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armes of a Riuer, and was seated nigh one of them. Chiaha seated The Riuer diuideth it selfe into those two branches in an IsIa"dtwo crossebowshotaboue the towne, and meeteth againe a league beneath the same. The plaine betweene both the branches is sometimes one crossebow shot, sometimes two crossebow shot ouer. The branches are very broad, and both of them may be waded ouer. There were along them verie good meadows, and manie fields sowne with Maiz. And because the Indians staied in their towne, the Gouernour only lodged in the houses of the Cacique, and his people in the fields; where there was euer a tree, euerie one tooke one for himselfe. Thus the Camp lay separated one from another, and out of order. The Gouernour winked at it, because the Indians were in peace, and because it was very hot, and the people should haue suffered great extremitie, if it had not bin so. The horses came thither so weake, that for feeblenesse, they were not able to carrie their masters: because that from Cutifa-chiqui, they alwaies trauelled with verie little prouender, and were hungerstarued and tired euer since they came from the The desert of desert of Ocute. And because the most of them aie' p' were not in case to vse in battell, though need should require, they sent them to feed in the night a quarter of a league from the Camp. The Christians were there in great danger, because that if at this time the Indians had set vpon them, they had been in euill case to haue defended themselues. The Gouernour rested there thirtie daies, in which time, because the Countrie was very fruitfull, the 'aie,re,thorses grew fat. At the time of his departure, by the importunitie of some, which would haue more then was reason, bee demanded of the Cacique 30. women to make slaues of. Hee answered that he would conferre with his chiefe men. And before hee returned an answere, one night all of them with their wiues and children forsooke the towne, and fled away. The next day the Gouernour purposing to goe to seeke them, the Cacique came vnto him, and at his comming vsed these words vnto the Gouernour:

Mightie Lord, with shame and feare of your Lordship, because my subiects against my ivill haue done amisse in absenting themselues, I went my way without your license; and knowing the errour which I haue committed, like a loyall subiect, I come to yeeld my selfe into your power, to dispose ofmee at your owne pleasure. For my subiects do not obey met, nor doe any tht7ig Out what an Vncle of mine commandeth, which gouernetk this Countrie for me,vntill I be of a perfect age. If your Lordship will pursue them, and execute on them that,

Vol. IV.—No. 1. 4

which for their disobedience they deserue, I will be your guide, since at this present my fortune will not suffer me to performe any more.

Presently the Gouernour with 30. horsemen, and as many footenien, went to seeke the Indians', and passing by some Ccrtaine townes of the principall Indians which had absent

iownea. ed themselues, liee cut and destroyed great fields

of Maiz; and went vp the Riuer, where the Indians were in an Island, where the horsemen could not come at them. There he sent them word by an Indian to returne to their towne and feare nothing, and that they should giue him men to carrie burdens, as al those behind had done; for he would haue no Indian women, seeing they were so loth to part with them. The Indians accepted his request, and came to the Gouernour to excuse themselues; and so all of them returned to their towne. A Cacique of a Prouince called Caste, came to this towne to visit the Gouernour. After hee had offered himselfe, and passed with him some words of tendring his seruice and curtesie; the Gouernour asking him whether he had notice of any rich '•' Countrie? he said, yea: to wit, that toward the North, there

"was a Prouince named Chisca: and that there was HeTa'JgM a meltino of copper, and of another metall of the in Chisca to. same colour, saue that it was finer, and of a fane ward the more perfect colour, and farre better to the sight;

and that they vsed it not so much, because it was HiiicheUof softer. And the selfe same thing was told the copper hold. Gouernour in Cutifa-chiqui; where we saw some ,ngg°<- |itt|e hatchets of copper, which were said to haue Chisca is di- a mixture of gold. But in that part the Countrie rectly North was not well peopled, and they said there were Chiqui"which mountaines, which the horses could not passe: and is within two for that cause, the Gouernour would not goe from daiee of Santa Cutifa-chiqui directly thither: And hee made ac"'''" count, that trauelling through a peopled Countrie,

when his men and horses should bee in better plight, and hee were better certified of the truth of the thing, he would returne toward it, by mountaines, and a better inhabited Countrie, Two Clmsti- ^vhereby hee might haue better passage. He sent ana aunt from two Christians from Chiaha with certaine Indians Chiahn to which knew the Countrie of Chisca, and the lannrv c iisca. guage thereof to view it, and to make report of that which they should find; where he told lltem that he would tarrie for them.

Chap. Chap. XVI.


How the Gouernor departed from Chiaha, and at Coste was in danger to haue beene slaine by the hands of the Indians, and by a stratageme escaped the same: And ichut more happened vnto him in this iournie, and hoxc he came to (Jex;a.

,Hen the Gouemour was determined to depart from Chiaha to Coste, he sent for the Cacique to come before him, and with gentle words tooke his leaue of him, and gaue him certaine things, wherewith he rested much contented: In seuen daies hee came to Coste. The second of lulie he command- Costo «euon cd his Campe to be pitched two crossebow shot daies from from the town: and with eight men of his guard Chiaha, chap, he went where he found the Cacique,, which to his thinking receiued him with great loue. As hee was talking with him, there went from the Campe certaine footemen to the towne to seeke some 31aiz, and not contented with it, they ransacked and searched the houses, and tooke what they found. With this despite the Indians began to rise and to take their armes: and some of them with cudgils in their hands, ran vpon fiue or sixc Christians, which had done them wrong, and beat them at their pleasure. The Gouernour seejng them al in an vprore, and himselfe among them with so few Christians, to

