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Perfections; in himself was all his state, Our author. Heav'nly stranger, please to More solemn than the tedious pomp that waits On princes, when their rich retinue long These bounties, which our Nourisher, from of borses led, and grooms besmear'd with wbom gold,

All perfect gond, unmeasur'd out, descends, Dazzles the croud, and sets them all a. gape. To us for food and for delight hath caus'd Nearer his presence Adam though not aw'd, The earth to yield; unsavoury food perhaps Yet with submis approach and reverence meck, Tu spiritual natures; only this I know, As to a superior nature, bowing low,

That one celestial Father gives to all. Thus said. Native of Heav'n, for other place To whom the Angel. Therefore what he None can than Hear'n such glorious shape gives contain ;

(Whose praise be ever sung) to man in part Since by descending from the thrones above, Spiritual, may of purest Spirits be found 'Those happy places thou bast deigu'd a wbile No ingrateful food : and food alike those pure To want, and honour these, vouchsate with lntelligential substances require,

As doth your rational; and both contain Two only, who yet by sov'seiga gift possess

Within them every lower faculty This spacious ground, in yonder shady bower Of sense, whereby they hear, see, smell, touch, To rest, and what the garden choicest bear's

taste, To sit and taste, till this meridian heat Tasting concoct, digest, assimilate, Be over, and the sup more cool decline. And corporeal to incorporeal turn. Whom thus th' angelic Virtue answer‘d For kuow, whatever was created, needs inild.

To be sustaind and fed; of elements Adam, I therefore came, nor art thou such 'The grosser teeds the purer, earth the sea, Created, or such place last here to dwell, Earth and the sea feed air, the air those fires As may not oft invite, though Spirits of | Ethereal, and as lowest first the moon; Heav'u,

Whence in her visage, round thus spots, unTo visit thee; lead on then where thy bower

purg'd O'ershades; for these mid-hours, till evening | Vapours not yet into her substance turn'd. rise,

Nor doth the moon no nourishment exhale I have at will. So to the sylvan lodge

From her moist continent to higher orlis. They came, that like Pomona's arbour smild The sun, that light imparts to all, receives With flow'rets deck'd aud fragrant smells; but

From all his alimental recompense

In humid exhalations, and at even
Undeck'd save with herself, more lovely fair Sups with the ocean. Though in Heav’n the
Than Wood-Nymph, or the fairest Goddess trees

Of life ambrosial fruitage bear, and vines Of three that in mount Ida naked strove,

Yield nectar; though from off the bouglas Stood to cvtertain her guest from Heav'n; no

each morn veil

We brush mellifuous dews, and find the She needed, virtue proof; no thought infirm

ground Alter'd her cheek. On whom the Angel hail

Cover 'd with pearly grain : yet God hath here Bestow'd, the holy salutation usd

Varied bis bounty so with new delights, Long after to blest Mary, second Eve.

As may compare with Heaven; and to taste Hail Mother of Maukind, whose fruitful Think not I shall be nice. So down they sat, womb

And to their viands fell ; nor seemingly Shall fill tbe world more numerous with thy | The Angel, nor in mist, the common gloss sons,

Of Theologians; But with keen dispatch
Than with these various fruits the trees of Of real hunger, and concoctive heat

To transubstantiate : what reduunds, trag.
Have beap'd this table. Rais'd of grassy turf spires
Their table was, and mossy seats had round, Through spirits with ease; nor wonder; if by
Avd on bur ample square from side to side

fire All autumo pil'd, though spring and autumn Of sooty coal th'empyric alchemist here

Can turn, or holds it possible to turn, Daac'd hand in hand. A while discourse they Metals of drossiest ore to perfect gold

As from the mine. Mean while at table Eve No fear lest dinner cool; when thus began Minister'd naked, and their flowing cups


With pleasant liquors crown'd: O inuorence lic proy'd by tract of time, and wing'd asceud Deserving Paradise! if ever, thea,

