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GOSPEL LESSONS. SEPTEMBER 5. LESSON XXXVI.

1875.

Fifteenth Sunday after Trinity. St. Matthew, vi. 24–34. 24. No man can serve two masters : for either mon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of he will hate the one, and love the other: or else these. he will hold to the one, and despise the other. ! 30. Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

the field, which to day is, and to-morrow is cast 25. Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall O ye of little faith? drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall 31. Therefore take no thought, saying, What puton. Is not the life more than meat, and the shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, body than raiment?

Wherewithal shall we be clothed ? 26. Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow | 32. (For after all these things do the Gentiles not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; seek :) for your heavenly Father knoweth that yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye have need of all these things. ye not much better than they ?

33. But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and 27. Which of you by taking thought can add his righteousness; and all these things shall one cubit unto his stature ?

be added unto you. 28. And why take ye thought for raiment? 34. Take therefore no thought for the morrow: Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; for the morrow shall take thought for the things they toil not, neither do they spin:

of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil 29. And yet I say unto you, That even Solo- thereof.

QUESTIONS. 24. What does our Saviour say about man's , Who gives to the lilies of the field their superior service? If two masters agree in their com- glory and beauty ? mands, cannot a man serve both? What kind 30. What conclusion does our Saviour draw of masters, then, must they be whom a man from God's clothing the lilies? Should we, then, cannot serve? Why cannot a man serve two | not trust in God for raiment as well as for food ? such masters? What masters of this kind does If we do not thus trust in Him, is it not evident, Christ mention? What is the meaning of that we have but little faith? mammon? How much of our service does God 31. What questions does our Saviour say we require? Matt. xxii. 37.

should not ask in an anxious spirit ? 25. What does Christ say in this verse? What 32. Who seek anxiously after food and raiment? is the meaning of take no thought I Is it wrong Who are the Gentiles? Why do they seek after to think at all about worldly things? If not, these things in this spirit? Who knows that we what, then, does our Saviour mean? If the life have need of these things? Is it not, then, heathis of more account than meat, and the body enish to think too much about these things? than raiment, what is the conclusion to be 33. What should we seek first? What is the drawn from this?

meaning of first here? What is meant by 26. What illustration does our Saviour give the kingdom of God? What by the righteous. of our heavenly Father providing food? Are ness of God ? Rom. iii, 21, 22. What promise we much better than the fowls of the air? In is given to such seeking? What is meant by what respect are we better than they?

all these things ? What does David say in re27. What question does our Saviour ask in gard to this matter ? Ps. xxxvii. 25. What does this verse? What is a cubit | What is meant St. Paul say in regard to the profit of godliness? by stature? Can we add to our height by any 1 Tim, iv. 8. amount of care and anxiety? If we cannot 34. What conclusion does our Saviour draw do this, can we procure any earthly good by in this verse? Why are we not to be anxious anxious care? If we are to succeed in any. about to-morrow? What is the meaning of for thing, who must help us? Should we, then, the morrow shall take thought for the things of not always trust in Him?

itself? What is the meaning of sufficient unto 28, 29. What illustration does our Saviour the day is the evil thereof? How does David give in these verses of our heavenly Father express his trust in God? Ps. xxiii. Comp. providing raiment? What kind of lilies are Ps. xxxvii. 3-6. Would we not be more happy here meant ? With whom are they compared ? than we are if we had such trust in our heaWhat is meant by Solomon in all his glory! | venly Father?

CATECHISM.

XXXVI. Lord's Day. 99. What is required in the third command ? 1 100. Is then the profaning of God's name, by

That we, not only by cursing, or perjury, but swearing and cursing, so heinous a sin, that His also by rash swearing, must not profane or wrath is kindled against those who do not enabuse the name of God; nor by silence or con- deavor; as much as in them lies, to prevent nivance be partakers of these horrible sins in and forbid such cursing and swearing? others; and briefly, that we use the holy name It undoubtedly is; for there is no sin greater, of God no otherwise than with fear and reve. or more provoking to God, than the profaning rence; so that He may be rightly confessed and of His name, and therefore He has commanded worshiped by us, and be glorified in all our this sin to be punished with death. words and works.

