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SKETCH OF THE CHARACTER OF MR. WINDHAM.
Ox Monday June 4th, at a quarter after The style of Mr. Windham's eloqnence partwelve, died, at his house in Pall-Mall, the took of his character; it was more colloquial, Right Hon. W. Windham, L. L. D. many years and therefore not so grand as Mr. Burke's. Member of Parliament for the City of Nor. It abounded in illustrations; and those illuswich, afterwards representative of the County tratious, from the propensity of observation of Norfolk, and latterly of St. Jawes'. on common life which we have above-men.
Amongst other lamentable events of the last tioned, had more the quality of humour than few years, the public have to enumerate the of ornament and elegance.-In the character loss of many enincut men, who have suc of his genius he had a very near resemblance cessively fallen, one after the other, not so tu Butler, the great author of Hudibras. He much by the decay of age, as by something bad a mind full of homespun and practical of accident, which has intercepted them in images, taken indiscriminately from the partheir full career, and brought them to the il lour, the kitchen, the strect, the country ground, when themselves and the spectator's church-yard, and the ale-house door. Almost have least apprehended it.--- Mr. Pitt died at a every thing he said was in metaphor; but as time when, whatever might have been his line the images were homely, they were striking, of politics, his talents were much wanted. Mr. | without being stiff and formal. Whatever noFox was cut off at a period when he was about iion was in his mind, if the common term did to terminate a long war. Of all the events of
not express the strength of his conception, le this kind, nothing is to be more regretted never liesitated to borrow the stronger name of than the loss of Mr. Windham; who was at any object which it resembled; and, in thus once a Statesman and a Scholar, and almost | borrowing, he was satistied with a very genethe only remaining one of those bulwarks ral resemblauce. Some of his illustrations, which, in a time of extreme peril, rose up be- || therefore, though they may instantaneously tweeu the example of France and this country, strike the mind at the first blow, have even thic and, more than ten Channels, saved us from
appearance of absurdity, after the heat of the conquest and contagion.
speaker and ilie reader have passed. This is Mr. Windham was a true disciple of Burke. no objection to that kind of cluquence, which He had much of his wisdon, and still more of both speaks from the feeling and to the feels his faucy, accompanied, as we think, by a ing greater knowledge of nature, arising from an It has been another objection to Mr. Winduncommon sagacity of mind. If we were called ham's speaking and arguing that he was too upon to exemplify this observation by adducing metaphysical. Those who use this word secm what we consider the happiest efforts of to apply it without any determinate meaning. DIr. Wiudham's Parliamentary eloquence, we If they apply it to his form of argumentation, should select thore speeches in which he ri they must mean that he was too logical-too diculed the Poor Bills of Mr. Pitt, aud the formal in his method of argument. This we Education Bill of Mr. Whitbread ;-the Train- | deny, and we think we have said enough ing and Volunteer Acts;-the Bull-baiting Bill, | above to answer it. Nothing could possibly be and finally Lord Erskine's Anjinal Cruelty Bill; inore easy and colloquial thau his whole course in which, confounding the objects of morals of reasoning; and it it were not inmediately and legislation, and conscience and law, the intelligible, it was only because it was the reapatrons endeavoured at a perfection which the soning of a more than common mind, and actual condition of life and character would ll therefore necessarily profound.-It was laid in pot admit. In all these cases Mr. Windham's principle, and always verging towards gene. 'conduct and speeches gave the death-blow m ralization; making exceptions as he went along, an instant. In ridiculing the Training Bills | speaking, as if he were writing, and carefully the shewed the spirit of a true cornic writer, || limiting himself from error. If by the term meand if Hogarth or Wilkie could have been pre- || taphysical, the peculiarity of his expressions - sent to hare embodied his ideas, nothing more be meant,—that is, a kind of technical pre. would have been wanting to the most perfect cision, and proposition of general principles, picture of the kind, uniting satire and life, he had this from Burko, and surely one of the than to have taken off a kind of vil-paper copy || supreme excellencies of Burke must not be obfrom bis imagination.
jected to Mr. Windbam.
