtures have happened since, whereby it hath so fallen out that some of us have been compelled to appeare before some of the Magistrates, and to give Bonds for appearance at a Quarter-Court which is to be holden after this Generall Court; and some for not giving Bond to answer there, are committed to prison, and remain there at present; the matters of accusation (as we conceive) is for certain words spoken by some, concerning the liberty and power of the Generall Court, and our own liberty granted to. us by the said Courts, and to the Country in generall; and also it doth concern the Liberty of an English free-borne Member of that State, and further it hath occasioned such disturbance and schisme in our Church, and trouble to some of our Members for witnessing against a Delinquent: whereby the power of the Ordinances of Jesus Christ in his Church is slighted, and the free passage thereof stopped, to the endangering of the liberty of the Churches amongst us, if timely remedy be not by your Wisdoms provided. Now seeing the matters in hand doth concern the generall liberty of the whole Country, and the peace of the
Churches, Churches, and glory of God, as we are ready upon the hearing of the Court to make it appeare; We humbly sue to this honoured Court to be pleased to grant us an honourable and free hearing, and that we may have liberty to plead our common Liberties in this Court, together with the liberties of the Churches of Christ maintained. And we shall ever pray for your peace and prosperity long to continue.
For which Petition being fined 100. I. and the Marshal sent to Hingham to levy the said Fine: Mr. Hubbard the Minister of that town being one of them that was fined, the Marshal coming to his house to levy part thereof, produced this effect as followeth taken out of their Records.
rpHe 18. of the first Moneth, 1645. the Marshall going to *. gather 100.1. in Fines of divers Inhabitants of Hingham, as they were set by the Generall Court, in the 3. or 4. moneth past; came to Mr. Peter Hubbard, who desiring to see his Warrant, which the Marshall shewing him, upon a sight of it Air. Hubbard said the Warrant was insufficient, being not sent out in his Majesties name, he being sworne to the Crown of England; and said that they had sent into England unto his Friends the busines, and expected shortly an answer and advice from thence: And that our Government here was not more then a Corporation in England, and that we had not power to put men to death by vertue of the Patent, nor to do some other thjjigs we did; and that for himself, he had neither horn nor hoofe of his own, nor any thing wherewith to buy his children cloaths, And he wished that the Magistrates would take some course that the Ministers might be better provided for, and he wondered by what order or rule the Ministers were deprived of their Tythes: but if he must pay it, he would pay it in Books, hut that he knew not for what they were fined, unlesse it were for Petitioning; and if they were so waspish they might not be Petitioned, then he could not tell what to say, (about thirty or forty being present.) And further, that he had seriously considered what they had done, and he could not see
any any thing that they had done amisse, for which they should be Fined.
Increase Nowel, Secret.
THE TRIAL BY THE COVRT.
fl^he names of the Jury-men at the Quarter-Court, the 2. of X the 4. Moneth, 1646.
Tho. Marshal Tho. Bartlet Charles Cheduick
Tho. Boutle Edward Pason Richard Goode
John Clough Edward Breckl Fra. Smith
Edward Dykes John Button Edward Clapp.
The Returne of this Jury.
VXf E do find, that Mr. Peter Hubbard of Hingham, being a Free-man of this Jurisdiction, and having taken the Oath of fidelity thereunto: seeming notwithstanding to be evil-affected to the Government here established; In and upon the 18. day of the first Moneth last past, at Hingham aforesaid, in the presence of about thirty persons, did utter divers speeches which are upon record, tending to sedition and contempt of the said Government, contrary to the law of God, and peace and welfare of the Country.
Upon which Return of the Jury, the Court fined him Twenty pounds, and bound him in Forty pounds to be of good behaviour and to appeare at next Quarter-Court; and Mr. Peek bound himself in twenty pounds, for the good behaviour and appearance of Mr. Peter Hubbard at the next Quarter-Court.
Increase Nowel, Secret.
The Court at this Triall was kept by these persons
Mr. Winthrop Govern'our, Mr. Dudley Deputy-governour, Mr. Pelham, Mr. Flint, Mr. Hibbins, Mr. Nowel, Mr. Bellingham, Mr. Broadstreet. Only Mr. Bellingham and Mr. Broadstrtet required their Dissent to be recorded.
To the Worshipfull, the Governour,
the Deputy-governour, and the rest of the Assistants of the Massachusets Bay in JVewEngland, together with the Deputies of the generall Court now assembled in Boston.
The Remonstrance and humlle Petition of us whose Names are here under-written, in the behalf of our selves and divers within this Jurisdiction.
TI Umbly sheweth, That we cannot but with all thankfulnesso -*--* acknowledge your indefatigable pains, continuall care, and constant vigilancie, which (by the blessing of the Almighty) hath procured unto this Wildernesse the much desired fruits of Peace and Plenty; while our native Land, yea the Christian' world is sharply afflicted with the devouring Sword, and the sad consequents of Intestine wars. And further, That you whom the Lord hath placed at the helm of these Plantations, and endowed with eminent gifts fit for such honourable callings, are best able to foresee the clouds which hang over our heads, the storms and tempests which threaten this poor Handfull here planted; and timously to amend them. Notwithstanding, those who are under decks, being at present unfit for higher imployments, may perceive those Leaks which will inevitably sink this weak and ill compacted Vessell, if not by your Wisdoms opportunely prevented.
We therefore in the behalf of our selves and divers of our Countrymen, laying our hands on our breasts, and seriously considering, That the hand of our good God who through his goodnesse hath safely brought us and ours through the great Ocean, and planted us here, seems not now to be with us, nay rather against us, blasting all our designs, though contrived with much deliberation, undertaken with great care, and proceeding with more then ordinary probability of succesfull events; by which many of good estates are brought to the brinks of extreme poverty; yea, at this time laying His just hand upon our families, taking many away to himself, striking others with unwonted malignant sicknesses and noysome shamefull diseases: Have thought it