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he came, sent many Indians before him, among whom there were some principall men: hee sent them to see what countenance they found in the Gouernour, to resolue with himselfe whether hee should goe or not. The Indians let him vnderstand, that he was comming, and went away presently: and the Cacique came within two houres accompanied with many of his men: they came all in a ranke one before another on both sides, leauing a lane in the middest where hee came. They came where the Gouernour was, all of them weepTulla not far ing after the manner of Tulla, which was not farre te^Easfward ^rom tnence toward the East. The Cacique made his due obedience, and this speech following:

Right high and mightie Lord, whom all the world ought to serue aRd obey, I was bold to appeare before your Lordship, hauing committed so heinous and abominable an act, as only for me to haue imagined, deserued to be punished; trusting in your greatnes, that although I deserue to obtaine no pardon, yet for your owne sake only you will vse clemencie toward me, considering hoiv small I am in comparison of your Lordship; and not to think upon my weaknesses, which, to my griefe and for my greater good, I haue knowne. And I beleeue that you and yours are immortall; and that your Lordship is Lord of the land of nature, seeing that you subdue all things, and they obey you, euen the very hearts of men. For when I beheld the slaughter and destruction of my men in the battell, which, through mine ignorace, and the counsell of a brother of mine, xohich died in the same, I gaue your Lordship, presently I repented me in my heart of the error, which I had committed; and desired to serue and obey you: and to this end I come, that your Lordship may chastise and command mee as your owne.

The Gouernour answered him, that he forgaue him all which was past, that from thenceforth hee should do his dutie, & that he would hold him for his friend, and that he would fauour him in all things. Within foure daies hee departed thence, and comming to the Riuer he could not passe, because it powwTnpm-TM growne very bigge; which seemed to him a sdblo in Au- thing of admiration, being at that time that it was, gust, at Na- and since it had not rained a moneth before. The gm ex. Indians said, that it increased many times after that

Coniectures of manner without raining in all the countrie. It was a Sea to the supposed, that it might bee the tide that came into Nort war . it lt was learned that tne flood came alway from

aboue, and that the Indians of all that countrie had no knowledge of the Sea. The Gouernour returned vnto the, place

where where he had lodged before: and vnderstanding within eight daies after that the Riuer was passeable, he departed. He passed ouer and found the towne without people: he lodged in the field, and sent the Cacique word owncto come vnto him, and to bring him a guide to goe forward. And some daies being past, seeing the Cacique came not, nor sent any bodie, bee sent two Captaines sundrie waies to burne the townes, and to take such In- burned! dians as they could finde: They burnt great store victuals, and took many Indians. The Cacique seeing the hurt that he receiued in his countrie, sent sixe principall Indians with three men for guides, which knew the language of the countrie, through which the Gouernour was to passe. Hee departed presently from Naguatex, and within three daies iourney came to a towne of foure or fiue houses, which belonged to the Cacique of that prouince, which is called Nissoone: it was euill inhabited and had little Maiz. Two daies Ni«80oneiourney forward the guides which guided the Gouernour, if they were to goe Westward, guided him to the East; and sometimes went vp and downe through very great woods out of the way. The Gouernour commanded them to bee hanged vpon a tree: and a woman that they tooke in Nissoone guided him, and went backe againe to seeke the way. In two daies he came to another miserable towne, called Lacane: an Indian was taken in that place, that said, that the countrie jjondacao of Nondacao was a countrie of great habitation, and the houses scattering the one from the other, as they vse to bee in mountains, and had great store of Maiz. The Cacique came with his men weeping, like them of Naguatex: for this is their vse in token of obedience: hee made him a present of much fish, and offered to doe what he would command him. Hee tooke his leaue, and gaue him a guide to the prouince of Soacatino.

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How the Gouernour went from Nondacao to Soacatino and Guasco, and passed through a desert, from whence, for want of a guide, and an interpretour, he returned to Nilco.

He Gouernour departed from Nondadacao toward Soacatino, and in fiue daies iournie came to a Prouince calAay«. /%iM^'ji led Aays. The Indians which inha

bited it, had no notice of the Christians: but assoone as they saw that they entred into their country, they assembled themselues: and as they came together 50. or 100. they came foorth to fight: while some fou»ht, others came and charged our men another way, and while they followed some, others followed them. The fight lasted the greatest part of the day, till they came to their towne. Some horses and owne' men were wounded, but not to any hurt of their trauelling: for there was no wound that was dangerous. There was a great spoile made of the Indians. That day that the Gouernour departed from thence, the Indian that guided him said, that in Nondacao he had heard say, that the Indians of Soacatino had seene other Christians, whereof they all were very glad: thinking it might be true, and that they might haue entred into those parts by Nueua Espanna; and that if it were so, it was in their owne hand to goe out of Florida, if they found nothing of profit: for they feared they should lose themselues in some wildernes. This Indian led him two daies out of the way. The Gouernour commanded to torture him. He said, that the Cacique of Nondacao, his Lord, had commanded him to guide them so, because they were his enemies, and that hee was to doe as his Lord commanded him. The Gouernour commanded him to be cast to the dogs: and another guided him to Soacatino, whither hee came the day following. Soacatino. lt was ft verie poore Countrie: there was great

