Workmen and Wages at Home and Abroad: Or, The Effects of Strikes, Combinations, and Trades' Unions

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Longmans, Green, 1868 - Labor - 314 pages
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Page xv - The property which every man has in his own labour, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable. The patrimony of a poor man lies in the strength and dexterity of his hands; and to hinder him from employing this strength and dexterity in what manner he thinks proper without injury to his neighbour is a plain violation of this most sacred property.
Page 234 - ... who shall enter into any agreement, verbal or written, among themselves, for the purpose of fixing the rate of wages or prices which the parties entering...
Page 13 - We rarely hear, it has been said, of the combinations of masters, though frequently of those of workmen. But whoever imagines, upon this account, that masters rarely combine, is as ignorant of the world as of the subject. Masters are always and everywhere in a sort of tacit, but constant and uniform, combination, not to raise the wages of labour above their actual rate.
Page 235 - ... within the meaning of the said Act, and shall not therefore be subject or liable to any prosecution or indictment for conspiracy : Provided always that nothing herein contained shall authorise any workman to break or depart from any contract, or authorise any attempt to induce any workman to break or depart from any contract.
Page 234 - ... regulations, made to obtain an advance or to reduce the rate of wages, or to lessen or alter the hours of working, or to decrease or alter the quantity of work, or to regulate the mode of carrying on any manufacture, trade or business, or the management thereof...
Page 233 - ... such person to belong to any club or association, or to contribute to any common fund, or to pay any fine or penalty, or on account of his not belonging to any particular club or association, or not having contributed, or having refused to contribute to any common fund...
Page 234 - ... among themselves, for the purpose of fixing the rate of wages or prices which the parties entering into such agreement, or any of them, shall...
Page 14 - Masters, too, sometimes enter into particular combinations to sink the wages of labour even below this rate. These are always conducted with the utmost silence and secrecy, till the moment of execution, and when the workmen yield, as they sometimes do, without resistance, though severely felt by them, they are never heard of by other people.
Page 233 - That from and after the passing of this act, if any person shall, by violence to the person or property, or by threats or intimidation, or by molesting, or in any way obstructing another, force, or endeavour to force any journeyman, manufacturer, workman, or other person hired or employed in any manufacture, trade or business, to depart from his hiring, employment or work...
Page 103 - Protection. 0 God, who art the author of peace and lover of concord, in knowledge of whom standeth our eternal life, whose service is perfect freedom...

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