As to the moral character of Mr. Wind- || degraded binself by secking it at an expence, ham nothing could be fairer, and it was more which he more valued, --his self-estimation, admirable, because his morality bad the ease and the high consciousuess of acting upright. pran ordinary domestic habit.--He wore it as ly. From certain peculiarities however in lois loosely as his dress: he had nothing of the character he was never fortunate enougli to obmutward appearance of bis real virtue beyond tain this popularity. Even his style of eluwhat he knew to be accessary for public ex- quence concurred to raise a popular prejurice ample--Avd principle, as we hare above said, against him, inasmuch, as in combating powas always so uppermost in his mind, that pular diclusions, and more particularly those almost all his actions may be said to have been inistaken principles of pbilanthropy, which regulated by it. But to crown all, to the ut. appeal more to the heart than the reason, he most profundity of human learning, polished was in the habit of employing metaphors and to the almost of grace and elegance, he images, which by the very nature of hnmonr united that, without which buman learning is and ridicule were necessarily extravagant, and vain and frivolous-He applied his learning Therefore seemed to be umerited by the subto a right purpose: he searched into theject, and in soine degree an outrage upon gegrounds of religiou, and satisfied himself of neral feeling. It was a kind of paradoxical, the truth, and having so done, lived and died epigrammatic imagery, whichi, however just in its failb.- We believe that he likewise owed wlien thoroughly understood, had a kind of much on this score to Mr. Burke, whose ex- moral discordia concors, an apparent coutradic. ample and exhortations sevin to have led ali tion to reason and feeling. his disciples and friends to what is alone ve- No man liowever, as a Patriot at core, more cessary to render the wisc and good perfect truly loved both lis country aud his country. Christiansan examination into the grounds men--His feelings were at home with them of our faitli, the value of its evidence, and
every wliere: be triumphed with them in the the certainty of its authorily.
camp, and took the cudgel and fiddle with We had resolved to say nothing respecting them in their merry-makings. the political character of Mr. Windham, but The main defect in the character of Mr. it would be injustice to umit giving him that Wivdbam was connected with what, in genepraise which rarely falls to the lot of imodern ral, was one of its excellencies.--His intre. statesmen; a praise more eminently deserved pidity, both personal and mental, occasionally by Mr. Windhamn, because, in the class of pub- || verged into obstinacy; into a kind of defiance lic men with whom he was through life asso- which there was no bending, and with which ciated, it was exclusive and peculiar to himself. There was no dealing. For a practical man, as The peculiar line of his politics brought him Mr. Windham was, this was a great singulainto the society of the most ambitious, indi- ! rity in his character. gent, and selfish of men; of men, whose traf- We bave purposely abstained from saying fic was a prostitution of public priuciples, the any thing of the political conduct of Mr. object of which was to seat and maintain them- || Win m; but so much we will say; that he relves in place and power-With such exam- received the Palladium of the British Conples Mr. Windham was nowise corrupted. He stitution from Mr. Burke; and through fire and had frequently been in office; but when he sinoke, through a burning city, per flagrantia retired from office, be at the same time retired mænia mundi, he kept it. from place he had no peusion or siuecure at. But to sum up all, be was at once the schotaching to him. The.independence and gene- lar and the Christian, or to say every thing in rosily of his public services were not soiled one simple term, he was the perfect ENGLISH by any selfish motive-Being above all induce-1 GENTLEMAN.
F. L. H. ments to serve his country, le disdaived to acknowledge upon leaving employment, that The origin of the complaint which ended the compe:sation, wbich he consented to take in Mr. Windham's death was a contusion reas an appeuduge to oflice could be justly re- ceived in rescuing the most valuable part of tained by hiin as a reward. He would have the library of bis friend, Mr. Frederick North, deemed it an undue affectation to have served from the fire which consumed the latter's the pablic gratuitously; but when he resigned house, in Conduit-street, about twelve months their service, he resigned their pay.
since. Mr. North, at his going abroad, recom. No man more esteemed the good opinion of mended to the particular care and personal the public, and no man beiter understood its custody of Mr. Windham several tin boxes, real value, lban Mr. Windham; but he gaver contaiving some very rare manuscripts; add.
