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DATES OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS OF ROMAN

HISTORY FROM THE SOCIAL WAR TO THE
DEATH OF JUVENAL

Social War
Sulla sent against Mithridates
Death of Marius
Proscriptions of Sulla
Death of Sulla .
Lucullus sent against Mithridates
Verres in Sicily
Pompeius returns from Spain
Pompeius sent against Mithridates
Cicero's Consulship
First Triumvirate
Battle of Pharsalia
Battle of Thapsus and Death of Cato
Murder of Julius Caesar
Second Triumvirate and Death of Cicero
Battle of Philippi
Battle of Actium
AUGUSTUS

Death of Agrippa
Death of Drusus
Death of Maecenas
Tiberius retires to Rhodes .
Returns from Rhodes

Defeat of Varus
TIBERIUS.

Germanicus on the Rhine .
Death of Germanicus.
Influence of Seianus begins

90-89 B.C.

87 B.C. 86 B.C. 79 B.C. 78 B.C.

74 B.C. 73-70 B.C.

72 B.C. 66 B.C. 63 B.C. 60 B.C. 48 B.C. 46 B.C. 44 P.C. 43 B.C. 42 B.C. 32 B.C. 31 B.C.-14 A.D. 12 B.C. 9 B.C. 7 B.C. 6 B.C. 4 A.D. 10 A.D. 14 A.D.-37 A.D. 14 A.D.-16 A.D. 19 A.D. 20 A.D.

DATES OF PRINCIPAL EVENTS

lxvii

23 A.D. 27 A.D. 31 A.D. 37 A.D.-41 A.D. 41 A.D.-54 A.D. 43 A.D. 48 A.D. 54 A.D.-68 A.D. 55 A.D. 59 A.D. 62 A.D.

64 A.D.
65 A.D.
66 A.D.
68 A.D.
68 A.D.-69 A.D.

69 A.D.

Establishment of Praetorian Camp by

Seianus .
Tiberius retires to Capreae

Fall of Seianus .
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS

Claudius in Britain

Death of Messalina and Silius
NERO

Murder of Britannicus
Death of Agrippina
Influence of Tigellinus
Burning of Rome and persecution of

Christians
Conspiracy of Piso
Death of Thrasea

Revolt of Vindex
GALBA
Отно
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN

Capture of Jerusalem by Titus
Execution of Helvidius Priscus .

The Colosseum built.
Titus

Destruction of Pompeii and Herculaneum
DOMITIAN

Agricola in Britain
Death of Paris the Pantomime
Expedition against the Chatti
The Council concerning the Turbot

Defeat of Fuscus by the Dacians
NERVA
TRAJAN

Accusation of Marius Priscus by Tacitus

and Pliny

Expedition against the Dacians HADRIAN

Begins progress through the Empire .

69 A.D.
69 A.D.-79 A.D.
70 A.D.

75 A.D.
77-80 A. D.

79 A.D.-81 A.D. 79 A.D. 81 A.D.-96 A.D. 78 A.D.-84 A.D. 83 A.D. 84 A.D. 84 A.D. 86 A.D. 96 A.D.-98 A.D. 98 A.D.-117 A.D.

100 A.D.
101 A.D.
117 A.D.-138 A.D.
121 A.D.

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Born

55 A.D. Entered on Military Career

about 72 A.D. Sent to Britain as Praefect of a Cohort

81 A.D. Returns home to Aquinum

84 A.D. Duovir Quinquennalis

87 A.D. Addressed by Martial at Rome

92 A.D. and 102 A.D Published 1st book of Satires. about 107 A.D. 2d

116 A.D. 3d

118-121 A.D. 4th

121--126 A.D. 5th

about 135 A.D. Exiled by Hadrian . probably about 134 A.D. Died in Egypt

about 138 A.D.

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D. IUNII IUVENALIS

SA T U R A R UM

LIBER PRIMUS

SATURA I

1-18.Must I always listen to the compositions of others on sub

jects which I know as well as they? Why should not I write too?

5

SEMPER ego auditor tantum ? nunquamne reponam,
vexatus totiens rauci Theseide Cordi ?
Impune ergo mihi cantaverit ille togatas,
hic elegos ? impune diem consumpserit ingens
Telephus, aut summi plena iam' margine libri
scriptus et in tergo, necdum finitus, Orestes?

Nota magis nulli domus est sua, quam mihi lucus
Martis et Aeoliis vicinum rupibus antrum
Vulcani. Quid agant venti, quas torqueat umbras
Aeacus, unde alius furtivae devehat aurum
pelliculae, quantas iaculetur Monychus ornos,
Frontonis platani convulsaque marmora clamant
semper, et adsiduo ruptae lectore columnae.
Exspectes eadem a summo minimoque poeta.

2 Codri p.w.
E

10

B

15

Et nos ergo manum ferulae subduximus, et nos consilium dedimus Sullae, privatus ut altum dormiret. Stulta est clementia, cum tot ubique vatibus occurras, periturae parcere chartae.

20

25

19-50.--I will now explain why I follow Lucilius in preference to other poets.

When I see rich upstarts like Crispinus, successful delatores, and the most shameful crimes unpunished, write I must.

Cur tamen hoc potius libeat decurrere campo, per quem magnus equos Auruncae flexit alumnus, si vacat ac placidi rationem admittitis, edam. Cum tener uxorem ducat spado, Maevia Tuscum figat aprum et nuda teneat venabula mamma; patricios omnes opibus cum provocet unus, quo tondente gravis iuveni mihi barba sonabat ; cum pars Niliacae plebis, cum verna Canopi Crispinus, Tyrias umero revocante lacernas, ventilet aestivum digitis sudantibus aurum, nec sufferre queat maioris pondera gemmae : difficile est saturam non scribere. Nam quis iniquae 30 tam patiens urbis, tam ferreus, ut teneat se, causidici nova cum veniat lectica Mathonis, Vi plena ipso ? post hunc magni delator amici, et cito rapturus de nobilitate comesa quod superest, quem Massa timet, quem munere palpat 35 Carus, et a trepido Thymele submissa Latino. Accipiat sane mercedem sanguinis, et sic palleat, ut nudis qui pressit calcibus anguem, aut Lugudunensem rhetor dicturus ad aram. Si

Quid referam, quanta siccum iecur ardeat ira, cum populum gregibus comitum premit hic spoliator

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