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sit on his' right hand. The Gouemour pacified them; telling them, that among the Christians, all was one to sit on the one side, or on the other, willing them so to behaue themselues, seeing they were with him, that no bodie might heare them, and that euery one should sit in the place that first bee lighted on. From thence he sent thirtie horsemen, and fiftie footemen to the Prouince of Caluca, to see if from thence hee might trauell to Chisca, where the Indians said, in'chiaca* there was a worke of gold and copper. They trauelled seuen daies iournie through a desert, and returned verie wearie, eating greene plums and stalkes of Maiz, which they found in a poore towne of sixe or l^wne'" seuen houses. From thence forward toward the North; the Indians said, That the Country was very ill inhabited, because it was very cold: And Oxen toward that there were such store of Oxen, that they could the North of keepe no corne for them: that the Indians lined Pacaha. vpon their flesh. The Gouernor seeing, that toward Quiuem' ° that part the Countrie was so poore of Maiz, that in it they could not bee sustained, demanded of the Indians, which way it was most inhabited: and they said, they had notice of a great Prouince, and a very plentifull Countrie, which was called Qaigaute, and that it was toward the South.

Chap. XXV.

How the Gouernour departed from Pacaha to Quigaute, and to Coligoa, and came to Cayas.

He Gouernour rested in Pacaha fortie daies. In all which time the two Caciques serued him with great store of fish, mantles, and skinnes, and stroue who should doe him greatest seruice. At the time of his departure, the Cacique of Pacaha gaue him two of his sisters, saying, that in signe of loue that he might remember him, he should take them for his wiues: the ones name was Macanoche, and the others Mochila: they were well proportioned, tall of bodie, and well fleshed. Macanoche was of a good countenance, and in her shape and physiognomie looked like a Ladie: the other was strongly made. The Cacique of Casqui commanded the bridge to be repaired, and the Gouernour returned through his Countrey, and lodged in the field neere his towne, whither tTMeneCaciquM hee came with great store of fish, and two women,


which hee exchanged with two Christians for two shirts. He

gaue vs a guide and men for cariages. The GoCasqui"6 ° uernour lodged at a towne of his, and the next day at Another another neere a Riuer, whither he caused canoes

towne. to be brought for him to passe ouer, and with his

leaue returned. The Gouernour tooke his iournie Quigante. toward Quigaute. The fourth day of August, he August!"' ° came to ine towne, where the Cacique vsed to

keep his residencie: on the way he sent him a present of many mantles and skinnes, and not daring to stay for

him in the towne, he absented himselfe. The Tho greatest towne was the greatest that was seene in Florida. Florida8?6"C'" T11e Gouernour and his people lodged in the one

halfe of it: and within few daies, seeing the Indians became liars, he commanded the other halfe to be burned, because it should not bee a shelter for them, if they came to assault him by night, nor an hindrance to his horsemen for the resisting of them. There came an Indian very well accompanied with many Indians, saying, that hee was the Cacique. He deliuered him ouer to the men of his guard to look vnto him. There went and came many Indians, and brought mantles and skinnes. The counterfeit Cacique, seeing so little opportunitie to execute his euill thought, as hee went one day abroad talking with the Gouernour, he shewed him such a paire of heeles, that there was no Christian that could ouertake him, and he leaped into the Riuer, which was a crossebow shot from the towne: and assoone as hee was on the other side, many Indians that were there about making a great crie began to shoote. The Gouernour passed presently ouer to them with horsemen and footemen, but they durst not tarrie for him. Going forward

on his way, hee came to a towne where the peoA towne. pje were fle{l} anj a liu|e furtner to a lake, where

the horses could not passe, and on the otherside were many women. The footemen passed, and tooke many of them, and much spoile. The Gouernour came to the Camp: And that night was a spie of the Indians taken by them of the watch. The Gouernour asked him, whether he would bring him where the Cacique was? he said, he would. And he went presently to seeke him with twentie horsemen, and fiftie footemen: and after he had sought him a day, and an halfe, hee found him in a strong wood: And a souldiour not knowing him, gaue him a wound on the head; and he cried out, that he should not kill him, saying, that he was the Cacique: so he was taken, & an hundred and fortie of his men with him. The Gouernour came againe to Quigaute, and willed him to cause his men to

come come to seme the Christians: and staying some daies for their comming, and seeing they came not, he sent two Captaines, euery one his way on both sides of the Riuer with horsemen and footemen. They tooke many men and women. Now seeing the hurt which they sustained for their rebellion, they came to see what the Gouernour would command them, and passed to and fro many times, and brought presents of cloth and fish. The Cacique and his two wiues °' were in the lodging of the Gouernour loose, and the halbardiers of his guard did keepe them. The Gouernour asked them which way the Countrie was most inhabited? They said, that toward the South downe the Riuer, were great townes and Caciques, which commanded great Countries, and much people: And that toward the Northwest, there was a Pro- coliKoa neoro uince neere to certaine mountaines, that was called to certains Coligoa. The Gouernour and all the rest thought mountaines good to goe first to Coligoa: saying, that perad- west

