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Explanatory Notes,




getting such a dower as her friends might here

after bestow on her, when time had reconSCENE I.

ciled them to her clandestine marriage. STEEP. 107, c. 1, 1. 8. Since I am put to know,) may

Id. 1. 14. ---the fault and glimpse of newness ;) mean, I am compelled to acknowledge.

The fault and glimpse is ihe same as the Id. 1.9. lists) Bounds, limits.

faulty glimpse. And the meaning seems to be Id. I. 12. Then no more remains,

Whether it be the fault of newness, a fault But that to your sufficiency, as your worth arising from the mind being dazzled by a is able,

novel authority, of which the new gorernor And let them work.) Something is wanting has yet had only a glimpse, - has yet taken in this passage, which the commentators have only a hasty survey; or whether, &c. Shaknot been able to supply. The meaning may speare has many similar expressions. Malone. be, your skill in government is in ability to Id. ? 29. so tickle --) i. e. ticklish. serve me, equal to the integrity of your heart, Id. l. 35. her approbation;) i. e. enter on her and let them co-operate in your future mi- probation. mistry.

Id. 1. 40.-- prone and speechless dialect,) Prone, Id 1.20 — with special soul

perhaps, may stand for humble ; as a prone Elected him — By, these words the poet posture is a posture of supplication. perhaps means that he was the immediate

choice of his heart. Id. L 3. thy belongings -] i. e. endowments. Id. 1. 36. Are not thine own so proper,) i. e. are Id. I. 55. Believe not that the dribbling dart,) A not so much thy own property. STEEVENS.

dribbler, in archery, was a term of contempt. 12 I. 42. to fine issues :) To great conse

Id. 1. 62. - the life remov'd;] i. e. a life of requences.

tirement. Id. c. 2, 1. 3. I do bend my speech;.

Id, 1. 64. witless bravery -] Bravery, or To one that can my part in him advertise;]

showy dress. This is obscure. I believe the meaning is

Id. I. 64.
I am talking to one who is himself already suf- | Id c. 2,7. 12. Sith - i. e. since.

keeps.) i. e. dwells, resides. fciently conversant with the nature and duties 1d. 1. 28. Stands at 'a guard —] Stands on his of my office MALONE.

defence Id. 1. 8, i.e. " 1 delegate to thy tongue the power

of pronouncing sentence of death, and to thy

hrart the privilege of exercising mercy.' 12. I 9. — first in question,] that is, first called for, first appointed.

Id. I. 66. — make me not your story.) Perhaps,

Do not divert yourself with me, as you

would with a story; but Mr. MALONE thinks SCENE 11.

we ought to read, — “Sir, mock me not: P. 108, c. 1, 1. 34. There went but a pair of id. 1. 69.

your story. Luc. 'l'is true, &c.”

'tis my familiar sin sheers between us.) We are both of the same With maids to seem the lapwing,] The mopiece.

dern editors have not taken in the whole simi

litude here: they have taken notice of the SCENE III.

lightness of a spark's behaviour to his mistress,

and compared it to the lapwing's hovering and Id. c. 2, 1. 61. Like rats that ravin -) To ravin fluttering as it flies. But the chief, of which

was formerly used for eagerly or voraciously no notice is taken , is, -" — and to jest." devouring any thing.

(See Ray's Proverbs.] " The lapwing cries, P. 109. c. 1, 1.4. this we came not to,

tongue far from heart;" i. e, most farthest Only for propagation of a dower,

from the nest. Remaining in the coffer of her friends ;) P. 110, c. 1, l. 3. To teeming foison ;] Foison is I suppose the speaker means for the sake of plenty.





P. 110, c. 1, l. 4. Tilth - ) Tilth is tillage.

should end WHERE they began, i. e. with the Id. I. 14, Bore many gentlemen,

criminal. In hand, and hope of action :) To bear | Id. I. 31. - pelting,l i. e. paltry. in hand is a common phrase for to keep in Id. I. 35.- gnarled oak.] Gnarre is the old Engerpectation and dependance; but we should lish word for a knot in wood. read:

Id. I. 36. “But man, proud man!» — with hope of action. JOHNSON.

