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SOME CURIOUS AND INTERESTING FACTS RELATIVE TO BRITISII
BY ROBERT JOIN THORNTO), V.D.
(Continuent from Page 190.)
TLASS I. MOXANDRIA.-ORDER 1. || themselves as to convert a pond at length MONOGONIA.
into a morass, and that again into meadow. JOINTED GLASS.WORT, or MARSH
land. SAMPHIRE Sulicornia Europe:1). Salicor. mia furnishes an alcaline salt, and is burnt CLASS II. DEANDRIA.-ORDER I. into kelp for the purpose of making glass.
MONOGYNIA. It is sometimes used 100 in pickles, as PRIVET (Ligustrum vulgare). Privet, a substitute for the common samphire, which, on account of the slenderness and the Crithmum maritimum of Linnæus, to flexibility of the twigs, and shining green which, however, it is greatly inferior, nor colours of the leaves, is frequently employe bcars any resemblance. It has a salt and ed as a convenient arbour in gardens, soniewhat pungent taste, but no smell. || where it likewise formas a beautiful and Bergius allirms it to be antiscorbutic.
commodious hedge. The leaves of the The propriety of the name Glass wort is Privet have an acrid and somewhat bitter sufficiently evinced by what has been just taste, and have been esteemed cleansing mentioned of the use to which the plant in and astringent. The flowers have a strong question is applied. The epithet jointed and disagreeable smell. Ray observes that serves to distinguish it from a prickly plant the berries might be made useful in of the same name and economical use, the dying. Saljola kali of Linné. Sulicornia and Salt
ENCHANTER'S NIGHT-SHADE wort are names sufficiently expressive, both of its sepsible qualities and of the (Circæa latctiana). Circe, the enchanthorned structure of the joints; and the ress, aunt to the celebrated Medea, and
whose cups proved so fatal to the compaappellation Marsh-samphire, whilst it indicates the substitution of the plant to the circumstance probably arose from the
nions of Ulysses, gives name to this genus. which it gives name for the common sam
suspicious qualities attributed to the plants pire, furnishes likewise a mark from situa
which lion, by which, independently of scientific
compose it: and this seems only characiers, it may always be distinguished the similarity of the leaves to those of
a slanderous imputation, proceeding from from it; the former growing invariably on
Night-shade. the beech, the latter on rocky cliffs, and generally not accessible but with danger :
MALE SPEEDWELL (Veronica off“ Half way down
cinalis). In some parts of Europe, parti“Jlangs one that gathers Samphire; dreadful cularly Germany, Sweden, and France, trade!"
where this plant still maintains its reputaSHAKESPEARE'S LEAR. tion, the leaves are, in gravelly complaints,
used in infusion like tea; hence the name ORDER II. DIGYNIA.
of European tea, by which it is generally VERNAL STAR-WORT (Stellarin rel known on the Continent. A German, callitriche rerna). This plant is partly named Franck, first introduced it to notice immersed in water, and partly rises above in this form, and wrote a particular treatise it. The upper leaves spread out in the on its virtues. Dr. Scopoli affirms that be form of a star. Callitriche means beauti-cured a friend of a dangerous catarrhal sufful hair, and is expressive either of the focation, by introducing into the mouth, conformation of the Icaves, or the fine ca- through a funnel, the vapour of a decoce pilary roots of the plant, which, according tion of Veronica mixed with a little vito Dr. Darwin, so increase and extend negar. No. 1, Vol.1.-N. S.
COMMON BROOKLIME, (Veronica | Betony. If the virtues of plants are to be beccabunga). Frequent in ditchies and indicated by their sensible qualities, both rivulets, esteemed as an antiscorbutic, and these plants must possese considerable viris cateo by some in the spring as sallad, tues, as the smeli, in particular, of each is but is more biler and not so agreeable to ema, kably strong. the palate as water-cresses. The flowers
COMMON BUTTER-WORT (Pin. are of a fine blue, and the leaves are
The inhabitants of smco.li, thick, a'id succulent.
