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tificate as prescribed by section one of this act, which contains the name of a fictitious person, or the name of any person other than those actually selected to perform the duties re. quired of the committee to be selected under the provisions of section one of this act, or who practices any fraud, device, or artifice to conceal the true names of the persons actually charged with the duties belonging to the said committee, is punishable, upon conviction, by imprisonment in the state prison for not less than one year nor more than seven years.

Sec. 32. A person offending against any provision of sections nineteen, twenty, twenty-one, twenty-two, twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-seven, twenty-eight, thirty, and thirty-one of this act' is a competent witness against another person so offending, and may be compelled to attend and testify upon any trial, hearing, proceeding, or lawful investigation, or judicial proceeding, in the same manner as any other person. But the testimony so given shall not be used in any prosecution or proceeding, civil or criminal, against the person so testifying. A person so testifying shall not thereafter be liable to indiciment or presentment by information, nor to prosecu. tion or punishment for the offense with reference to which his testimony was given, and may plead or prove the giving of testimony accordingly in bar of such indictment, informa. tion, or prosecution.

SEC. 33. It shall be unlawful for any candidate for public office, before or during an election, to make any bet or wager with a voter, or take a share or interest in or in any manner become a party to such bet or wager, or provide, or agree to provide, any money to be us by another in making such bet or wager, upon any event or contingency whatever. Nor shall it be lawful for any person, directly or indirectly, to make a bet or wager with a voter, depending upon the result of any election, with the intent thereby to procure the challenge of such voter, or to prevent him from voting at such election. Every person who commits any of the offenses mentioned in this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.

SEC. 34. Every candidate for a public office who refuses or neglects to file a statement, as prescribed in section three of this act, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

SEC. 35. Every member of a committee selected under the provisions of section one of this act who reinses or neglects to hle a statement, as prescribed by section two of this act, is guilty of a misdemeanor,

SEC. 36. Every person who advances or pays, or causes to be paid, any money or other valuable thing, in contravention of sections eight or nine of this act, unless a different penalty is provided for such illegal payment, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

SEC. 37. Every candidate who makes any payment in aid of hiselection, or in the conduct and management of an election, in excess of the sum authorized or permitted to be expended by this act, or contrary to or in violation of sections five or six of this act, is guilty of a misdemeanor, unless a different penalty is provided for such illegal payment; each payment so

made contrary to or in violation of said sections five or six of this act shall constitute a separate and distinct offense.

SEC. 38. Every member of a committee selected under the provisions of section one of this act who makes any payment contrary to or in violation of the provisions of sections five or six of this act, unless a different penalty is provided for such illegal payment, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

SEC. 39. Every person who, either before or during an election, directly or indirectly, gives or provides, or pays, wholly or in part, the expense of giving or providing any meat, drink, refreshment, entertainment, or provision to or for any person, for the purpose of corruptly influencing that person, or any other person, to give or refrain from giving his vote at an election, or to come to the polls or remain away from the polls, or on account of such person or any other person having voted or refrained from voting, or having come to the polls or remained away from the polls, or being about to vote or refrain from voting, at such election, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

SEC. 40. Every person who sets up, or causes to be set up, or otherwise exhibits, in any place set apart for the registration of voters for the receiving of votes at an election, or for the counting of votes cast at an election, any box or other receptacle for the deposit of money, or who solicits the giving or depositing of any money, for the purpose of providing any drink, refreshment, or entertainment to or for any person employed in or about the registration of voters, or the polling of votes, or the counting of votes cast at an election, or who gives or provides any moneys as aforesaid, is guilty of a mis. demeanor.

SEC. 41. It shall be unlawful for any person, directly or indirectly, by himself, or any other person in his behalf, to make use of, or threaten to make use of, any force, violence, or restraint, or to inflict or threaten the infliction, by himseli, or through any other person, of any injury, damage, harm, or loss, or in any manner to practice intimidation upon or against any person, in order to induce or compel such person to vote or refrain from voting at any election, or to vote or refrain from voting for any particular person or persons at any election, or on account of such person or persons at any election, or on account of such person having voted or refrained from voting at any election. And it shall be unlawful for any person, by abduction, duress, or any forcible or fraudulent device or con. trivance whatever, to impede, prevent, or otherwise interiere with the free exercise of the elective franchise by any voter, or to compel, induce, or prevail upon any voter either to give or refrain from giving his vote at any election, or to give or refrain from giving his vote for any particular person or persons at any election. It shall not be lawful for any employer, in paying his employees the salary or wages due them, to inclose their pay in “pay-envelopes" upon which there is written or printed the name of any candidate, or any political mottoes, devices, or arguments containing threats, express or implied, intended or calculated to influence the political opinions or actions of such employees. Nor shall it be lawful for any employer,

within ninety days of an election, to put up or otherwise exhibit in his factory, workshop, or other establishment or place where his workmen or employees may be working, any handbill or placard containing any threat, notice, or information, that in case any particular ticket of a political party, or organ: ization, or candidate shall be elected, work in his place or establishment will cease, in whole or in part, or his place or establishment be closed up, or the salaries or wages of his work. men or employees be reduced, or other threats, express or im. plied, intended or calculated to influence the political opinions or Actions of his workmen or employees. This section shall apply to corporations as well as individuals, and any person or corporation violating the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor, and any corporation violating this section shall forfeit its charter.

