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Nilco, the Gouernour examined them, and they confessed it was true. Hee deliuered them presently to the principall man of Guachoya, which drew them out of the towne and killed them. Another day came some from Taguanate, and confessed it likewise. The Gouernour commanded their right ,. Huvj'a „„ hands and noses to be cut off, and sent them to the

hands and no- . ... i r, 1

ses of iraitours Cacique, wherewith they of Guachoya remained cut off. very well contented: and they came oftentimes

Hogges in with presents of mantles and fish, and hogs, which

bred in the Countrie of some swine that were lost by the way the last yeere. Assoone as the waters were slaked, they perswaded the Gouernour to send to Taguanate: They came and brought canoes, wherein the footemen were conueied downe the Riuer, and aCaptaine with horsemen went by land;

and the Indians of Guachoya, which guided him, iiiken?nat° tll l they came to Taguanate, assaulted the towne,

and took many men and women, and mantles, which with those that they had alreadie were sufficient to supplie their want. The brigandines being finished in the moneth

of Iune, the Indians hauing told vs, That the RiThe'Riucr in- uer increased but once a yeere, when the snowes creaseth but did melt, in the time wherein I mentioned it had once a yeere alreadie increased, being now in sommer, and eno^es doe hauing not rained a long time, it pleased God, that melt in March the flood came vp to the towne to seeke the briandAprill. gandines, from whence they carried them by water

fciden" io the Riuer- Whicb,if theyhad eone by land,

had been in danger of breaking and splitting their keeles, and to bee all vndone; because that for want of iron, the spikes were short, and the planckes and timber were very weake. The Indians of Minoya, during the time that they were there, came to serue them (being driuen thereunto by necessity) that of the Maiz which they had taken from them, they would bestow some crummes vpon them. And because the Countrie was fertill, and the people vsed to feed of Maiz, and the Christians had gotten all from them that they had, and the people were many, they were not able to sustaine themselues. Those which came to the towne were so weake and feeble, that they had no flesh left on their bones: and many came and died neere the towne for pure hunger and weaknesse. The Gouernour commanded vpon grieuous punishments to giue them no Maiz. Yet, when they saw that the hogges wanted it not, and that they had yeelded themselues to serue them, fo considering their miserie and wretchednes, hauing pity of the, they gaue them part of the Maiz which they had. And when the time of their

embarkment embarkment came, there was not sufficient to serue their owne turnes. That which there was, they put into the brigandines, and into great canoes tied two and two together. They shipped 22. of the best horses, that were in the Camp, the rest they made dried flesh of; and dressed the hogges which they had in like manner. They departed from Minoya the second day of Iulie, 1543.


As the Christians went downe the great Riuer on their voyage, the Indians o/Quigalta did set vpon them, and ivhat was the successe thereof.

THe day before they departed from Minoya, they determined to dismisse al the men & women of the Countrie, which they had detained as slaues to serue them, saue some hundred, little more or lesse, which the Gouernour embarked, and others whom it pleased him to permit. And because there were many men of qualitie, whom he could not deny that which he granted to others, he vsed a policy, saying, that they, might serue them as long as they were in the Riuer, but when they came to the sea, they must send them away for want of water, because they had but few vessels. He told his friends in secret, that they should carrie theirs to Nueua Espanna: And all those whom hee bare no good will vnto (which were the greater number) ignorant of that which was hidden from them, which afterward time discouered, thinking it inhumanitie for so little time of seruice, in reward of the great seruice that they had done them, to carrie them with them, to leaue them slaues to other men out of their owne Countries; left Cue hundred men and women; among whom 500. slaues were many boies and girles, which spake & vnder- countrie? stood the Spanish tongue. The most of them did nothing but weepe: which mooued great compassion; seeing that all of them with good will would haue become Christians, and were left in state of perdition. There went Th saile from Minoya 322 Spaniards in seuen brigandines, down Rio well made, saue that the plankes were thin, because Grande from the nailes were short, and were not pitched, nor ^""'before had any decks to keep the water from comming in. tbey came to In stead of decks they laid planks, whereon the tn8 mouth mariners might runne to trim their sailes, and the t ereo' people might refresh themselues aboue and below. The Gouernour

uernour made his Captaines, and gaue to euery one his brigandine, and took their oth and their word, that they would obey him, vntill they came to the land of the Christians. The Gouemour tooke one of the brigandines for himself, which he best liked. The same day that they departed from Minoya, they passed by Guachoya, where the Indians tarried for them in canoes by the Riuer. And on the shore, they had made a great arbour with boughes: They desired him to come on shore; but he excused himselfe, and so went along: The Indians in their canoes accompanied him; and comming where an arme of the Riuer declined on the right hand, they said, that the Prouince of Quigalta was neere vnto that place, and importuned the Gouernour to set vpon him, and that they would aide him. And because they had said, that he dwelt three daies iournie downe the Riuer, the Gouernour supposed that they had plotted some treason against him, and there left them; and went downe with the greatest force of the water. The current was very strong, and with the helpe of ores, they went very swiftly. The first day they landed in a wood on the left hand of the Riuer, and at night they withdrew themselues to the The tecon brigandines. The next day they came to a towne, where they went on shore, and the people that was in it durst not tarrie. A woman that they tooke there being examined, said, that that towne belonged to uaacne. a (jacique named Huasene, subiect to Quigalta, and that Quigalta tarried for them below in the Riuer with many men. Certaine horsemen went thither, and found some houses, wherein was much Maiz. Immediately more of them went thither and tarried there one day, in which not er ay. ^ Jij Deate out, an£l tooke as much Maiz as

