Page images

entered one of the principal gates of wig brought him the first grief at the Strasburg. After wandering through University, and the first great friend. some of its narrow winding streets, they. Among his messmates was a young found lodging for the night. It was fellow by the name of Waldberg; a nau Stilling and his friend, Trost. They of brilliant talents, licentious habits had come here to study medicine. As and of a disposition that made sport of the custom then was, and still is with all that was sacred. He had noticed students at these Universities, they the plain unfashionable exterior of Stillrented a room; got their breakfast and ing, and had heard of his simple faith supper as best they could; their dinner and child-like piety. One day the they engaged regularly at a students' rowdy gave vent to a sally of coarse restaurant. Here some twenty students wit, by asking the new student, with a took their dinners. After the two had derisive look at his round wig, whether entered their names as students of the Adai wore such a wig in Paradise. University, they began to take the bear- All joined in loud laughter, except ings of their associates.

| Goethe, Trost, and a student named Having reached the dining-room the Saltzman. first day before the rest, they scanned Gøthe says this Dr. Saltzman precuriously each student as he entered. sided at the table.“ A bachelor, already One especially attracted their attention. a sexagenarian (sixty years old), he had He entered the room with a bold and attended this dinner table for many stately step, with an air of dignity and years, and maintained its good order conscious superiority. He was tall, erect, and respectability. He possessed a beautifully framed, had bright piercing handsome property, kept himself ecoeyes, a finely formed face, high intel-nomical and neat in his exterior, and lectual forehead ;-in short, a grand even belonged to those who always go man, as Napoleon called him years in shoes and stockings, and with their later, when he saw him the first time in hat under their arm. It was something Weimar.

extraordinary for him to put his hat on. The two new students took him to be He commonly carried an umbrella, haughty and overbearing. Surely he wisely reflecting that the fairest summer is one of your reckless fellows, thought days often bring thunder storms and they, who delights to make new-comers passing showers over the country.” the butt of his wit and sarcasm. He Stilling retorted sharply : “Shame was the leading spirit at table, the soul on you for such scoffing at sacred of the company, without induly trying things! Such a vulgar expression does to be it. The rest seemed to desire him not deserve our laughter." to be so.

| The grand Gæthe replied to WaldStilling dreaded the brilliant young berg: "First try a man, whether he man, whom the students called Herr deserves to be derided. To make sport Gothe; for he sat right opposite to him of an upright worthy man, who has at table. He could not endure the wronged no one, is a satanic act.” piercing glance of his large bright eyes, This was the beginning of Gothe's atwhich now and then darted upon him. tachment to Stilling. He soon learned At first he tried to evade it by dropping to know and love him, and became his his eyes right before him on the table. best friend. He says of him: Indeed, poor Stilling felt ill-at-ease all' “Among the new-comers there was around. He was considerably older than one man who interested me particuthe other students. As often happens larly; his name was Jung, the same in such cases, the older student felt out who afterwards became kuown under of place among the young bloods, and the name of Stilling. In spite of an could not sympathize with their wild antiquated dress, his form had somepranks. Besides, he was dressed much thing delicate about it, though with a more plainly than they. Wigs were certain stoutuess. A bag-wig did not then in fashion, even among people who disfigure his striking and pleasing counhad hair of their own. Stilling's hap-tenance. His voice was soft, without pened to be a little round one, of an being effeminate and weak; it was even odd and unfashionable shape. This harmonious and powerful, as soon as his ardor was roused, which was very easily bulist (a sleep-walker), to whom you done. A closer acquaintance found in dare not call out lest he fall down from him a sound common sense, which re- his elevation; or like a gentle stream to posed in feeling, and therefore took its which you dare oppose nothing, lest it tone from the affections and passions, begin to foam. So he could not but and from this very feeling sprang an en- feel himself ill-at-ease often in more thusiasm for the good, the true and the numerous company. His faith tolerated just, in the greatest possible purity. no doubt, his convictions no jest. And The element of his energy was an inde- if in his friendly communications he structible faith in God, and in an as- was inexhaustible, so everything curdled sistance flowing immediately from Him, within him when he met with contrawhich evidently manifested itself in an diction. I usually helped him through uninterrupted Providence, and in an on such occasions, for which he repaid unfailing deliverance out of all troubles with honest affection. and from every evil. Jung had expe- This mood of mind was nothing rienced many such things in his life, strange to me, as I had already become and they had often been repeated of accurately acquainted with it in my late even in Strasburg, so that with the very best friends of both sexes, and begreatest cheerfulness, he led a frugal cause it generally interested me, too, life indeed, but yet one free from solici- with its naturalness and naivetē; he tude; and he devoted himself most found himself altogether most at home earnestly to his studies, although he with me. The bent of his mind was could not reckon upon any certain sub-pleasing to me, and his wondrous faith, sistence from one quarter or another. wbich was so useful to him, I left unmoIn his youth, when on a fair way to be- lested.” come a charcoal-burner, he took up the How would a gay young genius like tailoring trade, and after he had in- Gæthe spend his first student days at structed himself, while at this, in higher Strasburg? Very differently from the matters, his knowledge-loving mind poor, praying tailor. He had a full drove him to the occupation of school-purse, a light heart, refined attractive master. For his most sacred and pecu- manners, and felt at home in all kinds liar training he had to thank that wide- of society. spread class of men who sought out Upon his arrival he stopped at the their salvation on their own responsi Ghost tavern, and at once hastened to bility, who strove to edify themselves the Cathedral, at which his wonderby reading the Scriptures and good loving eyes had gazed through many books, by mutual exhortation and con- miles of his approach to the city. He fession, and thereby attained a degree ascended the spire, and from the top of cultivation which must excite sur- enjoyed a view, as he says, “at prise. * * * For this reason, too, these once of this wide rich land, the handpersons were truly eloquent in their own some city, the wide-spreading meadows circle, and capable of expressing them around it, thickly set and interwoven selves appropriately and pleasantly on with magnificent trees, and that strikall the tenderest and best concerns of ing richness of vegetation which follows the heart.

