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Into its orb; but the new loveliness,
Never was blast from vapour charged with cold,
After mine eyes had with meek reverence
Charles Martel, crowned King of Hungary, and son of Charles II,
King of Naples and Sicily, to which throne, dying in his father's life.
Croton with its wid that with Sorg
Much evil, that will come, had never chanced.
time, he did not succeed. The evil, that would have been prevented by the longer life of Charles Martel, was that resistance which his brother Robert, King of Sicily, who succeeded him, made to the Emperor Henry VII.
? Sicily; so called from its three promontories of which Pachynus and Pelorus, here mentioned, are two.
3 Charles Martel might have been known to our Poet at Florence, whither he came to meet his father in 1259, the year of his death. G. Villani says that “he remained more than twenty days in Florence, wait ing for his father, King Charles, and his brothers." Lib. vii. cap. xiii. His brother Robert, King of Naples, was the friend of Petrarch.
4“The left bank." Provence.
8 The giant, whom Jupiter overwhelmed under Mount Ætna, whence he vomited forth smoke and flame.
9“ Sicily would be still ruled by monarchs, descended through me from Charles I and Rodolph I, the former my grandfather, King of Naples and Sicily; the latter, Em. peror of Germany, my father-in. law;” both celebrated in the “Purgatory," Canto vii.
10 If the ill-conduct of our govern. ors in Sicily had not excited the people to that dreadful massacre at the Sicilian vespers in consequence of which the kingdom fell into the hands of Peter III of Arragon, in 1282,
Had but my brother's foresight“ kenn'd as much,
“My liege! it doth enhance the joy thy words
11 He seems to tax his brother Robert with employing necessitous and greedy Catalonians to administer the affairs of his kingdom.
13 “ How a covetous son can spring from a liberal father.” Yet' that father has himself been accused of avarice in the “Purgatory," Canto xx. 78; though his general character was that of : bounteous prince.
13 The Supreme Being uses these spheres a: the intelligent instruments of His providence in the conduct of terrestrial natures; so that these natures cannot but be conducted aright, unless these heavenly bodies should themselves fail from not having been made perfect at first, or the Creator of them should fail. To this Dante replies that Nature, he
is satisfied, thus directed must do her part. Charles Martel then reminds him that he had learned from Aristotle that human society requires a variety of conditions, and consequently a variety of qualifica. tions in its members. Accordingly, men are born with different powers and capacities, caused by the influ. ence of the heavenly bodies at the time of their nativity; on which in. fluence, and not on their parents, those powers and capacities depend. Charles Martel adds, by way of corollary, that the want of ob. serving their natural bent. in the destination of men to their several offices in life, is the occasion of much of the disorder that prevails in the world.
That which preserves them too; for naught, that lies
He straight rejoin'd:
“Say, were it worse for man,
If he lived not in fellowship on earth?”
Grow not of different duties in your life?
Consult your teacher,” and he tells you ‘no.’”
And then concluded:
“For this cause behoves,
The roots, from whence your operations come,
Therefore one is Solon born;
Another, Xerxes; and Melchisedec
Cost him his son.”
In her circuitous course,
Nature, that is the seal to mortal wax,
14 Aristotle, “De Rep.” lib. iii, cap. 4: Since a state is made up of members differing from one another (for even as an animal, in the first instance, consists of soul and body; and the soul, of reason and desire; and a family, of man and woman; and property, of master and slave; in like manner a state consists both
of all these, and besides these of
Romulus, born of
Unswervingly. Thus place I in thy sight
ARGUMENT.—The next spirit who converses with our Poet in the planet Venus is the amorous Cunizza. To her succeeds Folco, or Folques, the Provençal bard, who declares that the soul of Rahab the harlot is there also; and then, blaming the Pope for his neglect of the Holy Land, prognosticates some reverse to the papai power.
FTER solution of my doubt, thy Charles,
O fair Clemenza,' of the treachery' spake,
That must befal his seed; but, “ Tell it not,”
And now the visage of that saintly light
The will it had to pleasure me. The eyes 1 Daughter of Charles Martel, and of Sicily by Robert, in exclusion second wife of Louis X of France. of his brother's son Carobert, or
" The treachery.” He alludes Charles Robert, the rightful heir. to the occupation of the Kingdom II-VOL. XX
8 Charles Martel.