Etbereal, as we, or may at choice Then had the son of God excuse to bre been Here or in beav'nly Paradises dwell, Enamour'd at that sight; but in those hearts If ye be found obedient, and retain Love uulibidinous reigud, oor jealousy C'nalterably firm his lore entire, Was auderstood, the injur'd lover's Hell. Whose progcuy you are. Mcan while enjoy Thus when with meals and drinks they had Your fill whal bappiness this happy state suffic'd,

Cani comprebevd, incapable of more. Not burden'd mature, sudilen mind arose

To whom the Patriarch of Mankind reply'd: In Adam, not to let th' occasiou pass

O favourable Spirit, propitious guest, Giv'u hiin by this great conference to know Well hast tbou taught the way that might di. Ofthings abre bis world, and of tbeir being

rect Who dwell in Heav'ır, whose excellence he saw

Our knowledge, and the scale of Nature sct Transcend his own so far, whose radiant forms From center lo circumference u hercou, Dirine effulgence, whose high pow'r so fur In contemplation of created things, Exceeded buwan, and his wary speech

By steps we may ascend to God. But say, Thus to th' cmpyreal minister le tramil. What ineant that caution juin'd, If ye be found Imbabitant with God, now know I well

Obedient? Can we want obedience then Thy favour, in this honour done to Man, To hini, or possibly his love desert, Under whose lowly root thou hast vouchsaf'd Who form d us from the dust, and plac'd us Tu enter, and these earthly fruits tu laste,

bere Food not of Angels, yet accepted so,

Full to the utmost measure of wbat bliss As that more willingly thon couldst not seem Human desires can seek or apprehend? At Heav'n's high fcasts to bave fed : yet what To whom the angel. Son of Heav'o aed compare?

Earıb, To whom the winged hierarch reply'd.


that thou art happy, owe to God; O Adam, one Almighty is, from whom

That thou continuest such, owe to thyself, All tbings proceed, and up to him return, That is, to thy ubedience; therein stand. If not deprav'd from good, created all

This was that caution giv'o thee; be advis'de Such to perfection, oue first matter all, God made thee perfect, not immutable; Endued with various forms, various degrees And good he made thee, but to persevere Of substance, and in things that live, of life; He left it in thy power; ordain'd thy will But more refind, more spiritons, and pure, By nature free, not over-rul'd by fate As wearer to him plac'd or nearer teuding Inextricable, or strict necessity: Each in their several active spheres assiga'd, Our voluntary service be requires, Till body up to spirit work, in bounds

Not our necessitated; such with him Proportion'd to each kind. So from the root Finds no acceptance, nor can find; for how Springs lighter the green stalk, from thence Can hearts, not free, be try'd whether they

the leaves More airy, last the bright consummate flower Willing or 110, who will but what they must Spirits odorous breathes; flow'rs and their By destiny, and can no other chuse? fruit,

Myself, and all th' angelic bost, that staud Man's nourishment, by gradual scale sublim'd, Ju sight of God entlıron'd, our happy state To vital spirits aspire, to animal,

Hold, as you yours, while our obedience hulds; To intellectual; give both life and sense, Ou other surety none; freely we serve, Faucy and understauding; whence the soul Because we freely love, as in our will Reason receives, and reasou is her being, To love or not; in this we stand or fall: Discursive, or intuitive; discourse

Avd some are fall'n, to disobedience fall'n, Is oflest yours, the latter inost is ours, Aud so from Hcar'u to deepest Hell; O fall, Differing but in degree, of kind the same. From what high state of bliss into what woe! Wonder not, then, what God for you saw good To whom our great Progenitor. Tky words If I refuse not, but convert, as you,

Attentive, and with more delighted ear, To proper substance : time may come, when Divine Instructor, I bave heard, than when nien

Cherubic songs by night from neighbring Lilla With angels may participate, and find

Aereal music send: nor knew I not No inconvenieut diet, nor loo light tare; To be both will and deed created free; And from these corporal nutriments perhaps Yet that we never shall forget to love Your bodies may at last turn all to spirit, Our Maker, and obey hin whose command.