COMMENTS.—The theme of this lesson | ance of Solomon, when, on public occa is, the trust in the protecting and the sions, clothed in his splendid royal garproviding providence of God, which all ments of purple and gold, with a crown His faithful servants may and should upon his head, he sat on his ivory possess.

throne, called also his throne of glory. 24. Masters. Those who have entire 2 Chron. ix. 17-19. control over a man, and whom he must 32. The Gentiles. Heathen, idolaobey in all things. If two masters ters, who had no true knowledge of agree in what they command, he can God, nor of eternal life, and conseobey both ; but, if they have separate quently lived chiefly in and for this and opposite interests, he cannot do it, world. because they will command opposite and 33. First. This word means here, contradictory things. Mammon. This first in the order of time, that is, early is a Chaldean word, and means wealth, in life; and then, also, that the seeking money, as over against the true God, of the kingdom of God, etc., should be our Saviour here regards wealth as a the chief and most important concern person, an idol-god.

of our whole life The kingdom of God 25. Take no thought. This expression means here, as often elsewhere, the does not mean that we are to lay aside church, the divine institution which all thought, concern and effort in regard Christ founded on the earth for the salto worldly things; but rather that we vation of men. In the Church we are are not to be full of anxious thought made partakers of Christ and all His and care (which distracts and divides benefits, He being made unto those who the soul) so as to be led to neglect our believe in Him, wisdom, and righteoussouls. God, having given unto us life, ness, and sanctification, and redemption. which is the greater gift, will not neglect All these things. All temporal necessato give us the less,-food and raiment. ries, as food, raiment, and these in abun

26. We are immortal creatures, made dance also, if it be necessary that we in the image of God, which the fowls should have them in order that we may of the air are not, and therefore we are the better serve God and do good. much better than they. If God pro- ! 34. The morrow shall take thought, etc. vides for these, surely we may trust in The future, to-morrow, next month, or Him to provide for us, if we use the next year, will provide for itself when strength and knowledge which He has it comes. Or rather, our heavenly given us.

Father, in whose hands our times are, 27. A cubit is the length from the will take care of us and provide for us elbow to the tip of the middle finger, in all future time. Sufficient unto the about 21 inches. Stature. This word day is the evil thereof. Every day has means in the original Greek, both height its own trials, troubles, and toils. We in size and length of life. Either or should not increase these by bringing both meanings give a good sense. For, into it those of to-morrow. “The seekas it is impossible for a grown man to ing God's kingdom and righteousness, add an inch or even a hair's breadth to the ever new devotion and sacrifice of his height, or a day, or even a minute to the will to an entire obedience; must be the length of his life, by any amount of to the children of God, while they live anxious care or worry, so it is also im- in the flesh and in the world, the trial possible for him to procure any worldly and “evil” of every day. With this thing, food or raiment by taking such they should be without, and not burden anxious thought. God must help us if themselves beyond the will of their heawe are to succeed truly in anything. venly Father," by anxious fears about

28. The lilies of the field. In the the to-morrow which may never come, fields and meadows of Palestine grew and which, if it does come, will be fully many kinds of wild flowers, the most provided for by the same heavenly beautiful of which was the imperial lily, Father. which was of large size, of purple, gold, and white colors, and in shape somewhat like a crown.

A new material of breakfast costume 29. Solomon in all his glory. The re- is called “Batiste.'' It resembles linen, ference here is to the magnificent appear- being only a little thicker.

SEPTEMBER 12.

LESSON XXXVII,

1875.

Sixteenth Sunday after Trinity.

Luke vii. 11-17.

11. And it came to pass the day after, that he they that bare him stood still. And he said, went into a city called Nain; and many of his Young man, I say unto thee, Arise. disciples went with him, and much people. 15. And he that was dead sat up, and began

12. Now, when he came nigh to the gate of to speak. And he delivered him to his mother. the city, behold, there was a dead man carried 16. And there came a fear on all: and they out, the only son of his mother, and she was a glorified God, saying, That a great prophet is widow: and much people of the city was with risen up among us; and, That God hath visited her.

his people. 13. And when the Lord saw her, he had com- 17. And this rumour of him went forth passion on her, and said unto her, Weep not. throughout all Judea, and throughout all the

14. And he came and touched the bier : and region round about.

QUESTIONS.

11. When did the event recorded in this lesson | dead in coffins? If not, how did they pretake place ? Where did it take place? What pare them for burial? Why did the Lord is the meaning of Nain! Where was it situa- touch the bier? What did the bearers do? ted? Who accompanied Jesus at this time? What did the Lord say to the dead young man ?