Id. l. 41. - wcho, with our spleens, Id. l. 25. -- to give fear to use - To intimi- Would all themselves laugh mortal.] By

date use, that is, practices long countenanced spleens, Shakspeare means that peculiar tura by custom.

of the human mind, that always inclines it to Id. I. 36. Has censurd him ---] i. e. sentenced a spiteful, unseasonable mirth. Had the anhim.

gels that, says Shakspeare, they would laugh Id. l. 19. would owe - ] To owe, in this themselves out of their immortality, by indulgplace, is to have.

ing a passion which does not deserve that


Id. I. 71. fond shekels-) Fond means very ACT II.

frequently in our author, foolish. It signifies SCENE I.

in this place valued or prized by folly.

Id. l. 71. tested gold,) i. e. brought to the Id. l. 61. Provost,] The Provost here is not a mi- | Id. 1 75. -- preserved souls,] i. e. preserved

test, or cupelled. litary officer, but a kind of sheriff or gaoler. Id. c. 2, 1. 9. That thieves do pass on thieves ?) Id. c. 2, 1. 3. — I am that way going to temp

from the corruption of the world. Pass or decide.

tation, Id. l. 9. 'Tis very pregnant,] "Tis plain that we Where prayers cross.] This appointment of

must act with bad as with good; we punish his for the morrow's meeting, being a premethe faults as we take the advantages that lie in ditated exposure of himself to temptation, our way, and what we do not see we cannot which it was the general object of prayer to

thwart. Id. I. 29. - brakes of vice,-) The commenta

tors have not decided the meaning of this word. By brakes of vice may be meant a collection,

SCENE III. a thicket of vices. Brake was also the name of an engine of torture.

Id. l. 74. But lest you do repent,] i. e." Take Id. l. 59. — whom I detest-] He designed to care lest you repent(not so much of your faul, say protest.

as it is an evil), as that the sin haih brought P.IN, c. 1, l. 39. “ All-hallownd eve.” MA

ia. You showing we'd not spare heaven) i e Id. l. 68. I'll be supposed— He means deposed. spare to offend heaven. Id. c. 2, l. 5. Justice, or Iniquity ?) i e. The P.114. c. 1, 1. 4. There rest.) Keep yourslef in this

Constable or the Fool. Escalus calls the lat- temper. ter, Iniquity, in allusion to the old Vice, a Id. l. 8. 0, injurious love,] probably should familiar character in the ancient moralities and be law.

dumb-shows. Id. 1. 8. - Hannibal !] Mistaken by the Constable for Cannibal.

SCENE IV. Id. 1. 29. “ An't." MALONE. Id. l. 68. take order-) i. e. take measures. Id. l. 17. Whilst my invention, l i. e. imaginatio Id. l. 76. I'll rent the fairest house in it, Id. l. 25 with boot, Boot is profit, advar

after three-pence a bay :) A bay of building tage, gain. is, in many parts of England, a common term, Id. 1. 26. Which the air beats for vain,) or rarity, which perhaps means, the space between the ld. l. 27 case,) For outside garb. main beams of the roof; so that a barn crossed Id. l. 31. Let's write good angel on the devils twice with beams is a barn of three bays.

horn, 'Tis not the devil's crest.) This whole på

sage, as it stands, appears to me to mean : -0 SCENE 11.

place! O form! though you wrench awe frie

fools, and tie even wiser souls to your face P. 112, c. 2, 1. 17. let it be his fault,

seeming, yet you make no alteration in the And not my brother.) i. e. let his fault be minds or coustitutions of those who possens condemned, or extirpated, but let not my bro- or assume you. Though we should wnite good ther himself suffer.

angel on the devil's horn, it will aot change bis Id. I. 43. touch'd with that remorse -] Re- nature, so as to give him a right to wear that morse, for pity.