Laplaud, and the no' th of Sweden, gise to VERVAIN (Perbena officinalis). Ver- milk the consistence of cream, by pouring vain, although greatly celebrated for its it warm from the cowy upon the leaves of riligious, magic, and medical efficacy, is this plant, and then is:antly strajning it, denied a place in our dispensatories, yet it and laying it aside for two or three days has still its admirers, who ascribe to it till it acquises a degree of acidity. This several singular virtues, particularly in milk they are extiepely fond of; and pains and other affections of the head when once made they need not repeat the arising from frigid humours, in infl. mma- use of the Icaves as above, for a spoonsul, tions of the eyes, invererate coughs, ob. or less of it, will turn another quantity structions of the liver and spleen, jaundice, of warm milk, and make it like the fiisi, and dysentery. Scopoli affirms that by and so on as often as they please to renew ihe outward application of tlie fiesh plant their food. bruised, both alone and with the root of Bryony, he had more than once discussed
ORDER II. DIGYNIA. tumours of the abdominal viscern, arising SWEET VERNAL GRASS (Anthors from the neglect or improper treatment of anthum odoratum). Vernal Grass rises. periodical autumnal fevers. It is wonder
with a jointed undivided stem to the ful, says Ray, after giving a long quotation height of top or twelve inches. The from Schroeder describing and illustrating leaves, like those of other grasses, are the powers of Vervain, that a plant should simple, perfectly entire, narrow, alternate, be possessed of so many virtues, that is not and surround the lower part of the stem endowed with any one sensible quality.
like a sheath. The spike which terminates WATER HOREHOUND (Lycopus I the stalk is of a greenish colour till the Eurjfquş). This plant was formerly Howers have attained maturity, when it esteemed vulnerary and astringent. The acquires a yellowish bue. From the fine juice, says Schwenckius, gives a dark livico odour which it imparts to the early hay, ture to whatever it touchies, which is never this grass has obtained the name of sweeteffaced; and Hoflinan affii ms, that the smelling, odoratum : the generical name vagabonds called Gypsies, employ it for Anthoxanthum, yellow flower, is expres. the purpose of disguise.
sive of the colour of ihe spike. It is called Common English Wild and Meadow, vernal, as being an early grass. Curtis CLARY, or (CULUS CHRISTI (Salvia
asserts with others, that all the fragraney rerbenaca). The names Clary, or Clear.
of hay, so delightful in the season, arises
from tbis simple grass. eye, and Oculus Christi have been given to this plant on account of the efficacy it was accounted to possess in inflammations
CLASS III. TRIANDRIA.-ORDER I. and other disorders of the eyes. The epi.
MONOGYNIA. thets Wild and Meadow are added to dis- Great Wild Mountain VALERIAN tinguish it from a garden species of the (Valeriana montuna). This is a variety of same name, and similar but superior vir- the Officinal Valerian which grows natues. Verbenaca, the scientific trivial turally in dry mountainous places, and is name, is expressive of the imagined simi- esteemed of far greater efficacy in medi-larity of the rugged and sinuated leaves to cine than the inarshy sort. It is princito those of Vervain. To us they appear to pally distinguished by the leaves being have a greater resemblauce to those of narrower, and of a duller green: and is
not so common as the former. This plant || Acorus Calamus of Linnæus, which it cats are remarkable fond of, so that the greatly resembles. Allen, in his Synopsis, labels announcing it in an apothecary's | asserts the juice of the root of Water.Hag shop is sure to be torn off by the scratch- to be useful in the tooth-ach. “In Arran, ing of this animal to get at it. Valerian and somc others of the Western Isles, the rises with a hollow, furrowed, and branch- roots are used to dye black; and in Jura ed sten, to the height of three or four feet. they are builed with copperas to make The leaves are broad, of a deep glossy | iuk. green, indented, a little hairy on the under surface, grow opposite in pairs on foot.
ORDER II. ĐIGYNIA. stalks, and are all winged, but differ in dif
CLUB-RUSH Scirpus palustris). Proferent parts of the plant. The flowers, which are small, and of a reddishi white, fessor Kalın affirms that the stalks of this are disposed in large aggregates out unlike plant, when fresh gathered, afford an agrees an umbel at the extremities of the stem
able nourishment to swine. The generical and branches. The roots, particularly the and trivial appellations of this plant are mountain sort, are bitter, subacrid, and expressive of its seneral appearance and of an aromatic and penetrating odour. situation ; the first being the Latin name
of rush, which the genus resembles ; the Valerian has long been esteemed an exccllent remedy in nervous disorders, particu- second signifying marshy, an epithet whiclı larly in hysteric avd epileptic complaints.
seems rather improper, as almost all the It was Fabius Columna who first discover | species are produced in fenny and bogsy ed its antispasmodic virtues, having cured
ground. himself of an inveterate epilepsy when COTTON.GRASS (Eriophorum polyevery medical application had been fruit- stachion). Cotton-grass, so termed from less, by the powdered root of Valerian; is the resemblance of its woolly spikes to that and he tells us, that numbers labouring i useful substance, rises with a round and under the same distemper hc had seen slender stalk to the height of a foot or cured by the same means. Dr. Scopoli eighteen inches. The leaves are grassy relates at some length the remarkable case and placed alternately. The flowers are of a young man who had contracted a vio- formed into a number of spikes at the ex. lent epilepsy from a fright, and was in a tremity of the stalks; the chaffy scales of short time completely cured by taking two the spiculæ being membranaceous and doses daily of the powder of the roots of transparent. The downy substance with Valerian, and drinking after each a decoc- which the seeds are surrounded, is finer tion of the same root, and an equal quan. and softer than cotton, makes a beautiful tity of lime flowers. Vide for the medical appearance on the bogs, which it renders properties of plants, our New Family Her completely white, and if produced in suf. bal, lately published.
