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Tennant's Indian Recreations,
Petersburg, Literary Society, ...370
Journal of Trade, ..575
Imperial Academy of Arts, 127
249 Petronius, explanation of a difficult passage
reply to the same,
Petrifaction of a fisi!,
Pierrepoini's method of feeding cattle with
... 445 Platina, analysis of,
418 Geological observations by Mr. Churchian, POETHY, ORIGINAI, -Ad Glandem, 291.--
039 Bosing Match at Winabicton in latin-
707 hexameters, 359.-Epigrams, 294.-
769 Epistle from Statius to Maximus, 553.
---Lines from Statius and Claudian, 554.
on a Public Railer, 556.-Ode
574 on the Genius of Homer, 35.-Simo-
nides, 36.- Translation of passages from
Political changes in 1803,
history, 58, 123, 185, 249, 315, 377,
440, 508, 565, 636, 701, 760
... 574 Priestley, Dr. works left for the press, ..570
708 Public debt, origin of the system,
Rafn's enquiries respecting bread,
Regular Polygons which may be inscribed
446 on a circle,
63 Kotzchue, anecdotes respecting, 319 Reply to t. L. S. on the connection between
the Greek and English languages, 294
Roman altar found at Tarraby,
Institution, 61, 190, 637, 762
Russia, emperor of, assistance of learned
Literature, general view of, 1803,
Censorship at Friburg,
Expedition of discovery,
Peasants emancipated, 447
Lucian, essay on the writings of,
Russians in Asia, civilization of,
25 Nabob, No.
Sapieha's mineralogical researches,
.. 175 Schultz V.ews on the Rhine,
Society for encouragement of the arts, &c.
the Suppression of Vice, reflec-
tions on the,
Stenhouse's, Dr. remedy for the gout, • 446
Stereotype music printing,
Translation of Beccaria on Swimming Machine,
571 Teylerian Society at Haarlern........
702 Tobolsk, college at,
Trigonometrical survey of Great-Britain, 41
Turnips preserved from the fly, .......512
.768 Native iron,
191 Valli's experiments on the plague,
768 Noehden, Dr. in reply to Crinitus, ....611 Varnish to secure metals from rust, 128, 256
Veterinary Institutions in Russia, .....575
Oliferous, China radish,
-- 766 Volunteer system, enquiry into, ....... 115
703 Water, method of purifying,
.708 Works of art brought to Paris,
THE LITERARY JOURNAL.
JANUARY 16, 1804.
general eagerness for literary speculation. In the re
turping fondness of men for the arts and habits of General View of Literature for 1803.
peace, and in the free intercourse again opened with WHILE THILE we return our acknowledgements to foreign nations, they saw a prospect of at length reap
the public for the very extensive patronage ing a harvest which had so often been blighted by the which, even in its first year, has been bestowed on
storms of a long-protracted war. Authors received a our new attempt to introduce a regular Journal of liberal price for their productions, splendid editions of Literature into this country; we cannot, perhaps, at valuable works were undertaken, and literature prothe commencement of this new year, present any mised to be more widely diffused, more elegantly thing to our readers either more instructive or more adorned, and genius more liberally rewarded than it entertaining, than a general view of what has been | had been in any age or nation. done in the Literary World during the course of the This happy prospect for Great Britain, and for the year eighteen hundred and three. We do not, in this human species, was however of short continuance: view, intend to fill up our pages with a list of books | The unceasing clamours of an ominous war-faction and authors, and to recapitulate that catalogue which at home, having inflamed to madness the inveterate has already been so amply given in our different hatred of the French ruler towards this country, while numbers ; nor do we mean to enter at length into | at the same time their false depreciation of our nathe merits even of those authors who have brought tional spirit, excited his hopes, Great Britain and forward something new, or improved what was al- || France were again unexpectedly plunged into a war, ready known in the subjects of which they treat, a wliose only object and end appeared to be mutual dedetail which furnishes materials for a number of suc- struction. From the arts of peace, the minds of our cessive reviews : the sketch we shall at present give, countrymen were suddenly turned to the defence of must of necessity be extremely general; it must be their lives and properties against threatened ruin; and confined to the general spirit, the general improve- || amidst the hurry of military levies and exercises, the ment or corruption apparent in those works, which ingenious and splendid productions of the press were during the last twelve months have issued from the almost forgotten. The swarm of periodical publicapress; and must rather exhibit the general impression tions which had appeared at the commencement of which has been made on our own minds by the lite- || the year, almost without exception, died away; the rary works of that period, than the merits or defects attention of ingenious men was distracted from their of particular authors.
