Evolutionary Trends in Flowering Plants
Columbia University Press, 1991 - Nature - 241 pages
Takhtajan, one of the foremost authorities on flowering plant evolution, has brought together from the literature and his own studies interpretations of the origin and evolution of various vegetative and reproductive parts of flowering plants. Starting with growth habit, he continues through leaf and stem structure, including the origin of vessels, sieve tubes, and rays, to flowers. After tracing the possible origin of the flower, he discusses in detail the sepals, petals, stamens, and carpels, accounting for their variations in number of parts, fusion, position, and structure. The evolution and origin of the micro- and megagametophytes and the development of triple fusion are considered. The book ends with the developmental sequence of the fruit and seed types. Each chapter has its own extensive bibliography. Takhtajan has produced a book that will be essential in the library of any college where plant evolution is considered.-C. T. Mason Jr., University of Arizona--Choice Reviews.
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Amer anatomy androecium angio angiosperms Annonaceae apertures archaic Bailey I. W. capsule carpels ceae cells character characterized Cheadle classification correlation Cronquist cymose Degeneria Degeneriaceae dehiscence dicotyledons distal drupe Eames embryo endexine endosperm Endress entomophily eusyncarpous evolution Evolutionary Trends evolved example exine families female gametophyte fleshy floral flowering plants forms fruit gametophyte genera genus gymnospermous gynoecia gynoecium Hallier H herbaceous heterobathmy inferior ovary inflorescences integument Kozo-Poljanski layer leaf Leningrad less liliopsids Linn London Magnoliaceae Magnoliidae magnoliophytes magnoliopsids male gametophyte margins megaspore microsporangia microspore monocotyledons morphology neoteny Nymphaeaceae ontogeny organs origin ovules parenchyma Parkin perforation perianth petals phloem phylogenetic phylogeny Pijl pinnate venation placentation pollen grains pollen tube primitive type racemose Ranunculaceae reduction Russian scalariform secondary seed coat sieve specialization species sporophylls stages stamens Stebbins structure syncarpous Takhtajan Takhtajan 1948 taxa Thien tion tissue tracheids typical unilacunar usually vascular veins vessel elements vesselless walls Winteraceae woody xylem Zhurn