SEC. 12. Every inspector, judge, or clerk of an election who, previous to putting the ballot of an elector in the ballot-box, attempts to find out any name on such ballot, or who opens or suffers the folded ballot of any elector which has been handed in to be opened or examined previous to putting the same into the balloe-box, or who makes or places any mark or device on any folded ballot with the view to ascertain the name of any person for whom the elector has voted, or who, without the consent of the elector, discloses the name of any person which such inspector, judge, or clerk has fraudulently or illegally discovered to have been voted for by such elector, is punila able by fine not less than fifty nor more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for not less than thirty days or more than six months, or by both su tine and imprisonment.

SEC, 13. Oiher crimes against the elective franchise are de. fined, and the punishment thereof prescribed, by the Penal Code relating to the subject, and by special statutes.

SEC. 41. All acts or parts of acts in conflict with the provisions of this act are hereby repealed.

SEC. 45. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage,

1053. Proclamation of election: 67,Cal. 327.

1083. Qualifications and disabilities of electors. Every male citizen of the Unitea States, every male person who shall have acquired the right of citizenship under or by virtue of the treaty of Queretaro, and every male natural. ized citizen thereof who shall have become such ninety days prior to any election, of the age of twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of the state one year next preceding the election, and of the county in which he clains his vote ninety days, and in the election precinct thirty days, and whose name shall be enrolled on the great register of such county fifteen days prior to an elec

tion, shall be a qualified elector at any and all elections held within the county, city and county, city, town, or district within which such elector resides. (Amendment ap proveil March 9, 1893; Stats. 1893, p. 124; in effect imme. diately.]

Section 2 of the above amendment reads:

SEC. 2. All acts or parts of acts in conflict herewith are hereby repealed. An act to ascertain and express the will of the people of the state of

California upon the subject of requiring an educational qualification of voters.

[Approved March 17, 1891; Stats. 1891, p. 115.) WHEREAS, It is expedient that the wishes of the people of this

state upon the subject of requiring an educational qual ification of voters should be unmistakably expressed, in order that future legislatures may be guided thereby in sube mitting amendments to the constitution of the state; there

fore, The people of the state of California, represented in senate and

assembly, do enact as follows:SECTION 1. That thirty days prior to the next general state election the governor shåll issue his proclamation calling upon the electors to signify at said election their will as to whether an educational qualification should be required of voters in this state, by placing upon the ballot the words “ For an educational qualification requiring every voter to be able to write his name, and read any section of the constitution in the English language," or the words "Against an educational qualification requiring every voter to be able to write his name, and read any section of the constitution in the English language"; and the inspectors and the judges of election at each and every poll in the state shall ascertain and make returns of the number of votes cast "For an educational qualification requiring every voter to be able to write his name, and read any section of the constitution in the English language," and the number of votes cast" Against an educational qualification requiring every voter to be able to write his name, and read any section of ihe constitution in the English language,' in like manner as other votes are required to be counted and returned; and an abstract thereof shall be transmitted by each county clerk in the state to the secretary of state, in the same manner that votes for state officers are now required to be transmitted.

SEC. 2. The secretary of state shall make a complete abstract of the votes given at said election, and shall transmit

a certi. fied copy of the same to each county clerk in the state.

The people, at the election held in November, 1892, voted in favor of an educational qualification.

1094. Object of registration law: 96 Cal. 365.

son.

New registration, time allowed: 96 Cal. 365.

1096. Entry of registration of voters. Such entry must show,

1. The name, at length. 2. The age, omitting fractions of years. 3. The height. 4. The complexion. 5. The color of eyes. 6. The color of hair. 7. The visible marks or scars, if any, and their locality. 8. The country of nativity. 9. The place of residence (giving the ward or precinct). 10. If naturalized, the time and place of naturalization.

11. The date of the entry of each person; each name must be numbered in the order of its entry. 12. The post-office address at date of entry of each per

(Amendment approved March 31, 1891, Stats. 1891, p. 281.]

1142. Precinct boards of registration: 86 Cal. 61; 88 ('al. 511.

1185. Ballots anil other printing to be at public erpense. All ballots cast in elections for public officers within this state shall be printed and distributed at public expense, as hereinafter provided. The printing of general tickets and cards of instruction to electors of each county, and the delivery of the same to the election officers, shall be a county charge, the payment of which shall be provided for in the same manner as the payment of other county expenses; and the printing and delivering of “municpal tickets, and also in case of separate elections for city, city and county, or town officers, the printing and delivering of cards of instruction, shall be a charge upon the respective city, city and county, or town in which such "municipal tickets" anii cards of instruction are to be used, the payment of which shall be provided for in the same manner as the payment of other city, city and county, or town expenses. [Amendment approved March 20, 1891, Stats. 1891, p. 165, in effect July 1, 1891.]

1186. What a convention is. Any convention, as hereinafter defined, held for the purpose of making nominations

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