Pampa Grande and the Mochica Culture

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University of Texas Press, Jul 5, 2010 - Social Science - 341 pages
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Pampa Grande, the largest and most powerful city of the Mochica (Moche) culture on the north coast of Peru, was built, inhabited, and abandoned during the period A.D. 550-700. It is extremely important archaeologically as one of the few pre-Hispanic cities in South America for which there are enough reliable data to reconstruct a model of pre-Hispanic urbanism.

This book presents a "biography" of Pampa Grande that offers a reconstruction not only of the site itself but also of the sociocultural and economic environment in which it was built and abandoned. Izumi Shimada argues that Pampa Grande was established rapidly and without outside influence at a strategic position at the neck of the Lambayeque Valley that gave it control over intervalley canals and their agricultural potential and allowed it to gain political dominance over local populations. Study of the site itself leads him to posit a large resident population made up of transplanted Mochica and local non-Mochica groups with a social hierarchy of at least three tiers.

 

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Contents

The Mochica and Pampa Grande in Andean Prehistory
1
Growth and Characteristics
13
Mochica Land and Culture
35
Mochica Culture before Pampa Grande
61
Mochica Organizational Features
95
The Establishment of Moche V Pampa Grande
117
Architecture and Sociopolitical
135
Urban Subsistence and Economy at Moche V Pampa Grande
181
Art and Religion
227
The Demise of Moche V Pampa Grande 247
249
Moche V Legacies and Conclusion
255
Notes
263
Bibliography
275
Index
307
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About the author (2010)

Izumi Shimada is Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at Southern Illinois University in Carbondale.

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