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looked to find people in the townes, and they gaue him guides, and men to carrie burdens: and before hee went out of their Countries, he gaue them licence to retume to their houses, and to their porters likewise, assoone as he came to any other Lordship, where they gaue him others. The men of Coca seeing their Lord detained, tooke it in euil part, and reuolted, and hid themsehies in the woods, aswell those of the towne of the Cacique, as those of the other townes of his principall subiects. The Gouernor sent out foure Captaines, euery one his way to seeke them. They tooke many men and women, which were put into chaines: They seeing the hurt which they receiued, and how little they gained in absenting themselues, came againe, promising to do whatsoeuer they were commanded. Of those which were taken prisoners, some principall men were set at libertie, whom the Cacique demanded: and euery one that had any, carried the rest in chaines like slaues, without letting thein goe to their Countrie: neither did any retume, but some few, whose fortune helped them with the good diligence which they vsed to file off their chaines by night, or such as in their trauelling could slippe aside out of the way, seeing any negligence in them that kept them: some escaped away with the chaines, and with the burdens, and clothes which they carried.

Chap. XVII.

How the Gouernour went from Co^a to Tascaluca.

He Gouernour rested in Coca 25. daies. He departed from thence the 20. of '• °r . [ August to seeke a Prouince called

Tascaluca: hee carried with him the Cacique of Coga. He passed that TallimQchue, day by a great towne called TaUimuchase, the

a great towne. people were fled . [le |odged ha|fe a lea2;ue farmer

neere a brooke. The next day he came to a towne

tau"- called Ytauu, subiect to Coga. Hee staied there

A great Kiuer. sixe daies because of a Riuer that passed by it,

which at that time was very hie; and assoone as the

Riuer suffered him to passe, he set forward, and lodged at a towne

named VllibahaU. There came to him on the

* '. way, ou the Caciques behalfe of that Prouince,

ten or twelue principall Indians to offer him his seruice; all of

them had their plumes of feathers, and bowes and arrowes.

The Gouernour comming to the towne with twelue horsemen,

and and some footemen of his guard, leaning his peeple a crossebow shot from the towne, entred into it, hee found all the Indians with their weapons: and as farre as he could ghesse, they seemed to haue some euill meaning. It was knowne afterward, that they were determined to take the Cacique of Coca from the Gouernour, if hee had requested it. The Gouernour commanded all his people to en- waiieVabout ter the towne, which was walled about, and neere vnto it passed a small Riuer. The wall, aswell of that, as of others, which afterward wpe saw, was of t( ? ^j'u" ° great posts thrust deepe into the ground and very rough, and many long railes as big as ones arme laid acrosse between them, and the wall was about the height of a lance, and it was daubed within and without with clay, and had loope holes. On the otherside of the Riuer was a towne, where at that present the Cacique was. The Go- ,ownouernour sent to call him, and hee came presently. After he had passed with the Gouernour some words of offering his seruices, he gaue him such men for his cariages as he needed, and thirtie women for slaues. In that place was a Christian lost, called Man^ano, borne in Salamanca, of noble parentage, which went astray to seeke for grapes, whereof there is great store, and those very good. The g°r*jtg',1.t°pe5of day that the Gouernour departed from thence, he lodged at a towne subiect to the Lord of Vlliba- A towne. hali: and the next day hee came to another towne called Toasi. The Indians gaue the Gouernour T thirtie women, and such men ibr his cariages as he needed. Hee trauelled ordinarily 5. or 6. leagues He trauelled a day when he trauelled through peopled Coun- oldjna'i|yfiue


J . . iii ii or sue league*

tries: and going through deserts, he marched, as a day. last as he could, to eschew the want of Maiz. From Toasi, passing through some townes subiect to a Cacique, which was Lord of a prouince called Tallise, hee trauelled hue daies: He came to Tallise the 18. of September: The towne was great, and situated neere vnto a raaine towne6'*8 Riuer. On the other side of the Riuer were other September 18. townes, and many fields sowne with Maiz. On A maine Riboth sides it was a very plentifull Countrie, and had uerstore of Maiz: they had voided the towne. The Gouernour commanded to call the Cacique; who came, and betweene them passed some words of loue and offer of his seruices, and hee presented vnto him 40. Indians. There came to the Gouernour in this towne a principall Indian in the behalfe of the Cacique of Tascaluca, and made this speech following:


Mightie, vertuous, and esteemed Lord, the great Cacique oj Tascaluca my Lord, sendeth by me to kisse your Lordships hands, and to let you vnderstand, that he hath notice, how you iustly rauish tvith your perfections and power, all men on the earth; and that cuerie one by u"hom your Lordship passeth doth serue and obey you; which he acknowledged to be due vnto you, and desireth, as his life, to see, and to scrue your Lordship. For which cause by me he offereth himselfc, his lands and subiects, that when your Lordship pleaseth to go through his Countrie, you may be receiued with all peace and hue, serued and obeyed; and that in recompense of the desire he hath to see you, you will doe him the fauor to let him know when you will come : for how much the sooner, so much the greater jauour he shall rcctiue.