12. What did He behold as He came nigh to 15. What then took place? What did his the gate of the city? Why is the city spoken sitting up prove? What did his speaking prove? of as having a gate? Did the Jews bury their What did the Lord then do? What does this dead outside of their cities? Who was this miracle prove concerning the divine character dead man? Did the fact, that he was the only of our Lord ? son of his widowed mother make his death a 16. What effect had this miracle upon those very great affliction to her? Why? Who who saw it? What is the meaning of fear here? accompanied her? What may this fact prove What did the people do and say? Of what concerning her ?

similar miracles performed by prophets did this 13. How did the Lord feel towards her when miracle remind them? 2 Kings xvii : 17-23; He saw her? What is the meaning of compas- 2 Kings iv: 32-37. sion! What does the fact that our Lord had | 17. What is recorded in this verse? What pity on the widow prove concerning Him? is the meaning of rumor? Does Jesus still What did He say to her?

pity and help those who are in affliction ? 14. What did He then do? What is the Heb. iv: 15, 16. meaning of bier? Did the Jews place their

CATECHISM.

XXXVII. Lord's Day.

101. May we then swear religiously by the therefore was justly used by the saints, both in name of God?

the old and new testament. Yes ; either when the magistrates demand it! ,102. May we also swear by saints, or any of the subjects, or when necessity requires us

other creatures ? thereby to confirm fidelity and truth, to the

No; for a lawful oath is a calling upon God, glory of God, and the safety of our neighbor;

as the one who knows the heart, that He will for such an oath is founded on God's word, and

bear witness to the truth, and punish me if I I swear falsely; which honor is due to no creature.

When sons to parents will by Thee

For ever be restored !

O Saviour, who at Nain's gate

Didst dry a widow's tears,
And raise her only son, the prop

Of her declining years;
What holy raptures, Lord, through Thee

Thy suffering saints await,
When raised from death by Thee they stand

At Thy own City's gate!
What ecstacies will then be theirs

In that blest city, Lord,

O grant us so together, Lord,

To live in holy love,
That we together may be join'd

In holy bliss above.
Members of Christ our bodies are,

The Holy Spirit's shrine:
Then grant us so to use them now,

That they may be like Thine.

COMMENTS.—The miracle recorded in

Punctuality. this lesson was performed on the day after his visit to Capernaum, where He

General Washington was a pattern

Cone healed the Centurion's servant. Both | these miracles had regard to human

of punctuality. When he engaged to life, the one being a restoration to health

meet Congress at noon, he never failed

to be at the door of the hall just as the from sickness, the other, restoration to

clock was striking twelve. He always life from death. Nain means fair or

dined at four o'clock; and if the guests beautiful, and was a small town or city

| whom he had invited were not present, in Galilee, about 25 miles from Capernaum. It was beautifully situated on

the dinner went on precisely at the ap

pointed hour, without waiting for them. the slope of a little mountain, in full view of Mt. Tabor and the heights of

Washington would make no apology.

but simply remark, "Gentlemen, we are Zebulon, hence its name. It is now a

punctual here.” When those people small village, and is called Nein.

got another invitation to dine with the 12. Gate of the city. Most of the

President, they would be sure to be in towns and cities of the East were en

time. closed by walls, through which access

A person had a pair of beautiful was obtained by gates. A dead man carried out. The Jews buried their dead

horses to sell, which the President outside of their cities, as is most gener

wanted to buy. Five o'clock in the

morning of a certain day was fixed as ally the case now also among all nations.

the time for Washington to see them; That many people accompanied the

but the horses were not brought till a widow may prove that she was much

quarter past five, when the owner was respected by her friends.

told that the President had been there 13. He had compassion on her. The

at the hour appointed, but had gone sight of the mourning widow awakened

away. The man thus lost a good the deep pity of our Lord, and this shows, that He was truly a man, possessing

chance of selling his horses by his deep human feelings and sympathies.

delay of one quarter of an hour. 14. Bier. This was an article on which the dead were carried, and was usually simply a board, supported by

How to Become Happy. four poles, which served as handles. The Jews had no coffins or boxes for the dead. The corpse was only wrapped Many persons are ever thinking over in linen and bound about the face with new ways of adding to their pleasures. a napkin. See further concerning the They always look for chances for more Jewish customs in regard to burying | “ fun,” more joy. Once there was a the dead, Nevin's Biblical Antiquities, wealthly and powerful king, full of care, pp. 149–152.

