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all the treasures of the world, that without it are offered, with most unfaileable and manifest affection, I offer you my person, lands, and subiects, and this small seruice.

And therewithal she presented vnto him great store of clothes of the Countrie, which shee brought in other canoes ; to wit, mantles and skinnes; and tooke from her owne necke

a great cordon of perles, and cast it about the A great cordon of perles.

necke of the Gouernour, entertaining him with

very gracious speeches of love and courtesie, and commanded canoes to be brought thither, wherein the Go

uernour and his people passed the River. Asthe Riuer.

soone as bee was lodged in the towne, she sent Cutifa.Chi him another present of many hens. This Counqui.

trie was verie pleasant, fat, and hath goodly mea

dows by, the Riuers. Their woods are thin, and Walnut trees. Sul of walnut trees and Mulberrie trees. Mulbery trees

They for silke. said the sea was two daies journie from thence. The sea two Within a league, and halfe a league about this daies journie off.

towne, were great townes dispeopled, and ouer

growne with grasse ; which shewed, that they had been long without inhabitants. The Indians said, that two yeere before there was a plague in that Countrie, and that they

remooued to other townes. There was in their Mantles of the barkes of

storehouses great quantitie of clothes, mantles of trees. yarne made of the barkes of trees, and others made Mantles of

of feathers, white, greene, red, and yellow, very feathers.

fine after their vse, and profitable for winter. There were also many Deeres skinnes, with many compartiments traced in them, and some of them made into hose, stockings, and shooes. And the Ladie perceiuing, that the Christians esteemed the perles, aduised the Gouernour to send to search certaine graues that were in that towne, and that hee should find many: and that if hee would send to the dispeopled townes, hee might load all his horses. They sought the Three hun.

graues of that towne, and there found fourteene dred ninetie rooues of perles, and little babies and birds made two pounds of of them. The people were browne, well made, pearles found.

and well proportioned, and more ciuill then any others that were seene in all the Countrie of Florida, and all of them went shod and clothed. The youth told the Gouernour, that hee began now to enter into the land which he spake of: and some credit was giuen him that it was so, because hee vnderstood the language of the Indians: and hee requested that he might bee Christened, for he said hee desired to become a Christian : Hee was Christened, and named Peter;


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and the Gouernour commanded him to bee loosed from a chaine, in wbich vntill that time he had gone. This Countrie, as the Indians reported, bad been much inhabited, and had the same of a good Countrie. And, as it seemeth, the youth, which was the Gouernours guide, had heard of it, and that which he knew by heresay, hee affirmed that hee had seene, and augmented at bis pleasure. In this towne was found a dagger, and beades, that belonged to Christians. The In: This towne dians reported, that Christians had beene in the dajes journie hauen, which was two daies journie from this from the hatowne, many yeeres agoe.

Hee that came thither uen of Santa

Helena. was the Governour, the Licenciate Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon, which went to conquer this Countrie, and at his comming to the Port hee ded; and there was a diuision, quarrels and slaughters betweene some 1525. principall men wbich went with bim, for the principall gouernment: And without knowing any thing of the Countrie, they returned home to Hispaniola. All the Companie thought it good to inhabit that Countrie, be

It is in 32. cause it was in temperat climate: And that if it

degrees. were inhabited, al the shippes of New Spaine, of Peru, Santa Martha, and Tierra firme, in their returne for Spaine, might well touch there : because it was in their way; and because it was a good Countrie, and sited fit to raise commoditie. The Gouernour, since his intent was to seeke another treasure, like that of Atabalipa Lord of Peru, was not contented with a good Countrie, nor with pearles, though many of them were worth their weight in gold. And if the Countrie had been diuided among the Christians, those which the Indians had fished for afterward, would haue been of more value: for those which they had, because they burned them in the fire, did leese their colour. The Gouernour answered them, that vrged him to inhabit, That in all the Countrie, there were not victuals to sustaine his men one moneth; and that it was needfull to resort to the Port of Ocus, where Maldanado was to stay for them: and that is no richer Countrie were found, they might returne againe to that whensoeuer they would: and in the meane time the Indians would sow their fields, and it would be better furnished with Maiz. He inquired of the Indians, whether they had notice of any great Lord farther into the land. They told him, that 12. daies journies from thence, Chiaha 12. there was a Prouince called Chiaha, subiect to the dajes journie Lord of Coça. Presently the Gouernour deter- from Santa

Helena : and mined to seeke that land. And being a sterne

Coste 7. daies man, and of few words, though he was glad to sist journio from


Chiala : at and know the opinion of all men, yet after hee had
which towne deliuered his owne, hee would not be contraried,
of Coste, they and alwaies did what liked bimselfe, and so all men
had an oxo
hide: Chap.16 did condescend vnto his will. And though it

seemed an errour to leaue that Countrie, (sor others might haue been sought round about, where the people might baue been sustained, vntill the baruest had been readie there, and the Maiz gathered) yet there was none that would say any thing against him, after they knew his resolution.

How the Gouernour departed from Cutifa-Chiqui to seeke

the Prouince of Coça; and what happened unto him in

the way.


