Annual Report on Kansas Forestry

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Page 27 - This fact is so familiar in the American States and the British Provinces, that there are few old residents of the interior of those districts who are not able to testify to its truth as a matter of personal observation. My own recollection suggests to me many instances of this sort, and I remember one case...
Page 26 - The Khanate of Bucharia presents a striking example of the consequences brought upon a country by clearings. Within a period of thirty years, this was one of the most fertile regions of Central Asia, a country which, when well wooded and watered, was a terrestrial paradise. But within the last twenty-five years, a mania of clearing...
Page 25 - ... thickly populated by a highly cultivated people. But then the sierras and mountain slopes were covered with a luxuriant growth of timber, which was afterwards wantonly destroyed under the rule of the kings.
Page 25 - Another one-third of the territory is covered with worthless shrubs and thornbushes, and [affords a scanty pasture for the merino sheep: the number of which is decreasing from year to year. The once delicious climate has become changeable and rough, since there are no more forests to break the power of the scorching Salano and the cold Galego wind. The average depth of the fine rivers that cross Spain in all directions has greatly diminished.
Page 27 - ... of moisture from the surroundings made crops successful every year. Now the destruction of the forests has lost to us that bed of leaves which was a perpetual reservoir of water for springs and evaporation ; aided by the treading of the hard surface, the rain-fall, if the same as of old, rushes off at once, sweeping the soil into the Mississippi delta. The dry winds absorb not only the ancient humidity of the air, but drink up the subsoil evaporation, so that our winters are longer, more changeable,...
Page 28 - The hills of the Atlantic States formerly abounded in springs and brooks ; but in many parts of these States, which were cleared a generation or two ago, the hill-pastures now suffer severely from drought, and in dry seasons furnish to cattle neither grass nor water.
Page 27 - In the year 1845 it was found to be an almost perfect desert. Where, according to the testimony of the inhabitants, had once been a garden of fertility, abandoned plantations, the recent ruins of beautiful villas and terraced gardens, and broad arid wastes, without a blade of grass, showed how sudden and complete a destruction had fallen upon this unfortunate little island. The cause was the cutting-down of the trees for export of their valuable timber : the effect followed even more rapidly than...
Page 26 - The Island of St. Helena, the well-known scene of Napoleon's banishment, furnishes a remarkable illustration of the connection that exists between forests and rainfall. When first discovered in 1502 it had heavy forests. The introduction of goats and other causes destroyed these woodlands until the island was almost denuded. The consequences were that in the records of the last century we find accounts of repeated and almost periodical visitations of very severe drought, occasioning various losses...
Page 8 - The sun looks steadily on the ocean, and its beams lift lakes of water into the air, tossing it up thousands of feet with their delicate fingers, and carefully picking every grain of salt from it before they let it go. No granite reservoirs are needed to hold in the...
Page 27 - It is an almost universal and, I believe, well-founded opinion, that the protection afforded by the forest against the escape of moisture from its soil by superficial flow and evaporation insures the permanence and regularity of natural springs, not only within the limits of the woods, but at some distance beyond its borders, and thus contributes to the supply of an element essential to both animal and vegetable life. As the forests are destroyed, the springs which flowed from the woods, and, consequently,...

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