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"The President of the United States117

patience and good humor take away half the sting of defeat, and signs of anger and resentment but serve to increase the triumph of the enemy, tending to make him forget that in this strange world of ours the victor of today is frequently the vanquished of tomorrow.

Most of our political opinions are by no means axiomatic truths, and none but a blind fanatic can imagine that virtue, good sense and patriotism are only to be found in his own political party; hence, however great our political differences may be, they sink out of sight when we meet, as we do on this occasion, to do honor to the president of the United States, who is not the president of any political party, but whose proudest title is that he is president of every man, woman and child under the protection of the American flag, whether on land or sea; a sentiment that has been often and most forcibly expressed by the words and by the acts of our most highly honored guest of this auspicious hour.

The occasion that has brought us together is not one of unmeaning compliments and of merely ceremonial display. The great and enthusiastic multitudes that fill our streets, our parks and other public places, with their hearty greetings, your present assemblage, gentlemen, within this hall, the kindly words that have been spoken, will, we trust, carry home to our honored guest the profound assurance that this homage is not paid exclusively to the president, but that it is no less a heartfelt tribute to the scholar, the writer, the soldier, the patriot and the statesman; one who does not fear to take the public into his confidence; one who has acquired wisdom from a long and varied experience in public affairs; one who, moreover, is a mighty hunter before the Lord; worthy to have hunted with old Nimrod himself, or in latter times with Israel Putnam, or with Daniel Boone, when bears were to be found on every hillside.

The present visit will always be the source of pleasant and grateful recollections on the part of the people of this state and city; and we would venture to hope that it may be repeated in even happier days, when the many cares of state may permit, or when these shall have been exchanged for the more tranquil pleasures of private life. We trust that our honored guest may be blessed with health, strength and length of days; that his administration may redound to the best and most lasting interests of the country, and to his own honor; that after the toil and responsibility of his great office are over, he may be cheered by the approving voice of his grateful countrymen and the serene consciousness of duty wisely, faithfully and successfully performed. We have the satisfaction of knowing that whatever difficulties may arise we have a strong man at the helm, one worthy to join in the procession of the great and illustrious men who have gone before, who have reaped the reward of their services in the gratitude of their country, and who have been crowned with undying fame.

The president has lately achieved a result that I believe has had no precedent in the past. By a timely and tactful interposition he has been largely instrumental in arresting the torrent of blood that deluged the soil of another hemisphere, and filled the world with horror; thus substituting the white banner of peace for the terrible ensigns of war. If it be true, as the poet tells

us, that

"Peace hath her victories
No less renowned than war."

here is a victory that, as it has not caused a sigh or a tear, far outshines the triumphs of Blenheim or Waterloo.

May his other successes, if not always so resplendent, be such as will always promote the happiness of mankind.

(The address of Judge Rose was enthusiastically applauded at intervals, and was heartily received by the president.)

IMMUNITY FROM CAPTURE OF PRIVATE PROPERTY AT

SEA IN TIME OF WAR

Address at the Second Hague Conference, July 5, 1907

IMMUNITY FROM CAPTURE OF
PRIVATE PROPERTY AT

SEA IN TIME OF WAR

H. Exc. M. Renault; third French Delegate: If these views are, as we believe, correct, the right of capture appears to be a measure directed by one belligerent state against another belligerent, this measure forming a part of the operations by which one state endeavors to reduce its adversary to terms, having no particularly severe quality; hence there is in our opinion no sufficient reason for its abandonment.

H. Exc. U. M. Rose; Delegate from the United States of America:

In the addresses just delivered we have heard a good deal about the rights of captors and belligerents, tending to show that their rights are very nearly, if not quite, commensurate with their might, but nothing that tends to define the rights of private persons owning property on the sea in time of war; from which it might well be inferred that the rights of private persons to property at sea are a very negligible quantity.

Just a hundred years ago Lord Brougham said:

"The private property of pacific and industrious individuals seems to be protected, and, except in the single case of maritime capture, it is spared accordingly by the general usage of all modern nations. No army now plunders unarmed individuals ashore except for the purpose of providing for its own subsistence. And the laws of war are thought to be violated by the seizure of private property for the sake of gain, even within the limits of the hostile

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