The Gouemour receiued and dispatched him graciously, giuing him bcades, which among them were not much esteemed, and some other things to canie to his Lord. And he gaue licence to the Cacique of Coga to returne home to his owne Countries. The Cacique of Tallise gaue him such men for burthens as he needed. And after he had rested there 20. daies, hee departed thence toward Tascaluca. That day when hee went from Tallise, hee lodged at a great towne Casisto a groat called Casiste. And the next day passed by TaVs"aiuca. another, and came to a small towne of Tascaluca; and the next day hee camped in a wood two leagues from the towne where the Cacique resided, and was at that time. And he sent the Master of the Camp, Luys de Moscoso, with 15. horsemen, to let him know hee was comniing. The Cacique was in his lodgings vnder a Canopie: and without doores, right against his lodgings, in an high place, they spread a mat for him, & two cushions one vpon another, where he sat him downe, and his Indians placed themselues round about him, somewhat distant from him, so that they made a place, and a void roome where he sate: and his chiefest men were neerest to him, and one with a shadow of Deeres skinne, which keept the Sunne from him, being round, and of the bignes of a target, quartered with black and white, hauing a rundell in the middest: a farre off it seemed to be of taffata, because ye colours were very perfect. It was set on a small staffe stretched wide out. This was the deuice which hee carried in his warres. Hee was a man of a very tall stature, of great limmes, and spare, and well proportioned, and was much feared of his neighbours and subiects. He was Lord of many territories and much people: In his countenance hee was very graue. After the Master of the Campe had spoken with him, he and

those those that went with him coursed their horses, pransing them to and fro, and now and then toward the place where the Cacique was, who with much grauitie and dissimulation now and then lifted vp his eies, and beheld them as it were with disdaine. At the Gouernours comming, hee made no offer at all to rise. The Gouernour tooke him by the hand, and both of them sat downe together on a seate which was vnder the cloth of estate. The Cacique said these words vnto him:

Mighty Lord, 1 bid your Lordship right hartily welcome. 1 receiue as much pleasure and contentment with your sight, as if you were my brother whom I dearely loued: vpon this point it is not needfull to vse many reasons; since it is no discretion to speake that in many wordes, which in few may be vttered. How much the greater the will is, so much more giueth it name to the workes, and the workes giue testimonie of the truth. Now touching my wilt, by it you shall know, how certain fy manifest it is, and how pure inclination I haue to serue you. Concerning the fauour which you did me, in the things which you sent me, I make as much account of them as is reason to esteeme them: and chiefly because they were yours. Now see what seruice you will command me.

The Gouemor satisfied him with sweet words, and with great breuitie. When hee departed from thence he determined to carrie him along with him for some causes, and at two daies iournie hee came to a towne called Piache, by which there passed a great Riuer. The Gouernour de- A treat Riuer. mantled canoes of the Indians: they said, they had them not, but that they would make rafts of canes and drie timber, on which he might passe well enough: And they made them with all diligence and speed, and they gouerned them; and because the water went very slow, the Gouernour and his people passed very well.

From the Port de Spirito Santo to Apalache, which is about an hundred leagues, the Gouernour went from East to West: And from Apalache to Cutifa-chiqui, which are 430. leagues, from the Southwest to the Northeast: and from Cutifa-chiqui to Xualla, which are about two hundred and fifty leagues, from the South to the North: And from Xualla to Tascaluca, which are two hundred and fiftie leagues more, an hundred and ninetie of them he trauelled from East to West, to wit, to the Prouince of Coga: and the other 60. from Coca to Tascaluca from the North to the South.

Hauing passed the Riuer of Piache, a Christian went from his companie from thence to seeke a woman slaue that was runne away from him, and the Indians either tooke him captiue,

or or slue him. The Gouernor vrged the Cacique that he should giue account of him, and threatned him, that if he were not found, he would neuer let him loose. The Cacique sent an Indian from thence to JMauilla, whither they were trauelling, which was a towne of a principall Indian and his subiect, saying, that he sent him to aduise them to make readie victuals, and men for carriages. But, (as afterward appeared) hee sent him to assemble all the men of warre thither, that hee had in his Countrie. The Gouernour trauelled three daies; and the third day he passed all day through a peopled MauilU. Countrie: and he came to Mauilla vpon Monday

W.°f °Ct0- the 18- of °ctober- He went before the Camp with 15. horsemen and 30. footeinen. And from the towne came a Christian, whom he had sent to the principall man, three or foure daies before, because lie should not absent himselfe, and also to learne in what sort the Indians were: who told him that hee thought they were in an euill purpose: for while hee was there, there came inanie people into the towne, and many weapons, and that they

waned * inaiie great haste to fortifie tne wa"- Luys (it

Moscoso told the Gouernour, that it would bee ood to lodge in the field, seeing the Indians were of such disposition: and hee answered, that he would lodge in the towne, for hee was wearie of lodging in the field. When hee came neere vnto the towne, the Cacique came foorth to receiue him with many Indians playing vpon flutes and singing: And after hee had offered himselfe, hee presented him with three mantles of marterns. The Gouernour, with both the Ca3. Mantles o ciques ancl seuen or eight men of his guard, and

three or foure horsemen, which alighted to accompanie him, entred into the towne, and sat him downe vnder a cloth of estate. The Cacique of Tascaluca requested him, that hee would let him remaine in that towne, and trouble him no more with trauelling: And seeing he would not giue him leaue, in his talke he changed his purpose, and dissemblinglie fained that he would speake with some principall Indians, and rose vp from the place where hee sate with the Gouernour, and entred into a house, where many Indians were with their bowes and arrowes. The Gouernour when he saw he returned not, called him, and he answered, that he would not come out from thence, neither would he goe any farther then that towne, and that if he would goe his way in peace, hee should presently depart, and should not seekc to carrie him perforce out of his Countrie and territorie.



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