Kaunitz and Enlightened Absolutism 1753-1780

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Cambridge University Press, Mar 31, 1994 - History - 380 pages
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This is the first major archivally-based study of the political career of Wenzel Anton Kaunitz, State Chancellor of the Habsburg Monarchy from 1753 to 1792. Author of the diplomatic revolution of 1756 and a brilliant foreign minister of the Austrian Empire, Kaunitz was virtually the third head of state under Maria Theresia and Joseph II. He emerges from this study as the key figure in the development of enlightened absolutism in the Habsburg monarchy and the guiding spirit behind the modernization of the state.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Absolutism and enlightened absolutism in the Habsburg Monarchy
2
Family background and early life of Kaunitz
7
Personality and mind of Kaunitz
20
Chancellor of State
36
The evolution of the Habsburg Foreign Ministry
38
From War Cabinet to Council of State
51
CoRegency adjustments
61
From subject to citizen
180
The cultural dimension
197
Church and state
209
Kaunitz and the rise of Josephinism
210
Dismantling the confessional state
229
The issue of toleration
247
The military albatross
258
The Seven Years War
259

The structure of government
73
The Haugwitz revolution
74
The Kaunitz reform
83
The ascent of Joseph II
99
The financial crises of the Monarchy
113
The Haugwitz reforms and the Seven Years War
115
New priorities and postwar recovery
130
Foundations for economic development
142
The transformation of society
154
The agrarian sector
155
The conscription crisis
278
Building a Habsburg navy
295
The problem of Hungary
303
Kaunitzs Hungarian system
305
Policies of political penetration
315
Policies of political containment
328
Conclusion
346
Bibliography
355
Index
368
Copyright

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