pursuits, which were either interrupted for the time, Every one must recollect the eager competition, and or altogether abandoned; and the spirited booksellers bustle of preparation which appeared in the literary || who had risked so much in the cause of literature, world at the commencement of the last year. The found their new works and splendid editions left in return of peace, the removal of some burdensome heaps upon their shelves. taxes, and the long-interrupted intercourse which was Fortunately for the cause of knowledge and civili. opened anew with the Continent, seemed to have set zation, the general alarm has in some degree subsided. free, and called into action, all the intellectual faculties The force employed against us indeed continues daily of the nation. Authors of various descriptions who to increase ; but our means of repelling it increase in had completed their works, and awaited the favour-a much greater proportion; and the contidence arting able era of peace for their publication; soldiers wbo from so great a part of the population being armed had returned from distant expeditions; historians who and disciplined, bas again begun to give activity to had been silently treasuring up the rapid events of the those pursuits which can only flourish amidst a genelast war; travellers who had eagerly hastened, on the ral sense of security. We trust that in the course of first conclusion of peace, to the capital of France to the present year, we shall have to call the public atobserve the effects of a twelve years revolution, and vention to many literary performances of merit. the rich spoils of so many countries—all eagerly Such has been the complexion of the times during pressed forward to communicate their information to this last year, and such the effects which public events an expecting Public. As the press was now become have produced on the literary world. In viewing the the vehicle for every species of intelligence, both in works which have appeared in different branches, we the most refined, and the most common arts of life, find few of much consideration in Physics, and the men of all descriptions were anxious, both for the sciences connected with it. The works which have apsake of fame and profit, to proclaim their merits by peared on the various branches of Physics, have been this channel to the world; and numerous periodical | inostly confined to detached parts of each branch. publications were prepared to receive the essays of Natural History has became a favourite topic of those who had not materials or leisure to write a reading with the many, and the brilliant plates book.
with which works of this nature may be adorned, Nor were the booksellers backward to second this have not been forgotten as incentives to purchasers ; VOL. III.
but as the merits of the engraver and printer are ever, to conduct his nomenclature through a system
defined and understood, every step must be taken with The first volume of a very valuable work conducted caution, and the advances must necessarily be slow. by Dr. Hutton, Dr. Shaw, and Dr. R. Pearson, has also The number of books on this subject must therefore made its appearance. It is an Abridgement of the Philo- | diminish, while their value must greatly increase. sophical Transactions of the Royal Society, and promises THEOLOGY has during the last year called forth to prove a repository where every thing valuable in the comparatively few writers. The violent attempts made scientific researches of this country will be contained, to banish religion altogether out of the world, by a free from those heaps of accumulated rubbish which set of men whose vices made them willing to believe would otherwise perplex and disgust the reader. themselves atheists, had previously been opposed with
A very imporiani improvement in the science of the greatest success and nearly subdued. That conAVATOMY, has, in the course of the last year been troversy between sects, which was once such a prolific proposed by Dr. Barclay. He has published the out- source of massy volumes, has given way to a milder line of a new Nomenclature, formed on a regular plan, and more rational spirit; and men of superior genius and deriving its appellations from fixed appearances, have found exercise for their talents in pursuits more instead of that confused and indefinite mass of terms within the reach of human comprehension. To free by which the student of Anatomy has been so long || our systems of theology from those doubts and obobstructed and confounded. Dr. Barclay has, how- scurities which overhang them, opens indeed a wide
6 field for talents in the most important object that can surely philosophers in all ages. The philosophical occupy the attention of man : but it is only by can- views of Turgot, and the clear, solid, and comprehendid and patient investigation that this can be effected; sive principles of Smith in his Wealth of Nations, and the mere repetition of what has already been a have indeed of late years turned the labours of politithousand times written and spoken can scarcely de- cal inquirers into a channel which may conduct serve notice in a review of theological literature. them to useful and important truths. The wild and During the course of the last year, Mr. Bryant in his unmeaning jargon introduced during the French revoObservations on some parts of Scripture, has shewn us lution into every thing which respects the oature and the edifying example of a layman, continuing in his actions of men, has indeed greatly impeded the pro78th year to advocate the cause of Christianity with gress of rational inquiry. We now read, with mingled diligence and success. Marsh's defence of his llypo- surprise and contempt, of the efforts wbich were made thesis on the Origin and Composition of the three first to banish comnion sense out of the world; yet we Gospels, against a supposed attack of the Bishop of should recollect that it is but eight or ten years since Oxford, has excited the attention of controversialists; the Political Justice of Godwin was received by many and in Mr. Sharpe's fanciful doctrine of the Greek people as a system actually intended to direct the acarticle, which has been dexterously attacked by Mr. tions of men. We may also observe, on the other Gregory Blunt, we have an instance of an over-zea- || hand, that the abuse of free inquiry has produced lous friend injuring a good cause by false arguments, many obstacles