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C HAP. XVII. How the Indians rose against the Gouernour, and what ensued thereupon.
He Gouernour seeing the determination, and furious
answere of the Cacique, went about to pacifie him with faire words: to which he gaue no answere, but rather with much pride and disdaine, with
drew himselfe where the Gouernour might not see hiin, nor speake with him. As a principall Indian passed that way, the Gouernor called him, to send him word, that hee might remaine at bis pleasure in bis Countrie, and that it would please him to giue bim a guide, and men for carriages, to see if hee could pacifie him with mild words. The Indians anwered with great pride, that hee would not hearken voto hiin. Baltasar de Gallegos, which stood by, tooke hold of a gowne of marterns which hee bad on; and hee cast it
A gowne of ouer bis head, and left it in his hands : and because all of them immediately began to stirre, Baltasar de Gallegos gaue bim such a wound with his coutilas, that hee opened him downe the backe, and presently all the Indians with a great crie came out of the houses shooting their arrowes. The Gouernour considering, that if hee tarried there, hee could not escape, and if hee commanded his men to come in, which were without the towne, the Indians within the houses might kill their horses, and doe much hurt, ranne out of the towne, and before hee came out, hee fell iwice or thrice, and those that were with him did helpe him vp againe ; and he and those that were with him were sore wounded ; and in a moment there were fiue Christians slaine in the towne. The Gouernour came running out of the towne, crying out, that euery man should stand farther off, because from the wall they did them much hurt. The Indians seeing that the Christians retired, and some of them, or the most part, more then an ordinary pase, shot with great boldnesse at them, and strooke downe such as they could ouertake. The Indians which the Christians did lead with them in chaines, had laid downe their burthens neere vnto the wall : and assoone as the Gouernour and his men were retired, the men of Mauilla laid them on the Indians backs againe, and tooke them into the towne, and loosed them presently from their chaines, Al the clothes and gaue
them bowes and arrowes to fight withall. and perles of Thus they possessed themselues of al the clothes the Christians and perles, and all that the Christians had, which were lost. their slaues carried. And because the Indians had been alwaies
peaceable vntill wee came to this place, some of our men had their weapons in their fardels and remained vnarmed. And froin others that had entred the towne with the Gouernour they bad taken swords and halebards, and fought with them. When the Gouernour was gotten into the field, hee called for an horse, and with some that accompanied him, hee returned and slew two or three Indians: All the rest retired themselues to the towne, and shot with their bowes from the wall. And those which presumed of their nimblenes, sallied foorth to fight a stones cast from the wall: And when the Christians charged them, they retired themselues at their leasure into the towne. At the time that the broile began, there were in the towne a Frier, and a Priest, and a seruant of the Gouernour, with a woman slaue: and they had no line to come out of the lowne: and they tooke an house, and so remained in the towne. The Indians being become Masters of the place, they shut the doore with a field gate: and among them was one sword which the Gouernours seruant bad, and with it be set himselse behind the doore, thrusting at the Indians which sought to come into them: and the Frier and the Priest stood on the other side, each of them with a barre in their hands to beate him downe that first came in. The Indians seeing they could not get in by the doore, began to vncouer the house top. By this time, all the horsemen and foolemen which were behind, were come to Ma. uilla. Here there were sundrie opinions, whether they should charge the Indians to enter the towne, or whether they should leaue it, because it was hard to enter: and in the end it was resolued to set vpon them.
CHAP. XIX. How the Gouernour set his men in order, and cntred the
towne of Mauilla.
Ssoone as the battell and the rereward were come to Mauilla, lhe Gouernour commanded all those that were best armed to alight, and made soure squadrons of footmen. The Indians, seeing how he was setting his men in order, concluded with
the Cacique, that hee should goe his way, saying A consultati. on of the In: vnto him, as after it was knowne by certaine women dians to send that were taken there, that he was but one man, and
could fight but for one man, and that they had there Cacique.
among them many principall Indians verie valiant and expert in feates of armes, that any one of them was able to
order the people there; and forasmuch as matters of warre were subject to casualtie, and it was vncertaine which part
should ouercome, they wished him to saue himselfe, to the end, that if it fel out that they should end their daies there, as they determined, rather then to be overcome, there might remaine one to gouerne the Countrie. For all this hee would not have gon airay: but they vrged him so much, that with fifteene or twentie Indians of his owne, hee went out of the towne, and carried away a skarlat cloke, and other things of the Christians goods; as much as hee was able to carrie, and seemed best vnto him. The Gouernour was informed how there went men out of the towne, and hee commanded the horsemen to beset it, and sent in euery squadron of footemen one souldier with a Grebrand to set fire on the houses, that the Indians might have no defense: all his men being set in order, hee commanded an harcubuz to bee shot off. The signe being giuen, the foure squadrons, euery one by it selfe with great furie, gaue the onset, and with great hurt on both sides they entred the towne. The Frier and the Priest, and those that were with them in the house were saued, which cost the liues of two men of account, and valiant, which camne thither to succour them. The Indians fought with such courage, that many times they draue our men out of the towne. The fight lasted so long, that for wearinesse and great thirst many of the Christians went to a poole that was neere the wal, to drink, which was all stained with the blood of the dead, and then came againe to fight. The Gouernour seeing this, entred among the footemen into the towne on horseback, with certaine that accompanied them, and was a meane that the Christians came to set fire on the houses, and brake and ouercame the Indians, who running out of the towne from the fooiemen, the horsemen without draue in at the gates again, where being without all hope of life, they fought valiantly, & after the Christians came among the to handy blowes, seeing themselues in great distresse without any succour, many of them fled into the burning houses, where one vpon another they were smothered and burnt in the fire. The whole num- 2500. Indians.
