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the Emperours clothes which he had (which there they pay him for his tribute) among those that would come to receiue them. Those which had shirts of maile left, were glad men: for they had a horse for one shirt of maile: Some horsed themselues: and such as could not (which were the greatest part) tooke their iournie on foote: in which they were well receiued of the Indians that were in the townes, and better serued, then they could haue been in their owne houses, though they had been well to liue. For if they asked one hen of an Indian, they brought them foure: and if they asked any of the Countrie fruit, though it were a league off, they ran presently for it. And if any Christian found himselfe euill at ease, they carried him in a . .
chaire from one towne to another. In whatsoeuer '"'"'J? « ¥ i- I • i manner or
towne they came, the Cacique, by an Indian which China, to oarcarried a rod of lustice in his hand, whom they call "8 ,ne" in Tapile, that is to say, a sergeant, commanded them ° airoato prouide victuals for them, and Indians to beare burdens of such things as they had, and such as were needfull to carrie them that were sicke. The Viceroy sent a Portugall 20. leagues from Mexico, with great store of sugar, raisons of the Sunne, and conserues, and other things fit for sicke folkes, for such as had neede of them: and had giuen order to cloth them all at the Emperours charges. And their approch being knowne by the citizens of Mexico, they went out of the towne to receiue them: and with great courtesie, requesting them in fauour to come to their houses, euery one carried such as hee met home with him, and clothed them euery one the best they could: so that he which had the meanest apparell, it cost aboue 30. ducats. As many as were willing to come to the Viceroyes house he commanded to be apparelled, and such as were persons of qualitie sate at his table: and there was a table in his house for as many of the meaner sort as would come to it: and he was presently informed, who euery one was, to shew him the courtesie that he deserued. Some of the Coquerors did set both gentlemen and clownes at their owne table, and many times made the seruant sit cheeke by cheeke by his master: and chiefly the officers and men of base condition did so: for those which had better education did enquire who euery one was, and made difference of persons: but all did what they could with a good will: and euery one told them whom they had in their houses, that they should not trouble themselues, nor thinke themselues the worse, to take that which they gaue them: for they had bin in the like case, and had bin relieued of others, and that this was the custome of that countrey. God reward them all: and God grant, that those which it pleased him to
deliuer Vol. IV.—No. t. 9
deliver out of Florida, and to bring againe into Christendome, may seme him: and vnto those that died into that countrey, and vnto all that beleeue in him and confesse his holy faith, God for his mercie sake giant the kmgdome of heauen. Amen.
Which declareth some diuersitics and particularities of the land of Florida: and thefruites, and beasts, and fowles that are in that Countrie.
Rom the Port de Spiritu Santo, where they landed when they entred into Florida, to the Prouince of Ocule, which may bee 400. leagues, little more or lesse, is a verie plaine Countrie, and hath many lakes and thicke woods, and in some places they are of wild pinetrees; and is a weake soile: There is in it neither Mountaine nor hill. The Countrie of Ocute is more fat and fruitfull; it hath thinner woods, and very goodly medows Ocuto vPon tne Riuers- Fro Ocute to Cutifachiqui may
,„ ., .. may be 130. leagues: 80. leagues thereof are de
Cutifachiqui. ' . . ° ° . .. , _,
sert, and haue many groues ot wild Fme trees. Through the wildernesse great Riuers doe passe. From Cutifachiqui to Xuala, may be 250. leagues: it is al an hilly Countrie. Cutifachiqui and Xuala stand both in plaine ground, hie, and haue goodly medows on the Riuers. From thence forward to to Chiaha, Coca, and Tulisc, is plaine ground, dry and fat, and very plentifull of Maiz. From Xuala to Tascahn;a may be 250. leagues. From Tascaluca to Rio Grande, or yc Great Riuer, may be 300. leagues: the Countrie is low, and full of lakes. From Rio Grande forward, the Countrie is hier and more champion, and best peopled of all the land of Florida. And along this Riuer from Aquixo toPacaha, and Coligoa, are 150. leagues: the Countrie is plaine, and the woods thinne, and in some places champion, very fruitfull and pleasant. From Coligoa to Autiamque are 250. leagues of hillie Countrie. From Autiamque to Aguacay, may be 230. leagues of plaine ground. From Aguacay to the Riuer of Daycao 120. leagues, all
From the Port de Spiritu Santo vnto Apalache, paeina 72. they trauelled from East to West, and Northwest. From Cutifachiqui to Xuala from South to North. From Xuala to Coca from East to West. From Cofa to Tasculaga, and to Rio Grande, as far as the Prouinces of Quizquiz and Aquixo from East to West. From Aquixo to Pacaha to the North. From Pacaha to Tulla from East to West: and from Tulla to Autiamque from North to South, to the Prouince of Guachoya and Daycao.
