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away, were not able to row. Hauing passed the feare & danger of the storme, bebolding the deformities of their faces, and the blowes which they gaue themselues to driue them away, one of them laughed at another. They met all together in the A skumme of creek where the two brigandines were, which out

went their fellowes. There was found a skumme, pitch, called which they call Copee, which the Sea castetb vp, Copee.

and it is like pitch, wherewith in some places, where pitch is wanting, they pitch their ships: there they pitched their brigandines. They rested two daies, and then estsoones proceeded on their voyage. They sailed two daies more, and

landed in a Bay or arme of the Sea, where they Another deep staied two daies. The same day that they went bay.

from thence sixe men went vp in a canoe toward the head of it, and could not see the end of it. They put out from thence with a South winde, which was against them: but because it was little, and for the great desire they had to shorten their voyage, they put out to sea by force of oares, and for all that made very little way with great labour in two daies, and

went vnder the lee of a small Island into an arme A small Island of the Sea, which compassed it about. While they were there, there fell out such weather, that they gaue God many thankes, that they found out such an harbour. There was

great store of fish in that place, which they tooke with Great store of

nets, which they had, and hookes. Heere a man cast

an hooke and a line into the Sea, and tied the end of it to his arme, and a fish caught it, and drew bim into the water vnto the necke: and it pleased God that hee remembred him

selfe of a knife that he had, and cut the line with it.

There they abode fourteene daies : and at the end daies abode in of them it pleased God to send them faire weather, this place.

for which with great deuotion they appointed a procession, and went in procession along the strand, beseeching God to bring them to a land, where they might serue him in better sort.

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How they came to the Riuer of Panuco

in Nueua Espanna.


N all the coast wheresouer they digged they found fresh water: there they filled their vessels; and the procession being ended, embarked themselues, and going alwaies in sight of the shore they sailed sixe daies. Tohn Danusco said that

Six daies it would doe well to beare out to seaward : for he

sailing. had seene the Seacard, and remembred that from Rio de las Palmas forward the coast did runne from North to South, and thitherto they had runne from East to West, and in his opinion, by his reckoning, Rio de las Palmas could not be farre off, from where they were. That same night they put to sea, and in the morning they saw Palme leaues Aloting, and the coast, which ranne North and Floting of

Palme leaues. South : from midday forward they saw great Moun

Great mountaines, which vntill then they had not seene: for from this place to Puerto de Spiritu Santo, where they first landed in Florida, was a very plaine and Al the Northlow countrey: and therefore it cannot be descried, Gulfe of vnlesse a man come very neere it. By that which Mexico is ve. they saw, they thought that they had ouershot Rio rie low land, de Palmas that night, which is 60 leagues from the one place.

saue in this Riuer of Panuco, which is in Nucua Espanna. They assembled all together, and some said it was not good to saile by night, lest they should ouershoot the Riuer of Panuco : and others said, it was not well to lose time while it was fauourable, and that it could not be so neere that they should passe it that night: and they agreed to take away halfe the sailes, and so saile all night. Two of the brigandines, which sailed that night with all their sailes, by breake of day had ouershot the Riuer of Panuco without seeing it. of the fiue that came behind, the first that came vnto it was that wherein Calderan was Captaine. A quarter of a league before they came at it, and before they did see it, they saw the water muddie, and knew it to be fresh water: and comming right against the Riuer, they saw, where it entred into the Sea, that the water brake vpon a shold. And because there was no man there that knew it, they were in doubt whether they should goe in, or goe along, and they resolued to goe in: and before they came vnto the current,


they went close to the shore, and entred into the port : and

soone ey were come in, they saw Indian men and women apparelled like Spaniards : whom they asked in what countrey

they were? They answered in Spanish, that it The River of Panuco: the

was the River of Panuco, and that the towne of towne 15. the Christians was 15 leagues vp within the land. leagues from The ioy that all of them receiued vpon these the mouth of the Riuer.

newes cannot sufficiently be expressed : for it

seemed vnto them, that at that instant they were borne again. And many went on shore and kissed the ground, and kneeling on their knees, with lifting vp their hands and eyes to heaven, they all ceased not to giue God thankes. Those which came after, assoone as they saw Calderan come to an anchor with his brigandine in the Riuer, presently went tbither, and came into the hauen. The other two brigandines which had ouershot the place, put to sea to returne backe to seeke the rest, and could not doe it, because the winde was contrarie and the Sea growne: they were afraid of being cast away, and recouering the shore they cast anchor. While they rode there a storme arose: and seeing that they could not abide there, much lesse endure at Sea, they resolued to runne on shore ; and as the brigandines were but small, so did they draw but little water; and where they were it was a sandie coast. By which occasion the force of their sailes draue them on shore, without any hurt of them that were in them. As those that were in the port of Panuco at this time were in great ioy; so these felt a double griefe in their hearts: for they knew not what was become of their fellowes, nor in what countrey they were, and feared it was a countrey of Indian enemies. They landed two leagues below the port : and when they saw themselues out of the danger of the Sea, euery one tooke of that which he bad, as much as he could carrie on bis backe: and they trauelled vp into the countrey, and found Indians, which told them where their fellowes were; and gaue them good entertainment: wherewith their sadnes was turned into ioy, and they thanked God most humbly for their deliuerance out of so many dangers.