ficient quantity, might doubtless be manu. CORN-SALLET (Valeriana locusta).
factured into cloth. The peasants in some The radical leaves are eaten as sallad.
countries make pillows of the dowi). The
name Eriphorum, a Gieck compound, YELLOW WATER - FLAG,
or which signifies bearing wool, is well applied FLOWER:DE-LUCE (Iris pseud acorus).
to the present genus ; as is the trivial name Iris, or the Raiubow, the variegated mes
Polystachion to the species, froin the mula senger of Juno, bas given name to this
tiplicity of its spikes. genus, from the beautiful variety of colours which obtains in the flowers of many of the PANIC GRASS (Panicuin crus galli). species. The trivial name, Pseud Acorus, || The generical name Panicum some authors or false Acorus, given to the species now
derive from Panis, bread; the seeds, as of described, is derived from the substitution all the grasses, being of a farinaceous quawhich has sometimes been ignorantly madelity, and consequently well adapted for that of its roots for those of the Sweet-scented | purpose. Millet, a well-known esculent Flag, the calamus aromaticus of the shops, | grain, Linnæus has placed in this genus the true corks of Caspar Bauhin, the by the name of Panicum miliaceum.
COMMON CANARY-GRASS (Phaol boiled in milk; and the grasss furnishes laris canariensis). The species of Phalaris, no contemptible nourishment fur horses, now under consideration, though not a which, when troubled with worms, are native of England, has by frequent dis-, likewise said to receive benefit from a desemination, become naturalized to this coction of the husks. The seeds have a country, and may properly enough rank mawkish taste like mauna, and are so termwith its indigenous productions. The ed on some parts of the continent, particuname Phalaris, which is that of Diosco-larly in Polish Prussia, and Scania, a pro. rides and Galen, was probably given to vince of Sweden, where the plant itself is this species from a Greek adjective sig. || known by the wame of Manna-grass. pifying white, in allusion to the general CORN OAT-GRASS (Bromus sccalia colour of the seeds; and the trivial names, nus). Grows in corn-fields, especially whether Latin, German, English, or among ryc, as the name imports. The French, indicate the place of growth, I seeds are said, when mixed with corn, lo Spain and the Canary Islands. It is need. I give bread a disagreeable taste and intoxi. less to observe, that the seed furnishes very cating quality. wholesome putriment for birds, and espe
COMMON REED (1rundo phragmicially for those which come from the islands
tes). The roots of the Common Reed, it where the plant is native: but it may not
is affirmed, have been sometimes adminibe so generally known that in some countries it is likewise cultivated as food for for the Radir Chinæ of the shops. The
uistered, and with success, as a substitute men. This, we are told, is in particular
flowers dye green. the case at Malta, where it is called Comeno, and is sowed in great abundance, and
QUICK-GRASS (Triticuin repens). Its mixed with coru for the purpose of making creeping roots which so greatly facilitates bread.
the propagation of this grass, to the no
small inconvenience of the gardener and SHEEP'S FESCUE-GRASS (Tesctua farmer, have procured it the name of noina). Linnæus has asserted in his Flora
Couch and Quich, that is Quick or Living Suecica, that sheep, however fondly attach
Grass. ed to the grass in question, always left the Hower-stems untouched, as if impressed by
DARNEL-GRASS (Temulentum lolinature with an instinctive care of the parts: um). The name Lulium some writers lave of fructification. This, however, Stilling. I derived from the Greek (deceitful, base, fleet denies, and relates from his own ex
counterfeit): an opinion having prevailed perience, that “either sheep or some other among the ancients, that several of the animals do eat the flowering stems of this
more noxious weeds which infest corn. grass; for, upon Banstead Downs there fields, are only species of grain in a dewas nothing to be seen but the radical graded or corrupt state. Of grasses we may leaves of it, unless among the Bushes, near observe, in general
, that the more it is trodo the hedges, where it was guarded from the den under foot the more vigorous it rises, sheep." Be this as it may, it is certain that and hence, at a certain time meadows are in general from whatever cause, the flower- allowed to be trampled over, and we see stems of many of the grasses are left un
them in good husbandry rolled, to break touched by the cattle; as may be evidently I clods, and render the surface even, whick discerned by any person who will take the
is better for mowing. trouble of only slightly inspecting the
MELIC-GRASS (Melica cæruliu). The pastures in his neighbourhood.
fishermen in the Isle of Sky make ropes for
their nets of this grass, which they find by FLOTE FESCU GRASS (Festuca flui-experience will bear the water well without tans). In the north of Germany, as Schre.
rottines ber informs us, the peasants make a good tepast on the seeds of the Flote-fescue
(To be continued.
