From Cosmology to Ecology: The Monist World-view in Germany from 1770 to 1930
This book traces the development of the monist world-view in Germany from the Age of Goethe to the 1920s. Originally a core idea in the philosophy of Spinoza, monism, the idea of a universe of one substance that is both mind and matter, inspired many German thinkers from Goethe to Fechner, especially the infamous social Darwinist Ernst Haeckel. This study contrasts Haeckel's monism with the more benign monist world-views of his predecessors and of his socialist and left-liberal contemporaries and followers, above all Bruno Wille and Wilhelm B lsche.
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The architects of the monist idea from Spinoza to Fechner
Ernst Haeckels monist cosmology and its reception
departure from monism
The monist movement of the Friedrichshagener writers
respect for nature
animals appeared argued argument assumption Berlin biological bloß Bolsche Bolsche's Bruno called century claim Cosmos criticism cultural Dialektik der Natur Die Neue Zeit Ditfurth dualist ecological economic Engels Engels's Entwicklung Ernst Haeckel erst esthetic ethical eugenic evolution example Fechner Feuerbach Freie Friedrichshagener ganze Geist German Goethe Goethe's Goldscheid Gott Gustav Landauer Gustav Theodor Fechner Hart brothers Heinrich Heinrich Hart Herder Hirschfeld idea individual inherent worth inner subjectivity Julius Hart Kautsky Kautsky's Leben Leibniz liberal Liebe Liebesleben living things Ludwig Ludwig Büchner Marx Maschinenmensch materialist Mensch Menschen Menschheit modern monist cosmology monist world-view moral theory muss Mutterschutz Naturphilosophie Neue Gemeinschaft notion one's organisms orthogenetic pantheism perhaps Pflanzen philosophy political prudential racism radical religion Rudolf Goldscheid Schelling Schelling's schon scientific Seele sense sexual Sinne social Darwinism social Darwinist Social Democrats socialist soul Spinoza Stocker teleology Tiere universe unserer Verlag Virchow Welt Wesen wieder Wilhelm Bolsche Wille's Woltmann