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West, of necessitie they should come where hee had been. For he said, That in a certain place he trauelled many daies, and cntred into the land toward the North. And in Guasco they had alreadie found some Turkie stones, and mantles of cotton wooll: which the Indians signi- ^^uism"" fied by signes that they had from the West: and of cotton that holding that course they should draw neere to w°o11 found in the land of the Christians. But though they were u"comuch discontented with it, and it grieued many to goe backward, which would rather haue aduentured their liues and haue died in the land of Florida, then to haue gone poore out of it: yet were they not a sufficient part to hinder that which was determined, because the principall men agreed with the Gouernour. And afterward there was one that said, hee would put out one of his owne eyes, to put out another of Luis de Moscoso; because it would grieue him much to see him prosper: because aswell himself as others of his friends had crossed that which hee durst not haue done, seeing that within two daies he should leaue the gouernment. From Daycao, where now they were, to Riogrande, or the Great Riuer, was 150 leagues: which vnto that place they had gone Westward, brtweenethe And by the way as they returned backe they had Riuer of Daymuch adoe to find Maiz to eate: for where they ca°. "d Ri° had passed, the countrey was destroyed: and some gran elittle Maiz that was left the Indians had hidden. Naeuatei The townes which in Naguatex they had burned (whereof it repented them) were repaired againe, and the houses full of Maiz. This countrie is well inhabited and plentifull. In that place are vessels made of clay, which differ very little from those of Estremoz, or Monte- Fin6 earthen mor. In Chaguate the Indians by commandement chaeuate of the Cacique came peaceably, and said, that the Christian which remained there would not come. The Gouernour wrote vnto him, and sent him inke and paper that he might answere. The substance of the words of the letter was to declare vnto him his determination, which was, to goe out of the land of Florida, and to put him in remembrance that he was a Christian, that he was a Christian, that hee would not remaine in the subiection of Infidels, that hee pardoned him the fault which he had done in going away to the Indians, that hee should come vnto him: and if they did stay him, that hee would aduertise him thereof by writing. The Indian went with the letter, and came again without any more answere, then, on the backe side, his name and his seale, that they might know he was aliue. The Gouernour sent twelue horsemen to seeks

him: him: but ho, which had his spies, so hid himselfe, that they could not find him. For want of Maiz the Gouernour could not stay any longer to seeke him. Hee departed from Chaguete, and passed the Kiuer by Aays; going ays* downe by it hee found a towre called Chilano,

ii ano. which as yet they had not seen. They came to

Nilco, & found so little Maiz, as could not suffice till they made tlnir ships; because the Christians, being in Guachoya in the seede time, the Indians for feare of them durst not come to sow the grounds of Nilco: and they knew not thereabout any other commie where any Maiz was: and that was the most fruitfull soile that was thereaway, and where they had most hope to finde it. Euery one was confounJed, and the most part thought it bad counsell to come backe from the Riuer of Daycao, and not to haue followed their fortune, going that way that went ouer land. For by Sea it seemed impossible to saue themselues, vnlesse God would worke a miracle for them: for there was neither Pilot, nor Sea-chart, neither did they know where the Riuerentred into the Sea, neither had they notice of it, neither had they any thing wherewith to make sailes, nor any store of Enequem, which is a grasse whereof they make Okam, which grew there: and that which they found they saued to calke the Pinaces withall, neither had they any thing to pitch them withall: neither could they make ships of such substance, but that any storme would put the in great danger: and they feared much it would fall out with them, as it did with Famphilo de Nantaez, which was cast away vpon that coast: And aboue all other it troubled them most, that they could finde no Maiz: for without it they could not bee sustained, nor could doe any thing that they had neede of. All of them were put to great confusion. Their chiefe remedy was to commit themselues to God, and to beseech him that he would direct them the way that they might saue their liues. And it pleased him of his goodnesse, that the Indians of Nilco came peaceablie, and told them, that two daies iourney from thence, neere vnto the Great Riuer, were two townes, whereof the Christians had no notice, and that the prouince was called Minoya, and was a fruitfull soile: that, whether at this present there was any Maiz or no, they knew not, because they had warre with them: but that they would be very glad with the fauour of the Christians to goe and spoyle fhem. The Gouernour sent a Captaine thither with horsemen and footmen, and the Indians of Nilco with him. Hee came to Minoya, and found two great townes Two°great seated in a plaine and open soile, halfe a league townes. distant, one in sight of another, and in them he

tooke tooke many Indians, and found great store of Maiz. Presently be lodged in one of them, and sent word to the Gouernour what hee had found: wherewith they were all exceeding glad. They departed from Nilco in the beginning of December; and all that way, and before from Chilano, they TM° ^q'8endured much trouble: for they passed through ceraber. many waters, and many times it rained with a Raine wit-„ Northren winde, and was exceeding cold, so that Northron they were in the open field with water ouer and w.ind e*oeevnderneath them: and when at the end of their 1Dg co daies iourney they found drie ground to rest vpon, they gaue great thanks to God. With this trouble almost all the Indians that serued them died. And after they were in Minoya, many Christians also died: and the most part were sicke of great and dangerous diseases, which had a spice of the lethargic At this place died Andrew de Vasconcelos, and two Portugals of Eluas, which were very neere him: Jha death of which were brethren, and by their surname called c"ncrXs. **Sotis. The Christians lodged in one of the townes, which they liked best: which was fensed about, and distant a quarter of a league from the Great Riuer. The Maiz that was in the other towne was brought thither; and in all it was esteemed to bee 6000. hanegs or bushels. And there was the best timber to make ships, that they had seene in all the land of Florida: wherefore all of them gaue God great thankes for so singular a fauour, and hoped that that which they desired would take effect, which was, that they might safely bee conducted into the land of the Christians.

