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Resolved, That the several Railroad Companies who have facilitated our passage to and fro, have not only graded a royal road to knowledge, but have fulfilled the prophecy, that “ Many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.”

The close of the session was marked by some appropriate. and eloquent parting words from the President. As a veteran in the profession, he felt it to be his privilege and his duty, to throw into the path of those who should follow him the flowers and the fruit that he had culled in his long

career.

After singing “Old Hundred," the twenty-third Annual Session of the American Institute of Instruction was closed, and the Institute Adjourned sine die.

Chas. E. VALENTINE, Rec. Sec’y.

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ANNUAL REPORT.

In pursuance of a requisition of the Constitution, the Di. rectors present to the American Institute of Instruction their Annual Report.

The Association has been steadily pursuing, during the past year, the objects for which it was established, and has become an educational organ of widely extended celebrity. It has been the pioneer of numerous important enterprises connected with schools, and its opinions and acts are often referred to by public bodies, as furnishing satisfactory authority for the utility of legislative enactments, as well as for municipal regulations. Its Annual Sessions are numerously attended by teachers and educators of both sexes, and new members are every year added to its roll. In 1851, at its meeting in Keene, N. H., forty-nine friends of education became members.

The annual volume for that year has been published, under the supervision of the Board of Censors, and proves to be equal in value to any of its predecessors.

The Lectures delivered last year by Messrs. Oliver and Hagar have been printed in pamphlet form, for general distribution, and have been read with avidity and advantage by thousands of teachers and others.

The Directors would respectfully recommend that teachers provide themselves with the volume for their libraries, and that they give what circulation they can to the pamphlets above mentioned, and to all that are printed from year to year, for the general good.

By the Treasurer's Report it will be perceived, that a balance of $161.29, remains on hand, which, with the income of the current year, will enable the Institute to meet the cost of its annual volume, and incidental expenses. Still, it would be gratifying to see its pecuniary means enlarged, as it would thus be enabled to circulate an increased num. ber of its best Lectures, thus benefiting persons abroad, who are unable to attend its meetings.

In conclusion, the Directors would congratulate the friends of human progress on what the Institute has done and is doing, - hoping that its efforts will long continue to merit their appropriate reward.

Respectfully submitted.

G. F. THAYER, for the Directors. Troy, N. Y., Aug. 6, 1852.

LECTURE I.

INCENTIVES TO MENTAL CULTURE AMONG

TEACHERS.

BY JAMES DAVIE BUTLER,

OF DANVERS, MASS.

While listening to the lecturers who have so often, in these last days, fed us with the various food of sweetly uttered knowledge, I have said to myself more than once,

66 What shall the man do that cometh after the king ?* Nor can I doubt but that those who assigned to us speakers the order of our appearance, reverenced the oriental custom, according to which, “ Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine, and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse.” Or, perhaps, as classical scholars, they may have imitated I'rometheus, who began to make man of finer clay, as it were of porcelain, but lacking material, was compelled to eke out his work with baser matter, at first intended for composing creatures of a lower race. My own apology for trespassing at all on your attention, now you have

* This lecture was the last in the course before the Institute.

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