." M. MASON Id. l. 70. And mercy then will breathe within Id. I. 45. The general,-) i. e. generality,

I Id. I. 65. that hath from nature stolen, &c} Like man new made.) As

amiable as a man i. e. that hath k led a man. come fresh out of the hands of his Creator ; | Id. c. 2, I. I. I had rather give my body this or, as tender-hearted and merciful as the first

my soul.] She means, I think, I had rather man was in his days of innocence, immedi- die, than forfeit my eternal happiness by ately after his creation.

the prostitution of my person. MALONE P. 113, c. 1, 1. 10. like a prophet,

Id. I. 14 Pleas'd you to dot, at peril, &c.) The Looks in a glass,] This alludes to the fop- reasoning is thus : Angelo asks, whether there peries of the beril, a kind of crystal which might not be a charity in sin to sare this hath a weak tincture of red in it. Among brother? Isabella answers, that if Angrés other tricks of astrologers, the discovery of will save him, she will state her soul that past or future events was supposed to be the it were charity, not sin. Angelo replies, that consequence of looking into it.

if Isabella would sare him at the hasardd Id. 1. 15. But where they live, to end.j i. e. they her soul, it would be not indeed no sin, bai


your lips,


a sin to which the charity would be equiva- | Id. l. 48.“ Bring me to hear them speak.” Mas

lent. JOHNSON. P. 114, c. 2, 1. 28. Proclaim an enshield beauty-1 | Id. l. 51. most good in deed : 1 i. e. truly, shielded beauty.

Id. l. 51. an everlasting leiger : Id. l. 34. Accountant to the law upon that pain.] Therefore your best appointment-] Leiger Pun or penalty

is the saine with resident. Appointment ; preId 1. 37. As I subscribe not that) To subscribe paration; act of fitting, or state of being fiited

means, to agree to. Milton uses the word in for any thing.
th same seuse.

Id 1. 66. a restraint
Id 1.38. But in the loss of question.) i. e. con-

To a determin'd scope ) A confinement of tersaliun.

your mind to one paintul idea; ignominy, of II. 60. Izoomy in ransom,) So ignominy was which the remembrance can neither be supformerly written

pressed nor escap:ed. Johnson. 11. 1.72. If not a feodary, but only he, &c.) The P. 116, c. 1, 1. 13. - follies doth enmew,) Forces meaning should seem to be this :

We are

follies to lie in cover, without daring to show all frail, sages Angelo. Yes, replies Isabella ; themselves. if he has not one associate in his crime, if no Id. I. 14. As falcon doth the fowl-) as the fowl other person own and follow the same criminal is afraid to Autter while the falcon hovers courses which you are now pursuing, let my over it. brother suffer death. Malone.

Id. l. 15. His filth within being cast,] To cast a Id 1. 79. In profiting by them.) In taking advan

pond is to empty it of mud. ta e of them.

Id. l. 20. princely guards !) i. e. badges of Id 115, c. 1, 1, 1. -- false prints.) i. e. take any royalty, or outward appearances. Some would impression.

read priestly guards, or sanctity. Id. L 17. - hath a license in'?,] an appearance | Id. l. 24. — from this rank offence.) from the of licentiousness.

time of my committing this offence, you might 12 1 23. Seeming, seeming'] Hypocrisy, hypo- persist in sinning with safety. crisy.

Id. l. 42. Be perdurably fin'd?] Perdurably is H. 1. 53. - prompture-] Suggestion, tempta- lastingly. tioa, instigation.

Id. I. 49 delight spirit-! i. e. the spirit

accustomed here to ease and delights.

Id. l. 52. viewless winds,) i. e. unseen, invisiACT III.


Id. l. 72. -- a warped slip of wilderness :) i. e. SCENE I.

wildness. Id 1. 73. Take my defiance :) Defiance is re

fusal. Id. 1.74. That none but fools would keep :) i. e.