int, that “bois library, thuazlı very valuable, f: le ti aw issue; and was in tite: 63ti year eilis auf: coniú be replaced, and was insane!; 1,0;t ibit). During the Viceroyalty of Lord Northing the manuscripts sould be an irréparalle joss.” | , in 1: elaid, Mr. Wadhain was his series Mr. Windham had, it is saidi, deferred the l'e- tory. It was on his appointment to this situamoval of the boxes to his own house; and tion, that expressin a doubts of his ability to this was the reason why, at the imminent do justice to the office, or to adopt the pracTazard of his life, and with the certainty of tices supposed to be necessary to his frieni, great personal injury, lie rushed into the midst Dr. Johnson, (as mentioned in Mr. Boswell's of ihe fames to rescue them. He sur ceeds work), the Doctor said, with a pleasant smile, ed; but at the same cime received the coniu- “ Don't be afraid, Sir, you will soon wake a sio: which, after such a lougth of time, las very pretty rascal.”—Dr. Johnson had the terminaled so fatally.
highest opinion of his jutegrity and intellecMi. Tindhan cousuited the most eminent tual powers, and in a leiter iu Dr. Brocklesliv, Surgeons, separately at first, and afterwards recorded in the same work, writiei at Ashcolieciivels'. So many different stateinents are bourne, in the year 1784, he says, “ Mr. Wine's given of the concordant or contradictory opi
han bas beeu here to see me he came, I think, mions of the nicdical Gentlemen, ill we deem forty miles out of his way, and staid about a it more prndeut to insert nothing on this sub-day and a halfperhaps I make the time jict. The result, however, was a determina shorter than it was. Such conversation I shall tion to submit to the kuile, Mr. Winiham's not lave vain till I come back to the regions arrient tean por la him tu insist on the per- of literature, and there Wjodham is inter stelformance of the operation without the usual
las luna minores." course of preparatory medicine. He settled bis il Mr. Winnibam was married about fifiren woridly affairs; and wiili the piety of a sin- years ago to Yiss Forrester, of Biufield, a lady ccre Christian performed all the religious du- uf small fortune, but of a most amiable characties appropriate to so solenn an occasion, tak- ter, and with a mind congenial io knowledge ing the sacrament at the Chapel of the Char- and attainments wiib liis own. Nothing could ter-house. His fortitudie was such, that he be more happy and harmonious than his doengaged the operator to perforin his duty, mesiic life; and iberefore, it may naturally be without the usral precaution of tying duwi conceived, that the loss of such a man must the patient; and even when it was found rie- be deeply affecting. It is said that he had a cessary to cut deeper than was at first ex.
strong presentiment that his death would happected (the to:091. nut being insulated as was peu on Monday. He declared this opinion inisapposed, but having a cancerous root on the mediately after the operation was performed, bune, which it was absolutely necessary to and repeated it on Sunday, observing to his scrape), he said repeatedly, “I can bear it;"medical attendasits, that it was the last time bit wnen they reached the bone, he said, i be should ironble them, as he should cer“ Now, indeed, you may feel for me." It is tainly die the next day. sail, that the tumour itsell, judging from Mr. Windham las left several manuscript the appearances that rendered it uecessary to volumes, one of which is a complete mathecarry the operation so far beyond what was
matical work. It appears that Mr. Windham at first intended, must, if left to take its excelled in that science. It was his custom to course, have necessarily proved fatal whenever write bis thoughts on the sereral subjects that it should break (wbich wou bave been proba- engaged his attention in large books, and he ' bly in a month or 10), as the system wonld generally filled one every month. It was probe incapable of supporting the discharge that balily by this methodical arrangement of the would come froin it. It was discorered, very matters that came within the range of liis cxsoon after the operation, that the event was tensive research, that Mr. Windham obiained likely to be fatal: an ichornus matter flowed the command of that vast variety of argilfrom the wound, which prevenied adhesion, ments and illustrations, which enabled hiin and the flesh did not granulate, so as to af- to present his opinions to the minds of his for the prospect of approximation.
auditors in more numerous and more striking He was attended in his last moments by forms than any other man of the present time. Mr. William Elliot. He expired without a He was a pupil, a follower, and arelent friend struggle or a groan.