the windings of the Rhine, and points Now the good Jung was in this very out its banks, islands, and lowlands ;case. Among a few persons, if not ex- fancy a great unmeasurable plain, preactly like-minded with himself, yet such pared like a new paradise for the use of as did not declare themselves averse to man, and will you conceive the rapture his mode of thought, we found him not with which I blessed my fate for having only talkative but eloquent; in particu- appointed me, for a season, so beautiful lar he related the history of his life in a place of residence ?" the most delightful manner, and knew "I took small, but well situated how to make all the circumstances plain lodgings, on the south side of the Fishand vividly present to his listeners. I market, a fine long street, where the persuaded him to write them down, and everlasting motion came to the assisthe promised it. But in his way of ex- ance of every unoccupied moment. I pressing himself he was like a somnam- then delivered my letters of introduction, and found among my friends a terrupt his studies. Indeed could not merchant who, with his family, was de graduate without hearing them. When voted to those pious opinions with which he reported his name as one of the atI was sufficiently acquainted. He was tendants, he was told that the fee had to a man of intelligence, withal, and not be paid in advance. It was Monday at all bypocritical in his actions. The evening. Whoever would not pay the company of boarders which they recom- fee by Thursday evening, could not mended to me, and me to it, was very attend the lectures. Again the poor agreeable and entertaining. A couple of student was in great distress. His purse old maids had now kept up this board was empty. He had not the boldness ing-house for a long time with regu- to ask his friend Trost for another loan. larity and good success; there might Yet he would have to hear these lechave been about ten persons, old and tures. He hastened back to his room, young.”

locked the door, knelt down in a corner Stilling soon found a small circle and cried to God for help and mercy. of congenial companions. He applied | His way seemed dark and blocked up. himself closely to his studies. With Day after day he kept on praying. his unguenchable thirst for knowledge, Thursday came. It was five in the he hurried from one lecture-room to evening. At six the fee had to be paid. another, and eagerly drank all he could His faith began to waver. Cold drops get. His talents and earnest studious gathered on his brow, and his face was habits soon attracted the favorable at wet with tears. The minutes of the tention of the Professors, who afforded remaining hour fled apace. In sad him all the help they could in order to despondency he paced his room, when fit him thoroughly for his profession. To! some one knocks at the door.

