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Education--Answer to objections,
Close of the Volume,
Ship Building in St. Louis,
To the Patrons of the Western Journal,




Boat Building in St. Louis,
Steamboat Arrivals in St. Louis,
Manufacture of Bellows in St. Louis,




The Geology and Mineral Resources of the State of Missouri, by H. A.
Proot, M. D., of Missouri,

Western Staples, by

The Obligation of Contracts—or, an Inquiry into the Nature and Degree

of Equality required in Contracts of Mutual Interest, by the
Hon. Joun M. Krum, of Missouri,

Classification of the Mineral Masses composing the Earth, by H. A.
Prout, M. D., of Missouri,

Commerce and Navigation of the Mississippi River and its Tributaries,
by Thomas ALLEN, Esq., of Missouri,

Manufacture of Hemp in St. Louis, by *****,

Mineral Resources of Washington county, Mo., by F. WOOLFORD, Mo., 168
The Discovery, first Settlement, and first Laws of the Mississippi Valley,

by Evans CASSELBERRY, Esq., a member of the St. Louis Bar, 188
Clays and Minerals of Missouri, by F. WOOLFORD, of Missouri,

Electric Light- Exhibition by M. Achereau, hy J. M. P., of St. Louis, 242
Geology of the Valley of the Mississippi, by H. A. Prout, M. D., of Mo., 243
Public Education—its Influence, &c., by E. CASSELBERRY, Esq., of Mo., 253
History and Habits of the Potatoe, by E. MALLINCKRODT, Esq., of Mo., 275
The Morals of Commerce, by Hon. TIMOTHY WALKER, of Ohio,

Modern Literature, by J. ORMROD, of Cooper county, Mo.,

The Rise, Progress, and Influence of the Fine Arts, by ALFRED S.

Waugh, Esq., of St. Louis, Mo., 309, 383, 4.15, 497, 571, 627, 672
Furnace for Consuming Smoke, by M. F. P., St. Louis, Mo.,

Subsoil Ploughing and Water Furrows, by Hon. O. Williams, Mo., 316
Lines to Miss Georgia W -, by Henry F. Watson, Esq., of Mo., 344
Life of John Randolph, by Hugh A. GARLAND, Esq., St. Louis, Mo., 416
Mental Culture, by JOSEPH ORMROD, of Missouri,

Economical Geology of Missouri, by H. A. Prout, M. D., of Mo., 429
Culture of Flemp, by J. T. CLEVELAND, Hazel Ridge, Mo.,

Elucation - Introduction to the Subject, and an examination of the dif-

serent Systems of Public Education, Statistics, &c., by Joun H.
Tice, Esq., President of the Board of Directors of St. Louis
Public Schools,



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Early History of the Territory West of the Mississippi, by J. Lough-

BOROUGH, Esq., of Liberty, Mo.,
Wheat Growers' Association of St. Charles County, Missouri, by B. A.

ALDERSON, Esq., of St. Charles,
The North American Indians, by J. LOUGHBOROUGH, Esq., of Mo,
Perry's Lead Mines, by John PERRY, Esq., St. Louis, Mo.,
Description of Mines in St. Francis County, Mo., by J. COATSWORTH,

Esq., of St. Francis County,
Commerce of the East, by J. LOUGHBOROUGH, Esq., of Missouri,
Law Reform in New York, by
Theory of Life and Happiness, by Joseph ORMROD, of Missouri,



Agriculture, vide the Economy and/Bank of the State of Missouri, report of
Habits of Plants.

its condition on 30th June, 1848, 453.
Agricultural Chemistry, 56.

Barley, 27; quantity consumed in St.
Agriculture and the Influence of Agri-Louis, 99.
culture upon Manufactures, by E. H. Belcher's Sugar Refinery in St. Louis, 227
Derby, Esq., 73.

Beans, quantity and value estimated by
Agricultural Societies, 87.

the commissioner of patents, 536.
Agricultural Staples, their production Bellows, manufacture in St. Louis, 284.
tends to impoverish a country, 150-1 ; Blow's White Lead Factory, 99.
importance of diversifying products Boat Building in St. Louis, 47; number
and of consuming them near home, of arrivals in St. Louis in 1847, 55;
152; production of agricultural sta- number of arrivals at Lexington, Mo.,
ples for exportation opposed to the in 1847, 112; number of arrivals at
genius of free labor, 584.

