Diachronic Prototype Semantics: A Contribution to Historical Lexicology
Clarendon Press, 1997 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 207 pages
Prototype theory makes a crucial distinction between the central and peripheral sense of words. Geeraerts explores the implications of this model for a theory of semantic change, in the first full-scale treatment of the impact of the most recent developments in lexicological theory on thestudy of meaning change. He identifies structural features of the development of word meanings which follow from a prototype-theoretical model of semantic structure, and incorporates these diachronic prototypicality effects into a theory of meaning change. The author strikes a balance between theoretical exploration and diachronic description, supporting each step in the argumentation with detailed case studies which chart the semantic development of particular words, or illustrate specific mechanisms of semantic change. Thus the book provides both atheoretical model for diachronic semantics and a number of methodological strategies and representational formats that exemplify how changes of word meaning can be studied in practice.
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2ich 2ijn abstract analysis approach basic border area case-studies chapter characteristics classification cluster cognitive linguistics cognitive semantics concept conceptual reorgani2ation corpus diachronic semantics dictionaries digest distinction Dutch etymological examples existence explanation expression extension extensional fact figurative fruit functional Geeraerts Goossens hand hermeneutics historical linguistics historical semantics homonymic human sciences hyponymous hypothesis illustrated implicature inductive generali2ation instance intensional interpretation involves isomorphic principle keest language legging lexical categories lexical change lexical item lexical semantics lexicology lexicon literal meaning mechanisms merger metaphor methodological metonymy Middle Dutch natural niet notion nuances onomasiological organi2ation particular polysemy pre-structuralist prototype semantics prototype theory prototype-based prototype-theoretical prototypical categories push question quotations range of application reading recogni2ed referential referents regard relationship salient semantic change semantic polygenesis semantic structure semasiological structure sense speciali2ation specific starting-point structuralist subset synchronic theoretical things traditional Ullmann verb verduwen vergrijpen whereas word