The bread which they eate in all the land of Maiz Florida is of Maiz, which is like course millet. And this Maiz is common in all the Islandes and West Indies from the Antiles forward. There are also in Flo- walnuts rida great store of Walnuts, and Plummes, Mul- Plummes, berries, and Grapes. They sow and gather their Mulberries, Maiz euery one their seuerall crop. The fruits rapes* are common to ail: for they grow abroad in the open, fields in great abundance, without any neede of planting or dressing. Where there be Mountaines, there be chestnuts: they are somewhat smaller then the chestnuts of Che8tnul*Spaine. Fro Rio Grande Westward, the Walnuts differ from those that grow more Eastward: for Eastward from they are soft, and like vnto Acornes: And those Rio Grande, which grow from Rio Grande to Puerto del Spiritu Hard Walnuts Santo for the most part are hard; and the trees fro°» J^ and Walnuts in shew like those of Spaine. There Grande, is a fruit through all the Countrie which groweth on a plant like Ligoacan, which the Indians doe plant. The fruit is like vnto Peares Riall: it hath a verie good smell, and an excellent taste. There groweth another eareri • plant in the open field, which beareth a fruit like vnto strawberries, close to the ground, which hath Strawberries. a verie good taste. The Plummes are of two piumme« 0f kindes, red and gray, of the making and bignesse two kinds, of nuts, and haue three or foure stones in them. These are better then all the plummes of Spaine, and they make farre better Prunes of them. In the Grapes there is onelie want of dressing: for though they bee big, they haue & great kirnell. All other fruits are very perfect, and lesse hurtfull then those of Spaine.
There are in Florida many Beares, and Lyons, . Wolues, Deere, Dogges, Cattes, Marterns and Co- oas snies.
There be many wild Hennes as big as Turkies, p-ow]e«. Partridges small like those of Africa, Cranes,
Duckes, Duckes, Pigeons, Thrushes, and Sparrowes. There are certaine Blacke birds bigger then Sparrows, and lesser then Stares. There are Gosse Hawkes, Falcons, Ierfalcons, and all Fowles of prey that are in Spaine.
The Indians are well proportioned. Those of the plaine Countries are taller of bodie, and better shapen, then those of the Mountaines. Those of the Inland haue greater store of Maiz, and commodities of the Countrie, then those that dwell vpon the sea coast. The Countrie along the sea coast is barren and poore: and the people more warlike. The coast runneth from Puerto del Spirttu Santo to Apalache, East and West; and from Apalache to Rio de las Palmas from East to West: from Rio de fas Palmas vnto Nueua Espanna from North to South. It is a gentle coast, but it hath many sholdes, and great shelues of sand.
This Relation of the discouerie of Florida was printed in the house of Andrew D. Burgos, Printer and Gentleman of the house of my Lord Cardinall the Infante.
It was finished the tenth of Februarie in the yeere
one thousand, fiue hundred, fiftie and seuen,
in the noble and most
loyall citie of
OF A Discovery lately made on the Coast of
(From Lat. 31. to 33 Deg. 45 Min. North-Lat.)
By William Hilton Commander, and
Commissioner with Capt. Anthony Long, •
and Peter Fabian, in the Ship Adventure, which set
Giving an account of the nature and tempera-
Proposals made by the Commissioners
of the Lords Proprietors, to all such persons as shall become the first Setters on the Rivers, Harbors, and Creeks there.
Printed by /. C. for Simon Miller at the Star neer the West-end of St. Pauls, 1664.