The death of ber of ihe Indians that died in this towne, were two thousand and fiue hundred, little more or lesse. or the Christians there died eighteene; of which one was Don Carlos, brother in law to the Gouernour, and a nephew of his, and one lohn de Gamez, and Men Rodriguez Portugals, and lohn Vazquez de Villanoua de Barca Rota, all men of honour, and of much valour: the rest were footemen. Besides those that were slaine, there were an hundred and fistie wounded with 700. wounds of their arrowes: and it pleased God that of very dan
gerous wounds they were quickly bealed. Moreouer, there were Twelue horses slaine, and seuentie burt. All the clothes wbich the Christians carried with them to clothe themselues withall, and the ornaments to say Masse, and the perles, were all burnt there : and the Christians did set them on fire themselues; because they held for a greater inconuenience, the hurt which the Indians might doe them from those houses, where they had gathered all those goods together, then the losse of them. Here the GoThe Port of
uernour vnderstood, that Francisco Maldonado Ochnse sixe waited for bim at the Port of Ochuse, and that it daies journie was sixe daies journie from thence; and he dealt from Mauilla. with lohn Ortiz to keepe it secret, because he bad not accomplished that which he determined to doe; and because the perles were burnt there, which he meant to baue sent to Cuba for a shew, that the people hearing the newes, might be desirous to come to that Countrie. He feared also, that if they should baue newes of him without seeing from Florida neither gold nor siluer, nor any thing of value, it would get such a name, that no man would seeke to goe thither, when he should haue neede of people. And so he determined to send no newes of himselse, vntill hee had found some rich Countrie.
CHAP. XX. How the Gouernour departed from Mauilla toward Chicaça,
and what happened unto him.
Rom the time that the Gouernour entred into Florida, vntill bis departure from Mauilla, there died an hundred and two Christians, some of sicknesse, and others which the Indians slew. He staied in
Mauilla, because of the wounded men, eight and twentie daies; all which time he lay in the field. It was a well
inhabited and a fat Countrie, there were some great Great and walled townes.
& walled townes: and many houses scattered all about the fields, to wit, a crossebow shot or two,
the one from the other. V pon Sonday, the eigh18. of Nouem- teenth of Nouember, when the hurt men
knowne to bee healed, the Gouernour departed from Mauilla. Euery one furnished bimselfe with Maiz for two daies, and they trauelled fiue daies through a desert: they came
tó a Prouince called Pafallaya, unto a towne, Taliepataua. named Taliepataua : and froni thence they went Cabusto. to another, called Cabusto : neere ynto it ran
a great River,
The Indians on the other side
A great River. cried out, threatning the Christians to kill then, if they sought to passe it. The Gouernour coinmanded his men to make a barge within the towne, because the Indians should not perceiue it: it was hinished in foure daies, and being ended, he commanded it to be carried one night vpon sleds halse a league vp the Riuer. In the morning there entred into it thirtie men well armed. The Indians perceived what was allempled, and those which were neerest, came to defend the passaye. They resisted what they could, till the Christians came neere them ; and seeing that the barge came to the shore, they fled away into the groues of canes.
Canauarales. Christians mounted on horsebacke, and went vp the Riuer to make good the passage, whereby the Gouernour and his companie passed the River. There were along the
Some townes. Riuer some townes well stored with Maiz and French Beanes. From thence to Chicaça the Governour trauelled fiue daies through a desert. Hee caine to a
A Riuer. Riuer, where on the otherside were Indians to defend the passage.
He made another barge in two daies; and when it was finished, the Gouernour sent an Indian to request the Cacique to accept of his friendship, and peaceably to expect his comming: whom the Indians that were on the other side the Riuer slew before his face, and presently making a great shout went their way. Having passed the River, the next day, being the 17. of December, the December 17. Gouernour came to Chicaça, a small towne of twentie bouses. And after they were come to Chicaça, they were
Chicaça. much troubled with cold, because it was now winter and it snowed, while most of them were lodged Snow and in the field, before they had time to make them- much cold. selues houses. This Countrie was very well peopled, and the houses scattered like those of Mauilla, fat and plentifull of Maiz, and the most part of it was fielding: they gathered as much as sufficed to passe the winter.
Some Indians were taken, among which was one whom the Cacique esteemed greatly. The Gouernour sent an Indian to signifie to the Cacique, that he desired to see him and to haue his friendship. The Cacique came vnto him, to offer him his person, Countrie and subiects, and told bim, that he would cause two other Caciques to come 10 bin in peace; who within few daies after came with him, and with their Indians: The one was called Alimamu, the other Nicalasa. They gaue a present ynto the Governour of an hundred and fiftie conies, and of the Countrie garments, to wit, of mantles and skinnes. The Ca. Conies.