He Gouernour departed from Cutifa-Chiqui the third
day of May. And because the Indians had reuolted,

and the will of the Ladie was perceiued, that if she could, she would depart without giuing any guides or men for burdens, for the wrongs which the Christians had done to the Indians: (for there neuer want some among many of a base sort, that for a little gaine doe put themselues and others in danger of vndoing.) The Gouernour commanded her to be kept in safegard, and carried with him, not with so good vsage as she deserued for ye good wil she shewed, and good entertainement that she had made him. And he verified that old prouerb which saith; For weldoing I receive euill. And so he carried her on foot with his bondwomen to looke vnto her. In all the townes where the Gouernour passed, the Ladie commanded the Indians to come and carrie the burdens from one towne to another. We passed through her Countrie an hundred leagues, in which, as we saw, she was much obeyed. For the Indians did all that she commanded them with great efficacie and diligence. Peter the youth that was our guide, said, that she was not the Ladie her selfe, but a neece of hers, which came to that towne to execute certaine principal men by commandement of the Ladie, which had withheld her tribute : which words were not beleeued, because of the lies which they had found in him before: but they bare with all things, because of the need which they had of him, to declare what the Indians said. In seuen daies space the Gouernour came to a

Prouince called Chalaque, the poorest Country of Chalaque se- Maiz that was seene in Florida. The Indians fed uen dajes iournie from vpon rootes and herbes which they seeke in the


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fields, and vpon wild beasts, which they kil with Chutif a.Chitheir bowes and arrowes : and is a verie gentle qui. people. All of them goe naked, and are very leane. There was a Lord, which for a great present, brought the Gouernour two Deeres skins : and there were in that Countrie

many wild hennes. In one towne they made him a present of

700. Hennes. 700. hennes, and so in other townes they sent him those which they had or could get. From this Prouince to another, which is called Xualla, he spent fiue dajes :

Xualla 5. daies here he found very little Maiz; and for this cause, off. though the people were wearied, and the horses very weake, he staied no more but two daies. From Ocute to Cutifa-chiqui, may bee some hundred and thirtie leagues, whereof 80. are wildernesse. From Cutifa-chiqui to Xualla, two hundred and fistie, and it is an billie Countrie. The Gouernour departed from Xualla toward Guaxule : he passed very rough and hie hilles. In that iournie, hie hilles.

Rough and the Ladie of Cutifa-chiqui (whom the Gouernour carried with him, as is afore said, with purpose to carrie her to Guaxule, because her territorie reached thither) going on a day with the bondwomen which lead her, went out of the way, and entred into a wood, saying, she went to ease her selfe, and so she deceiued them, and hid her selfe in the wood; and though they sought her they could not find her. She carried away with her a little chest made of canes in manner of a coffer, which they call Petaca, full of vnbored perles. Some which could judge of them, said, that they were of great value. An Indian woman that waited on her did carrie them. The Gouernour not to discontent her altogether, left them with her, making account that in Guaxule he would ask them of her, when he gaue her leaue to returne: which coffer she carried away, and went to Xualla with three slaues which fled from the Campe, and onc horseman which remained behind, who falling sicke of an ague went out of the way, and was lost. This man, whose name was Alimamos, dealt with the slaues to change their euill purpose, and returne with him to the Christians: which two of them did; and Alimamos and they ouertooke the Gouernour 50. leagues from thence in a Prouince called Chiaha; and reported how the Ladie remained in Xualla with a slaue of Andrew de Vasconcellos, which would not come backe with them, and that of a certaintie they liued as man and wife together, and meant to goe both to Cutifa-chiqui. Within fiue daies the Gouernour came to Guaxule. The

daies oft', Indians there gaue him a present of 300. dogges, because they saw the Christians esteeme them, and sought them


Guaxule fiue

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to feed on them: for among them they are not eaten. lo Guaxule, and all that way, was very little Maiz. The Gouernour sent from thence an Indian with a message to the Cacique of Chiaha, to desire him to gather some Maiz thither, that he might rest a few daies in Chiaha. The Gouernour deCanasagua

parted from Guaxule, and in two daies journie came two daies journie off.

io a towne called Canasagua. There met him on Great store of the way 20. Indians every one loaden with a basket Mulberrie ful of Mulberries: for there be many, and those trees to make silke.

very good, from Cutifa-chiqui thither, and so for

ward in other Prouinces, and also nuts and plummes. And the trees grow in the fields without planting or dressing them, and as big and as rancke, as though they grew in gardens digged and watered. From the time that the Gouernour departed from Canasagua, hee journied fiue daies through a desert; and two leagues before hee came to Chiahu, there met him 15. Indians loaden with Maiz, which the Cacique had sent; and they told him on his behalfe, that he waited bis comining with 20. barnes full of it; and farther, that himselse, his Countrie, and subiects, Iune 5. & al things els were at his seruice. On the 5. day Chiaha fiue of lune, the Gouernour entred into Chiaha: The daies iournie Cacique voided bis owne houses, in which he lodged, leagues from & receiued him with much ioy, saying these words Xualla. following:

Mightie and excellent Lord, I hold my selfe for so happic a man, in that it hath pleased your Lordship to vse me, that nothing could haue happened unto me of more contentment, nor that I would haue esteemed so much. From Guaxule your Lordship sent unto me, that I should prepare Maiz for you in this towne for two moneths: Here I haue for you 20. barnes full of the choicest that in all the Countrie could be found. If your Lordship bee not entertained by me in such sort, as is fit for so hie a Prince, respect my tender age, which excuseth me from blame, and receiue my good wil, which with much loyaltie, truth, and sinceritie, I will alwaies shew in any thing, which shall concerne your Lordships seruice.

The Gouernor answered him, that he thaoked him very much for his seruice and offer, and that he would alwaies account him The fat of

as his brother. There was in this towne much but-
ter in gourds melted like oile: they said it was the

fat of beares. There was found also great store of Oile of Wal. oile of walnuts, which was cleare as butter, and of

a good taste, and a pot full of honie of bees, which
Honie of neither before nor afterward was seene in all the
Countrie. The towne was an Island betweene two




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