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XII. A Relation of the Colony of the Lord Baron of Balti-
By the description of the main land of Florida, her next neighbour:
Out of the foure yeeres continuall trauell and disco
uerie, for aboue one thousand miles East and
West, of Don Ferdinando de Soto, and sixe
hundred able men in his companie.
Wherin are truly obserued the riches and fertilitie of
those parts, abounding with things necessarie,
pleasant, and profitable for the life of man:
with the natures and dispositions of
Written by a Portugall gentleman of Eluas, emploied in all the action, and translated out of Portugese by Richard Hacklvyt.
Printed by Felix Kyngston for Matthew
Lownes, and are to be sold at the signe of the
Bishops head in Pauls Churchyard.
TO THE RIGHT
Right Worshipfull Counsellors, and
others the cheerefull aduenturors for
the aduanceinent of that Christian
and noble plantation in
V I HO IN I A .
His worke, right Honourable, right Worshipfull, and the rest, though small in shew, yet great in substance, doth yeeld much light to our enterprise now on foot: whether you desire to know the present and future commodities of our countrie; or the qualities and conditions of the Inhabitants, or what course is best to be taken with them.
Touching the commodities, besides the generall report of Cabega de Vaca to Charles the Emperour (who first trauelled through a great part of the Inland of Florida, next adioyning vpon our Virginia) That Florida was the richest countrie of the world; and, that after hee had found clothes made Ch 35 of cotton wooll, he saw gold and siluer, and stones of great value: J referre you first to the rich mines of gold reported to be in the prouince of Yupaha, and described in the twelfth Chapter of this Treatise to come within our limits: And againe, to the copper hatchets found in Cutifachiqui, standing vpon the Riuer of Santa Helena, which were said to haue a mixture of gold. It seemeth also that the last Chronicler of the (Vest Indies, Antonio de Herrera, speaking of the foresaid Riuer of Santa Helena, which standeth in 32. degrees and an halfe, alludeth to the prouince of 'Yupaha, in r>Cad 3 these words: Y el oro, y plata, que hallaron. no era de lib. 8. cap. aquella tierra, sino de 60. leguas, adentro al norte, de 8los pueblos dichos Otapnles y Olagatanns, adonde se intiende, que ay minas de oro, plata, y cobre. That is to say, That the gold and siluer which they found, was not of that countrie (of