MITI and the Japanese Miracle: The Growth of Industrial Policy, 1925-1975

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Stanford University Press, 1982 - POLITICAL SCIENCE - 393 pages
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The focus of this book is on the Japanese economic bureaucracy, particularly on the famous Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), as the leading state actor in the economy. Although MITI was not the only important agent affecting the economy, nor was the state as a whole always predominant, I do not want to be overly modest about the importance of this subject. The particular speed, form, and consequences of Japanese economic growth are not intelligible without reference to the contributions of MITI. Collaboration between the state and big business has long been acknowledged as the defining characteristic of the Japanese economic system, but for too long the state's role in this collaboration has been either condemned as overweening or dismissed as merely supportive, without anyone's ever analyzing the matter.

The history of MITI is central to the economic and political history of modern Japan. Equally important, however, the methods and achievements of the Japanese economic bureaucracy are central to the continuing debate between advocates of the communist-type command economies and advocates of the Western-type mixed market economies. The fully bureaucratized command economies misallocate resources and stifle initiative; in order to function at all, they must lock up their populations behind iron curtains or other more or less impermeable barriers. The mixed market economies struggle to find ways to intrude politically determined priorities into their market systems without catching a bad case of the English disease or being frustrated by the American-type legal sprawl. The Japanese, of course, do not have all the answers. But given the fact that virtually all solutions to any of the critical problems of the late twentieth century--energy supply, environmental protection, technological innovation, and so forth--involve an expansion of official bureaucracy, the particular Japanese priorities and procedures are instructive. At the very least they should forewarn a foreign observer that the Japanese achievements were not won without a price being paid.

 

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User Review  - antiquary - LibraryThing

Particuilarly of interest for its argument that fascist-influenced bureaucrats survived the war and had significant impact on the postwar economic development of Japan Read full review

Contents

one The Japanese Miracle
3
two The Economic Bureaucracy
35
Changes in the Size of the Japanese Electorate 18901969
39
Numbers and Universities of Passers of the HigherLevel Public Officials Examinations 1975 and 1976
58
Placement of Graduates of the University of Tokyo Law School 1975 and 1976
61
Relative Rates of Promotion by Entering Class 1975
64
MITI ViceMinisters and Their Amakudari Positions 1978
72
three The Rise of Industrial Policy
83
Indices of Economic Activity 1949 and 1950
187
six The Institutions of HighSpeed Growth
198
Governors of the Bank of Japan 19451975
201
Sources of Industrial Capital 19531961
212
Japans Business Cycle 19501974
219
Plans of the Economic Planning Agency 19551960
231
Growth Rates 19551965
237
seven Administrative Guidance
242

Price Fluctuations July 1914March 1920
91
four Economic General Staff
116
Indices of the World Economic Crisis 19301935
121
Leaders of the Cabinet Planning Board 19371943
138
five From the Ministry of Munitions to MITI
157
The Top Ten Japanese Mining and Manufacturing Corpora tions 19291972
158
Directors of the Economic Stabilization Board 19461952
182
Government Payments of Price Subsidies and Indemnities 19401952
184
eight Internationalization
275
nine A Japanese Model?
305
A The Political and Administrative Leadership of the Trade
327
NOTES
343
BIBLIOGRAPHY
367
INDEX
383
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