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acres agricultural Amer American amount average banks began beginning brought building Canal capital carried causes Census cent century chap CHAPTER cities Civil colonies colonists commerce communication companies cotton crops cultivation demand duties early economic effect England English especially establishment existed exports factory farms foreign given gold grain granted greatly growing growth half hand Hist History important improved increased industry introduction invention iron issue labor Lake land later laws less lines machine machinery manufactures means ment methods Michigan miles movement needed North Ohio opening organization passed period population practically production profitable protection railroads railway rapid rapidly rates Report result rivers roads secure shows silver slavery slaves South southern steel supply tariff tion tons trade transportation United vessels West western York
Page 388 - It is evident that if the opportunity for the free and unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1 had still existed, there would have been another sudden change in the actual monetary standard.
Page 150 - Besides manufactories of these articles, which are carried on as regular trades, and have attained to a considerable degree of maturity, there is a vast scene of household manufacturing, which contributes more largely to the supply of the community than, could be imagined, without having made it an object of particular inquiry.
Page 151 - ... in many instances to an extent not only sufficient for the supply of the families in which they are made, but for sale. and even in some cases for exportation. It is computed in a number of districts that two-thirds, three-fourths, and even four-fifths of all the clothing of the inhabitants are made by themselves.
Page 173 - Every patent shall contain a short title or description of the invention or discovery, correctly indicating its nature and design, and a grant to the patentee, his heirs or assigns, for the term of seventeen years, of the exclusive right to make, use, and vend the invention or discovery throughout the United States and the Territories thereof, referring to the specification for the particulars thereof.
Page 182 - The last is a rude garden for growing cabbage, beans, corn for roasting ears, cucumbers, and potatoes. A log cabin, and, occasionally, a stable and corncrib, and a field of a dozen acres, the timber girdled or "deadened," and fenced, are enough for his occupancy.
Page 473 - To secure to the workers the full enjoyment of the wealth they create, sufficient leisure in which to develop their intellectual, moral and social faculties; all of the benefits, recreation and pleasures of association; in a word, to enable them to share in the gains and honors of advancing civilization . In order to secure these results, we demand at the hands of the STATE: III.
Page 185 - Another wave rolls on. The men of capital and enterprise come. The settler is ready to sell out and take the advantage of the rise in property, push farther into the interior and become, himself, a man of capital and enterprise in turn. The small village rises to a spacious town or city; substantial edifices of brick, extensive fields, orchards, gardens, colleges, and churches are seen.
Page 132 - Estate, all the Negroes should be sold, and the money put to Interest in safe hands, and let the Lands which these Negroes now work lie wholly uncultivated, the bare Interest of the Price of the Negroes would be a much greater yearly income than what is now received from their working the Lands, making no allowance at all for the trouble and Risk of the Masters as to the Crops, and Negroes.
Page 184 - The preemption law enables him to dispose of his cabin and cornfield to the next class of emigrants; and, to employ his own figures, he "breaks for the high timber," "clears out for the New Purchase," or migrates to Arkansas or Texas, to work the same process over. The next class of emigrants purchase the lands, add field to field, clear out the roads, throw rough bridges over the streams, put up hewn log houses with glass windows...