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theses; but we must also remember that the question of immunity of private property at sea depends on other questions relating to blockade of belligerent ports and the seizure of contraband of war. It has been made to appear from the different views presented that it is possible along these lines of thought to render mari. time war more humane; but does it not seem that this question demands an additional session ? (General assent.)

On motion of the President the continuation of the discussion is fixed for Wednesday, July 10, at 10:30 a. m.

The sitting closed at 5 o'clock, p. m.


Address on the One Hundredth Anniversary of President

Lincoln's Birth, Delivered in New York City.


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This day just one hundred years ago, Abraham Lincoln, only son of Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln, was born in Harden County, Kentucky, in the darkest and most cheerless season of the year; the very keystone of the winter solstice, amid surroundings dreary and depressing in the extreme. At that time Kentucky, one of the newest of the States, having been admitted into the Union in 1792, was very thinly settled by hardy pioneers from States east of the Allegheny Mountains; most of them being natives of Virginia, to which State the Territory of Kentucky had formerly belonged. Hardin County, in the central part of Kentucky, where Mr. Lincoln was born, was then practically further from New York and Philadelphia than St. Petersburg is now. A journey thither from the country east of the Allegheny Mountains occupied many days, was attended by incessant discomforts, and was exposed to perils of many kinds.

The grandfather of Abraham Lincoln, after whom he was named, emigrated from Virginia to Kentucky in 1782, and made himself a home near the site of the present city of Louisville. Some years later he was shot by an Indian from ambush and was killed. One of his surviving sons was Thomas Lincoln, who grew up and lived until his death in the year 1850 without ever having learned to read or to write. He was the father of Abraham Lincoln, who afterwards became President of the United States.

There must be many persons in the world not unlike Thomas Lincoln, whose life is a long record of continuous failure; though for obvious reasons, their names can rarely find a place in history. He remains one of the most conspicuous of those who drift through life without aim or purpose, having apparently no grasp on the practical affairs of life, destitute of ideals of every kind, disinclined to exertion, incapable of ambition, accomplishing nothing very good or very bad. He was one of the most shiftless and inert of all those whose names have been in any manner preserved, extremely nomadic, never staying long in one place, always mildly discontented, always drifting hither and thither as if by some blind impulse or uncontrollable instinct. Wherever he made a temporary stop, he erected a rude “camp” or hut, or cabin, made of logs, with but scant regard either for looks or for comfort, just as an Arab would pitch his tent wherever he meant to pass the night. He was an experienced and successful hunter; and the chase was about his only means of obtaining a livelihood for himself and his family.

When a young man Thomas Lincoln, no doubt on the urgent advice of his family, resolved to learn the carpenter's trade; and so one day he entered the shop of Joseph Hanks at Elizabethtown, then an insignificant hamlet in Hardin County, Kentucky, for that purpose.

Among other claims to respect and attention, Joseph Hanks had a niece named Nancy Hanks, living across the line in Washington County; a young woman of twenty-three, frail in appearance, but pretty, as described by those who knew her when she was blooming in her brief spring of life more than a hundred years ago. Sometimes this young woman, who was a penniless orphan, living with her relations, and dependent on them for support, visited her uncle and his family at Elizabethtown; and there she met Thomas Lincoln. The couple found favor in each other's eyes; and so they were married with much rustic parade and ceremony, amid great rejoicing and amid meagre prospects, at the

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