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Chap. XXII.

How the Gouernour went from Alimamu to Quizquiz, and from thence to Rio Grande, or the great Riuer.

^.^J^^k^Hree daies after they had sought some Maiz, &jg-m~ «'f5-Q whereof they found but little store, in regard of jj§SBT§B".yj that which was needful, and that for this cause, i$!®i<j«j&ftjf as wel l for tneir sakes that were wounded, it was Sria/NtfSs/Ntfla needfull for them to rust, as for the great iournie they were to march to come where store of Maiz was: yet the Gouernour was inforced to depart presentlie toward Quizquiz. He trauelled seuen daies through a de- ^ae6"^^, ser t of many marishes and thicke woods: but it might all be trauelled on horsebacke, except some lakes which they swamrae ouer. Hee came to a towne of the Prouince of Quizquiz without being descried, and Qu°*°^° tooke all the people in it befo"re they came out of their houses. The mother of the Cacique was taken there: and he sent vnto him by an Indian, that he should come to see him, and that he would giue him his mother, and al the people which he had taken there. The Cacique sent him answere againe, that his Lordship should loose and send them to him, and that he would come to visit and seme him. The Gouernour, because his people for want of Maiz were somewhat weake and wearie, and the horses also were leane, determined to accomplish his request, to see if hee could haue peace with him, and so commanded to set free his mother and all the rest, and with louing words dismissed them and sent them to him. The next day, when the Gouernour expected the Cacique, there came many Indians with their bowes and arrowes with a purpose to set vpon the Christians. The Gouemor had commanded all the horsemen to be armed, and on horsebacke, and in a readines. When the Indians saw that they were readie, they staied a crossebow shot from the place where the Gouernour was neere a brooke. And after halfe an houre that they had stood there stil, there came to the Camp sixe principall Indians, and said, they came to see what people they were, and that long agoe, they had been informed by "their forefathers, That a white people should sub- ph°0°e- pro"due them: and that therefore they would returne "to their Cacique, and bid him come presently to obey and "serue the Gouernour: and after they had presented him with sixe or seuen skinnes and mantles which they brought, they


tooke their leaue of him, and returned with the other, which

waited for them by the brookes side. The Cacique neuer came

againe nor sent other message. And because in

Ano ier ^ towno where the Gouernour lodged, there was

iOw 113* •-'

small store of Rlaiz, he remooued to another halfe Rio Grando, a league from Rio Grande, where they found plen

ritfsan°tf "^ tie °f" MdlZ: And he weDt to See the Riuer, atld

found, that neere vnto it was great store of timber to make barges, and good situation of ground to incampe in. Presently he remooued himselfe thither. They made houses, and pitched their Cavine in a plaine field a crossebow shot from the Kiuer. And thither was gathered all the Maiz of the townes, which they had latelie passed. They began presently to cut and hew down timber, and to saw plankes for barges. The Indians came presently down the Riuer: they leaped on shore, and declared to ye Gouernour, That they were subiects of a great Lord, whose name was Aquixo, who creat'Lord on was kord of many townes, and gouerned many tho West eido people on the other side of the Riuer, and came to of Rio tell him on his behalfe, that the next day he with

gran o. al ^ men would come to see, what it would please

him to command him. The next day with speed, the Cacique came with two hundred canoes full of Indians with canoe»."" fe tneirwes a°d arrowes, painted, and with great plumes of white feathers, and many other colours, with shields in their hands, wherewith they defended the rowers on both sides, and the men of warre stood from the head to the sterne, with their bowes and arrowes in their hands. The canoe wherein the Cacique was, had a tilt ouer the sterne, and hee sate vnder the tilt; and so were other canoes of the principall Indians. And from vnder the tilt where the chiefe man sat, hee gouerned and commanded the other people. All ioyned together, and came within a stones cast of the shore. From thence the Cacique said to the Gouernour, which walked along the Riuers side with others that waited on him, that he was come thither to visit, to honour, and to obey him; because he knew he was the greatest and mightiest Lord on the earth: therefore he would see what he would command him to doe. The Gouernour yeelded him thankes, and requested him to come on shore, that they might the better communicate together. And without any answere to that point, hee sent him three canoes, wherein was great store of fish and loaues, made of ofprunra. ° tlie SuDStar,ce of prunes like vnto brickes. After he had receiued al, he thanked him, and prayed him againe to come on shore. And because the Caciques purpose pose was, to see if with dissimulation he might doe some hurt, when they saw that the Gouemour and his men were in readinesse, they began to goe from the shore: and with a great crie, the crossebowmen which were ready, shot at them, and slue fiue or sixe of them. They retired with great order: none did leaue his oare, though the next to him were slaine, and shielding themselues, they went farther off. Afterward they came many times and landed: and when any of vs came toward them, they fled vnto their canoes, which were verie pleasant to behold: for they were very great and caoeg great well made, and had their tilts, plumes, paueses, and flagges, and with the multitude of people that were in them, they seemed to be a faire armie of gallies. In thirtie daies space, while the Gouernour remained there, they made foure barges: In three of which he com- m°ajre argea manded twelue horsemen to enter, in each of them foure; in a morning, three houres before they, men which hee trusted would land in despight of the Indians, and make sure the passage, or die, and some footemen being crossebowmen went with them, and rowers to set them on the other side. And in the other barge he commanded Iohn de Guzman to passe with the footemen, which was made Captaine in stead of Francisco Maldonado. And because the streame was swift, they went a quarter of a league vp the Riuer along the bancke, and crossing ouer, fell downe with the streame, and landed right ouer against the Camp. Two stones cast before they came to land, the horsemen went out of the barges on horsebacke to a sandie plot very hard and cleere ground, where all of them landed without any resistance. Assoone as those that passed first, were on land on the other side, the Ou^r"»8 barges returned to the place where the Gouernour Grande, was: and within two houres after Sunne-rising, all the people were ouer. The Riuer was almost halfe The Riuer a league broad. If a man stood still on the other j*eTM nll"ost side, it could not be discerned, whether he were a broad. man or no. The Riuer was of great depth, and of a strong current: the water was alwaies muddie: there came downe the Riuer continually many trees and timber, which the force of the water and streame brought downe. There was great store of fish in it of sundrie sorts, and the most of it differing from the freshwater fish of Spaine, as hereafter shall be shewed.