Id. l. 80. but a trade :) A custom ; an estacare for

blished habit. H. e. 2, 7. 7. Thy best of rest is sleep,

Id. c. 2, 1. 23. Do not satisfy your resolution with And that thou oft prorok'st; yet grossly

hopes that are fallible :] i. e. Do not rest fear'st

with satisfaction ou hopes thut are fallible. Thy death, which is no more.] I cannot

id. I. 35. In good time.] i. e. à la bonne heure, without indignation find Shakspeare saying

so be it, very well. that death is only sleep, lengthening out his

Id. l. 73 and limit of the solemnity,] i. e. exhortation by a sentence which in the Friar is

appointed time. impious, in the reasoner is foolish, and in the

P. 117, c I, I. 4. her combinate husband,] poet trite and vulgar. JOHNSON.

Combinate is betrothed.
This was an oversight in Shakspeare; for in

Id 1. 9. bestowed her on her own lamenta. the second scene of the fourth Act, the Pro

tion ) i. e. left her to her sorrows, or gave

her vost speaks of the desperate Bernardine, as one who regards death only as a drunken sleep. Id. i 26.

only refer yourself to this advanSTEEVENS. I apprehend Shakspeare means to say no

tage,) i. e. reserve to yourself.

Id. I. 36. the corrupi deputy scaled. 7 i. e. more, than that the passage from this life to

over-reached. acother is as easy as sleep; a position in which

Id. I. 47. the moated grange,A grange, in there is surely neither folly nor impiety. Ma

its original signification, meant a farm-house LONE. 11! 14. strange effects,] read affects or affec

of a monastery, from which it was always at tions.

some little distance. 121.

serpigo,] The serpigo is a kind of letter.

palsied elul;] Eld is here put for Id. l. 59. bastard.] Bastard was raisin wine. old people. Shakspeare declares that man has Id. c.2, 1. 14. That we were all, as some would neither youth nor age; for in youth, which

seem to be, is the happiest time, or which might be the Free from our faults, as faults from seem. happiest, he commonly wants means to obtain ing free!) i. e as faults are destitute of all what he could enjoy; he is dependent on comeliness or seeming. The first of these palsied eld; must beg alms' from the lines refers to the deputy's sancutied hypocoffers of hoary avarice; and being very nig- crisy; the second to the Clown's beastly ocgardly supplied, becomes as aged, looks, like cupation. But the latter part is thus ill exan old man, on happiness which is beyond his pressed for the sake of rhyme. W:RBURTON. teach. And, when he is old and rich, when Mr. Malone omits Free at the beginuing of the he has wealth enough for the purchase of all line. that formerly excited bis desires, he has no Id. 1. 17. His neck will come to your waist, a longer the powers of enjoyment,

cord, sir,) His neck wil be tied, like your has neither heat, affection, limb,

waist, with a rope. The friars of the Franbeauty,

ciscan order, perhaps of all others, wear a To make his riches pleasant.

hempen cord för a girdle.

up to them.


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P. 117, c. 2, 1. 52. — it is not the wear.j i.e. it is | Id. c. 2, 1. 7. the unsisting poster -] i. c. not the fashion.

never at rest, always opening. P. 118, c. 1, 1. 25. -much detected for women ;) | Id. 1. 19, siege of justice,) i. e. seat of justice. charged or guilty.

Siége, French. Id. 1. 29. - -clack-dish:) The beggars, two or Id. l. 41. —- putting on : } i. e. spur, incitement,

three centuries ago, used to proclaim their | Id. 1. 55. one that is a prisoner nine years want by a wooden dish, with a moveable cover, old) i. e. that has been confined these nine which they clacked, to show that their vessel

years. was empty.

P. 121, c. 1, 1. 2. — in the boldness of my cunId. I. 33. -an inward of his :) Inward is inti- ning,) i. e. in confidence of my sagacity, mate.

Id. l. 21. the favour,] i, e. the countenance. Id. l. 39. The greater file -] The greater number.