Peoria, Ills., in 1847, 113.
Architecture, its rise and progress in Boats built and lost on the Western Wa-

Egypt, Greece, &c., 309, 383, 445 ; ters up to 1835, 393; amount of steam
gothic architecture, cathedrals of Mi- boat tonnage on the western waters;
Jan and Brussels, Notre Dame, York amount enrolled at New Orleans, Cin-
Minster, Westminster Abbey, &c. 497; cinnati, St. Louis, &c., 412; number
architecture, painting, &c. in Si. Louis, of monthly arrivals in New Orleans

for two years, 633.
Artificial Agents of Exchange, the ne. Boot, Shoe and Leather Trade, its extent

cessity of artificial agents in the ex- and value in the United States and in
change of commodities; the principles Great Britain ; number of hands em.
involved in the use of the precious ployed, &c., 401.
metals as money, 290; credit an agent Breadstuffs, mode of preserving, Stafford's -
of exchange, banks, &c., 347.

patent, 403.
Artichokes, culture as a field plant, uses Breweries in St. Louis, 99.
and yalue, 318.

Bridge, Remington's, new invention, 662.
Boats, see commercial statistics. California, its soil, climate, mines, agri-
Banks, considered as agents of exchange, culture, vegetable products, commerce,

when wisely managed afford advan- &c., 548; basin of the Great Salt Lake,
tages to the places of their location ; its soil, climale, rivers, fish, &c.; Utah
power of the Bank of England ; its! Lake, Mormon Settlement, &c., 618.
influence on the price of American Canals, remarks on the difficulties of
products, 350-1 ; specie in the Bank making a canal across the Isthmus of
of England; in the banks of N. York Darien, by Lieut. Maury, 265; tolls on
and New Orleans, 386.

the Illinois and Michigan Canal, 213,

390; first arrival at Chicago through Commerce of the East, its history, 644.
the canal, 392; closed on the 10th, Commercial Regulations—Tolls on the
and again opened on the 231 Novem- Illinois and Michigan Canal, 213, 390;
ber, 689.

corn law of Great Britain, 216; weights
Candles made of Castor Oil, 52.

of produce as established by law or
Cattle, number to the square mile in Bell custom in St. Louis, 217; foreign grain

gium, 76; in England and Wales, 77; measures, 217.
in Middlesex, Mass., 82.

Commercial Statistics
Cheese, increase of trade, 211. Commerce of St. Louis, imports for five
Cherokee Rose, for hedging, 148, 588. years, commencing January 1st, 1843;
China, commerce with, 210; navigation ex ports for same time; comparative
to, 259.

receipts and sales, and direct shipments
China, manufacture of in Missouri, 168. of tobacco, for five years; com para-
Climate, effect of on the habits of plants, tive monthly prices of tobacco, flour,

10 10 25; effect on manufacturing, 131; wheat, corn, hemp and lead, for five
influence on the physical and moral years; custom house in St. Louis;
condition of the human family, 231, gross amount of receipts for five years,
607; climate of New Mexico, 379 ; 102 to 105.
of California, 550-1; of the Great Commerce of New Orleans, imports from
Basin, 625.

first September, 1846 and 1847; com-
Churn, atmospheric, 404.

parative arrivals, exports and stocks
Coal Fields of the United States, 30 ; of cotton and tobacco for ten years;

cost of coal in N. England, 34; com- imports from the interior for ten years ;
parison between the coal fields of the direct imports of coffee, sugar and salt
United States and other countries; for three years, from 12th September:
prices of coal in Great Britain ; varie- to August 31st; value of products
ties of coal; thickness and depth of from the interior for four years; direct
coal seams, 89; weight of bushel in imports of foreign merchandise from
St. Louis, 217; Appalachian and Illi- 1st September to 25th December, in
nois coal fields, 247-8; coal near Ar- 1816 and 1847; imports of specie ;
kansas river on the route to Santa Fe, exports from 1st September to 251h
375; cannel and bituminous coal of December, 1847, and same time 1846,
Missouri; effects of using bituminous and whither exported, including sugar,
coal, &c., 437.

molasses, cotton, flour, pork, bacon,
Coasting trade of the United States, its lard, tobacco, beef, lead, whisky and
increase, 174.

corn ; exports of sugar and molasses,
Cobalt, 168, 612.

for 5 years; of flour, pork, bacon, lard,
Coir, 502.

beef, lead, whisky and corn, for three
Colton's Public Economy, 480.