want of Maiz in that place. Hee asked the Indians, whether they knew of any other Christians. They said, that a little

from thence toward the South they heard they 20. daies tra. were. He trauelled 20. daies through a Countrie the South euil l inhabited, where they suffered great scarcitie

and trouble. For that little Maiz which the Indians had, they had hidden and buried in the woods, where the Christians, after they were well wearied with their trauell, at

the the end of their ioumie went to seeke by digging what they should eat. At last, comming to a Prouince that was called Guasco, they found Maiz, wherewith ^aS: jere they loaded their horses, and the Indians that they some Turkic had. From thence they went to another towne «t°nes, and called Naquiscoca. The Indians said, they had ma"tles of

r u r",i. . •• mi i~, cotton wooll.

no notice ot any other Christians, lhe Gouernour Chap. 35. commanded to torment them. They said, that they Naquiscoga. came first to another Lordship, which was called Nagacahoz, and from thence returned again to the NaSacauwWest, from whence they came. The Gouernour came in two daies to Tsagacakoz: Some women were taken there: among whom there was one, which said, that she had seene Christians and had been taken by them, and had run away. The Gouernour sent a Captaine with 15. horsemen to the place where the woman said she had seene them, to see if there were any signe of horses, or any token of their being there. After they had gone three or foure leagues, the woman that guided them said, that all that she had told them was vntrue. And so they held all the rest that the Indians had said, of seeino- Christians in the land of Florida. And, because the Countrie that way was poore of Maiz, and toward the West, there was no notice of any habitation, they returned to Guasco. The Indians told them there, that 10. daies iournie TMg returned from thence toward the West, was a Riuer called Daycao; whither they went sometimes a hunting and killinoof Deere: and that they had seene people on the other side but knew not what habitation was there. There the Christians tooke such Maiz as they found and could carrie, and, going 10. daies iournie through a wildernesse, they came to Th Rthe Riuer which the Indians had told them of. Daycao: Ten horsemen, which the Gouernour had sent be- which seefore, passed ouer the same, and went in a way that S- J1.0 i J . .i T>- J i- i I J . r Ri»<iel oro.

led to the Kiuer, and lighted vpon a companie of

Indians that dwelt in verie little cabins: who, assoone as they saw them, tooke themselues to flight, leauing that which they bad; all which was nothing but miserie and pouertie. The Countrie was so poore, that among them all there was not found halfe a peck of Maiz. The horsemen tooke two Indians, and returned with them to the Riuer, where the Gouernour staied for them. He sought to learne of them what habitation was toward the West. There was none in the Camp that could vnderstand their language. The Gouernour assembled the Captaines and principall persons, to determine with their aduice what they should doe. And the most part said, that

they they thought it best to returne backe to Rio grande, or the Great Riuer of Guachoya; because that in iVt/co and thereabout was store of Maiz: saying, that they would make pinaces that winter, and the next sommer passe down the Riuer to the seaward in them, and comming to the Sea they would goe along the coast to Nueua Espanna. For though it seemed a doubtfull thing and difficult, by that which they had already alleaged,

No trauelline yet it was t^te last remedle they had. For by land by land with- they could not goe for want of an Interpretour. out an inter- And they held, that the countrie beyond the protour. Riuer of Daycao, where they were, was that

which Cabega de Vaca mentioned in his relation that he passed of the Indians, which, liued like the Alarbes, honing no setled place, and fed vpon Tunas and rootes of the fields, and wilde beasts that they killed. Which if it were so, if they should enter into it and finde no victuals to passe the winter, they could not chuse but perish. For they were entred alreadie into the beginning of October: and if they staied any longer, they were not able to returne for raine and snowes, nor to sustaine themselues in so poore a countrey. The Gouernour (that desired long to see himselfe in a place where hee might sleepe his full sleep, rather then to conquer and gouerne a countrie where so many troubles presented themselues) presently returned back that same way that he came.

Chap. XXXV.

How they returned to Nilco, and came to Minoya, where they agreed to make ships to depart out of the land of Florida.

'Hen that which was determined was published in the Campe, there were many that were greatly grieued at it: for they held the Sea voyage as doubtfull, for the euill meanes they had, and of as great danger, as the trauelling by land: and they hoped to finde some rich countrie before they came to the land of the Christians, by that which Cabeca de Vaca had told the Emperour: and that was this; That after hee had found Gold siluor clothes made of cotton wooll, hee saw gold and and precious siluer, and stones of great value. And they had stones in Flo. not yet come where hee had been. For vntill that rid"' place hee alwaies trauelled by the Sea coast: and

they trauelled farre within the land; and that going toward the


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