Single is yet so just, my constant i bouglits Brightness had made invisible, thus spake. Assur'd me, and still assure: though what Hear, all ye Angels, progeny of Light, thou tellist

Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virtues, Hath pass'd in Heav'o, some doubt within me Puwers, move,

Ilear my decree, which unrevok'd shall stand, But more desire to hear, if thou consent, This day I have begot whom I declare The full relation, which must nccus be strange, '; My only Son, and on this holy hill Worthy of sacred silence to be heard ;

Him have anointed, whom ye now behold And we have yet large day, for scarce the Sun At my right hand; your head I bim appoint; Hath finishid half his journey, and scarce be. And by myself have sworn to him shall bow gius

All kvees in Heav’o, and shall confess him His other half in the great zoue of leav'n.

Tbus Adam made request; and Raphael, Under his great vice-gerent reign abide
After short pause, assenting, thus began : United as one individual soul
High matter thou injoin'st me, O Prime of For ever happy: him who disobeys,

Me disobeys, breaks union, and that day Sad task and bard; for how small relate Cast out from God and blessed vision, falls To human seuse th' invisible exploits

Into utter darkness, deep ingulf'd, bis place Of warring spirits, low, withoni remorse? Ordain'd without redemption, without end. The ruin of so many, glorious once

So spake th’Omnipotent, and with bis words And perfect while they stood ? low last unfold All seem'd well pleas'd; all seem'd, but were The secrets of another world, perhaps

not all. Not lawful to reveal? yet for thy good

That day, as other soleinn days, they spent This is dispens'd, and what surmounts the In song and dance about the Sacred Hill; reach

Mystical dance, u bich youder starry sphere Of human sense, 1 slall delineate so,

Of planets and of fix'd in all her wheels
By likening spiritual to corporeal forms, Resembles uearest, mazes intricate,
As may express them best ; though what if Eccentric, intervolv'd, yet regular

Theo most, when most irregular they seein; Be but the shadow of Heav'n, and things And in their motions, Harmony divine therein

So smooths ber charming tones, that God's Each to uther like, more than on carth is thought?

Listens delighted. Evening now approach'd As yet this world was not, and Chaos wild

(For we bave also our evening and our iporn, Reigp'd wbere these Heav'ns now rull, w where We ours for change delectable, not need) Eartb now resis

Furthwith from dance to sweet repast they Upon her center poised; when on a day

turn (For time, though in eternity, apply'd

Desirous; all in circles as they stood, To motion, measures all things durable Tables are set, and on a sudden pil'd By present, past, and future) on such day With angels' food, and rubied nectar fion's As Heav'u's great year brings forth, th' empy In pearl, in diamond, and massy gold, real host

Fruit of delicious vines, the grouth of Hear'ı. Of angels by imperial suinmous callid, Ou Aow'r's repos'd, and with fresh flow'rets Innumerable before th' Almighty's tbrune

crownu, Forthwith from all the ends of Heav'n ap They eat, they drink, and in communion sweet pear'd

Quaff immortality and joy, secure Under their hierarchs in orders bright:

Of surfeit where full measure only bound's Ten thousand thousand ensigns high advanc'd Excess, before th' all-bounteous king, who Standards and goofalons 'twixt van and rear

shower'd Stream in the air, and for distinction serve With copious band rejoicing in their joy. Of hierarchies, of orders, and degrees;

Now when ambrosial Night with clouds exOr in their glittering tissues bear imblaz'd

hald Holy memorials, acts of zeal and love

From that high mount of God, whence liglat Recorded eminent. Thus, when in orbs

and shade Of circuit inexpressible they stood,

Spring both, the face of brightest Hear'u had Orb within orb, the Father infinite,

chang'd By whom iu bliss imbosom'd sat the Son, To grateful twilight (for night comes not there Amidst, as from a flaming mount whose top In darker peil) and roseat deus dispos'd

Own ear



All but the unsleeping eyes of God to rest, Or several one by one, the regent powers, Wide over all the plain, and wider far

