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How the Gouernour went from Autiamque to Nilco, and from thence to Guyacoya.

i Pon Monday the sixt of March 1542, March 6.

the Gouernour departed from Au

tiamque to seeke NUco, which the Indians said

was neere the Great riuer, with determination to

come to the Sea, and procure some succour of

men and horses: for hee had now but three hundred men of

warre, and fortie horses, and some of them lame, which did

nothing but helpe to make vp the number: and for want of iron

they had gone aboue a yeere vnshod: and because they were

vsed to it in the plaine countrie, it did them no

great harme. Iohn Ortiz died in Autiamque; J^Qrtn*

which grieued the Gouemor very much: because and the great

that without an Interpretour hee feared to enter m'8S8 °f h'm

farre into the land, where he might be lost. From being'heiri", r .' .. ° . „ . „ teruretour.

thence lorward a youth that was taken m Lutija

chiqui did serue for Interpretour, which had by that time learned somewhat of the Christians language. The death of lohn Ortiz was so great a mischiefe for the discouering inward, or going out of the land, that to learne of the Indians, that which in foure words hee declared, they needed a whole day with the youth: and most commonly hee vnderstood quite contrarie that which was asked him: whereby it often happened that the way that they went one day, and sometimes two or three daies, they turned backe, and went astray through the wood here and there. The Gouernour. spent ten dajes in trauelling from Autiamque to a prouince called Ayays; and came to a towne that stood neere the Riuer that passeth by Cayas and y^f^er. Autiamque. There hee commanded a barge to be made, wherewith he passed the Riuer. When he had passed the Riuer there fell out such weather, that Greotroow foure daies he could not trauell for snow. Assoone about the as it gaue ouer snowing, he went three daies jour- twentieth of ney through a Wildernesse, and a countrie so low, and so full of lakes and euill waies, that hee trauelled one time a whole day in water, sometimes knee deepe, sometimes to the stirrup, and sometimes they swamme. He came to a towne called Tutelpinco, abandoned, and without Tutolpinco. Maiz: there passed by it a lake, that entred into A at lake the riuer, which carried a great streame and force

of of water. Fiue Christians passing ouer it in a periagua, which the Gouernour had sent with a Captaine, the periagua ouerset: some tooke hold on it, some on the trees that were in the lake. One Francis Sebastian, an honest man of Villa noua de Barca Rota, was drowned there. The Gouernour went a whole day along the lake seeking passage, and could finde none, nor any way that did passe to the other side. Comming againe at night to the towne hee found two peaceable Indians, which shewed him the passage, and which way hee was to goe. There they

made of canes and of the timber of houses thatched wUh»they pn»- witn canes, ra^ts wherewith they passed the lake, »ed tho lake. They trauelled three daies, and came to a towne Tianto. of tlle territorie of Ni/co, called Tianto. There

they tooke thirtie Indians, and among them two principall men of this towne. The Gouernour sent a Captaine with horsemen and footmen before toNilco, because the Indians

might haue no time to carrie away the prouision. Three or They passed through three or foure great townes; townesTM^ and m t!ie town€ where the Cacique was resident,

which was two leagues from the place where the Gouernour remained, they found many Indians with their bowes and arrowes, in manner as though they would haue staied to fight, which did coinpasse the towne; and assoone as they saw the Christians come neere them without misdoubting them, they set the Caciques house on fire, and fled ouer a lake that passed neere the towne, through which the horses could not passe.

The next day being Wednesday the 29. of March March 29. | Gouernour came to Nilco: he lodged with all

his men in the Caciques towne, which stood in a

plaine field, which was inhabited for the space of a quarter of a

. league: and within a.league and a halfe a league

townes""1' were otner velT great townes, wherein was great store of Maiz, of French beanes, of Walnuts, and The best Prunes. This was the best inhabited countrie, that

Ftorida" ° was seene in Florida, and had most store of Maiz, except Coga, and Apalache. There came to the campe an Indian accompanied with others, and in the Caciques Marterns name gaue the Gouernour a mantle of Marterns ekinne«. skinnes, and a cordon of perles. The Gouernour

A cordon of gaue hjm a few small Margarites, which are cerperee. taine beades much esteemed in Peru, and other

things, wherewith he was very well contented. He promised to returne within two daies, but neuer came againe: but on the contrarie the Indians came by night in canoes, and carried away all the Maiz they could, and made them cabins on the other