Chap. XXXVI.

How there were seuen Brigandines builded, and how they departed from Minoya.

Ssoone as they came to Minoya, the Gouernor commanded them to gather all the chaines together, which euerie one had to lead Indians in; and to gather al the yron which they had for their prouision, and al the rest that was in the Camp: and to set vp a forge to make nailes, and commanded them to cut downe timber for the brigandines. And a Portugall of Ceuta, who hauing bin a prisoner in Fez, had learned to saw timber with a long saw, which for such purposes they had carried with them, did teach others, which helped him to saw timber. And

a a Genowis, whom it pleased God to preserue (fur without him they had neuer come out of the countrie: for there was neuer another that could make ships but hee) with foure or fiue other Biscaine carpenters, which hewed his plancks and other timbers, made the brigandines: And two calkers, the one of Genua, the other of Sardinia did calke them with the tow of an hearb like hempe, whereof before I haue made mention, which there ^n«o.,.~;.... is named Enequen. And because there was not


hnpquon is an T

hcrbe like enough of it, they calked them with the flaxe of Hempe. the Countrie, and with the mantles, which they

Flaxe of the rauelled for that purpose. A cooper which they countno. had among them fell sicke, and was at the point of death : and there was none other that had any skill in that trade: it pleased God to send him his health: And albeit he was verie weake, and could not labour; yet 15. daies before they departed, he made for euery brigandine two halfe hogs heads, which the mariners call quarterets, because foure of them hold a pipe of water. The Indians which dwelt two daies iournie aboue Ta nate the Riuer in a Prouince called Taguanate, and two daiea likewise those of Nilco and Guacoya, and others iourney aboue their neighbours seeing the brigandines in making, inoya. thinking, because their places of refuge are in the water, that they were to goe to seeke them: and because the Gouernour demanded mantles of them, as necessarie for sailes, came many times, and brought many mantles, and great store of fish. And for certaine it seemed that God was willing to fauour them in so great necessitie, moouing the minds of the Indians to bring them: for to goe to take them, they were neuer able. For in the towne where they were, assoone as winter came in, they were so inclosed and compassed with water, y* they could go no farther by land, then a league, & a league &

an half. And if they would go falher, they could of horses. *" carrie no horses, & without the they were not able

to fight with the Indians, because they were many: and so many for so many on foote they had the aduantage of them by water and by land, because they were more apt and lighter, and by reason of the disposition of the Countrie, which was according to their desire for the vse of their warre. They brought also some cords, and those which wanted for cables

were made of the barkes of Mulberrie trees. They trees.6"18 made stirrops of wood, & made ankers of their

stirrops. In the moneth of March, when it had The mightie rained a moneth before, the Riuer grew so big, that thTtUuerBfor i* came to Nilco, which was nine leagues off: and two moneths on the other side, the Indians said, that it reached

other other nine leagues into the land. In the towne »Pace,t0 w,'. where the Christians were, which was somewhat Apr^1arch *nd high ground, where they could best goe, the water reached to the stirrops. They made certaine rafts of timber, and laid manie boughes vpon them, whereon they set their horses, and in the houses they did the like. But seeing that nothing preuailed, they went vp to the lofts: and if they went out of the houses, it was in canoes, or on horseback in those places where the ground was hiest. So they were two moneths, and could doe nothing, during which time the Riuer decreased not. The Indians ceased not to come vnto the brigantines as they were wont, and came in canoes. At that time the Gouernour feared they would set vpon him. Hee commanded his men to take an Indian secretly of those that came to the towne, and to stay him till the rest were gone: and they tooke one. The Gouernour commanded him to bee put to torture, to make him confesse, whether the Indians did practise any treason or no. ^.he _ran(i Hee confessed that the Caciques of Nilco, Gua- conspiracie of choya, & Taguanate, and others, which in al were the Indians about 20. Caciques, with a great number of people, christians determined to come vpon him; and that three daies before, they would send a great present of fish to colour their great treason and malice, and on the verie day they would send some Indians before with another present: And these with those which were our slaues, which were of their conspiracie also, should set the houses on fire, and first ° e we' of all possesse themselues of the lances which stood at the doores of the houses; and the Caciques with all their men should bee neere the towne in ambush in the wood, and when the saw the fire kindled, should come, and make an end of the conquest. The Gouernour commanded the Indian to be kept in a chaine, and the selfe same day that he spake of, there came 30. Indians with fish. Hee commanded their right .

hands to be cut off, and sent them so backe to the angir0tfeth"-caCacique of Guachoya, whose men they were. He ciqueofUuasent him word, that he and the rest should come choya hauo when they would, for he desired nothing more, and hanfo'cutfoff. that hee should know, that they thought not any thing which he knew not before they thought of it. Hereupon they all were put in a very great feare: And the Caciques of Nilco and Taguanate came to excuse themselues: and a few daies after came he of Guachoya, and a principal Indian and his subiect, said, he knew by certaine information, That the Caciques of Nilco and Taguanate were agreed to come and make warre vpon the Christians. Assoone as ye Indians came from

Nilco, Vol. IV.—No. 1. 8

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