CHAP. XLII. How they came to Panuco, and how they were receiued of

the inhabitants.

Rom the time that they put out of Rio Grande to the sea, at their departure from Florida, votil they arriued in the River of Panuco were 52. daies. They came into the Riuer

of Panuco ihe 10. of September, They arrived 1543. They went vp the River with their bri- in the River of

Panuco, 1543. gandines. They trauelled foure daies; and because Septem. 10. the wind was but little, and many times it serued them not, because of the many turnings which the Riuer maketh, and the great current, drawing them vp by towing, and that in many places; for this cause they made very little way, and with great labour: and seeing the execution of their desire to be deferred, which was to come among Christians, and to see the celebration of diuine seruice, which so long time they had not seene; they left the brigandines with the mariners, and went by land to Panuco. All of them were apparelled in Deeres skins tanned and died blacke, to wit, cotes, hose, and shooes. When they came to Panuco, presently they went to the Church to pray and giue God thankes, that so miraculousely had saued them. The townesmen which before were aduertised by the Indians, and knew of their arriual, caried some of them to their houses, and entertained them, whom they knew, and had acquaintance of, or because they were their Countrimen. The Alcalde Mayor tooke the Gouernour home to his house : and commanded al the rest, assoone as they came, to be lodged 6. & 6. and 10. & 10. according to the habilitie of euery townesman. And all of them were prouided for by their hostes of many hennes and bread of Maiz, and fruites of the Countrie, which are such as be in the Isle of Cuba, whereof before I haue spoken. The towne of Panuco may

The descrip

tion of Pacontaine aboue 70. families; the most of their houses are of lime and stone, and some made of timber, and all of them are thatched. It is a poore Countrie, and there is neither gold nor siluer in it: The inhabitants live there in great abundance of victuals and seruants. The richest haue not aboue 500. crownes rent a yeere, and that is in cotten clothes, hennes, and Maiz, which the Indians their seruants doe giue them for tribute. There arriued there of those that came out



311. Christians of Florida, three hundred and eleuen Christians. arrived at Pa. Presently the Alcalde Mayor sent one of the towns

men in post to aduertise the Viceroy, Don Antonio de Mendoça, which was resident in Mexico, that of ye people that went with Don Ferdinando de Soto 10 discouer and conquer Florida, three hundred and eleuen men were arived there, that seeing they were imploied in his Maiesties seruice, he would take some order to prouide for them. Whereat the Viceroy, and all the inhabitants of Mexico wondred. For they thought they were miscarried, because they had trauelled so farre within The maine land of Florida, and had no newes of them for so long a time: and it seemed a wonderfull thing vnto them, how they could saue theinselues so long among Infidels, without any fort, wherein they might_fortifie themselues, and without any other succour at all. Presently the Viceroy sent a warrant, wherein hee comināded, that whithersoeuer they sent, they should giue them victuals, and as many Indians for their cariages as they needed : and where they would not furnish them, they might take those things that were necessarie perforce without incurring any danger of law. This warrant was so readilie obeyed, that by the way before they came to the townes, they came to receiue them with hennes, and victuals.

Of the fauour which they found at the hands of the Vice

roy, and of the inhabitants of the Citie of Mexico.

Rom Panuco to the great Citie of Temistitan Mexico is 60. leagues, and other 60. froin Panuco to the Port de Vera Cruz, where they take take shipping for Spaine, and those that come

from Spaine do land to go for Nueua Espanna. These three townes stand in a triangle: to wit, Vera Cruz, to the South, Panuco to the North, and Mexico to the West, 60. leagues asunder. The Countrie is so inhabited with Indians, that from towne to towne, those which are farthest, are but a league, and halfe a league asunder. Some of them that came from Florida staied a moneth in Panuco to rest themselues, others fifteene daies, and every one as long as he listed : for there was none that shewed a sower countenance to his guests, but rather gaue them any thing that they had, and seemed to be grieued when they took their leaue. Which was to be beleeued. For the victuals, which the Indians doe pay them for tribute, are more then they can spend : and in that towne is no commerce; and there dwelt but few Spaniards there, and they were glad of their companie. The Alcalde Mayor diuided all


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