Under him regent; tells, as he was taught, Than all this glubous earth in plain outspread, That the Most High commanding, now ere (Such are ihe courts of God)tb'angelic trong Night, Dispers’d in bands and files, their camp es Now ere dim Night bad disincumber'd Hear'n, teud

The great hierarchal standard was to move; By living streams among the trecs of life, Tells the suggested cause, and casts between Pavilivns numberless, and sudden rearu, Ambiguous words and jealousies, to sound Celestial tabernacles, where they slept

Or taint integrity: but all obcy'd Fapnd with cuol winds; save those who in the wonted signal, and superior voice their course

Of their grcat Potentate; for great indeed Melodious hynins about the sov'reign throne His name, and high was bis degree in Ileav'n; Alternate all niz lit loog: but not so wak’d His count’nance, as the morning star that Satan; so cui bun now, his former name

guides Is heard no more in Heav'ı ; he of the first, The starry flock, allor'd them, and with lies Ii not the first archangel, great in power, Drew after him the third part of Heav'o's host. I: favour and pre-eminence, yet franglit Meau while th' Eternal Eye, w bose sight disWith ehry against th: Som of God, that day Honourd hy bis great Father, and proclaima Abstrusest thoughts, from forth his holy Messiah King anoited, could not bear

mount, Through pride that sight, and thought him. And from within the golden lamps tbat burn self impaird.

Nigltly before him, saw without their light Deep malice thence conceiving and disdain, Rebelliou rising; saw in whom, how spread Soon as midnight brought on the dusky hour Friendliest to sleep and silence, he resolv'd, Were banded to oppose bis high decree; With all his legions, to dislodge, and leave And smiling, to his only Son tbus said : Uvworshipt, mnobey'd the throne supreme Son, thou in whom iny glory I behold Contemptuous, and his next subordinate In full resplendence, heir of all my might, Awak’ning, thus to him in secret spake: Nearly it now concerns us to be sure Sleep'st thou, Companion dear; what sleep Of our omnipotence, and with what arms can close

We ineau to hold what auciently we claim Thy eye-lids? and remember'st what decree Oi deity or empire ; such a fue Of yesterday, so late haili pass'd the lips Is rising, who intends to erect his throne Of Heav'n's Almighty. Thou to me thy Equal to ours, throughout the spacious North; thoughts

Nor so content, bath in bis thought to try Wast wont, I mine to thee was wront to impart; Tu battle, what our power is, or our right. Both waking we were one; bow then can now Let us advise, and to this bazard draw Thy sleep dissent? New law's thou seest in. With speed what force is left, and all employ posiad;

In our defence, lest, unawarcs, we lose New laws from bim who reigos, net minds This our bigh place, our sanctuary, our hill.

To whom the Son with calm aspect aod clear, In us who serve, new counsels, to debate Lightning divine, ineffable, serene, What douborul may ensue: more in this place Made auswer. Mighty Father! thou thy fo:s To utter is not safe. Assemble thou

Justly hast in derision, and secure Of all those myriads which we lead the chief; Laughst at their vain designs and tumults Tell them that by conimaud, cre yet dim night vain, Hler sladowy cloud withdraws, I am to baste, Matter to one of glory, whom their hate Aud all wliv under me their banners wave, Illustrates, when they sce all regal power Homeward with flying march where we pos Gir'u me to quell their pride, and in event

Know whetber I be dextrous to subdue The quarters of the North; there to prepare Thy rebels, or be fouud the worst in Heav'n. Fit entertainment to receive our King

So spake the Son; but Satan, with his The great Messiah, and bis new commands,

powers, Who speedily through all the bierarchies Far was advancd on winged speed, an bost Intends to pass triumphant and give laws.