TIIE POWER OF FAITH.
Louisa expired. She had constituted ||tion to her story, replied in a sarly manner : the happiness of an excellent man; she left “Let me alone." This reception irritated the him no children ; Ernest von Wallen remained reuderdocarted advocate. In her just indignesolitary and alone. Thuayl scarcely thirty, tion she presumed, fue lhe first lirue, to give he seemed to himself to be old, for love with vent to her feelings. its joys no longer dwelt in his heart. There “ Peuple shouldu't gize at the stars," mut. all was dark; so dark that no stranger could teret ske, “ till they have assisted their diskud the way thither; he had himself nu in. tressed fellow-creatures on the carth.” This clination to explore it, but carefully closed was a seasonalile observation. f!ad Wallen the access against bimself and others. His read it in the works of a poet, it had onade no head, on the contrary, was light, and some- impression, but the woriis of his old surse times but tue light; but no ray of consola- penetrated his cold bosom. Hewas ashamed of tion was ringled with the glare of pbilo. l himself. sophy.
Very true, Susan," replied he, snsiling, Ernest von Wallen resolved to travel. He and caluly rising; “shew ire the way to the saw and beard a great deal, he reflected much, sick person you were speaking ul." returned as gloomy as ever, aur fixed liis re. Instantly pacified by this address, Susan, sidence at a solitary country-house. The high laden wilde domestic medicines and refreslaroad, to be sure, led through the village, but ments, trudged along as fast as she could. The his habitation was situated on a hill ou oue stars gave the light. Wallen, lost in the side of it, and embosomed in troes. He avoided contemplation of these orios, followed his old the road; no walk tempted him thither, for servant, and had almost forgotten whither lic ke disliked straage faces. The few persons was going, when the door of the patient's about him had all been in the service of his apartment opened. ble beheld an old mau parents. Among these was honest Susan, who extended on a hard and squallid beil, in a lead uursed him wheu an infaut, aud who wretched chamber, dainp, low, and black with grieved not a little that her dear young mas smoke. Upon a wooden stool, at his feet, sag ter should resign hinself a prey to melan. a young woman weeping, but her tears sudcholy, and bury Irimself among his books, as denly ceased when she was surprized, in her thougl be bad renounced all farther con- dishabile, hy the entrance of the young gentlo. Qexion with the world. To no purpose did
Wilhelmina sprung uy, and throwing she sometimes exhaust her stock of religious over her a large shawl, presently recovered consolations; be listened to her calmly, and herself. She saluteú the stranger with easy even with a smile, thanked her in concise politeness, and her mournful situation gave terms for her good intentious, but liis conduct her a right to dispense with much cereinons, continued the same as before.
“ It is my father," said she, sighing and pointWhat gave the pious Susan the greatesting to the patient, who was in a violent fever. coucera was, that her master never went to She then placed the only stoolin the apartment church. Ofteu did she steal in the evening to for her visitor, and kneeling besiile the bed, the old gardener, tu lament with him over this fixed ler eyes in silence on the glowing faca circumstaoce, wbile Wallen, on the top of huis of her father, while the tears trickled copiously bouse, was observing the heavens through an down her cheeks. excellent telescope. This was his favourite Susauna meanwhile produced her medicines. employment, and when thus engaged nobollyWallen stood motionless.
Be bad not yet durst venture to disturh bim. Que night, uttered a syllable, for he was still more sur. therefore, he turned angrily round, when prized than the fair stranger herself. He had the compassionate Susan, notwithstanding her been told somethiug about an old man, but lameness, had clambered up after him, and not a word had been said concerning his daughe begun a long story about a traveller, an old | ter. He was prepared for the spectacle of sufa man, who had beeu seized with a severe ill. fering age, but not for that of suficring beauty, ness, so that he was obliged to stop at the of the most moving filiai aflcction. It made a wretched ale-house in the village, where be deep and at the same time an agreeable impres. was in waut of every convenience. Wallen, sion. who was just then observing the eclipse of one As soon as he had collected himself and of Jupiter's satellites, witbout paying atten. recurered the power of speech, he thus uds