Chap. XXIII.

How thc Gouemour departed from Aquixo to Casqui, and from thence to Pacaha: and how this Countrie differtth from that which we had passed.

Aiting passed Rio grande, the Gouemour trauelled a league and an halfe, and came to a great towne of Aquixo, which was dispeopled before hee came thither. They espied thirtie Indians comming ouer a plaine, which the Cacique sent, to discouer the Christians determination: and assoone as they had sight of them, they tooke themselues to flight. The horsemen pursued them, and slue tenne, and tooke fifteene. And because the towne, whither the Gouemour went, was neere vnto the Riuer, he sent a Captaine, with as many men as he thought sufficient to carrie the barges vp the Riuer. And because in his trauelling by land many times he went farre from the Riuer to compasse the creekes that came from it, the Indians tooke occasion to set vpon them of the barges, and put them in great danger, because that by reason of the great current, they durst not leaue the shore, and from the bancke they shot at them. Assoone as the Gouemour was come to the towne, hee presently sent crossebow men downe the Riuer, which came to rescue them: and vpon the comming of the barges to the towne, hee commanded them to bee broken, and to saue the iron for others, when it should bee needfull. Hee lay there one night, and the day following, hee set forward to seeke a Prouince, called Pacaha: which hee was Pacaha. peers informed to bee neere vnto Chisca, where the InGreat townes. dians told him there was gold. He passed through great townes of Aquixo, which were all abandoned for feare of the Christians. Hee vnderstood by certaine Indians that were taken, that three daies iouraie from thence dwelt a great Cacique, whose name was Casqui. Hee came to a small Riuer, where a bridge was made, by which they passed: that day till Sunset, they went all in water, which in some places came to the waste, and in some to the knees. When they saw themselues on dry land, they were very glad, because they feared they should wander vp and downe as forlorne men al night in the water. At noone they came to the The firHt first towne of Casqui: they found the Indians care

.u; - lesse, because they had no knowledge of them.

There were many men and women taken, and

store store of goods, as mantles and skinnes, as well in the first towne, as in another, which stood in a t0TMnCr field halfe a league from thence in sight of it; whither the horsemen ran. This Countrie is higher, drier, and more champion, then any part bordering neere the Riuer, that vntill they they had seene. There were in the fields many Walnut trees, bearing soft shelled Wal- Walnut trees nuts in fashion like bullets, and in the houses they ^'eii88° found many of them, which the Indians had laid vp in store. The trees differed in nothing else from those of Spaine, nor from those which we had seene before, but onely I hat they haue a smaller leafe. There were many ]yiany Mu1Mulberrie trees and Plum trees, which bare red berrie trees plums like those of Spaine, and other gray, some- and Plum what differing, but fane better. And all the trees treo"' are all the yeere so fruitfull, as if they were planted in orchards: and the woods were verie thinne. The Gouernour trauelled two daies through the Countrie of Casqui, before hee came to the towne where the Cacique was: and the most of the way was alway by champion ground, which was full of great townes, so that from one towne, you might io*"eSgraat see two or three. He sent an Indian to certifie the Cacique, that hee was comming to the place where hee was, with intent to procure his friendship, and to hold him as his brother. Whereunto he answered, That he should be welcome, and that he would receiue him with speciall good wil, and accomplish all that his Lordship would command him. Hee sent him a present vpon the way; to wit, skinnes, mantles, and fish: And after these complements, the Gouernour found all the townes, as he passed, inhabited with people, which peaceablie attended his comming, and offered him skinnes, mantles, and fish. The Cacique accompanied with many Indians came out of the towne, and staied halfe a league on the way to receiue the Gouernour, and when hee came to him, he spake these words following:

Right high, right mighty, and renowned Lord, your Lordship is most hartilie welcome. Assoone as I had notice of your Lordship, of your power, and your perfections, although you came into my Countrie, killing and taking captiues the inhabitants thereof aiid my subiects: yet I determined to conforme my mll vnto yours, and as your owne to interpret in good part all that your Ijordship did: beleeuing, that it was conuenient it should be so for some iust respect, to preuent some future matter reuealed vnto your Lordship, and concealed from me. For well may a mischiefc be permitted to auoid a greater, and


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