years; of cotton and tobacco for ten
Commerce, (see Western Staples, 25.) years; comparative prices of cotton on

effects of foreign commerce illustrated, ihe 25th December, for four years,
59 to 65; origin and history; requires 105 to 112.
a local basis, 147 to 154; natural laws Tea, consumption, &c. in the U. States,
of commerce; the natural current from from 1831 to 1847, 171.
north to souih; decrease of foreign Export of corn and corn meal from the
commerce; increase of the coastwise Ünited States from 1791 to 1847, ib.
trade ; two distinct systems of com- Table of Imports and Exports from the
merce for the United States indicated United States from 1791 to 1847, 10-
by the physical geography of the gether with the excess of imports or
country; Asiatic commerce, 173 10 177. exports for each year, and the nett rev-
(Vide Artificial Agents of Exchange, enue accruing from imports during the
290 to 293, and 347 to 353.)

same period, from the Merchants
Commerce and Navigation of the Mis- Magazine, 207.

sissippi and its Tributaries, 159, 412. Tobacco, quantity inspected at different
Commerce with Foreign countries, its points ; quantity exported, crops, &c.,

effects on the prosperity of the people ib. 208.
of this country, 480. (Vide 579.) Trade and Commerce of Havana, ib. 208.
commerce of the United States with Comparative receipts of Cotton at the
China, ib. 210; cheese trade in Amer- different ports; stocks on hand in 1846
ica, ib. 211.

and 1847, 631.
Pork Trade of the West, 247; exports Comparative prices of Molasses, on the

from Gr't. Britain to the United States; Levee, on the first of each month for
declared value of exports for seven five years, 632.
years; imports into Great Britain from Comparative prices of Flour, on the first
ihe United States for seven years, 280 of each month for five years, ib.
to 283.

Comparative prices of Corn, in sacks, on
Breadstuffs exported from the U. States the first of each month, for 5 years, ib.

to Great Britain from September 1st, Comparative rates of freight on Cotton
1847 to March 4th, 1848.

and Tobacco, to Liverpool, Havre and
Commerce of the United States with all New York, on the first of each month
Nations, from 30th June, 1843 to 30th

for five years, ib.
June, 1847, showing the amount of Exports of Specie from New Orleans, for
exports and imports of each, balance three years, 633.
of trade, &c., 336.

Monthly Arrival of Ships, Steamboats,
Specie, movements in New York, 335; &c., for two years, from 1st Septem-
Bank of England, 386.

ber to 31st August, ib.
Gold product of Russia, 387; of Mex- Statement showing the number and class
ico, 388.

of vessels built, and the tonnage there-
Iron manufacture in Great Britain, quan- of, in each State and Territory of the
tity imported, &c., 389.

United States, for the year ending 30th
St. Louis, imports into, from 1st Janua- June, 1847, 685.

ary to 1st July, for three years, 448. Comparative View of the registered and
Domestic Exports of the United States, earolled tonnage of the United States,

for the year 1847; summary staten.ent tonnage employed in the whale fishe-
of value, &c , ib.

ry, the coasting trade, cod fishery and
Wool Trade, quantity exported, &c., 452. mackerel fishery, from 1815 to 1847,
Bank of the State of Missouri, report of, inclusive, 689.
for July, 1818, 453.

Contracts, inquiry into the obligation of,
Value of the Domestic Exports of the 68, 199.

United Stales to each foreign country, Cordage, quantity imported, 505.
from 1st July, 1846, to 30th June, Corn, Indian, Region of its production;
1847, distinguishing between Ameri- the economy and habits of the plant;
can and foreign vessels, 514.

its importance in the economy of the
Prices at which lour and grain must sell country, 12 to 14; quantity received
in Liverpool to be equal to certain pri-

at St. Louis for five years, 27; quan-
ces in New York, 515.

lity consumed by distilleries in St.
Receipts and Value of Produce at New Louis, 100; comparative monthly pri-

Orleans from the interior, during the ces in St. Louis for four years, 104';

year ending 31st August, 1848, 574. imports into N. Orleans for ten years,
Exports of Cotion and Tobacco, for the 106; ex port from New Orleans for

year ending 31st August, 1848, 576. three years, 110; exports of corn and
Exports of Flour, Pork, Bacon, Lard, meal from the United States for fifty-

Beef, Lead, Whisky and Corn, for the seven years, 171; corn law of Great

year ending 31st August, 1848, ib. Britain, 216; established weight in St.
Exports of Sugar and Molasses, for the Louis, 217; corn and meal imported

year ending 31st August, 1848, 577. into Great Britain for seven years, 281;
Comparative prices of Sugar, on the Le- quantity exported from 1st September

vee, on the first of each month for 1847 to March 4th, 1848, 284; regu-
five years, ib.