At the end of three months the thirty- “Herein !" come in, cried the agonizing three rix dollars received from a friend student. It was his landlord. After a in Frankford were exhausted. Want | kindly greeting he said: again stared him in the face, in this | "I have come to see how you are great city, where living was expensive, getting along, and to inquire whether and thus far friends were few. Again you and Herr Trost are satisfied with his faith was tried, again it prevailed. your room.” He thought of the passage:

Stilling thanked the considerate land“Call upon me in the day of trouble; ( lord, and assured him that they were I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glo- both well satisfied. rify me.” (Psalm 50:15.) “ The effectual | “I am very glad to hear it; the more fervent prayer of a righteous man so since I notice that you are both reavaileth much.” (James 5: 16.) spectable, wide-awake gentlemen. Per

Without money or any means either mit me to ask you another question : to stay in or leave the city, he wrestled | Have you brought money with you, or in prayer, and waited with trembling | do you expect to receive some ??? faith for an answer. Just when his Stilling replied: “I have brought no prospects seemed the darkest, his friend money with me.” Trost one day grasped his hand saying: “But, pray, how can you possibly get “Stilling, I believe you brought no along ?money with you; I will lend you six “ Herr Trost has loaned me some.” Carolius (a Carolius' is worth about “You must not burden him any $4.50), until you get money of your longer; he needs his money himself. I own again.”

will advance you as much money as Although Stilling knew that he had you need. Do you need any now ? no money of his own to expect, he grate- | Stilling felt as if he must cry aloud fully accepted of the loan, trusting his for joy. With difficulty he restrained heavenly Father for the means where his feelings. “Yes," he replied, “I with to refund it.

need six Carolius this evening yet, and Ere long another trouble came. A have been much distressed as to where certain course of lectures, bearing on I should get them.” his profession, was to be delivered. He The kind-hearted landlord was would either have to hear these or in- greatly moved as he looked into the tear

bathed face of the student. “I believe | “Very well. You pay one hundred it; your distress makes you weep; God and fifty rix dollars, and I will add an has sent me to help you.”

equal amount. The whole we will forWith that the landlord hastened out ward to him at Strasburg." of the room, but soon returned, and Just two weeks after the kind landcounted eight Carolius on the table, lord had counted down eight Carolius saying: “Here, you will have a little on Stilling's study table, he received a more than you need. When this is spent | letter from Liebman, enclosing three tell me, and I will give you more.” hundred rix dollars. With folded hands

No sooner had the landlord with- and streaming eyes he stepped to his drawn than Stilling locked the door, study window and prayed: “This is knelt down, thanked God with tears, Thy doing, and Thine only, ( Thou and by faith cast himself into His pater- Almighty, All-merciful Father!" nal arms. A little before six o'clock Now he could refund what he had he reached the treasurer of the Univer- loaned from Trost and the landlord, sity, and paid his fee as honorably as and had enough left to support him six the richest student there.

months longer. He led a frugal temWould not such an amount of debtsperate life. Often he knew not where harass the mind of an honest student? | his support the next three months Does Stilling ever expect to refund this should come from. But it always came. money? This struggling student, bat- He studied hard. Toward the end of . tling with want, is none of your reck his course he delivered lectures on philess spendthrift students, who spend the losophy, from five to six, of an evening, money which the Church or charitable which were listened to by a delighted friends give them in extravagant living circle of hearers. --for jewelry, carriage-rides, and fop-|. In the spring of 1772 he stood a brilpish, frivolous luxuries. He lived on liant examination. As he delivered scanty fare, dressed plainly, studied the usual test address from the tribune hard, and prayed much, and sincerely of the University, tears of gratitude believed that God would in His own rolled down his face. Not a few among way and time enable him to pay all his hearers knew what those tears meant. these so-called loans.

After receiving the title of Doctor of While Stilling wrestled in his locked Medicine from the Faculty, he bade a chamber in Strasburg, a pious thought cordial adieu to his many Strasburg occurred to Liebman, the merchant of friends, and once more visited his naSchönthal, who had befriended him on tive home his journey through Frankfort. Seated among a little group of friends in his

Plants of Scripture. cozy home, the conversation turned on the poor tailor-student abroad. Had

BY GEORGE D. PHIPPEN. any one heard of him lately? How was he faring? For the life of them they So marked is the quality of Hebrew could not conceive where the poor strag: poetry, as seen in the Bible, that it was gling genius got the means to study at declared, by a learned man of the last à University. Surely he must have a century, to be botanical poetry, and hard life of it. Perhaps not half enough who states that upwards of two hundred to eat, his garments threadbare and and fifty botanical terms can be found. even ragged. And the dear soul en- The glory of Lebanon, the excellency during all this to get an education, of Sharon, and the waving forests of bravely battling with pinching poverty Carmel have lent their aid to illustrate for the sake of science, and to fit himself | sacred themes. for usefulness among his fellow-men. | The Lord is described as riding upon