escape their hands vsed a stratagem, farre against

hj- u • L e i A wise strata,

is owne disposition, being, as hee was, very Irancke

and open: and though it grieued him very much that any Indian should be so bold, as with reason, or without reason to despise the Christians, he tooke vp a cudgel, and tooke their parts against his owne men; which was a meanes to quiet them: And presently he sent word by a man very secretly to the Campe, that some armed men should come toward the place where he was; and hee tooke the Cacique by the hand, vsing very mild words vnto him, and with some principall Indians that did accompanie him, he drew them out of the towne into a plaine way, and vnto the sight of the Campe, whither by little and little with good discretion the Christians began to come and to gather about them. Thus the Gouernour led the Cacique, and his chiefe men vntill he entred with them into the Campe: and neere vnto his tent, hee commanded them to be put in safe custodie: and told them, that they should not depait without giuing him a guide and Indians for burthens, and till certaine sicke Christians were come, which he


had commanded to come downe the Riuer in canoes from

Chiaha; and those also which he had sent to the Prouince of

Chisca: (for they were not returned; and he feared that the

Indians had slaine the one, and the other.) Within

wore'iMit'to inree daies after, tnose wHich were sent to Chisca seeko Chisca returned, and made report, that the Indians had retume. carried them through a Countrie so poore of Maiz,

tu!nesTM°Un- antj so rou8n, and ouer so high mountaines, that it

was impossible for the armie to trauell that way; and that seeing the way grew very long, and that they lingred

much, they consulted to retume from a little poore towne" P°0re iowne, where they saw nothing that was of any An oxe hide profit, and brought an oxe hide, which the Indians with haire like gaue them, as, thinne as a calues skinne, and the BnTtiomara liaire like a soft wooll, betweene the course and fine Histor. Gene- wooll of sheepe. The Cacique gaue a guide, and raj. cap. 215. men for burdens, and departed with the Gouernours Ta'li, t°.'day leaue* The Gouernour departed from Coste the fromCoate. ninth of lulie, and lodged at a towne called Tali:

The Cacique came foorth to receiue him on the way, and made this speech:

Excellent Lord and Prince, worthie to be serued and obeyed of all the Princes in the world; howsoeuer for the most part by the outward physiognomic, the inward vertue may bee iudged, and that who you are, and of what strength, tvas knowne vnto mee before now: I will not inferre hereupon how meane 1 am in your presence, to hope that my poore seruices will bee gratefull and acceptable: since whereas strength faileth, the will doth not cease to be praised and accepted. And for this cause I presume to request your Lordship, that you will be pleased onely to respect the same, and consider wherein you will command my seruice in this your Countrie.

The Gouernour answered him, that his good will and offer was as acceptable vnto him, as if he had offered him all the treasures of the world, and that hee would alwaies intreate, fauour, and esteeme him as if he were his owne brother. The Cacique commanded prouision necessarie for two daies, while the Gouernour was there, to be brought thither: and at the time of his departure, he gaue him foure women and two men, which hee had need of to beare burthens. The Gouernour trauelled sixe

daies through many townes subiect to the Cacique !facos°wneS ofCo?": & as he entred into his Countrie many

Indians came vnto him euery day from the Cacique, and met him on the way with messages, one going, and another comming. Hee came to Coga vpon Friday, the 26. of Iulie.

The The Cacique came foorth to receiue him two crossebow shot from the towne in a chaire, which his Ss^m principal I men carried on their shoulders, sitting vpon n cushion, and couered with a garment of Marterns, of the fashion and bignes of a womans Marternshuke: hee had on his head a diadem of feathers, and round about him many Indians playing vpon flutes, and singing. Assoone as he came vnio the Gouernour, he did his obeysance, and vttered these words following:

Excellent and mightie Lord, aboue all them of the earth; although I come but note to receiue you, yet I haue receiued you many dales agoe in my heart, to wit, from the day wherein I had first notice of your Lordship; with so gnat desire to serue you, with so great pleasure and contentment, that this which I make shew of, is nothing in regard of that which is in my heart, neither can it haue any kind of comparison. This you may hold for certaine, that to obtaine the dominion of the whole world, would not haue reioyced me so much, as your sight, neither would I haue held it for so great afelicitie. Doe not looke for me to offer you that which is your oivnc: to wit, my person, my lands and subiects: onely I will bnsic my self e in commanding my men with all diligence and due reuerence to welcome you from hence to the towne with playing and singing, where your Lordship shall be lodged find attended vpon by myselfe and them: and all that Ipossesse, your Lordship shall vse as it were your owne. For your Lordship shall doe me a verie great fauour in so doing.

The Gouernour gaue him thankes, and with great ioy they both went conferring together, till they came to the towne: and he commanded his Indians to void ° ownBtheir houses, wherein the Gouernour and his men were lodged. There was in the barnes, and in the fields, great store of Maiz and French Beanes: The Country was greaily inhabited with many great townes, and many sowne tow"fcf.raat fields, which reached from the one to the other. It was pleasant, fat, full of good meadows vpon Riuers. There were in the fields, many Plum trees, aswell of such as grow in Spaine, as of the Countrie: and wild treaen/0f ^TMtall vines, that runne vp the trees; and besides Hers sons, these, there were other low vines with big and Two sorts of sweet grapes; but for want of digging and dress- SraPesing, they had great kirnels in them. The Gouernour vsed to set a guard ouer the Caciques, because they should not absent themselues, and carried them with him, till lie came out of their Countries: because that carrying them along with him, he


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