Ule had slept, the pre- of Mr. Burke; from that great and good man, ceding wight, froin eleven toeght o'clock, and who has lefi so much instruction to his counit was thought that if any thing could have try in his works, Mr. Windham derived the given a favourable turn to this wound, it would leading principles of his politics, and the be rest; but his powers were consumed. He has most aclmired characteristics of his eloquence. No. II. Vol. I.--NS.
EXTRACTS FROM THE “RIVAL PRINCES;"
BY MARY ANNE CLARKE.
Ir is peculiaily unpleasant to a mind, would be some satisfaction, however, to of any candour to have any thing to say li the public, if Colonel Wardle would repel to such a work as this, -a miracle of profli- this accusation in the manner in which it gate impudence, and of manifest indiffer- ought to be repelled. ence to right or wrong, truth or falshood, The passage to which we allude is as folwhich is almost unnatural to a reasonable | lows,We give it complete, as the extracreature. -No proverb was ever more tiue neous matter may enable the reader to foim than the trite remark, that nothing is so a judgment as to the credit due to the main abandoned as a shameless woman,-chat she point:is never wicked by halves,—that with her
“But now to the fact, as I received it, from modesty she puts off her humanity, and
unquestionable authority. A short time after realizes that idea of mischief, seduction, Colonel Wardle's election at Oakhampton, he deceit, and remorseless treachery, which made a journey into Wales, with bis Chire the ancients embodied in their Syrens aud amie and her young family;* and on their reHarpies. The art of this wretched woman turn to London, resided at the above coffee. is so to mingle up truth and falshood as to
house at Chelsea, under the name of Brown. render it almost impossible to distinguish
During their stay at this place, a gentlethem.--She has the cunning to anticipate man, who had given bis vote in favour of Cul. and thereby to elude all the niceties of
Wardle at Oakhampton, said to the tavern evidence,-to give to the deepest art the keeper-I find, Sir, you have got Colonel
Wardle and family here as your guests:'-appearance of the most perfect carelessness, Col. Wardle," replied the host with surprise, -to confirm her falsehood by designed ac
Oh no, Sir! the gentleman you just now saw cidents and contrived conjunctures.
pass, is a Mr. Brown.'-Observed the gentleAfter these observations, it would be a
man, 'I know better-bis name is Wardle-and loss of time to enter into any examination what is more, I gave him my vote for Oakof the aliedycd facts she produces-To give hampton, and have since dined with him.' them their due weight, we must keep in “ This information produced an enquiry, view the ends at which she is aiming-She which in a few hours reached the ears of the is endeavouring to return into favour with correct family man, Col. Wardle, who immedi. the man whom (as far as respects merely | ately ordering bis carriage, left the house, and him and herself) she betrayed-She is en
I am informed, the draft which he gave the deavouring to make up a book out of no
tavern keeper for the amount of his bill, was
not paid in the most regular way. thing, and she is endeavouring to avenge
“ When Colonel Wardle was in the habit of herself on Colonel Wardie for not having || visiting Westborne Place, I used to indulge in paid her according to the liberality she
a little railery ou his fair mistress, which naexpected. -Let the public keep these turally enough produced observations from points in view, and they will have no dif
him with respect to her, ficulty in estimating her assertions at their On one of these occasions of mirth, he just worth.
burst into a paroxysm of amatory passion, aud The first assertion is important indeed, exclaimed that bis mistress was so fair and if any credit can be attached to it-The young, that he did not suffer the air of heaven Public have here to choose between Mrs.
to blow on her!!!-If she be the same lady Clarke's credibility and the honour of Col. who now calls herself Miss Davis, of Glouonel Wardle-One or the other of them cester-street, Queen-square, Colonel Wardle is must be infamous beyond a common mea.
not so particular as to the purity of the air sure-For our own part, we have no liesi- that has lately blown upon her. This delicate tation in attaching his infamy to a woma!!,
creature has, upon a late occasion, been runwhose whole course of life has been one
* “Colonel Wardle has also children by his scene of infamy, and who has now crowned | wife, which obliges him to keep up two ertait by this most infamous publication. It blishments."
uing into every dirty place, with Ellis the At- Bench, in anxious expectation that your suptorney, in order to purchase whatever kind of posed faithful busband would triumph in his evidence could be picked up, to support Col. black deeds, and that perjury would ubtain hich Wardle's late prosecution.