“See here,” said Liebman, “I wish the wind, but His more gentle going is you would join me to prepare him a heard in the tops of the mulberry trees. pleasant surprise. Let us send him a The righteous shall cast his roots as right good, plump purse of money.” Lebanon--they shall flourish like the

"We accept the challenge,"exclaimed palm trec-they shall sit under their all with cheerful voices.

own vine and fig tree. The thorn shall

give place to the fir tree, and the myr are thought to indicate a bulbous plant tle grow instead of the briar—and all 1-an Amaryllis or Narcissus. The the trees of the field shall clap their Rose of Sharon is, therefore, supposed to hands.

be the Narcissus Tazzeta, a plant that The New Testament is not so rich in freely abounds in the wilds of Sharon. metaphor. The lily of the field, the The Rose of the Apocrypha is supposed grain of mustard seed, the wild and I to refer to a shrub, extremely common good olive tree, the seed sown in weak- / around the Sea of Galilee and the waness but raised in power, are familiar ter courses of that country generally, examples.

| that is the Nerium Oleander, well known The remarkable range of temperature and cultivated among us. of the land of Palestine, from the snow

Our native Apocyneæ are of the same clad summits of Lebanon and Hermon, order with it, and all of them, though to the coast plains and to the deep and so beautiful, are more or less poisonous; almost tropical valley of Jordan, is indeed most milky-sapped plants should productive of a more varied vegetation be regarded with suspicion. The sap than can be found anywhere within the of the Oleander is most virulently poisame territory upon the surface of the sonous, and has even caused death. earth. On her heights are to be found The powdered wood is sometimes used vatives of the colder zones, while in the as a rat exterminator. Jordan valley grow plants not to be The Lily is the ornamental plant of found nearer than India.

Scripture; its flowers adorned, in relief, The mountains abound in oaks, ce- the brim of the molten sea; and furdars and pines; while the palm, the fig nished Solomon in his wonderful song and citron find a congenial home in the with one of its choicest images. The plains or lower declivities.

Lily of the Old Testament differs from Our familiar garden bulbs flourish that of the New. The Hebrew word along the water courses, and numerous “ Shusan” (hence our name Susan) is species of Legumes and Labiates render thought to mean the Nelumbium speciothe sandy regions less desolate.

sum, a species of the Lotus, sacred and Its anciently terraced and artificially venerated by the Egyptian, Hindoo and watered hills were capable of a luxu. Chinese. It is a water plant, and once rious cultivation, and though now com- common in the rivers of Egypt and paratively desolate, once supported a Syria. It is the most beautiful of all numerous population.

the Nymphæa, examples of which we The region of ancient Jericho with have in our native water lilies and the its palms—the enchanting valley of famous Victoria Regia. The Lily of Sichem-the gardens of Engedi-fig the New Testament, the Greek “Krina," and olive groves and vineyards in great is now understood to be the Lilium numbers, altogether impress us with its Chalcedonicum, a scarlet martagon, and former wonderful fertility.

not the Crown Imperial, as formerly Immense grain fields and gardens of supposed, which latter is a Persian cucumbers and melons, each with its plant, and never common in Palestine. hut or lodge for the abode of a watch- / The imported bulbs of this Lily Conce man, who remained during the ripening compared to the scarlet robes of Soloseason to guard the fruit, were numer- mon), can occasionally be purchased at ous and in some parts are still to be seen. the seed stores in Boston. Isaiah compares Zion “as desolate as a

“Camphire with Spikenard." lodge in a garden of cucumbers.”

“My beloved, is unto me a cluster of The plants represented might be di- Camphire in the vineyards of Engedi." vided into plants ornamental; plants The plant thus rendered Camphire, is used for perfume or incense; fruits, believed to be the Henna plant of grains, woods, &c.

Egypt and Palestine, the Lawsonia Of ornamental plants, the Rose, inermis ; a most beautiful and delistrange as it may appear, is not found in ciously fragrant shrub, whose flowers the Scriptures. The two solitary cases, have been used both in ancient and in Isaiah and the Song of Solomon, modern times as an article of luxury where our version has the word Rose and adornment It belongs to the

« PreviousContinue »