SCENE III. Id. I. 46. the business he hath helmed,] The difficulties he hath steer'd through. A me

Id. c. 2, l. 2. — for the Lord's sake.) i. e. to taphor from navigation. Id. 1. 69.

beg for the rest of their lives. opposite ) i. e. opponent, adversary. Id. c. 2, 1.55. There is scarce truth enough alire, 1 id. 1. 5. The under generation,) i. e. the as

P. 122, c. 1, 1. 4. -- journal - ] i. e. daily. to make societies secure : but security enough,

tipodes. to make fellowships accurs'do? The sense Id. l. 17. - weal-balanced form,] probably wellis, “There scarcely exists sufficient honesty

balanced. in the world to make social life secure; but

Id. l. 59.there are occasions enough where a man may

your bosom — your wish; your

heart's desire. Johnson. be drawn in to become surety, which will make him pay dearly for his friendships." ;

Id. l. 70. I am combined, - } i. e. bound by Id. 1. 75. resolved - ] i. e. satisfied.

agreement. P. 119, c. 1, l. 2. — he is indeed — justice.] Id. l. 71, Wend you — ] To wend is to go. — Az

obsolete word. Summum jus, summa injuria.

Id. c. 2. I. 8. Id. I. 12. Pattern in himself to know,] “Pattern

- duke of dark corners - ) this in himself to know," is to feel in his own breast Id. i. 11. -- he lives not in them.) i. e. bis cha

duke who meets his mistresses in by-places. that virtue which he makes others practise. Id. 1. 24. How may likeness made in crimes,

racter depends not on them. Making practice on the times,

Id. l. 13. — woodman —] A woodman was an Draw with idle spiders' strings,

attendant or servant to the officer called for Most pond'rous and substantial things !]

rester, but is here used in a wanton sense. Likeness is here used for specious or seeming virtue. So, before : "0, seeming, seeming!

SCENE VI. The sense then of the passage is, - How many persons, assuming the likeness or semblance Id. I. 53. sort and suit,) Figure and rank, or of virtue, while they are in fact guilty of the perhaps, his vassals bound to hold suit and grossest crimes, impose with this counterfeit service to their over-lord. sanctity upon the world, in order to draw Id. I. 62. - Yet reason dares her? - 10:) ye to themselves by the flimsiest pretensions the does not reason challenge or incite her lo most solid advantages; i. e. pleasure, honour, accuse me?- no, (answers the speaker f.e reputation, &c. MALONE. The same critic my authority, &c.' To dare in this sease, is reads "Mocking practice,” and “ To draw.” yet a school-phrase. MALONE.

Id. l. 65. -- my authority bears a credent buli, ACT IV.

That no particular scandal, &c.) Creden is creditable, enforcing credit, not question able. Mr. Malone reads " bears off."



Id. 1. 65.
constantly-] Certainly; without

SCENE V. fluctuation of mind. Id. l. 74. - -a planched gate,] i. e. a gate made P. 123, c. 1,1. 1. - you do blench-) Toblero of boards.

is to start off. Id. c. 2, l. 7. In action all of precept,) i. e, in

direction given not by words, but by mute

signs. Id. 1 12. I have possess'd him,] I have in 1d. 1. 34. form'd him.

The generous, &c. ) i. e, the most Id. 7. 35. - contrarious quests - ] Different re

noble, &c. ports, running counter to each other.

Id, I. 35. Have hent the gates.) Have seized or d. 1. 36 - 'scapes of wit -] i. e. sallies, irre

taken possession of. gularities Id. l. 53. Doth flourish the deceit. ) i. e. or

ACT V. nament.



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Id. 1. 68. Vail your regard —) i. e. conde P. 120, c. 1, l. 14. - a good favour - Favour scend to look, from higher things, upon, &c. is countenance.

Id. c. 2, 7. 35. --as shy, as grave, as jest, as Id 1. 41 -yare:) i. e. handy, nimble.

absolute,] As shy; as reserved, as abstracted! Id 1 53. —- starkly-) Stiffly. These two lines as just; as nice, as exact : as absolute; as afford a very pleasing image. Johnson.

complete in all the round of duty. Johnsos, Id. l. 77. To qualify - ) as we say wine is quali- ld. I. 48 -- do not banish reason fied with water

For inequality :) Do not suppose I am nad Id. 1. 77. —meald – Were he sprinkled; or because I speak passionately and unequaliy perhaps mingled.


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