As Long as this Land Shall Last: A History of Treaty 8 and Treaty 11, 1870-1939
A historically accurate study that takes no sides, this book is the first complete document of Treaties 8 and 11 between the Canadian government and the Native people at the turn of the nineteenth century. On the basis of those treaties, contested in the Mackenzie Pipeline debate, white fur-traders, trappers, and corporations gave themselves privileges of ownership with no regard to the Native claim and to the promise made to the Natives that they could live and hunt there "as long as the sun rises, as long as the river flows, as long as this land shall last."
Historian Rene Fumoleau has delved into church and government sources to afford a clear picture of the negotiations for the treaties beginning in 1870 and their aftermath up to 1939. With an Epilogue by Joan Barnaby, the documents discussed in the book speak for themselves, implying a host of questions with both historical relevance and enduring significance.
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Aklavik Alberta Anglican Arctic Red River asked Athabasca August band Beaulieu beaver beneﬁt Bishop Breynat buffalo Canada Canadian Catholic Chief Chipewyan closed season Conroy Dene Department of Indian difﬁculty Dogrib Drygeese Edmonton Eskimos ﬁelds ﬁle ﬁnd Finnie ﬁrst ﬁsh ﬁshing Fond du Lac Fort Chipewyan Fort Norman Fort Providence Fort Resolution Fort Simpson Fort Smith game laws Government Half-breeds Harris Hay River Hudson’s Bay Company hunting and trapping IANDO Ibid Indian Affairs Indian Agent inﬂuence Inspector interview July land Lesser Slave Lake Liard living Mackenzie District Mackenzie River McMurray McPherson Metis Minister Mission Monfwi native negotiations Norman North Northwest Territories NWMP Ofﬁcer ofﬁcial Ottawa Peace River promises protection Providence RCMAFS RCMP Report reserves Resolution Saskatchewan satisﬁed scrip Simpson Smith Susie take treaty told trading posts Treaty 11 Treaty Commissioner treaty money Treaty party white trappers Wrigley Yellowknife