and very unhappy. He heard of a 15. He that was dead sat up. His man famed for his wisdom and piety, sitting up showed that his life and and found him in a cave in the wilderstrength had returned. Began to speak. ness. This showed that his consciousness, his “Holy man,” said the king, "I come mind or soul, had also returned. This to learn how to be happy." wonderful miracle proves that Jesus Without making a reply, the wise was true God as well as true man. man led the king over a rough path,

16. Fear. This word does not mean till he brought him in front of a high here, that the people became afraid, as rock, on top of which an eagle had we say, but that the sight of the great | built her nest. miracle awakened within them a holy “Why has the eagle built her nest awe and solemn sense of the presence yonder ?” of divine power in Jesus. This is evi-| “Doubtless," answered the king, “that dent from their conduct.

| it may be out of danger.” 17. Rumor. The fame of our Lord as “Then imitate the bird,” said the a great prophet, who was able to raise wise man; “build thy home in heaven, the dead, spread not only through Judea, and thou shalt then have peace and but also through Galilee and Samaria. I happiness.”

SEPTEMBER 19.

LESSON XXXVIII,

1875.

Seventeenth Sunday after Trinity.

St. Luke xiv. 1-11.

1. And it came to pass, as he went into the were bidden, when he marked how they house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them, on the sabbath-day, that they watched him. 8. When thou art bidden of any man to a

2 And behold there was a certain man before wedding, sit not down in the highest room, lest him which had the dropsy.

a more honourable man than thou be bidden of 3. And Jesus answering, spake unto the law. him ; yers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal | 9. And he that bade thee and him come and on the sabbath-day?

say to thee, Give this man place; and thou 4. And they held their peace. And he took begin with shame to take the lowest room. him, and healed him, and let him go:

10. But when thou art bidden, go and sit 5. And answered them, saying, Which of you down in the lowest room; that when he that shall have an ox or an ass fallen into a pit, and bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, will not straightway pull him out on the sab- go up higher: Then shalt thou have worship in bath-day?

the presence of them that sit at meat with thee. 6. And they could not answer him again to 11. For whosoever exalteth himself shall be these things.

abased, and he that humbleth himself shall be 7. And he put forth a parable to those which exalted.

QUESTIONS.

1. What is recorded in this verse concerning5. What question did He now ask them? Was Jesus? What is meant by one of the chief of it lawful to do such an act of mercy on the sabthe Pharisees ? On what day did this take bath-day? Deut. xxii. 4. If it was, was it not place? Were the Jews accustomed to give much more lawful to heal a man on the sabbathfeasts on the sabbath-day? Neh. viii. 10. What day? Is it not also lawful now to do acts of did those who were present do? What does that meroy on the Lord's day? mean?

6. Did they answer Christ's question? Why 2. Who is specially mentioned in this verse not? as being present? What kind of disease is the 7. What did He then do? What gave rise to dropsy? Do you think that this sick man was His speaking this parable? What is meant by also one of the invited guests? Why was he chief rooms What kind of spirit did these probably brought there?

persons manifest by choosing the chief places ? 3. What did Jesus answer and say to the law. 8, 9. What advice did Jesus give them? yers and Pharisees? Had they asked Him any 10. What seat should they take? Why questions? Why, then, is it said he answered? should they take the lowest seat? What is here What was the commandment concerning the meant by worship? keeping of the sabbath-day? Ex. xx. 8-12; | 11. What does Jesus give as the moral lesson Xxxv. 2.

of this parable? What is the meaning of exalt: 4. How did they treat His question ? What What of abase What spirit does Jesus here is the meaning of they held their peace? Why condemn? What spirit does He approve ? did they probably keep silent ? What did What does Solomon say about pride and humil. Jesus do?

Jity? Prov. xvi. 18, 19. xxix. 23.

CATECHISM.

XXXVIII. Lord's Day.

103. What doth God require in the fourth | upon the Lord, and contribute to the relief of command ?

the poor, as becomes a Christian. Secondly, First, that the ministry of the gospel and the that all the days of my life I cease from my schools be maintained; and that I, especially evil works, and yield myself to the Lord, to on the Sabbath, that is, on the day of rest, dili- work by His Holy Spirit in me, and thus begin gently frequent the Church of God, to hear His l in this life the eternal sabbath.' word, to use the sacraments, publicly to call

Jesus exalted far on high,

To whom a name is given,
A name surpassing every name

That's known in earth or heaven ;

Before whose throne shall every knee

Bow down with one accord;
Before whose throne shall every tongue

Confess that Thou art Lord.

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