Jonumerable as the stars of night, Su spake the false archi-angel, and infus'd Or stars of morning, dew-drops, wbich the sun Bad influence into the unwary breast

Impearls on every leaf and every flower. Of his assuciale: be together calls,

Regions they pass'd, the mighty regcucies

may raisc


Of Seraphim and Potentates and Thrones Had audience, whien ainong the Serapbim
In their triple degrees; regions to which Abdiel, than whom none with more zeal ador'd
All thy dominion, Adam, is no more

The deity, the divine commards obey'd,
Than wbat this garden is to all the earth, Stood up, and in a fame of zeal severe
And all the sea, from one entire globose The current of his fury thus oppos d.
Stretch'd into longitude; which having pass'd, O arguine!t blaspheinons, faise and proud;
At length into the limits of the North

Words which no ear cver to hear in Heav'a They came, and Satan to his royal seat Expected, least of all from tlice, Ingrate, High on a bill, far blazing, as a mount In place thyself so high above thy peers. Rais'd on a mount, with pyramids and tower's Caust thou with impious obloquy condemn From diamond quarries hewn, and rocks of The just decree of God, pronounc'd and suorn, guld;

That to his only son by right endued The palace of great Lucifer, (so call

With regal sceptre, every soul in Heaven That structure in the dialect of men

Shail bend the koce, and in that honour due Interpreted) which not long after, he

Confess bim rightful king? Unjust, thou say'st, Affecting all equality with God,

Flatly mjusi, to bind with laws the free, In imitation of that mount whereon

And equal over equals to let reign, Messiah was declard in sight of Heav'n, One over all with unsucceeded power. The Mountain of the Congregation call'd; Shalt thou give law to God, shalt thou dispute For thither he assembled all his train, With him the points of liberty, who made Pretending so commanded, to consult Thee what thou art, and form't the pow'rs of About the great reception of their King,

Heaven Thisher to come, and with calumnious art Such as be pleas'd, and circumscrib'd their Of counterfeited truth thus held their ears.

being ? Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virtues, Yet by experience taught we know how goodo Powers,

And of our good and of our dignity If these magnific titles yet remain

How provident he is, how far from thought Not merely titular, since by decree

To make us less, beut rather to exalt Another yow bath to limself engross'd Our bappy state under one lead more near All power, and us eclips'd, under the name United. But to grant it thee injust, Of King Anointed, for whom all this baste That equal over equals monarch reign : Of inidvight march, and hurried meeting here, Thyself though great and glorious dust thou This only to cousult how we may best

count, With what may be devis'd of honours new Or all angelic nature join'd in one, Receive him coming to receive from us

Equal to him begotten Son? by whom knee-tribute yet unpaid, prostration vile, As by bis word ide miglity father warle Too much to one, but double how endur'd All things, even thee! and all the spirits of To one and to his image now proclaim d?

Heaven But what if better counsels might erect By him created in their bright degrecs, Our minds, and teach us to cast off this yoke? | Crowu'd them with glory, and to their glory Will ye submit your necks, and chuse to bend

nam'd The supple knee? ye will not, if I trust Thrones, Dominations, Princcdoms, Virtues, To know ye right, or if ye kuow yourselves,

Powers, Natives and sons of Heav'n, possess'd before Essential Pow'rs: nor by his reign obscur'd, By none, and if pot equal all, yet free,

But more illustrious made ; since he the head Equally free; for orders and degrees

One of our number thus reduc d becomes; Jar not with liberty, but well consist.

His laws our laws; all honour to himn done Who can in reason then or right assume Returus our own. Cease then this impious Monarchy over such as live by right

rage, His equals, if in pow'r and splendour less, And tempt not these; but hasten to appease lo freedom equal? Or can introduce

Th’incensed Father, and lli' incensed Son, Law and edict on us, who without law While pardon may be found in time besought. Err not? Much less for this to be our Lord, So spake the fervent Angel; but his zeal And look for adoration to th' abuse

None seconded, as out of season judg'd, Of those imperial titles, which assert

Or singular and rash, whereat rejoic'd Dur being ordain’d to govern, not to serve. Th’Apostate, and more haughty thus replyd. Tbus far bis bold discourse without con That we were form'd then say'st thou ? and the troul


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