the laurel + with which his friend Sir Richard “ Major Dodd did not suffer Col. Wardle's Phillips and his other associates had prepared angelic creature to live undisturbed by the to entwine his brow on that memorable day, gentle air of heaven without participating with | when a British jury shewed that it was not to me in a desire to see her, and accordingly be duped by a jacobinical faction. urged me to press the Colonel to introduce us “ Was it for all this I say, Mrs. Wardle, that to his favourite lady, which I did; but Col. || your husband had made you such an unkind Wardle would not comply with my request, || return, as to divide that love and tenderness, from (I believe) motives of jealousy, and a of which, your good qualities and fortune conviction of the superiority of Major Dodd's ought to have made you sole mistress. But, person; wbich might have produced a strange | madarn, be not any longer deceived; Colonel alteration in the lady's mind as to the personal Wardle has returned to you that which he has beauty of her happy Colonel.
returned to others, namely, EVIL for good.” “ Colonel Wardle told me, that the father of this fair lady had applied to bim to make a
The following passage contains some regular provision for bis daughter, who bad particulars relative to Major Dodd, -we been the victim of his improper passion ; but again, however, su bjoin the caution, if he desired to acquaint her father of his real they may be believed :character and situation in life, and that his
“ Though Major Dodd acknowledged, in whole dependance rested on his wife's furtuue, the Court of King's Bench, that he was conwhich would not admit of any burthens being cerned with Colonel Wardle in proceedings affixed to it, by way of annuity to this young against the Commander in Chief (on patriotic lady.
principles of course) yet it may be necessary “As, therefore, nothing but secrecy could
to produce a few of his notes to me, in order to benefit the old man's daughter, he of course
shew how far he was interested in the investihas remained quiet for the sake of all the parties concerned.
“Mark, reader! what a return for a fortune p“ It is unnecessary for me to enter into a to an amiable and affectionate wife, and a mo
description of the disgraceful riot and disturb. ther of seven children !!! Pause, and ask
anre which took place in Westminster Hall,
on the day of my trial, as the interruption yourself, whether Colonel Wardle be quite that
Lord Ellenborough met with, in the adminis. immaculate character which he has laboured tration of justice is now pretty generally known so much to make the public believe him en to tbe public, as well as the spirited instructie titled.
ons of his Lordship to the under Sheriff upon
that occasion. But I cannot avoid giving “Ah! deluded woman, was it for this you publicity to the private information I have since loved and married a beggar?
-Was it for received of the grand procession which was this you have virtuously cherished and reared prepared to attend Col. Wardle if I had been a numerous offspring ?--Was it for this you convicted on that day... The plaintiff's rehave encountered many sleepless nights to
spectable and numerous friends, who disturbed further your husband's political views ?--Was
the public peace, and insulted the sacred
tribunal of justice, were, I am informed, to it for this you risked your character and per. have chaired the victorious Colonel, and carsonal safety, by going in a barouche* to a cer ried him amidst the shouts of a mob and the tain tavern, and leaving that celebrated letter din of butchers' music, to the house of Sir which astonished the whole kingdom ?-Was Richard Phillips, from the drawing-room it for this you attended the Court of King's wiudow of which, he was to have made a
flaming speech to the friends of freedom. This
would have afforded a most delectable treat to * “ Major Hogan's Pamphlet shews the pro- Sir Richard Phillips, .who is considered the ceedings of a supposed female friend of the must vain-glorious character in the kingdom. Duke of York's who went to Frank's Hotel, I forbear using the words of the AttorneyLower Brook-street, in a barvuche, and left á General on the trial of Sir John Carr versus letter for Major Hogan, in which he found a Vernor and Hood, who said the Knight " five hundred pound bank note. This barouche. the greatest fool in the kingdom,” but, I may lady, Col. Wardle acknowledged to me, was no be pardoned, I hope, if I join in opinion other person than his dear wife. But there was with Lord Ellenborough, who corrected Sir no harm in such an act, it was merely a little V. Gibbs on that occasion, and said, “No, generalship, which sheds a lastre an modern pa- no, Mr. Attorney-General, YOU MEAN THÉ triotism."