Microbial Sediments

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Robert E. Riding, Stanley M. Awramik
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 29, 2013 - Science - 331 pages
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Microbes are of key importance in the production, deposition and diagenesis of sediments. This volume provides a comprehensive overview of microbial sediments. It contains authoritative and stimulating contributions by distinguished authors that cover the field and set the scene for future advances. It deals with mats and biofilms, biosedimentary precipitates, fabrics and diagenesis in a wide range of sedimentary environments, and it examines the development of microbial sediments through time. It is designed for postgraduate researchers and professional scientists who require up-to-date information on the influence of microorganisms on sedimentation.
 

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Contents

Structure of Microbial Mats and Biofilms
1
Exopolymer Microdomains as a Structuring Agent for Heterogeneity Within Microbial Biofilms
9
On Stromatolite Lamination
16
Bacterial Calcification
25
Bacterial Roles in the Precipitation of Carbonate Minerals
32
Bacterially Induced Microscale and Nanoscale Carbonate Precipitates
40
Calcification in Cyanobacteria
50
Architects of Sedimentary Structures
57
A Model Based on the Cayman Islands
171
Ambient Temperature Freshwater Microbial Tufas
179
Microbial Precipitates Around Continental Hot Springs and Geysers
187
Evaporite Microbial Sediments
196
Neogene and Modern Examples
209
Siliciclastic Intertidal Microbial Sediments
217
A Case History from Late Miocene Beach Deposits in the Sorbas Basin of SE Spain
226
Shallow Marine Microbial Carbonate Deposits
233

Fungi and Sediments
68
Diatoms and Benthic Microbial Carbonates
76
Carbon Isotopes and Microbial Sediments
84
Sulphur Isotopes and Microbial Sulphur Cycling in Sediments
96
Products and Depth Limits of Microbial Activity in Petroliferous Subsurface Settings
105
MicrobeMetal Interactions in Sediments
121
Microbial Phosphate Sediment
127
Microbes and Black Shales
137
Organic and Biogeochemical Patterns in Cryptic Microbialites
149
Subaerial Microbial Mats and Their Effects on Soil and Rock
161
Microbial Whitings
250
Evidence of Bacterial Degradation of Methane
261
Microbial Processes and Products Fueled by Hydrocarbons at Submarine Seeps
270
Evidence from the Cambrian
282
Mesozoic Reefal Thrombolites and Other Microbolites
289
Proterozoic Stromatolite Taxonomy and Biostratigraphy
295
Microbial vs Environmental Influences on the Morphology of Late Archean Fenestrate Microbialites
307
Archean Stromatolites as Microbial Archives
315
Subject Index
329
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