they needed: While they were there, many Indians came from the nether part of the Riuer, and on the other side right against them somewhat carelessely set themselues in order to fight. The Gouernour sent in two canoes the crossebowmen that he had, and as many more as could goe in them. They ran away, and seeing the Spaniards could not ouertake them, they returned backe, and tooke courage; and comming neerer, making an outcrie, they threatned them: and assoone as they departed thence, they went after them, some in canoes, and some by land along the Riuer; and getting before, comming to a towne that stood by the Riuers side, they ioyned al together, making a shew that they would tarrie there. Euerie brigandine towed a canoe fastened to their sternes for their particular seruice. PreA towne bur- sently there entred men into euerie one of them, ned. which made the Indians to flie, and burned the

towne. towne. The same day they presently landed in a great field,

where the Indians durst not tarrie. The next day

there were gathered together an hundred canoes, * ir ay

among which were some that carried 60. and 70. A fleete of an

men, and the principall mens canoes had their hundred faire

tilts, and plumes of white and red feathers for their a1£esgreiit ca*

ensignes: and they came within two crossebowshot

of the brigandines, and sent three Indians in a small canoe with

a fained message to view the manner of the brigandines, and

what weapons they had. And comming to the side of the Go

uernours brigandine, one of the Indians entred, and said:

That the Cacique of Quigalta his Lord, sent him his commendations, and did let him vnderstand, that all that the Indians q/*Guachoya had told him concerning himselfe, was false, and that they had incensed him, because they were his enemies; that he was his seruant, and should jind him so.

The Gouernour answered him, that he beleeued all that he said was true, and willed him to tell him, that he esteemed his friendship very much. With this answer they returned to the place where the rest in their canoes were waiting for them, and from thence all of them fell downe, and came neere the Spaniards, shouting aloud, and threatning of them. The Gouernour sent lohn de Guzman, which had been a Captaine of footemen in Florida, with 15. armed men in canoes to make them giue way. Assoone as the Indians saw them come towards them, they diuided themselues into two parts, and stood still till the Spaniards came nie them, and when they were come neere them, they ioyned together on both sides, taking lohn de Guzman in the middest, and them that came first with him, and with great furie borded them: And as their canoes were bigger, and many of them leaped into the water to stay them, and to lay hold on the canoes of the Spaniards, and ouerwhelme them; so presently they ouerwhelmed them. The Christians fell into the water, and with the weight of their armour sunke downe to the bottome: and some few, that by swimming or holding by the canoe could haue saued themselues, with oares and staues, which they had, they strooke them on the head and made them sinke. When they of the brigandines saw the ouerthrow, though they went about to succour them, yet through the current of the Riuer they could not goe backe. Foure Spaniards fled to the brigandine that was neerest to the canoes; and only these escaped of those that came among the Indians. They were eleuen that died there: among whom ^rdtTdrowIohn de Guzman was one, and a sonne of Don ne&. Carlos, called lohn de Vargas: the rest also were The death of

persons Iohn de Guz- persons of accout and men of great courage. Those that escaped by swimming, said, that they saw the Indians enter the canoe of Iohn de Guzman at the sterne of one of their canoes, and whether they carried him away dead or alive they could not certainly tell.



Which declareth how they were pursued
by the Indians.

, He Indians, seeing that they had gotten the victorie, tooke such courage, that they assaulted them in the brigandines, which they durst not doe before. They came first to that brigandine wherein Calderon went for Captaine, and was in the rereward: and at the first volie of arrowes they wounded wounded!" " ^ men- There were only foure armed men in this brigandine: these did stand at the brigandines side to defend it. Those that were vnarmed, seeing how they hurt them, left their oares and went vnder the deck: whereupon the brigandine began to crosse, and to goe where the current of the streame carried it. One of the armed men seeing this, without the commandement of the Captaine, made a footman to take an oare and stirre the brigandine, hee standing beThe great vse fore him and defending him with his target. The ° Jrge tar- Indians came no neerer then a bowshot, from from whence they offended and were not offended, receiuing no hurt: for in euery brigandine was but one crossebow, and those which wee had were very much out of order. So that the Christians did nothing else but stand for a butte to receiue their arrowes. Hauing left this brigandine they went to another, and fought with it halfe an houre; and so from one to another they fought with them all. The Christians had mattes to lay vnder them, which were double, and so close and strong, Stro maU that no arrow went thorow them. And assoone as a good de- the Indians gaue them leisure, they fensed the brifence against gandines with them. And the Indians seeing that arrowes. they could not shoote leuell, shot their arrowes at randon vp into the aire, which fell into the brigandines, and hurt some of the men: and not therewith contented, they sought to get to them which were in the canoes with the horses. Those of the brigandines enuironed them to defend them, and tooke them among them. Thus seeing themselues much vexed by


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