uenture the mountains would make some difference of soile, and that beyond them there might be some gold or siluer: As for Quigaute, Casqui, and Pacaha, they were plaine Countries, fat grounds, and full of good medowes on the Riuers, where the Indians sowed large fields of Maiz. From Tascaluca to Rio grande, or the great Riuer, is about 300. leagues: it is a very low Countrie, and hath many lakes. From Pacaha to Quigaute may be an hundred leagues. The Gouernour left the Cacique of Quigaute in his owne towne: And an Indian, which was his guide, led him through great woods without any way seuen daies iournie through a desert, where, at euery lodging, they lodged in lakes and pooles in verie shold water: there was such store of fish, that they killed them with cudgils; and the Indians which they carried in K.take'fiah chaines, with the mud troubled the waters, and the fish being therewith, as it were, astonied, came to the top of the water, and they tooke as much as they listed. The Indians of Coligoa had no knowledge of the Chris- Coll6°»tians, & when they came so neere the towne, that the Indians saw them, they fled vp a Riuer, which A Riuer passed neere the towne, and some leaped into it; but the Christians went on both sides of the Riuer, and tooke them. There were many men and women taken, and the Cacique with them. And by his commandement within three daies came many Indians with a present of mantles and Deeres skinnes, and two oxe hides: And hi^0" they reported, that 5. or 6. leagues from thence

toward Vol. IV.—No. 1. 6

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euill inhabited: That the best Countrie which they knew, the most plentifull, and most inhabited, was a Prouince From Qui- called Cayas, lying toward the south. From guate to Co- Quiguate to Coligoa may be 40. leagues. This ligoa are 40. towne of Coligoa stood at the foote of an bill, on eagiies. t|le bank or a meane Ri"er, of the bignesse of

Cayas, the Riuer that passeth by Estremadura. It was a fat soile and so plentifull of Maiz, that they cast out the old, to bring in the new. There was also great plentie of French beanes and pompions. The French beanes were greater, and better then those of Spaine, and likewise the pompions, and being rosted, they haue almost the taste of chestnuts. The Cacique of Coligoa gaue a guide to Cayas, and staied behind in his owne towne. Wee trauelled fiue daies, and Jrhp^Lln,C8 came to the Prouince of Palisema. The house of the cacique was found couered with Deeres skinnes of diuers colours and works drawne in them, and with the same in manner of carpets was the ground of the house couered. The Cacique left it so, that the Gouernour might lodge in it, in token that he sought peace and his friendship. But hee durst not tarrie his comming. The Gouernour, seeing he had absented himselfe, sent a Captaine with horsemen and footemen to seeke him: Hee found much people, but by reason of the roughnesse of the Countrie, he tooke none saue a few women and children. The towne was little and scattering, and had very little Maiz. For which cause the Gouernour speedilie departed from thence. Hee came to another towne Tatalicoya. cal,ed Tatalicoya, hee carried with him the Cacique thereof, which guided him to Cayas. From Tatalicoya are foure daies iournie to Cayas. When hee came ayas- to Cayas, and saw the towne scattered: hee thought

they had told him a lie, and that it was not the Prouince of Cayas, because they had informed him that it was well inhabited: He threatned the Cacique, charging him to tell him where hee was: and he and other Indians which were taken neere about that place, affirmed that this was the towne of Cayas, and the best that was in that Countrie, and that though the houses were distant the one from the other, yet the ground that was inhabited was great, and that there was great store of people, , and many fields of Maiz. This towne was called

Tanico: he pitched his Campe in the best part of it neere vnto a Riuer. The same day that the Gouernour came

thither, thither, he went a league farther with certaine horsemen, and without finding any people, hee found many skinnes in a pathway, which the Cacique had left there, that they might bee found, in token of peace. For so is the custome iu that Countrie.

Chap. XXVI.

How the Gouernour discouered the Prouince of Tulla, and what happened vnto him.

f^'C'^Y^He Gouernour rested a moneth in the Prouince of &flf lu^ Cayas. In which time the horses fattened and §Pm m*w- tnriued more, then in other places in a longer ^fifWovV? time, with the great plentie of Maiz and the tf *j . J£x l iC>s leaues thereof, which I thinke was the best that hath been seene, and they dranke of a lake of very hot water, and somewhat brackish, and they dranke ^ i , of \°\ so much, that it swelled in their bellies when they brackish brought them from the watering. Vntill that time water, the Christians wanted salt, and there they made Store of 8aIt good store, which they carried along with them, cavas"' The Indians doe carrie it to other places to ex"change it for skinnes and mantles. They make it along the "Riuer, which when it ebbeth, leaueth it vpon the vpper part "of the sand. And because they cannot make it, without "much sand mingled with it, they throw it into certaine baskets "which they haue for that purpose, broad at the mouth, and "narrow at the bottom, and set it in the aire vpon a barre, and "throw water into it, and set a small vessell vnder it, wherein "it falleth: Being strained and set to boile vpon the fire, when "the water is sodden away, the salt remaineth in the bottome "of the pan. On both sides of the Kiuer the Countrie was full of sowne fields, and there was store of Maiz. The Indians durst not come ouer where wee were: &, when some of them shewed themselues, the souldiers that saw them called vnto them; then the Indians passed the Riuer, and came with them where the Gouernor was. He asked the for the Cacique. They said, that he remained quiet, but that he durst not shew himselfe. The Gouernour presently sent him word, that he should come vnto him, and bring him a guide and an interpre-, tour for his iournie, if he made account of his friendship: and if he did not so, he would come himselfe to secke him, and that it would bee the worse for him. Hee waited three daies, and seeing he came not, he went to seeke him, and brought him prisoner with 150. of his men. He asked him, whether hee had

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