side side of the Riuer in the thickest of the wood, because they might 8ee if wee should goe to seeke them. The Gouernour, seeing hee came not at the time appointed, commanded an am* bush to be laid about certaine store-houses neere the lake, whither the Indians came for Maiz: where they tooke two Indians, who told the Gouernour, that hee which came to visit him, was not the Cacique, bui was sent by him vnder pretence to spie whether the Christians were carelesse, and whether they determined to settle in that country or to goe forward. Presently the Gouernour sent a Captaine with footmen and horsemen oner the riuer; and in their passage they were descried of the Indians, and therefore he could take but tenne or twelue men and women, with whom hee retumed to the campe. This Riuer which passed by Nilco, was that which passed by Cayas and AiUiamque, and fell into Rio A Riuer fa'grandt, or the Great Riuer, which passed by Pa- lTM*n£* Rchaha and Aquixo neere vnto the prouince of Guachoya: and the Lord thereof came up the Riuer in canoes to make warre with him of Nilco. On his behalf there came an Indian to the Gouernour and said vnto him, That he was his seruant, and prayed him so to hold him, and that within two daies hee would come to kisse his Lordships hands: and at the time appointed he came with some of his principal Indians, which accompanied him, and with words of great offers and courtesie hee gaue the Gouernour a present of many Mantles and Deeres skinnes. The Gouernour gaue him some other things in recompense, and honoured him much. Hee asked him what townes there were downe the Riuer? Hee answered that he knew none other but his owne: and on the other side of the Riuer a prouince of a Cacique called Quigulta. So hee tooke his leaue of the Gouernour and went to his owne towne. Within few daies the Gouernour determined to goe to Guachoya, to learne there whether the Sea were neere, or whether there were any habitation neere, where hee might relieue his companie, while the brigantines were making, which he meant to send to the land of the Christians. As he passed the Riuer of Nilco, there came in canoes Indians of Guachoya vp the streame, and when they saw him, supposing that he came to seeke them to doe them some hurt, they returned downe the Riuer, and informed the Cacique thereof: who with all.his people, spoiling the towne of all that they could carrie away, passed that night oner to the other side of Rio grande, or the great Riuer. The Gouernour sent a Captaine witii fiftie men in sixe canoes downe the Riuer, and went bimselfe by land with the rest: bee came to Guachoya vpon Sunday the 17. of Guach°y»



A prill: he lodged in the towne of the Cacique, which was inclosed about, and seated a crossebovv shot distant from the Riuer.

Here the Riuer is called Tamaliseu, and in Nilco ofRiograTde. T«Pa<", TMd. in Coca Mico, and in the port or

mouth Ri.

Chap. XXIX.

Of the message which the Gouernour sent to Quigalta, and of the answerc which he returned: and of the things ivhich happened in this time.

S soone as the Gouernour came to Guachoya, hee sent Iohn Danusco with as many men as could goe in the canoes vp the Riuer. For when they came downe from Nilco, they saw on the other side the Riuer new cabins made. Iohn Danusco went and brought the canoes loden with Maiz, French beanes, Prunes, and many loaues made of the substance of Many loaue» prunes. That day came an Indian to the Gouernor p'rune»°f ^rom ihe Cacique of Guachoya, and said, that his

Lord would come the next day. The next day they saw many canoes come vp the Riuer, and on the other side of the great Riuer, they assembled together in the space of an houre: they consulted whether they should come or not; & at length concluded to come, and crossed the Riuer. In the came the Cacique of Guachoya, and brought with him manie Indians with great store of Fish, Dogges, Deeres skinnes, and Mantles: And assoone as they landed, they went to the lodging of the Gouernour, and presented him their gifts, and the Cacique vttered these words:

Mightie and excellent Lord, I beseech your Lordship to pardon mee the errour which I committed in absenting my selfe, and not tarrying in this towne to haue rcceiued and serued your Lordship; since, to obtaine this opportunitie of time, was, and is as much as a great victorie to me. But I feared that, which 1 needed not to haue feared, and so did that which was not reason to do: But as haste maketh waste, and I remoued without deliberation; so, as soone as I thought on it, 1 determined not to follow the opinion of the fooKsh, which is, to continue in their errour; but to imitate the wise and discreet, in changing my counsell, and so I came to see what your Lordship wiu command me to doe, that I may scruc yov in all things that are in my power.


The Gouemour receiued him with much ioy, and gaue him thankes for his present and offer. He asked him, whether hee had any notice of the Sea. Hee answered, no, nor of any townes downe the Riuer on that side; saue that two leagues from thence was one towne of a principall Indian a subiect of his; and on the other side of the Riuer, three daies iourney from thence downe the Riuer, was the Prouince of Quigalta, which was the greatest Lord that was in that Countrie. The Gouernour thought that the Cacique lied vnto him, to rid him out of his owne townes, and sent lohn Danusco with eight horsemen downe the Riuer, to see what habitation there was, and to informe himselfe, if there were any notice of the Sea. Hee trauelled eight daies, and at his returne hee said, that in all that time he was not able to go aboue 14 or 15 leagues, because of the great creekes that came out of the Riuer, and groues of canes, and thicke woods that were along the bankes of the Riuer, and that hee had found no habitation. The Gouemour fell into great dumps to see how hard it was to get to the Sea; and worse, because his men and horses euery day diminished, being without succour to sustaine themselues in the country: and with that thought he fell sick. But before he ^'he Gouernor tooke his bed hee sent an Indian to the Cacique of t£o„tght,,ck of Quigalta to tell him, that hee was the Childe of the Sunne, and that all the way that hee came all men obeyed and serued him, that he requested him to accept of his friendship, and come vnto him; for he would be very glad to see him; and in signe of loue and obedience to bring something with him of that which in his countrie was most esteemed. The Cacique answered by the same Indian:

That whereas he said he teas the Child of the A most wit(ie Sunne, if he would drie vp the Riuer he would and stout anbeleeue him: and touching the rest, that hte was 8V",T.e of the wont to visit none; but rather that all those of Q"gaita!f whom he had notice did visit him, serued, obeyed and paid him tributes willingly or perforce: therefore if hee desired to see him, it were best he should come thither: that if hee came i?i peace, he would receiue him with special! good will; and if in warre, in like manner hee toould attend him in the towne where he teas, and that for him or any other hee would not shrinke one foote backe.

By that time the Indian returned with this answere, the Gouemour had betaken himselfe to bed, being euill handled with feuers, and was much aggrieued, that he was not in case to passe presently the Riuer and to^eeke him, to see if he could abate that pride of his, considering the Riuer went now very strongly


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