to the progress of political science: which it does not reqnire for its support. With single || An apprehension that the bonds of society were about sermons of all descriptions, the greater portion indeed to be torn asunder by the delusions of theorists, inpolitical, the press has of late overflowed. We can- || duced the peaceable and well-meaning to cling to pot indeed suppose any of these will circulate much their old habits, and even to those prejudices and beyond the little range of friends or hearers, which abuses which time had interwoven with their ancient perhaps was all that was intended when they were institutions. The advances of political science will given to the press : One exception however requires by this means be rendered more slow, but at the same to be made of the eloquent discourse of Mr. Hall on time we trust more solid. During the course of the the Sentiments proper to the present Crisis, which con- last year, we have seen a work appear in which the cludes in a strain of glowing eloquence that has rarely nature and progress of the English Constitution have been surpassed. The volume of Sermons the most de- been delineated with the hand of a naster; and we serving of notice is that by Dr. Browne of Aberdeen; account it a public loss to this empire, that the labours yet even here we find nothing particularly striking. of Millar were interrupted by death before their com
The Laws of our country, and those who study pletion. The Inquiries of Malthus into population, them, are yearly obliged to inany diligent gentlemen and those of Brougham into the Colonial Policy of who add an infinite variety of new cases and decisions Europe, although not free from an inclination to speto the stock already on hand. We say obliged to culate beyond what is warranted by facts, are in gethem; for the vast and imperviable collection of opi- ||neral conducted on true philosophical principles, and nions and precedents, so rapidly accumulating, must may be esteemed as considerable accessions to the one day compel government, as it happened to Justi- science of political economy. The controversial nian, to find some means of cleansing the Augean | pamphlets of our domestic parties, with which the stable, if it is intended that the study of law should be press constantly teems, deserve little attention at all practicable.* The inconvenience of this un- from a literary review. Two, however, distinguished wieldy accumulation is indeed less felt by the nation, || by the signature of the Near Observer, and the reply while the excellent institution of Juries, and the up of the More sccurate Observer, have acquired partiright conduct of our judges, which is daily reported cular celebrity from their being considered as the mato the public, remedy in a great degree the defects of nifestoes of the late and the present administration. our code.
The loyal effusions of all sorts to which the present In Political Science several works have appeared, circumstances of the country have given birth, are and some of them bear the characteristics of a sound innumerable. and just philosophy. No science has been less rescued In POLITICAL History, or History properly so from the follies of random speculation than politics. called, the number of candidates for public favour have So much are the passions of men interested in the been numerous. The British temper seems particularly questions which arise on this subject, that calm inves- | well calculated to undertake that patient, grave, and tigation and candid discussion are rarely resorted to; persevering investigation which is necessary to the and to establish true principles is much less the object composition of history; and no country of modern than to confound antagonists. Hence it is that amidst times rivals Great Britain, either in the value or numthe general uncertainty which over-bangs political ber of her historians. The great events of the prescience, theories of the niost wild and extravagant sent reign, both at home and abroad, have naturally nature have been successively written and admired; || drawn forth many pens to record them; the names of and to form systeins of government and of political Bisset, Adolphus, Wilson, Plowden, Coote, Steeconomy, have been the favourite recreations of lej-phens, and others, have swelled our literary catalogues
We understand that Government is at present employing some of last year. To detail the respective merits of these legal gentlemen of abilities, to revise the statute laws, with a view authors, is the work of particular reviews: we shall to their abridgment. Editor,
here make only a few observations which are more or
less applicable to all of them. History, if intended booby a grave and learned judge, by means of wrap-
account of the military embassy, has added many
cal sketches. It is here, that the most useful lessons We cannot close our observations on the histories of action ought to be found; but the rapid biographers of last year, without remarking one abuse which of the age seem anxious to write what may be bought, seems rather on the increase. It is an idea strongly without regarding the secondary consideration of impressed on every man who sits down to write utility. From this mass of crude and insipid madea history at present, that this species of composition up books, we must except the life of Reid by Mr. demands a certain gravity and dignity of style. It Stewart. Yet even here we have to regret the want does not however seem to be understood, that in the of private anecdote ; and this performance, however best historians, these qualities of the expression, we may admire the composition, is chiefly valuable arise solely from the depth and magnitude of the for the view which it contains of Reid's philosophical thought. Hence it is that we have simple narrative opinions. perpetually overloaded, and rendered dull and tedious It has of late become very much the vogue to chuse by an overflow of those foot-and-a-balf words (as out some distinguished personage, whose life may Horace terms them,) which by their lofty sound serve as a sort of cement to connect the anecdotes and serve only the more to expose the emptiness of the incidents of the times in which he lived. Of this natter. To render history dignified and elevated by mixture of history with biography, Godwin's Life of such means, is like thinking to make an uneducated Chaucer, (of which a review is given in the following