lated cultivator and corn planter, 396;
Comparative prices of middling to fair Stafford's patent process for preserving

Cotton, at New Orleans on the first of corn meal, &c., 403 ; quantity received
each month, for five years, and the to- at St. Louis from 1st January to 1st
tal receipts at New Orleans and other July, for three years; value of; ex-
ports for the same period, 630. ported for the year ending 30th June,
Leather-see boots and shoes. Mills, flouring mills in St. Louis 53 ; saw
Law reform in New York, 651.

mills 51 ; portable saw mill 456 ; pat-
Literature, Modern, 303; of the west 690. ent saw mill 635.
Lead, production in the west, price, &c., Mines and Minerals, coal fields of the U.

29; white lead manufacture in St. S. 30; iron mountain 36; comparison
Louis, 99; received at St. Louis for five between the coal fields of the U. S.
yrs, 102 ; comparative monthly prices and other countries, prices of coal at
for four years, 105; quantity received different places 89; copper mines near
at N. 0. for ten years 106; export from Lake Superior 101 ; mineral resources
do. for 3 years 110; lead in Arkansas of Washington county, Mo. 168 ; lead
169; galena, among the primitive rocks in Arkansas 169; gold in Michigan
343; quantity receiv'd at St. Louis from 170; British North American Mining
1st January to 1st July, for three years Company 170; clays and minerals of
448; value of, exported from U. S. in Missouri 193; copper in Missouri 285;
1846-7,451 ; lead pipe and sheet lead Iron, St. Louis and Birmingham Min-
manufacture in St. Louis 455; receipts ing Co., 286; specimens of ores from
at N. 0. in 1848,575; exports from N. Washington Co., Mo., galena discov-
0. in 1848,576 ; description of Perry's ered among the primitive rocks, cobalt,
mines, ores, &c., 610.

manganese and tin 344; gold mines in
Liberia Advocate 636.

New Mexico 370; gold in Russia 387;
Light, effect on vegetation 22.

kaolin, pipe clay, &c. 398; see gealo.
Light, electric 242.

gy, &c. 429; minerals in California
Loom, should the loom come to the cot- 548; Perry's lead mines 608; artificial

ton or the cotton go the loom ; advanta- minerals 634.
ges of manufacturing in the cotton Mirage, on the plains of the west, theo-
growing district 319.

ry of its origin 366.
Lumber trade of St. Louis 51.

Modern literature, modern authors, mer-

cenary character of, importance of re-
Manilla hemp 502.

formation 303.
McAdamized roads 679.

Money an Agent of Exchange, its gen-
Manufactures in Massachusetts 73; in eral and specific value; abounds most

St. Louis 97 to 100, 227 to 279, 455, where the greatest amount of com-
6; of cotton in the south and west modities are exchanged; laws of cir-
154; natural advantages of manufac- culation ; advantages which its low
turing on the Ohio river, by S. of Lou- price gives a country over others with
isville, 124; of hemp in St. Louis 166 ; which it trades, 290, 347.
of wool in Utica 195; should the loom Moon, its influence on vegetation, 22.
come to the cotton or the cotton to the Molasses-see commercial statistics.
loom 319 ; see political economy 148 ; Moral uses of plants 39; moral economy
natural laws of commerce 173; artifi- 65; morals of commerce 293.
cial agents of exchange 290 and 347,
and also the items under their different Navigation of the Mississippi and its

tributaries, 159, 412.
Memoir of a tour to Northern Mexico, Navigation, steam, 10 China, 259.

connected with Col. Doniphan's expe- New Mexico, its soil, climate, &c. 363.

dition, by A. Wislizenus, M. D., 363. North American Indians, 598.
Mental Culture, the means whereby civ-

ilization was achieved, and the only Ores, (see mines, &c.)
way by which it can be maintained, Oats, (see commercial statistics.)
intelligence is power, process defined, Oil, Castor Bean, 99.
&c. 223 and 469.

Obligation of Contracts, 68, 199.
Meteorology, its influence on plants 19 ; Osage Orange, 394,588.

; ;


California 548 to 563; meteorology of Parties in the United States, must be two,

the basin of the Great Salt Lake 625. 409.
Mexico, treaty of peace, friendship, lim. Patent office report, errors exposed, 533.

its, &c., 456, 507; produce of mines Peoria, III., commerce and population,113.
and exports of bullion and specie 388. (Peas, quantity produced in the U. S. 536.

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